Hoogeveen is a city and municipality in Drenthe.
Hoogeveen is a relatively young city for the non-reclaimed parts of the Netherlands, being founded in 1636. The original town was founded by two investors from Leiden, after they got into conflict about settlement on the peat fields of Drenthe. The main crossing of the settlement, referred to as Het Kruis (the cross), quickly attracted shopkeepers, peat workers, land agents and other people practising all sorts of trades. The town quickly grew, and doubled in size between 1811 and 1874 to over 10,000 citizens. The town was connected to the outside world by rail in 1870, being on the rail line between Meppel and Groningen.
The Second World War was particularly eventful in Hoogeveen, it having a lot of underground militias, working against occupying Nazi forces. This saw the National Socialist mayor of nearby Schoonenbeek get assassinated by a group of Hoogeveen resistance members in June of 1943. This was followed by German razzias, which saw between 25 and 30 resistance members fusilladed. This was nonetheless followed less than a year later with a heist of the post office, taking some 13.000 bonkaarten (food- and general-purpose stamps). The occupation of Hoogeveen came to a specifically interesting end, with its National Socialist mayor fleeing by bike and hiding in the toilet of a house, which got him to initially evade his arrest, though he was sentenced to six month imprisonment in 1948, later settling as an accountant in Rotterdam.
In more recent history, Hoogeveen saw companies the likes of Philips, Standard Electric and Fokker settle in the city's industrial scene. The city is also home to a Dutch caravan brand, Kip, which is known mostly for its iconic compact models. Though the models have changed character after bankruptcy in 2010, the vintage compact models are still easily spotted on campsites all across Europe. Most canals connecting to the city, left over from its time as a peat mining colony have been filled in since, though Hoogeveen still has a favourable position between the economic heart of the Netherlands and Germany, being easily accessible for motorized traffic.
Hoogeveen is at the intersection of the A28, A37 and N(3)48. The A28 connects to most of the rest of the country, connecting the city to Meppel and Zwolle. Zwolle in turn can be reached using the A50 (towards Arnhem and terminating by Eindhoven) if the A28 does not suffice. The A28 terminates at the ringroad of Utrecht, connecting to Amersfoort along the way. If you're coming from either Amsterdam or Schiphol, take the A2 headed for Utrecht, then switch to the A28 using the A27 heading northbound. The German city of Meppen can be found at the end of the A37, which becomes the Bundesstraße 402, which also connects to Autobahn 31, which links Emden and Leer with the Ruhrgebiet. The N48, lastly, is only useful if you're coming from Twente, connecting to Ommen, which in turn is reaches relatively easy from Almelo, Hengelo and Enschede using the N36 and A35. Though the N48 does go on beyond Ommen to become the N348, connecting to Deventer, said city is located at an hour's drive irregardless of whether you would use the A1, A50 and A38 or not.
Hoogeveen is serviced with a train station, 1 , which sees a Sprinter and Intercity service between Zwolle and Groningen, with the Intercity connecting as far as Amsterdam. Both of these trains are at an half-hourly schedule.
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