Gbongan is a large town in Osun State, Southwest Nigeria. It is the headquarters of the Aiyedaade Local Government Area.

Understand edit

Gbongan was founded by Akinfemwa, whose motto was: "Never is a horse gained in legacy by an idle man."

History edit

Abiodun Adegoriolu the Alaafin of Oyo, who reigned between 1750 - 1789 was the father of Olufi. Olufi migrated from Oyo with a large followers consequent upon the unrest that attended the death of Alaafin Abiodun in 1789. One tradition states that Olufi contested the throne of Oyo and lost. He then had to leave Oyo as tradition demanded. Another associates the migration of Olufi from Oyo with the general unrest that characterised the politics in Oyo after the demise of Alaafin Abiodun. This made Oyo metropolis not safe for peaceful existence, hence many citizens of Oyo followed Olufi as he migrated from Oyo.

Olufi probably left Oyo after 1789. He took Igbori route. His entourage stayed there for some time. They then moved to Soungbe before they finally settled in Gbongan Ile.

All these places are mentioned in the Oriki Olufi, the important things that happened to Olufi and his entourage are also recited in the Oriki. The Olufi carried along from Oyo a beaded crown which made his followers recognise him not only as an Oyo prince but as an Oba in his own right.

The unrest that precipitated the fall of Old Oyo empire also affected the stability of many towns in the savannah region of the empire. There emerged soldiers of fortune who started to carve for themselves areas of jurisdiction. They had to fight their weak neighbours to establish their own domains, and in order to survive dis-establish Oyo towns. They, the soldiers of fortune, made it possible for the Fulani to penetrate and to destroy many Oyo towns.

The resultant effect was the drift in population from the savannah region of the old Oyo empire to the forested region of the south, where the horses of the marauders could not easily penetrate. This was how many Oyo towns were either destroyed or deserted and many moved towards Ife forest. Many settled with the Olufi in Gbongan and others in Origbo. Those who settled among the people of Ife later founded Modakeke.

The fall of Owu in 1821 made many people from Owu to settle in Gbongan. Some people chose to settle in Gbongan from their Origbo base. Gbongan, therefore, started to grow as a result of influx of people from many quarters.

The prevailing peace in Gbongan was however not to last long. There was a fresh wave of marauding activities in places that were regarded as safe. In 1823, after the Fulani defeat of Afonja in Ilorin, Muslim marauders from llorin and Iwo attacked Gbongan Ile, Ikire Ile and Ipetumodu. The towns were deserted and the people sought refuge in Ile-Ife.

New Gbongan edit

In about 1825, the people of Gbongan decided to rebuild Gbongan, but the people chose a new site rather than the old site which was at the fringe of the savannah. A site that was in the heart of the forest was, therefore, chosen. This is why at the present location, we have such locations as Owo Ope, Oke Egan, Oke Apo and Oke Apata. There is also the network of streams like Oyunlola, Akinjole, Alaanu and Oleyo which serve as sources of water supply to the town.

The present Gbongan could, therefore be said to have been founded around 1825, at a time when there was a renewed influx of people from the crumbling Oyo empire. The fact that Gbongan was headed by an Oba attracted many people to settle there, and the fact that the town had moved to a truly forested region made people to feel secure. By the middle of the 19th century, Gbongan had become one of the biggest towns in this region.

Get in edit

  • Shared car. Shared cars found in different terminals all over the country. From Lagos, a shared car costs ₦3,500-4,000 per person.

Get around edit

Map of Gbongan
  • Mini-bus (Danfo). These are the main form of transportation around metropolis and cost fare depends on distance covered. Usually carry passengers numbering 10-15, depending on how big the bus is. ₦50-100.
  • Tricycle (Keke Napep, Marwa). This option not so rampant and exclusive to some areas. ₦50-100.
  • Motorcycle (Okada). This is one of the fastest and most common means of moving around Ile-Ife coverage in all areas. Motorcyclists usually very careful. ₦50-100.

By car edit

Public vehicles usually found at motorparks are available at a slightly higher fare. This option lowers the wait time in waiting for vehicle to be full and also time of arrival as it is faster.

See edit

Do edit

Buy edit

  • 1 Olufi Market, Gbongan. A traditional market.
  • 2 Obada Market, Oke Apata, 221101, Gbongan. A traditional market.

Eat edit

  • 1 Iya Abass Food Canteen, Iwo - Gbongan Rd, 232110, Ile Igbo.
  • 2 Anuoluwapo Food Canteen, Gbongan - Oshogbo Rd, East 232101, Ede.

Drink edit

Sleep edit

  • 1 Sope Motel, Awosun Sope Bus Stop, Ife, +234 706 386 2470.
  • 2 Popoola Guest House, Gbongan-Ife Express Way, Gbongan.
  • 3 Palm Crest Hotel (Abeere Palmcrest Hotel), Palmcrest Hotel, Gbongan–Osogbo Road, Abeere 232101, Osun. Restaurant 10AM–midnight.

Connect edit

For most locations in Gbongan, you would most likely find coverage of the 2G/3G/4G mobile networks. Signal strength might diminish further away from the town center, and you might occasionally experience network outage for all or some of the mobile phone service providers in the remote areas of the town. Different networks tend to be more stable and reliable in different locations of the town at different times.

Go next edit

This city travel guide to Gbongan is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!