town in Annapolis County, Nova Scotia, Canada

Annapolis Royal (pop 480) is a tiny town in Nova Scotia's Annapolis Valley.


Annapolis Basin at Fort Anne

Annapolis Royal is on Nova Scotia's Annapolis River, about 10km (6 miles) from the Bay of Fundy.

Scottish settlers established Charlesfort, the present Annapolis Royal, in 1629 at the mouth of the Annapolis River. The original French settlement at present-day Port Royal, known as the Habitation at Port-Royal, was settled in 1605.

The French gained control in 1632, with the town serving as the capital of Acadia. Under British control since 1710, it lost the status of provincial capital after the founding of Halifax in 1749.

The British renamed the town Annapolis Royal after reigning monarch Queen Anne (1665–1714). Control of the town has changed many times, with a long history of attacks by the English, French, Acadians and Mi'kmaq.

During le Grand Dérangement, the 1755 expulsion of the Acadian people, 32 Acadian families (225 people) deported on the British ship Pembroke took over the vessel and redirected it to Miramichi, New Brunswick. During the American Revolution, Annapolis Royal came under American attack; after that conflict, it became home to United Empire Loyalists fleeing the United States.

Annapolis Royal faced a total of thirteen attacks, including a raid during the American Revolution.

In the 19th century, it was a local centre for shipbuilding; when sailing ships were replaced by steam in the 1880s, Annapolis Royal served as a coaling station. In 1984, it became the site of North America's only tidal electric generating station.

Get inEdit

Annapolis Royal is 40 km (25 miles) east of Digby on NS Route 1. There is a ferry to Saint John, New Brunswick, at Digby.

A bypass highway, NS 101, approximately follows NS 1 but bypasses the town to the south; exit on NS 8 northbound to return to the old road.

Get aroundEdit

Annapolis Royal is a small village that is easily crossed on foot.

King's Transit [dead link] route 4/4A passes through Annapolis Royal every two hours in each direction M-Sa en route between Bridgetown and Cornwallis.


  • 1 Annapolis Royal Historic Gardens, 441 St. George St, +1 902-532 7018, fax: +1 902-532 7445. Open daily. 17 acres (6.9 hectares) of historically themed areas exhibit gardening methods, designs and materials representing more than 400 of local history. Gardens shop, German bakery and Garden Café.
  • 2 Fort Anne, St. George St, +1 902-532-2321. 2017 hours: May 17-June 15 and Sep 3-Oct 12: Tu-Sa 9AM-5:30PM; June 18-Sep 2: daily 9AM-5:30PM; grounds open year-round. Canada's oldest national historic site. One of the most hotly contested pieces of land on the entire continent. The land on which Fort Anne now stands is part of the traditional homeland of the Mi’kmaq First Nation. A succession of Scottish, French, and English settlers clashed over it, often drawing the Mi’kmaq into their conflict. Fort Anne was the site of thirteen attacks, seven changes of hands, and the ratification of the Treaty of Boston. Adult $3.90, senior $3.40, child or youth free.    
  • 3 Melanson Settlement, 3870 Granville Road, Port Royal, +1 902 532-2321. May 15-Oct 10: 8AM-4PM. Former Acadian farm fields developed from marsh land which neighbours protected by a series of dikes. A 193-m loop trail leads to a lookout with original artwork on interpretive panels; the uplands, marsh and river are all visible. Free.
  • 4 Port Royal-Habitation, Granville Road, Port Royal, +1 902-532-2898. A reconstruction of the Habitation (1605), an early French settlement built as an enclosed wooden compound, with costumed interpreters. Late June-early Oct, grounds open year-round.    
  • The Annapolis Heritage Society. operates three local history museums, O’Dell House Museum (136 Lower St. George Street, +1 902-532-7754), Sinclair Inn Museum (230 Lower St. George St, +1 902-532-0996) and North Hills Museum (5065 Granville Road, Granville Ferry +1 902-532-2168). By donation, $3 recommended.


  • Garrison Graveyard Candlelight Tours, +1 902-532-2397 (reservations). Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday evenings through mid-October.
  • King's Theatre, 209 St George St, +1 902-532-7704. 1921 cinema house, rebuilt in the 1980s for live theatre






Go nextEdit

Routes through Annapolis Royal
YarmouthDigby  W   E  WolfvilleBedford
END  N   S  → Jct W   EKejimkujik N.P.Liverpool

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