The Ein Gedi National Park is the second largest oasis in Israel. It is one of few places in the Israeli deserts where streams are running all year long. The park is found in the Dead Sea Valley, which is an effect of the Great Rift Valley. Visitors can follow trails past waterfalls, springs, caves, canyons and an early Bronze Age temple.
Four springs flow through and water the reserve all year: the David, the Arugot, the Shulamit, and the Ein Gedi springs.
Kibbutz Ein Gedi is just south of the park. Almost the entire outdoor area of the Kibbutz is one big botanical garden with more than 900 species from the entire world. The garden, which covers about 100 dunam (10 hectares), is the only botanical garden in the world that contains a settlement inside it.
Several landscape features in the area are named after characters from the Biblical stories of King David, including the David stream, as well as the nearby Mount Yishay (Jesse – King David's father) and Mount Tzruya (Zeruiah – his sister). These names were chosen because the Biblical story tells that David took refuge in the Judaean Desert when he was forced to flee from his predecessor, King Saul. However, there is no indication in the Bible that he hid in this exact region.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Ein Gedi has a desert climate, with dry, hot summers and mild winters with a bit of precipitation. The most pleasant months to visit are between November and April.
Some evenings could have strong, unpleasant winds blowing from around 17:00 to 23:00. Winter nights can get slightly cold.
When heavy rain falls in the Jerusalem-Hebron mountains uphill from Ein Gedi, the area can be hit by flash floods. If the forecast is bad then entry to the reserve will be forbidden, and some roads in the area may be blocked as well. Conversely, on extremely hot days it is recommended to only take the trails going along the streams, and not those climbing up the nearby mountains.
The Kibbutz and the nearby reserve are located on route 90 that drives along the Israeli coast of the Dead Sea.
From Jerusalem and the coastal plain it can be accessed by driving eastwards on route 1, the road that goes from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Pass by Jerusalem following the road signs to the Dead Sea. In the Lido junction, turn right and you're on route 90, driving along the Dead Sea, and should take about half an hour to reach Ein Gedi. Alternately, from central Israel, you can drive southwards towards Beer Sheva on route 40 (or on the toll-road Route 6, which then connects to route 40), then take a left either on route 31 (going through Arad and connecting to route 90 in Zohar junction) or on route 25 (through Dimona to the Arava junction, on the southern end of the Judaean desert); either way, turn left (north) on route 90.
From the south, reach the Arava road (also part of route 90) and drive northwards. After you pass the Arava junction, Ein Gedi is about 45 minutes ahead.
- From Jerusalem central bus station: lines 486, 487, 444; get off at Field School
- From Tel Aviv: line 421, going only once a day (and not on Saturdays) each way and very crowded during high season, departing from the bus terminal near the central train station (not the central bus station)
- From the Arava junction: line 444 arriving from Eilat
See and doEdit
- 1 Ein Gedi Public Beach (closed) (Roadsigned on route 90 between the Kibbutz and the Field School), ☎ . As of 2016, the beach and surrounding area are closed due to the various sink holes that developed underneath when the salt in the ground melted away. It is not known whether or when the beach area is going to be repaired/reconstructed, but for the moment it looks like there is not much going on. If you are really keen to go into the water (including all dangers of missing life guards, sink holes and no showers), you might try the "beach" straight down from the Ein Gedi Beit Sarah Guest House at the northern end of the village. Otherwise, head for Kalya at the very north end, or the various other beaches at the Dead Sea.
- 2 Ein Gedi Spa Beach (4 km south from Ein Gedi), ☎ . The signature element of the Dead Sea - black mud, has both cosmetic and therapeutic benefits and is said to cleanse and stimulate the skin, relieve muscle and emotional tension, improve blood circulation and ease rheumatic pain.
- 1 Na'ama Lookout (Mitzpe Na'ama) (At the Field School). A lookout point from the Ein Gedi Field School offering a marvelous view of the oasis below. If you're not guests of the inn, you'll be required to pay about 20₪ per vehicle.
- 2 Ein Gedi Synagogue. Along the flat coast between the river canyons of Nachal David and Nachal Arugot the ruins of this synagogue can be found. There are some beautiful mosaics left over.
- 3 Chalcolithic Temple. Also between Nachal David and Nachal Arugot another ruins can be found. This temple is believed to be over 5000 years old. Close-by is an old ruin of a former water mill. Also next to the temple two more wells emerge from the rocks: the Schulamit and Ein Gedi wells.
The Ein Gedi nature reserveEdit
3 Ein Gedi Nature Reserve (Arugot Stream & David Stream) (On route 90 2 km north of the kibbutz, follow signs to the Streams), ☎ , fax: . Su-Th & Sa 08:00-16:00, F 08:00-15:00; closes 1 hour later during DST; entry forbidden starting one hour before closing. Ein Gedi's biggest attraction, the nature reserve is a true oasis, with streams running with water all year long, feeding a rich greenery and a variety of desert wildlife. Use the map to find the recommended points of interest; a brochure with a map can also be obtained at the entrance. Hiking trails are detailed below. 29₪ adult, 15₪ child or senior; inclusive both streams and the ancient synagogue. Consider purchasing the Parks and Reserves "Green Card".
Lower David StreamEdit
The most popular hike in this reserve, the David Stream Trail is very short and easy, but you'll gladly spend 1½ hours there, stopping by all the beautiful ponds. The hike begins at the nature reserve's entry gate that's just below the Ein Gedi Field School, and is clearly signed from route 90. The hike passes by several ponds until it reaches the largest one, below a tall waterfall (1). It's big and beautiful, but also dangerous – large stones are occasionally brought down by the waterfall, and they can land even in the middle of the pond, far from the bottom of the fall. For that reason, it may be advised to bathe in the other ponds earlier on the trail.
Also note that the popularity of this hike sometimes makes it very crowded, so you might not be able to find some nice, quiet place.
It's possible to walk in the running water for some of the hike, so sandals are recommended. However, it's also not a problem to avoid entering the water.
Dry canyon and the "Window" dry fallEdit
The upper David Stream is slightly more challenging than the lower, but is still fit for a family hike (if the kids aren't the complaining type). It's a dry canyon with no running water, but has some small basins that hold water during winter. There are two ways to reach the canyon, and both will have you climbing the tall cliffs of the Judaean Desert; don't do it in exceptionally hot days, and never in mid-day. The two ways are:
- From Mount Yishay – Named after the father of the Biblical King David, this is the peak that rises north of the David Stream. To reach it, enter the Field School (there are signs from Route 90), then look for the backdoor in the fence (only open during daytime), beginning your climb following a black-marked hiking trail . Then, again, you'll have two options:
- Branch-off left when you encounter a red trail to reach the top of the dry canyon; it will take about one hour from the Field School to there.
- Or go all the way to the top to enjoy the view (a nice spot for watching the sunrise). To get there, keep walking the black trail until you reach a T with a green trail . Take a right on the green to climb to the top, take in the view, then climb back down the green trail all the way into the canyon itself.
- From the lower David Stream – The easier way, follow the trail of the lower David Stream described above until you reach the waterfall (1). Take the trail climbing southwards, following the signs to Ein Shulamit Spring and the Chalcolithic Temple ruins (3) until you reach them. From the temple, ascend north by the green trail until it crosses the canyon, then take the trail that walks inside the canyon itself. Hiking from the running waterfall (1) to that point should take about 40 minutes.
The dry canyon offers a fun trail between boulders and water basins that'll take you about 30 minutes. Be sure to follow it to its very end, where you'll encounter the Window (2) – the end of the creek where it suddenly opens in a dry waterfall, offering a magnificent view of the green, flowing part of the stream below you, with the Dead Sea beyond and the Jordanian Edom Mountains in the horizon.
A beautiful hike in an ever-flowing stream that's longer than the Lower David Stream and usually less crowded. Fit for a family hike, though it takes about 4 hours to walk it all (round trip), and probably more since you'll want to spend some time in the ponds.
Use the map and follow the roadsigns to reach the entrance. A red trail leads from there all along the stream. In two places, a blue trail branches off, and a third one continues the red trail. The blue ones are very recommended: they are parallel to the red, but most of the trails go through water (possibly up to knee-deep), so sandals (or better: water-tight hiking shoes) are recommended here. You'll also reach some very nice ponds, the largest ones at the Hidden Waterfall (6) and the Upper Ponds (7).
Park rangers make sure to take all hikers out in time. Exactly two hours before the reserve is closed (that is, on 14:00, or 15:00 during DST) they'll make sure there's no one left at the Upper Ponds, and one hour later they tell everyone to leave the Hidden Waterfall. That's done because this oasis is one of the only source of water for wildlife in the region, and the animals won't come near the water as long as there are people around. Therefore, if you wish to make the entire trail all the way to the Upper Ponds (which is highly recommended), you should begin no later than 10:00-11:00 in the morning.
To keep the area clean (and so preserve the flora and fauna), it's forbidden to take out food within the confines of the reserve, except at the Hidden Waterfall (6) and the Upper Ponds (7). Fire is also forbidden, even in gas stoves, for fear of wild fires.
One-day complete tourEdit
If you want to get a little bit of everything, follow the path described below for a medium-difficulty full-day hike.
Go through the David Stream nature reserve gate (and keep your ticket, you'll need it again later), walk up to the waterfall with the ponds (1), climb up to the Chalcolithic Temple (3), go down through the Ein Gedi Spring (4) – it has a small, built pond that's about knee deep – and reach the bottom near the Ancient Synagogue (5), which you can visit with the same ticket without any additional payment. Follow the side-road south until you reach the entry to the Arugot Stream (where you'll have to show your ticket), and walk along inside it as far as you can reach, before the park rangers say it's time to head back outside. If you enter the Arugot Stream less than 3–4 hours before closure, you'll probably won't have enough time to get to the Upper Ponds (7), since they're closed two hours before the reserve is closed. Therefore, it's advisable to rise early and keep track of the time while you walk, to make sure you'll have enough time to enjoy the ponds along the path and still manage to reach the end.
Two-day complete tourEdit
If you'd like to get some challenge, enjoy sleeping in the wild and want to see everything the place has to offer without having to rush it, you can definitely hike for two full days in the reserve. Also, this trail doesn't take you through any of the main gates of the reserve, so you won't be required to pay. The park rangers are usually nice to backpackers and won't require any payment if you encounter them inside the reserve, but even if they do ask, the sum isn't really big.
Better to get up early, before it gets hot, and climb up from the Field School to the top of Mount Yishay (maybe even watch the sunrise from there), then go down into the dry canyon and walk up to the "Window" fall (2). Go on from there to the ruins of the Chalcolithic Temple (3), and if you have enough time – make a round trip to the ponds below (1). From the temple ruins, take the black trail up the Ein Gedi Ascent to the desert plateau, where you'll spend the night near the Ein Gedi Lookout. Do note that it's forbidden to stay within the streams themselves during the night, because you'll disturb the wild animals that come here for the only water source in the area; the reserve is heavily patrolled by park rangers. Also, don't count on making a fire, since there's virtually no wood on the plateau, and naturally it's forbidden to take any out of the streams themselves. If you wish to cook, better to use a gas stove.
Rise up next morning to watch a beautiful sunrise from the Ein Gedi Lookout, then go down the Bnei HaMoshavim Ascent (black-marked ) into the Arugot Stream, not far from the Hidden Waterfall (6). It's highly recommended to walk west up to the Upper Ponds (7), spend some time there, and then head back and exit by the reserve gate. If the time isn't too late, you can also pay a visit to the Ancient Synagogue (5) later.
Eat and drinkEdit
- 1 Ein Gedi Tavern (At the gas station on route 90 between the Kibbutz and the Field School), ☎ . Restaurant 11:00-16:00 daily, café 24 hours.
Also the Beit Sarah Guest House and the Country Hotel, listed in the Sleep section below, have restaurants.
Camping is allowed for free on the Ein-Gedi coast (approx. 500 m south of the kibbutz), toilets and showers are on site for a small fee. The ground is a bit stony so any kind of mattress is useful.
More budget options can be found south, see the Dead Sea region article.
- 1 The Ein Gedi Beit Sarah Guest House (on route 90 about 1 km north of the Kibbutz, follow roadsign to Field School), ☎ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. A guest house on the border of the oasis with 51 rooms, some of which with balconies. Dorm bed from ₪145.
- 2 The Ein Gedi Field School Inn (on route 90 about 1 km north of the Kibbutz, follow roadsign to Field School), ☎ , ✉ email@example.com. Inn rooms fit for families and groups in a location offering a great view of the oasis underneath. Guided hikes of the Judaean Desert, led by the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel, can be arranged through the Field School's front desk phone, but may need to be arranged a long time in advance. Also, the society's guides will happily aid and advise you at the school.
- Sink Holes form underground on the Dead Sea coast. Do not walk anywhere east of route 90 unless there are roads that lead there, or if there are signs indicating that the beach is accessible; otherwise you might find the ground dropping under your feet.
- When hiking in the nature reserve or the surrounding area, mind the safety guidelines for the Judaean Desert.
- Most prominently, flash floods are a common danger in the area. Check the weather forecast or consult the Ein Gedi Field School.
- Make sure to carry enough drinking water, as it's uncertain weather the stream water at the park are good for drinking. There aren't any water taps inside the reserve, only at the entry gates.
- Remember that the entire area is a nature reserve, so some regulations apply. Also, it's forbidden to eat inside this reserve, except at the Hidden Waterfall (6) and Upper Ponds (7) at the Arugot stream.
- Masada – About 20 minutes drive south of Ein Gedi, a former roman castle and stronghold on top of a mountain.
- Dead Sea – One of the most famous things to see/do in Israel and Jordan, with a listing of additional sights around Ein Gedi.
- Hiking in the Judaean Desert – Go out to other nearby hiking trails; particularly the Mishmar and Ze'elim streams are very close by.
Popular cities reachable from Ein Gedi are:
- Jerusalem – Besides the Dead Sea, a central focus for most people coming to Israel.
- Mitzpe Ramon – A small town overlooking the Makhtesh Ramon, the largest erosional crater on earth, with various hikes and sights around the area.
- Eilat – Holiday town in the far south with border crossings to Jordan and Egypt.
|Routes through Ein Gedi|
|Eilat ← Masada ←||S N||→ Qumran → Tiberias|