county in Ontario, Canada
North America > Canada > Ontario > Southwestern Ontario > Essex County (Ontario)

Essex County, Ontario is the southernmost region of Canada with one of the longest growing seasons in the nation, unique outdoor activities and fascinating historic sites. The Lake Erie shore and Pelee Island viticulture areas offer 14 wineries as of 2023.

Cities edit

Map of Essex County (Ontario)

  • 1 Essex — a good base for exploring Essex County's many wineries
  • 2 Amherstburg — an agricultural service town with several historical sites
  • 3 Leamington — the Tomato Capital of Canada, and jumping off point for Point Pelee National Park
  • 4 Kingsville — see the transportation museum and the tropical gardens
  • 5 Windsor — the largest city in the region, with an ethnically diverse population

Other destinations edit

  • 1 Pelee Island — the southernmost inhabited place in Canada is a place of peace and relaxation for its many visit, especially migrating birds and butterflies
  • 2 Point Pelee National Park, the southernmost point in mainland Canada, with accessible boardwalks through the marshlands tghat are important habitats for migrating birds

Understand edit

Underground Railroad Monument in Windsor

Conservative Mennonites have resided in Essex County since 1786. They emigrated to Ontario (then known as Upper Canada) from the United States after the American Revolution in 1776. They came from Pennsylvania, home to Mennonite immigrants since 1683.

Essex and much of Ontario's Niagara Peninsula served as a terminus for a vast Underground Railroad which led fugitive slaves north across abolitionist states to Canada. Ohio in particular bordered both slavery in Kentucky and freedom across Lake Erie, placing its routes among the shortest and most popular paths to freedom.

Today, major industries range from agriculture (a former Heinz factory cans tomato juice in Leamington) to auto manufacturing (Chrysler operates both in Windsor and across the river in suburban Detroit). The region is one endpoint for the Windsor-Quebec corridor, one of the most populous regions in the nation.

Visitor Information edit

Get in edit

By plane edit

There is a small airport in Windsor (Ontario).

By boat edit

By bus edit

There are inter-city and cross-border bus services to Windsor, but not to other centres in the region.

By car edit

From the United States:

  • Windsor-Detroit Tunnel. Take the tunnel. Between Detroit and Windsor connecting the US Interstates I-95, I-96 and I-75 to Ontario's Highway 401, it is one of the fastest routes between Ontario and the United States.
  • Ambassador Bridge. The world's longest international suspension bridge.

From Canada:

  • From the Toronto area, take Highway 401 westbound; all exits beyond Tilbury are in Essex County.
    • It is possible to take a plane to Detroit from Toronto and drive from there.
  • From Niagara and Buffalo, take the QEW up to Hamilton and merge onto Highway 403.

Get around edit

It is advisable to use cars, when possible. Public transit in Essex is non-existent except for in Windsor and Tecumseh (both have their own bus systems).

See edit

As the largest city, Windsor is the focus of the region's cultural life, with an art gallery, a science museum, a Serbian Heritage Museum, and several historic districts.

The Essex County Steam & Gas Engine Museum will appeal to those inte in old gas and steam-powered engines and antique tractors.

Amherstburg has several historic sites, including a War of 1812 fort, a military museum, a museum about enslaved Americans who found freedom at the end of the Underground Railroad, and an old navy yard.

Kingsville has a heritage village and transportation museum, and Colasanti's Tropical Gardens which exhibit tropical plants and animals.

Do edit

See also: Wine Regions of Ontario
Boardwalk across a marsh in Point Pelee National Park

Point Pelee National Park is one of Canada's smallest national parks, attracts approximately 300,000 human visitors each year, and hundreds of thousands of migrating birds of hundreds of species.

The Jack Miner Bird Sanctuary in Leamington is another good choice for birders.

Because of the region's temperate climate, it is home to many wineries, many of which provide tours and tastings. See the listings in the Essex, Kingsville, and Amherstburg articles.

Kingsville Folk Music Festival, in August, puts on world-class folk, acoustic and world music, with an emphasis on Canadian artists.

Go next edit

This region travel guide to Essex County is a usable article. It gives a good overview of the region, its sights, and how to get in, as well as links to the main destinations, whose articles are similarly well developed. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.