Chukotka (Russian: Чуко́тка, choo-KOHT-kuh) is a region in the Russian Far East and is the northeasternmost region of Russia. Located along the Bering Strait, Chukotka is home to beautiful tundra scenery and the indigenous Chukchi people, butt of many Russian anecdotes. Chukotka was governed until 2008 by Roman Abramovich, one of the wealthiest people in Russia and the present owner of the Chelsea football club. Never a province to fit in nicely, Chukotka is also the only region of Russia lying in the Western Hemisphere. It borders three Russian regions, Yakutia to the west, and Magadan Oblast and Kamchatka to the southwest.
The Chukotka autonomous district is notable as being the closest point that both Eurasia and Russia gets to North America and the United States. While Chukotka is as large as 285,000 sq mi (740,000 km2), it is one of the most sparsely populated regions in Russia, with a population of 55,000.
Chukotka has a large collection of natural resources, and although it has one of the highest average wages in the country, this hasn't exactly translated into development. This is largely due to a lack of infrastructure, which continues to be a major hurdle when it comes to accessibility.
The official language is Russian. Other commonly spoken languages include Chukchi and Yukaghir, which are mainly spoken in rural areas.
The way of getting in would be by either boat or plane at any established points of entry. Passengers of cruise liners are allowed to land on Chukotka and stay for 72 hours without visa and special permission.
- Bering Air offers charter flights from Nome to Provideniya Bay Airport (PVS IATA) on either a Piper Navahoe, taking 80 minutes or a Beach King Air 200, taking 60 minutes. Flights are weather dependent and each airplane carries nine passengers. Charter flights can be arranged from Nome to Anadyr.
- There are flights from Moscow to Anadyr, but not every day. Transaero Airlines, VIM Airlines and Yakutia Airlines have such flights.
- In summer time some cruise ships go from Alaska and stop at Anadyr, Provideniya and more places. Search for "cruise anadyr" on Google. In 2014, Silversea Cruises has such cruises.
Air is the most used mode of local travel inside Chukotka. Anadyr is the main hub. Chukotavia operates local flights inside Chukotka.
There is no network of roads, and very few local roads near settlements. In winter there is a network of snow and ice roads.
- Attend whaleboat or reindeer races
- Walrus watching (not hunting)
As Chukotka is one of the most sparsely populated areas in Russia, there is little crime and much of the region is safe for travel.
Perhaps the biggest danger is Cold weather. Be sure to cover yourself up with lots of protective clothing, and avoid running or brisk walking during times of cold weather.
Although highly impractical, it is possible to swim from the United States of America to Chukotka across the Bering Strait, but this is illegal and can land you in trouble with the Russian authorities.