North America > United States of America > Alaska > Arctic Alaska > Cape Krusenstern National Monument

Cape Krusenstern National Monument is 650,000 acres (2,600 km2) of remote Arctic wilderness in Arctic Alaska. A coastal plain with multiple lagoons and limestone bluffs, it is a destination for challenging hikes and beautiful, undeveloped scenery.

Tundra and Mulgrave Hills (8430887590).jpg

UnderstandEdit

The park is open year-round. The visitor center is at the Northwest Arctic Heritage Center in Kotzebue.

HistoryEdit

Archeological investigations show evidence of more than 9,000 years of human occupation.

LandscapeEdit

Arctic tundra dominated by permafrost. Lowland areas have thermokarst features including pingos, polygon ice wedges, and thaw ponds. Low vegetation covers the land, mainly in tussocks of cottongrass, with shrubby growth of willow, Labrador tea, dwarf birch, mountain alder and other species in moist tundra areas. Wetter areas in the southern part of the monument feature grasses and sedges. Upland regions are Arctic tundra, with lichen, saxifrage, willow and heather. Few trees grow, and the white spruce that do grow are confined to the southeastern corner of the monument.

Flora and faunaEdit

 
Muskoxen

Bears, caribou, muskoxen, bearded seals, salmon.

Birds from all seven continents fly here to breed in the summer. Birds in the park include eiders, bluethroats, northern wheatears, and yellow-billed loons.

ClimateEdit

Weather can be extreme. The Arctic winter stretches from October to April; average low temperatures in January are 5 °F (−15 °C), and can reach nighttime lows of −50 °F (−46 °C). Summer temperatures average around 55 °F (13 °C), and can reach 70 °F (21 °C). Since the park is above the Arctic Circle, the sun does not set from June 3 to July 9, and the sun is visible for only 1-1/2 hour on the winter solstice, with long, beautiful twilight on either side of sunrise and sunset. The coast can be stormy, with winds of 50 miles per hour (80 km/h) to 70 miles per hour (110 km/h). Visitors must take care against hypothermia in the cool, damp environment.

Even in summer, snow and freezing temperatures are possible. Dress in layers, and bring warm clothing and rain gear at all times of year.

Get inEdit

 
Map of Cape Krusenstern National Monument

There are no roads into the park. Most visitors arrive by air taxi from Kotzebue (which has service from Anchorage) or Bettles (which has service from Fairbanks).

Planes can be chartered by the hour or the day, with $600-$700 being a typical price per hour. If you don't want (or don't have the skills) to take a multi-day trip in the park, you can charter a plane for a day trip, just experiencing the park from the air or landing to walk around before heading back.

In the summer it's possible to enter by boat, and in the winter by snowmobile, ski, snowshoe, or dog sled. Hiking from Bettles or Kotzebue is possible, but only for serious wilderness trekkers.

Fees and permitsEdit

No fees or permits needed for independent travelers. Organized groups require a permit.

Get aroundEdit

SeeEdit

 
A semipalmated plover

Visitors to the park typically enjoy the park's wildlife, the midnight sun (the sun doesn't set between June 3 and July 9), and the Aurora borealis in the winter.

DoEdit

 
Spongy terrain can slow down hikers, but the Labrador tea gives off a lovely smell.
  • Birdwatching – in the summer, the park has 150 species of birds from all seven continents. The National Park Service offers advice on birding in Cape Krusenstern National Monument.
  • Fishing requires an Alaska fishing license.
  • Hiking – beach hikes are possible in the summer, and hill hikes have great views. The terrain may slow you down.
  • Kayaking on the lagoons
  • Photography

Hunting is not permitted (except for subsistence hunting by local residents).

EatEdit

DrinkEdit

SleepEdit

No facilities or campgrounds, only backcountry camping.

Stay safeEdit

 
Winter in the park

This park is wild and remote, with no cell service, roads, or trails. You must be self-sufficient and take responsibility for your own survival. Consider bringing a satellite phone. Be prepared with Arctic cold weather and orienteering skills.

Take precautions against bears.

A bug net or bug jacket may be worth bringing to protect you from mosquitoes and other bugs.

RespectEdit

Follow leave no trace principles.

Alaskans have been living off this land for thousands of years. Let locals go about their activities in peace; don't interfere with their hunting, fishing, or other activities. Some parts of the park, including many areas on the coast, are private land, so steer clear of anything that looks like someone's property.

Go nextEdit

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