- 1 Madrid — Spain's capital and largest city, it has grand avenues, plazas, buildings and monuments, and world-class art galleries and museums
- 2 Badajoz — it us crowned by the ruins of a Moorish castle, has the powerfully armed fort of San Cristobal, and even its cathedral resembles a fortress, with massive walls
- 3 Cáceres — a UNESCO World Heritage Site
- 4 Leon — a city on the Way of St. James that has a vast cultural, historical and architectural heritage
- 5 Mérida — its well-preserved Roman ruins are a UNESCO World Heritage site
- 6 Salamanca — its historic centre has many Romanesque, Gothic, Moorish, Renaissance and Baroque monuments
- 7 Toledo — a historic city and UNESCO World Heritage site sitting majestically above the Tagus River
- 8 Zamora — has the highest concentration of Romanesque art and architecture in Europe
Central Spain has a very different climate than the coastal areas. Unlike the coasts, which have a typical Mediterranean climate, the inland areas have a continental climate. The summers are very hot, regularly exceeding 35 º C. By contrast, there are very low temperatures in winter. The locals use an old Castillian saying to describe their climate as "nine months of winter and three months of hell".
The winters are often accompanied by heavy snowfall. Although it rarely rains during summer, there is often heavy rainfall in spring and autumn. The annual rainfall exceeds 500mm.