official language of Indonesia
Phrasebooks > Indonesian phrasebook

Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) is the official language and lingua franca of Indonesia, in addition to East Timor and places with a significant Indonesian diaspora such as Australia and the Netherlands. With over 230 million speakers, there are a lot of people to talk to in Indonesian.

Map of where Indonesian is predominantly spoken. Dark blue: as a majority language. Light blue: as a minority language.

Indonesian is closely related to Malay, and speakers of both languages can generally understand each other. The main differences are in the loan words: Indonesian has been mainly influenced by Dutch, while Malay has been mainly influenced by English. Both languages have lots of loan words from Sanskrit and other Indian languages, Arabic and Javanese.

Malay speakers beware, as there are multiple words that are spelled the same but convey very different meanings. Among the most familiar are Malay budak (child) to Indonesian budak (slave), Malay percuma (free) to Indonesian percuma (useless), Malay butuh (male genitals) to Indonesian butuh (need), Malay bisa (poison) to Indonesian bisa (can, able to) and Malay pusing (to turn) to Indonesian pusing (headache).

Just like English, Indonesia uses the Latin alphabet system and Arabic numerals.

UnderstandEdit

With over 230 million inhabitants dispersed in their local communities, the Indonesian language generally does not serve as a mother tongue, as most of its speakers' first languages are local to their region, such as Javanese, Balinese, Betawi, Sundanese, Palembang, Bugis, and the many tribal languages of Papua. Its purpose is to be a language of unification between all the peoples of Indonesia, declared so since the Youth Congress on October 28, 1928.

Indonesian originates from the Malay language usually spoken in northeastern Sumatra, which was made famous by the Srivijaya Empire (7th-14th centuries), and then as a working language for trading ("pasar Malay", used in bazaars). Due to its Malay origin, the two languages share many words in common, but when what's now Malaysia and Indonesia were colonized by different countries, new words were formed from borrowings from their then-colonial overlords.

There is also some variation between local dialects of Indonesian, mostly due to the combination of Indonesian with local mother tongues. These local words are mostly used as a slang language, but heavily used on mass media and thus spoken by children and teenagers. This is especially common in Jakarta (the centre of the country's mass media), the rest of Java, Medan, and Eastern Indonesia. But that being said, all Indonesians can easily switch to the standard language, especially when talking with a foreigner.

Pronunciation guideEdit

Indonesian is very easy to pronounce: it has one of the most phonetic writing systems in the world, with only a small number of simple consonants and relatively few vowel sounds. One peculiarity of the spelling is the lack of a separate sign to denote the schwa. It is written as an 'e', which can sometimes be confusing.

In Indonesia, spelling reforms in 1947 and 1972 have officially eliminated several vestiges of Dutch in the otherwise very phonetic spelling, and the writing system is now nearly identical to Malay. However, the older forms remain in use to some extent (especially in names) and have been noted in parentheses below.

Stress usually falls on the second-to-last syllable, so in two-syllable words the first syllable is stressed.

VowelsEdit

As Indonesians pronounce the letter “e” in two different ways, this guide will highlight both the regular and accented version in the phonetics.

vowel English equiv. vowel English equiv. vowel English equiv.
a art (IPA: a) e vowel (IPA: ə) é say (IPA: e)
i see (IPA: i) o more (IPA: o) u pool (IPA: u)

ConsonantsEdit

Consonants that use the old spelling style are written in parentheses:

b
like in bed (IPA: b)
bh
like bed, only in Sanskrit borrowings
c (ch, tj)
like check (IPA: t͡ʃ)
d
like in dog (IPA: d)
dh
like dog, only in Sanskrit borrowings
f
like phone (IPA: f)
g
like g (IPA: ɡ)
h
like help (IPA: h)
j (dj)
like job (IPA: d͡ʒ)
k
like keep (IPA: k); at ends of words, a glottal stop like in the middle of uh-oh (IPA: ʔ)
kh (ch)
like Scottish loch or Chanukkah (IPA: x)
l
like love (IPA: l)
m
like mother (IPA: m)
n
like nice (IPA: n)
ng
like sing (IPA: ŋ) (no hard 'g' sound)
ngg
like finger (IPA: ŋɡ) ('ng' plus a hard 'g')
ny
like canyon or Spanish ñ (IPA: ɲ)
p
like pig (IPA: p)
q
similar to the 'k' or 'kh' sound (almost always with "u". Only in Arabic borrowings)
r
like Spanish perro (IPA: r) (trilled/rolled r)
s
like sick (IPA: s)
sy (sj)
like sheep (IPA: ʃ)
t
like top (IPA: t)
v
the same as 'f'
w
like weight (IPA: w)
x
like kicks (IPA: ks)
y (j)
like yes (IPA: j)
z
like haze (IPA: z)

Common diphthongsEdit

ai
like eye (IPA: ai̯)
au
like cow (IPA: au̯)
oi
like boy (IPA: oi̯)

NOTE: when two vowels are beside each other, and it's not one of the above diphthongs, they must be pronounced as separate syllables

NoteEdit

In the pseudo-pronunciations below, glottal stops are shown as apostrophes, usually at the ends of words. Unaspirated consonants (always the letters T or P, usually at the ends of words) are shown in parentheses.

GrammarEdit

Pronouns Singular Plural
1st Person Saya (SAH-yah) (formal)
aku (AH-koo) (informal)
Kita (KEE-tah) (when you include the person
you're talking to within a group)
Kami (KAH-mee) (when you don't include
the person you're talking to)
2nd Person Kamu (KAH-moo) (informal)
Anda (AHN-dah) (formal)
Kalian (KAH-lee-ahn)
3rd Person
Dia (DEE-ah) (informal) he/she

Beliau (BUH-lih-yow) (formal) he/she
Ia (EE-ah) it

Mereka (muh-REH-kah)

Indonesian sentences structure is subject-verb-object. It more or less resembles English, but with more rules to follow, it actually looks more like Spanish!

In general, there are no grammatical gender and verb conjugation for person, number or tense, all of which are expressed with adverbs or tense indicators.

Saya makan nasi.
"I eat rice."

Adjectives are simply placed after the noun, not before. In this case, the word "goreng" means "fried":

Saya makan nasi goreng.
"I eat fried rice."

If you want to use an adverb, place it after the adjective (if any) or the verb. Use "dengan" (DUHNG-an) followed by the adjective:

Saya makan nasi (goreng) dengan gembira.
I happily eat (fried) rice. (lit: I eat (fried) rice with happy)

Negation marker ("tidak") (TEE-da') is placed before the verb:

Saya tidak makan nasi goreng.
"I don't eat fried rice."

Present continuous marker ("sedang") (suh-DANG) is placed before the verb; in case of a negative sentence, place it after "tidak":

Saya (tidak) sedang makan nasi goreng.
"I am (not) eating fried rice."

Past participle marker ("sudah") (SOO-dah) is also placed before the verb; in case of a negative sentence, the word is "belum" (buh-LUM):

Saya sudah makan nasi goreng.
"I have eaten fried rice."

Possessive pronouns are simply placed after the noun, with the same form as normal pronouns:

Saya makan nasi goreng ibu saya.
"I am eating my mother's fried rice."

If you use a place and/or time signal, they must be placed after the object. The place usually precedes the time signal. You can also place them at the beginning of the sentence, but only one of them is allowed. In this case, setiap hari means everyday.

You can also use a second adjective, but it must be joined by the word yang (lit: which is, that is, who is) after the first adjective. Usually the adjective types country & colour are put first before other adjectives:

Saya makan nasi di sebuah restoran Tionghoa yang kecil di seberang hotel saya setiap hari.
"I eat rice at a small Chinese restaurant in front of my hotel every day."

Question forms follow the simple structure of question word-pronoun-verb-object:

Apa yang kamu makan? : "What are you eating?
Di mana kamu makan nasi goreng? : "Where are you eating fried rice?"

Prefix attack

Having trouble finding a word in a dictionary? Trying dropping the extra cruft.

Prefixes: be-, bel-, ber-, di-, ke-, me-, mem-, men-, meng-, per-, se-, ter-

Suffixes: -an, -i, -kan, -lah, -nya

The official term of verb has the prefixes me-, mem-, or meng- and/or suffix -kan. You most often can leave these out if the root word is already a verb. Use the prefix ter- to state you did something accidentally or something that has been done, while di- is used for passive actions.

The prefix ber- though, must be used with an noun or adjective so that it means to have and to become, respectively. Use the suffix (-nya) after a noun if you think the speaker knows the definite object you are referring to, an equivalent to English's "the".

When plurals are in use, they're often simply a repetition of the singular form, connected by a dash. For example, mobil-mobil (cars) is simply the plural form of "mobil" (car). But, beware that some words are tricky enough to be a plural, while it is actually a singular, such as: laba-laba (spider) vs 'laba' (profit). To avoid confusion, it is better off to use "banyak" (many) instead as a plural form for all objects: banyak laba-laba (spiders).

Indonesian is a so-called agglutinative language, which means suffixes are all attached to a base root. So a word can become very long. For example there is a base word hasil which means "result" or "success". But it can be extended as far as ketidakberhasilannya, which means his/her failure: "ke"(the state of)-"tidak"(not)-"ber"(-ing)-"hasil"(success)-"an"(the state of, with ke)-"nya"(his/her). These are largely modular; "berhasil" means "to have (good) result", for example.

If all else fails, simply using standard subject-verb-object form and common particles, while disregarding prefixes and suffixes, is generally unambiguous. For example, to state your intention to find a train station, simply "saya mau pergi ke stasiun" (I; want to; go; to; the station) is both clear and polite.

Addressing peopleEdit

Using direct terms for "you" is not always considered polite in Indonesia. To call anyone "kamu", unless you know them very well, is rude. Opt for "Anda" or an honorific instead.

Frequently usedEdit

Bapak (BAH-pah')/pak (pah')
The default honorific for males of the same age or older than yourself (same as Mr. in English): Pak Joko (Mr. Joko)
Ibu (IH-boo)/bu (boo)
The default honorific for females of roughly the same age or older than yourself (same as Mrs. in English): Ibu Susi (Mrs. Susi)
Kakak (KAH-kah')
Informal form for younger males and females, it means older sibling.
Nak (Nah') or Adik (AH-dih')
For children

Archaic formsEdit

These are less frequently heard but, as a traveller, you may be addressed in this way.

Nona (NOH-nah)
For single or young ladies (analogous to Miss in English). You might hear it shortened into Non.
Nyonya (NYO-nyah)
For married or elderly ladies and formal for all females (same as Mrs., or Ma'am in US English usage). Rarely used, especially in big cities, though you might hear it shortened into 'Nyah' in some parts of Central and Eastern Java.
Tuan (too-AHN)
Formal honorific for males, usually elderly. (same as Mr. or Sir in US English usage). Rarely used in everyday conversation. You'll mostly find it in the phrase 'tuan rumah', meaning 'host'.

Regional variantsEdit

Different forms of some of these words are used across the archipelago. The ones below refer to someone who is roughly your own age or slightly older. Broadly analagous to the Indonesian kakak, they are informal so, if in doubt, revert to bapak and ibu. You will hear them being used to address serving staff in restaurants and shops.

in Bali
bli (blee) for males and mbok (uhm-BO') for females.
in Javanese-speaking communities
mas (mahss) for a male and mbak (uhm-BAH') for a female. Not to be confused with mbah (uhm-BAH) which means grandfather or grandmother.
in Sundanese-speaking communities (mostly West Java)
akang (AH-kahng) for males, and teteh (TEH-teh) for females.
among Minang speakers (originally from West Sumatra)
abang (AH-bahng) or uda (OO-dah) for males and uni (OO-nee) for females.
in Indonesian Chinese communities
koko (KOH-koh) and cici (CHEE-chee), for male and female, respectively.

AbbreviationsEdit

Indonesian abbreviations


One legacy of the Sukarno-Suharto era still affecting Indonesia is an inordinate fondness for syllabic abbreviations, chosen more for pronounceability than logic or comprehensibility. For example, the National Monument (Monumen Nasional) is universally known as Monas, the Jakarta-Bogor-Depok-Tangerang-Bekasi capital region is called Jabodetabek and a police captain at the East Kalimantan HQ (Kepala Kepolisian Resor Kalimantan Timur) would be known as Kapolres Kaltim. Even the socialistic exhortation to stand on your own feet (berdiri diatas kaki sendiri) can be snappily rendered as berdikari and the humble fried rice nasi goreng can be chopped up into nasgor!

Others (not specified, in alphabetical order)

Baper (slang)
Bawa perasaan (Put ahead emotions and feelings to everything)
Gordat (slang from West Java region)
Goreng Adat (someone who is angry all the time without reasons)
Jamber
Jam berapa? (What time is it?)
Kanker (not cancer)
Kantong kering (When you don't have money or have already spent too much)
Lola
Loading lambat (Slow thinker)
Titi DJ
Hati-hati Di Jalan (be careful on the way, Titi DJ is an established singer)

Common abbreviations:

Food/Beverages

Buryam
Bubur Ayam (Chicken congee/porridge)
Es Jerman
Es Jeruk Manis (Iced orange juice)
Ketoprak
Ketupat toge digeprak (Vegetarian dish from Jakarta which consists of compressed rice cakes, tofu, rice vermicelli and bean sprouts drizzled with peanut sauce)
Migor
Mie goreng (Fried noodles)
Nasgor
Nasi goreng (Fried rice)


Popular highway/toll road names

Cipularang
Cikampek-Purwakarta-Padalarang (Jakarta-Bandung toll road)
Jagorawi
Jakarta-Bogor-Ciawi (A highway/toll road link from the south of East Jakarta to Ciawi in West Java)
Jorr
Jakarta Outer Ring Road (Jakartans usually say this as Jorr instead of saying it per capital letters)

Phrase listEdit

Unless noted as (informal), phrases in this phrasebook use the formal, polite Anda and saya forms for "you" and "I" respectively.

BasicsEdit

Common signs


BUKA
Open
TUTUP
Closed
MASUK
Entrance
KELUAR
Exit
DORONG
Push
TARIK
Pull
WC
Toilet
PRIA
Men
WANITA
Women
DILARANG
Forbidden
DILARANG MASUK!
no entry
 
If it says dilarang, don't even think about it doing it
Hello.
Halo. (HAH-loh)
Hello. (informal)
Hai. (high)
Hello. ("Muslim")
Assalamu 'alaikum (ah-sah-LAH-mu ah-LEH-koom)

note: if someone says this to you, you must reply back Wa'laikum salam (wah-ah-LEH-koom sah-LAHM) regardless of your beliefs, thus returning the wish of peace that was bestowed upon you. Not doing so is a serious breach of etiquette.

How are you?
Apa kabar? (AH-pah KAH-bar?)
Fine, thank you.
Baik, terima kasih. (bah-EE', TREE-mah KAH-see)
What is your name?
Siapa nama? (see-AH-pah NAH-mah?)
My name is ______ .
Nama saya ______ . (NAH-mah SAH-yah _____ .)
Nice to meet you.
Senang bertemu Anda. (suh-NANG buhr-TUH-moo AHN-dah)
Please. (inviting someone to do something)
Silakan. (SIH-lah-kahn)
Please. (asking for help with an action or service)
Tolong (TO-long)
Please. (asking to be given something)
Minta (MIN-tah)
Thank you.
Terima kasih. (tuh-REE-mah KAH-see)
You're welcome.
Sama-sama. (SAH-mah SAH-mah)
Yes.
Ya (yah)
No.
Tidak (TEE-dah'), Tak (tah')
Excuse me. (getting attention)
Permisi (puhr-MIH-see)
Excuse me. (begging pardon)
Maaf. (mah-AHF)
I'm sorry.
Maafkan saya. (mah-AHF-kahn SAH-yah)
Goodbye (to someone staying behind after you are gone)
Selamat tinggal. (suh-LAH-mah(t) TING-gahl)
Goodbye (to someone leaving you)
Selamat jalan. (suh-LAH-mah(t) JAH-lahn)
Goodbye (informal)
Da-da. (DAH-dah)
See you
Sampai jumpa (SAM-pigh JOOM-pah)

The shorter the better

Colloquial Indonesian shortens commonly used words mercilessly.

tidak → tak → nggak → gak
no
tidak ada → tiada
not have
sudah → udah → dah
already
bapak → pak
father; you (polite, for men)
ibu → bu
mother; you (polite, for older women)
aku → ku
I (informal)
kamu → mu
you (informal)

-ku and -mu also act as suffixes: mobilku is short for mobil aku, "my car". Note that shortened words are often less formal, and there for clarity, the standard form may be preferred.

In the case of an object pronoun, you can usually use the word kepada- which means "to be given to..." or punya- which means "to belong to ..." followed by the suffixes -ku means "me", "-mu" is you, "-nya" which refers to him/her, or God (the letter N must be capitalized in this case). Most often you can simply use the usual subject pronoun system though.

Can you speak {language}?
Bisakah Anda berbicara bahasa ____? (BEE-sah-kah AHN-dah buhr-bee-CHAH-rah ba-HAH-sah ____)
English
Inggris (ING-griss)
Chinese
Mandarin (mahn-dah-RIN)
Dutch
Belanda (buh-LAHN-dah)
Arabic
Arab (AH-rahb)
Japanese
Jepang (JUH-pahng)
What does ___ mean?
Apa artinya ____? (AH-pah AR-tee-nyah)
Is there someone here who speaks English?
Adakah orang yang bisa bahasa Inggris? (AH-dah-kah OH-rahng yahng BEE-sah ba-HAH-sah ING-griss?)
I can('t) speak Indonesian [well].
Saya (tidak) bisa bicara bahasa Indonesia [dengan baik]. (SAH-yah (TEE-dah') BEE-sah bee-CHA-rah ba-HAH-sah in-doh-NEE-zhah [DUHNG-an BAH-ee'])
Speak more slowly, please
Tolong bicara lebih pelan. (TO-long bee-CHA-rah LUH-bee PUH-lahn)
I want to ask
Saya mau bertanya. (SAH-yah MAH-oo buhr-TAH-nyah)
Help!
Tolong! (TO-long)
Wait!
Tunggu! (TOONG-gooh!)
Look out!
Awas! (ah-WAHSS)
 
Selamat pagi, Bali!
Good morning (dawn until about 11AM).
Selamat pagi. (suh-LAH-mah(t) PAH-gee)
Good afternoon (from about 11AM until about 3PM).
Selamat siang. (suh-LAH-mah(t) SEE-yahng)
Good afternoon (from about 3PM until dusk).
Selamat sore. (suh-LAH-mah(t) SO-ray)
Good evening/night (between dusk and dawn).
Selamat malam. (suh-LAH-mah(t) MAH-lahm)
Good night (if heading off to bed)
Selamat tidur. (suh-LAH-mah(t) TEE-door)
How do you say ...?
Bagaimana Anda mengatakan ...? (bah-GIGH-mah-nah AHN-dah muh-NGA-tah-kahn ...?)
What is this/that called?
Ini/itu disebut apa? (EE-nee/EE-too dee-suh-BUT AH-pah?)/Ini/itu namanya apa? (EE-nee/EE-too NAH-mah-nyah AH-pah?)
I don't understand.
Saya tidak mengerti. (SAH-yah TEE-dah' muh-NGUHR-tee)
Where is the toilet?
Di mana kamar kecil? (dee MAH-nah KAHM-ar kuh-CHEEL?)
How much (does this cost)?
Berapa harganya? (buh-RAH-pah HAR-gah-nyah)
What time is it (now)?
Jam berapa (sekarang)? (jahm buh-RAH-pah (suh-KAH-rahng)?)

ProblemsEdit

No means no

Indonesian has a number of ways to say "no".

tidak (tak, nggak)
"Not" — used to negate verbs and adjectives.
Ada apel? (Do you) have an apple?
Tidak ada. (No, I) don't have.
Apel baik? (Is it a) good apple?
Tidak baik. (No, it's) not good.
bukan (kan)
"No" — used to negate nouns.
Ini apel? Is this an apple?
Bukan. Ini jeruk. No, it's an orange.
belum
"Not yet" — used when something has not happened (yet).
Sudah makan apel? Have you already eaten the apple?
Belum. No, not yet.
jangan
"Don't" — to tell somebody not to do something.
Jangan makan apel! Don't eat the apple!
dilarang
"Forbidden" — used mostly on signs.
Dilarang makan apel. Eating apple is forbidden.
Foreigner
Warga Negara Asing (WAR-gah nuh-GAH-rah AH-sing) (literally: foreign citizen) or much more common by its acronym, WNA (way-en-ah).

NOTE: the commonly used word bule ("BOO-lay") usually refers to white Caucasians. Some people consider it to be derogatory as it originates from the word for albino (bulai). Many Indonesians are unaware of this origin and use it without intending any insult.

Leave me alone.
Jangan ganggu saya! (JAHNG-ahn GAHNG-goo SAH-yah)
Don't touch me!
Jangan pegang saya! (JAHNG-ahn PUH-gahng SAH-yah)
I'll call the police.
Saya akan panggil polisi. (SAH-yah AH-kahn PAHNG-gihl po-LEE-see)
Police!
Polisi! (po-LEE-see)
Stop! Thief!
Berhenti! Maling! (Buhr-HUHN-tee! MAH-lihng!)
Hey! Pickpocket!
Hey! Copet! (heh! CO-peh(t)!)
I need your help.
Saya minta tolong. (SAH-yah MEEN-tah TO-long)
It's an emergency.
Ini darurat. (EE-nee dah-ROO-rah(t))
I'm lost.
Saya tersesat. (SAH-yah tuhr-SUH-sah(t))
I lost my bag.
Saya kehilangan tas saya. (SAH-yah kuh-HEE-lahng-ahn tahss SAH-yah)
I lost my wallet.
Saya kehilangan dompet saya. (SAH-yah kuh-HEE-lahng-ahn DOM-peh(t) SAH-yah)
I'm sick.
Saya sakit. (SAH-yah SAH-ki(t))
I've been injured.
Saya terluka. (SAH-yah tuhr-LOO-kah)
I need a doctor.
Saya perlu dokter. (SAH-yah PUHR-loo DOCK-tuhr)
May I use your phone?
Bolehkah saya pakai telepon Anda? (BO-leh-kah SAH-yah PAH-keh TEH-luh-pon AHN-dah?)

At the doctor'sEdit

Please be careful with my heart

The word hati (HAH-tee) in Indonesian has some very different meanings, thus be careful when using the word for one meaning or another!

  • "heart" in the romantic or abstract sense is hati
  • the "heart" that is the organ that pumps blood around your body is jantung (JAHN-toong)
  • another meaning for "hati" in Indonesian is liver. In a restaurant, the dish sambal goreng hati is liver in a spicy sauce
  • the word for "be careful" is hati-hati
 
Take care! There are lots of children
Doctor
Dokter (DOCK-tuhr)
Nurse
Perawat (PUH-rah-wah(t)) or suster (SUS-tuhr)
Hospital
Rumah sakit (ROO-mah SAH-ki(t))
Medicine
Obat (O-bah(t))
Emergency room (ER)/Accident and Emergency (A&E)
Unit Gawat Darurat, normally pronounced UGD (oo-gay-day)
Pharmacy/drugstore/chemists
Apotek (AH-po-teh')
I am sick.
Saya sakit (SAH-yah SAH-ki(t))
My _____ hurts
____ saya sakit (" ____ SAH-yah SAH-ki(t)")
Painful
nyeri (NYUH-ree)

Body parts


Hands
tangan (TAHNG-ahn)
Arms
lengan (LUHNG-ahn)
Fingers
jari (JAH-ree)
Shoulder
pundak (POON-dah') or bahu (BAH-hoo)
Feet
kaki (KAH-kee)
Toes
jari kaki (JAH-ree KAH-kee)
Legs
tungkai (TOONG-kai)
Nails
kuku (KOO-koo)
Body
tubuh (TOO-booh) or badan (BAH-dahn)
Eyes
mata (MAH-tah)
Ears
telinga (tuh-LING-ah) or kuping (KOO-ping)
Nose
hidung (HEE-dung)
Face
wajah (WAH-jah) or muka (MOO-kah)
Head
kepala (kuh-PAH-lah)
Neck
leher (LEH-hehr)
Throat
tenggorokan (TUHNG-go-ro'-ahn)
Chest
dada (DAH-dah)
Abdomen
perut (PUH-root)
Hip/Waist
pinggang (PING-gahng)
Buttocks
bokong (BO-kong) or pantat (PAHN-tah(t))
Back
punggung (POONG-goong)
Sick/uncomfortable
sakit (SAH-ki(t))
Itchy/ticklish
gatal (GAH-tahl)
Swollen
bengkak (BUHNG-kah')
Sore
radang (RAH-dahng)
Bleeding
berdarah (buhr-DAH-rah)
Dizzy
Pusing (POO-sing)
Swallowed
Tertelan (tuhr-tuh-LAHN)
Fever
demam (DUH-mahm)
Cough
batuk (BAH-too')
Sneeze
bersin (BUHR-sin)
Diarrhea
diare (dee-ah-REH)
Vomiting
muntah(MOON-tah)
Cold/flu
pilek (PEE-luh')
Cut/wound
Luka (LOO-kah)
Burn
Luka bakar (LOO-kah BAH-kahr)
Fracture
Patah tulang (PAH-tah TOO-lahng)

NumbersEdit

Cardinal numbersEdit

Indonesian uses points/full stops for thousands and commas for decimal places, as in continental Europe. Indonesian also uses the short form like English when it comes to thousands, however the counting starts from trillion, as billion already has a term called milyar.

 
Knowing numbers is useful for instance when shopping on a market
0
nol (nol). You will often hear the word kosong (KO-song) meaning empty
1
satu (SAH-too)
2
dua (DOO-ah)
3
tiga (TEE-gah)
4
empat (UHM-pah(t))
5
lima (LEE-mah)
6
enam (UH-nahm)
7
tujuh (TOO-jooh)
8
delapan (duh-LAH-pahn)
9
sembilan (suhm-BEE-lahn)
10
sepuluh (suh-POO-looh)
11
sebelas (suh-buh-LAHSS)
12
dua belas (DOO-ah buh-LAHSS)
13
tiga belas (TEE-gah buh-LAHSS)
20
dua puluh (DOO-ah POO-loo)
21
dua puluh satu (DOO-ah POO-loo SAH-too)
30
tiga puluh (TEE-gah POO-loo)
50
lima puluh (LEE-mah POO-loo)
80
delapan puluh (duh-LAH-pan POO-loo)
100
seratus (suh-RAH-tuss)
120
seratus dua puluh (suh-RAH-tuss DOO-ah POO-loo)
200
dua ratus (DOO-ah RAH-tuss)
500
lima ratus (LEE-mah RAH-tuss)
1,000
seribu (suh-REE-boo)
1,100
seribu seratus (suh-REE-boo suh-RAH-tuss)
1,152
seribu seratus lima puluh dua (suh-REE-boo suh-RAH-tuss LEE-mah POO-loo DOO-ah)
1,200
seribu dua ratus (suh-REE-boo DOO-ah RAH-tuss)
1,500
seribu lima ratus (suh-REE-boo LEE-mah RAH-tuss)
2,000
dua ribu (DOO-ah REE-boo)
2,100
dua ribu seratus (DOO-ah REE-boo suh-RAH-tuss)
5,000
lima ribu (LEE-mah REE-boo)
10,000
sepuluh ribu (suh-RAH-tuss REE-boo)
11,000
sebelas ribu ("SUH-buh-lass REE-boo")
20,000
dua puluh ribu (DOO-ah POO-loo REE-boo)
 
A 50,000 rupiah banknote (written in shops as Rp50.000,- or sometimes just 50.)
49,000
empat puluh sembilan ribu (UHM-pah(t) POO-loh suhm-BEE-lahn REE-boo)
50,000
lima puluh ribu (LEE-mah POO-looh REE-boo)
100,000
seratus ribu (suh-RAH-tooss REE-boo)
150,000
seratus lima puluh ribu (suh-RAH-tooss LEE-mah POO-looh REE-boo)
156,125
seratus lima puluh enam ribu seratus dua puluh lima (suh-RAH-tooss LEE-mah POO-looh UH-nahm REE-boo suh-RAH-tooss DOO-ah POO-looh LEE-mah)
250,000
dua ratus lima puluh ribu (DOO-ah RAH-tooss LEE-mah POO-looh REE-boo)
500,000
lima ratus ribu (LEE-mah RAH-tooss REE-boo)
1,000,000
satu juta (SAH-too JOO-tah)
1,005,000
satu juta lima ribu (SAH-too JOO-tah LEE-mah REE-boo)
2,500,000
dua setengah juta (DOO-ah STUHNG-ah JOO-tah)
1,000,000,000
satu milyar (SAH-too MIL-yar)
1,000,000,000,000
satu trilyun ("SAH-too TRIL-yoon)
number _____ (train, bus, etc.)
nomor _____ (NO-mor)

OrdinalEdit

The only special word in this case:

1st
pertama("puhr-TAH-mah")

Subsequently, use the suffix "ke-" followed by the number:

2nd
kedua ("kuh-DOO-ah")
3rd
ketiga ("kuh-TEE-gah")

Other wordsEdit

half
setengah (STUHNG-ah)
quarter
seperempat (suh-puhr-UHM-pah(t))
three quarter
tiga perempat (TEE-gah puhr-UHM-pah(t))
percent
persen (PUHR-sehn)
less
kurang (KOO-rahng)
more
lebih (LUH-bee)

TimeEdit

 
Jam Gadang clocktower, a major landmark of Bukittinggi
now
sekarang (suh-KAH-rahng)
later
nanti (NAHN-tee)
before
sebelum ("suh-BUH-lum")
after
sesudah/setelah ("suh-SOO-dah/suh-TUH-lah")

Clock timeEdit

Indonesia uses a 24-hour format. So AM is 00.00 to 11.59, and PM is 12.00-23.59. In practice, however, people are also fine with telling time in 12-hour formats as long as the phase of the day is indicated (see below).

There are two ways to mention time: the word pukul (POOH-kool) uses the 24-hour format and is usually found in broadcasting and in written forms, meanwhile jam (JAM) uses the 12-hour format and is used in conversational settings. Hence 15.00 or 3.00 PM may be said pukul lima belas or jam tiga sore. Generally, both forms are well understood in public.

What time is it now?
Jam berapa sekarang? (JAM buh-RAH-pah suh-KAH-rahng?) or Pukul berapa sekarang? (POOH-kool buh-RAH-pah suh-KAH-rahng?)

NOTE: the word time, when used to tell how many times or multiplications, is kali ("KAH-lee"). The word itself literally means waktu (WAH'-too). The word ‘’jam’’ also means the specific instrument that tells time and to indicate hourly duration. The word ‘’pukul’’ literally means to hit.


(Optional) Dawn (00.01-04.59)
dini hari (DEE-nee HAH-ree)
Morning (00.30-10.59)
pagi (PAH-gee)
Midday and early afternoon (11.00-14.59)
siang ("SEE-ahng")
Late afternoon (15.00-18.29)
sore/petang (so-REH/PUH-tahng)
Evening (18.30-00.29)
malam ("MAH-lahm")

When indicating the time using pukul, simply say the hour and the minute; from 1 to 9 minutes past the hour, the preceding 0 is mentioned to distinguish the hour and the minute. When using the word jam, if the minute hand indicates ten or more past the hour, the word lewat can often be skipped, hence simply saying the hour and the minute.

01.00
jam satu pagi (jahm SAH-too PAH-gee)
02.00
jam dua pagi (jahm DOO-ah PAH-gee)
02.01
jam dua lewat/lebih satu (menit) (jahm DOO-ah LEH-waht/LUH-bee SAH-too MUH-nih(t))
02.15
jam dua seperempat/jam dua lewat lima belas(jahm DOO-ah suh-puhr-uhm-PA(T)/jahm DOO-ah LEH-wa(t) LEE-mah buh-LAHSS)
02.20
jam dua lewat duapuluh (jahm DOO-ah LEH-wat DOO-ah POO-looh)
02.30
jam setengah tiga (jahm STUHNG-ah TEE-gah)
02.40
jam tiga kurang dua puluh (jahm TEE-gah KOO-rahng DOO-ah POO-looh) The equivalent of saying "twenty to three"
02.45
jam tiga kurang seperempat/jam tiga kurang lima belas (jahm TEE-gah KOO-rahng suh-puhr-UHM-pa(t)/jahm TEE-gah KOO-rahng LEE-mah buh-LAHSS)
12.00 noon
tengah hari (TUHNG-ah HAH-ree)
13.00
jam satu siang (jahm SAH-too SEE-ahng)
14.00
jam dua siang (jahm DOO-ah SEE-ahng)
24.00 or 00.00 midnight
tengah malam (TUHNG-ah MAH-lahm)

DurationEdit

_____ minute(s)
_____ menit (MUH-nih(t))
_____ hour(s)
_____ jam (jahm)
_____ day(s)
_____ hari (HAH-ree)
_____ week(s)
_____ minggu (MING-goo)
_____ month(s)
_____ bulan (BOO-lahn)
_____ year(s)
_____ tahun (TAH-hoon)
in ____
____ lagi (____ LAH-gee)

DaysEdit

 
Beach in Java

A week is from Monday to Sunday, although in calendars, it is Sunday to Saturday.

today
hari ini (HAH-ree EE-nee)
yesterday
kemarin (kuh-MAH-rin)
tomorrow
besok (BEH-so')
the day after tomorrow
lusa (LOO-sah)
the day before yesterday
kemarin lusa (kuh-MAH-rin LOOH-sah)
this week
minggu ini (MING-goo EE-nee)
last week
minggu lalu (MING-goo LAH-loo)
next week
minggu depan (MING-goo duh-PAHN)
Sunday
Minggu (MING-goo)
Monday
Senin (suh-NIN)
Tuesday
Selasa (suh-LAH-sah)
Wednesday
Rabu (RAH-boo)
Thursday
Kamis (KAH-mihss)
Friday
Jumat (JOO-mah(t))
Saturday
Sabtu (SAHB-too)

MonthsEdit

January
Januari (jah-noo-AH-ree)
February
Februari (feh-broo-AH-ree)
March
Maret (MAH-ruh(t))
April
April (AH-prihl)
May
Mei (May)
June
Juni (JOO-nee)
July
Juli (JOO-lee)
August
Agustus (ah-GUS-tuss)
September
September (sehp-TEHM-buhr)
October
Oktober (ock-TO-buhr)
November
Nopember (no-PEHM-buhr)
December
Desember (deh-SEHM-buhr)

DateEdit

Date formats are always day, followed by month, and year.

August 17th, 1945
17 Agustus 1945 or 17-8-1945

Saying of years before 2000 follow the cardinal order in formal settings and by double digits in informal settings - 1945 would be seribu sembilan ratus empat puluh lima in television or conferences or sembilan belas empat puluh lima in casual conversations.

Years between 2000 and 2099 inclusive are so far always pronounced in cardinal order. The year 2020 is hence always read dua ribu dua puluh.

ColorsEdit

 
Colorful clothes made of the traditional fabric batik
black
hitam (HEE-tahm)
white
putih (POO-teeh)
gray
abu-abu (AH-boo AH-boo)
red
merah (MEH-rah)
blue
biru (BEE-roo)
yellow
kuning (KOO-ning)
green
hijau (HEE-jow)
orange
jingga/oranye/oren (JING-gah/o-RAH-nyah/OH-rehn)
purple
ungu (OO-ngoo)
brown
coklat (CHOCK-lah(t))
gold
emas (uh-MAHSS)
silver
perak (PEH-rah')
light
terang (TUH-rahng) or muda (MOO-dah)
pink
pink (pin') or merah muda (MEH-rah MOO-dah)
dark
gelap (GUH-lahp) or tua (TOO-ah)

TransportationEdit

 
Traffic in Jakarta

Bus and trainEdit

Train
Kereta (kuh-REH-tah)
How much is a ticket to _____?
Berapa harga karcis ke _____? (buh-RAH-pah har-GAH kar-CHIHSS kuh _____?)
I want to buy one ticket to _____, please.
Saya ingin membeli satu karcis ke _____. (SAH-yah IHNG-in muhm-BUH-lee SAH-too kar-CHIHSS kuh _____)
Where does this train/bus go?
Kereta/bus ini ke mana? (kuh-REH-tah/beuss IH-nee kuh MAH-nah?)
Where is the train/bus to _____?
Di mana kereta/bus ke _____? (dee MAH-nah kuh-REH-tah/beuss kuh _____?)
Does this train/bus stop in _____?
Apakah kereta/bus ini berhenti di _____? (AH-pah-kah kuh-REH-tah/beuss IH-nee buhr-HUHN-tee dee _____?)
What time does the train/bus for _____ leave?
Jam berapa kereta/bus ke _____ berangkat? (jahm buh-RAH-pah kuh-REH-tah/beuss kuh _____ buh-RAHNG-kah(t)?)
What time does this train/bus arrive in _____?
Jam berapa kereta/bus ini sampai di _____? (jahm buh-RAH-pah kuh-REH-tah/beuss IH-nee SAHM-pigh dee _____?)

DirectionsEdit

How do I get to _____ ?
Bagaimana saya pergi ke _____ ? (Bah-GIGH-mah-nah SAH-yah puhr-GEE kuh ____)
...the train station?
...stasiun kereta api? (STAHS-yoon kuh-REH-tah AH-pee?)
...the bus station?
...terminal bus? (TUHR-mihn-ahl beuss)
...the airport?
...bandara? (bahn-DAH-rah)
...downtown?
...pusat kota? (POO-sah(t) KOH-tah)
...the _____ hotel?
... hotel _____ ? (HO-tehl ____)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British embassy/consulate?
... Kedutaan Besar/Konsulat Amerika/Kanada/Australia/Inggris ? (kuh-DOO-tah-ahn buh-SAR/KON-soo-lah(t) ...)
Where are there a lot of...
Di mana ada banyak... (dee MAH-nah AH-dah BAHN-yah')
...hotels?
...hotel? (HO-tehl)
... inn?
...penginapan (puhng-ihn-AHP-ahn)
...restaurants?
...rumah makan/restoran? (ROO-mah MAH-kahn or REHST-tor-ahn)
...bars?
...bar? (bar)
...sites to see?
...tempat-tempat wisata? (TUHM-pah(t) TUHM-pah(t) wee-SAH-tah?)
Can you show me on the map?
Bisakah Anda tunjukkan di peta? (BEE-sah-kah AHN-dah TOON-jook-kahn dee PEH-tah?)
street
jalan (JAH-lahn)
left
kiri (KEEH-ree)
right
kanan (KAH-nahn)
straight ahead
lurus (LOO-rooss)
towards the _____
menuju _____ (muh-NOO-joo)
past the _____
melewati _____ (muh-LEH-wah-tee)
before the _____
sebelum _____ (suh-BUH-loom)
after the ____
sesudah ____ (suh-SOO-dah)
near the
dekat _____ (DEH-kaht)
in front of
di depan _____ (dih duh-PAHN)
 
Intersection in Yogyakarta
intersection
persimpangan (puhr-sim-PAHNG-ahn)
(over) there
(di) sana ((dih) SAH-nah)
(over) here
(di) sini ((dih) SEE-nee)
north
utara (oo-TAH-rah)
south
selatan (suh-LAH-tahn)
east
timur (TEE-moor)
west
barat (BAH-raht)
north-east
timur laut (TEE-moor LAH-oot)
north-west
barat laut (BAH-raht LAH-oot)
south-east
tenggara (tuhng-GAH-rah)
south-west
barat daya (BAH-raht DAH-yah)

Taxis and ride-sharingEdit

Speaking on the phone to drivers

When using an app to book a taxi or motorbike ride-share, your driver will usually text or call you to find you, as the maps in the apps may be inaccurate by a couple meters, and they cannot tell exactly where you are. Here are some phrases you might encounter and how to respond:

Posisi di mana? (poh-ZIH-see dee MAH-nah?)
Where are you?
Posisi saya di _____ (poh-ZIH-see SAH-yah dee _____)
I am at/in _____
Pas di depan (pass dee duh-PAHN)
Right in front
Di pinggir jalan (dee PING-geer JAH-lahn)
By the side of the road
Dekat mana? (DEH-ka(t) MAH-nah?)
Where is it near?
Patokannya di mana? (PAH-tohk-kahn-nyah dee MAH-nah?)
Where is the place exactly? (Patokan in English means a criterion or a standard, but in Indonesian, it is used to navigate the drivers to the exact location, by pointing out the most popular/well-known point of interest.)
Dekat _____ (DEH-ka(t) _____ )
It is near _____
Pakai baju warna apa? (PAH-keh BAH-joo WAHR-nah AH-pah?)
What colour shirt/top are you wearing?
Baju saya ____ (BAH-joo SAH-yah ____ )
My shirt/top is _____
Sebelah mana? (SUH-buh-lah MAH-nah?)
What side are you on?
Sebelah kanan (SUH-buh-lah KAH-nahn)
The right side
Sebelah kiri (SUH-buh-lah KEE-ree)
The left side
Tunggu ya (TOONG-goo yah)
Please wait
Sebentar (suh-buhn-TAR)
Just a second
 
Taxis are pretty dependable in most cities and large towns
Taxi!
Taksi! (TAHCK-see)
Take me to _____, please.
Tolong antar saya ke _____. (TOH-long AHN-tar SAH-yah kuh ____ )
How much does it cost to get to _____?
Berapa harganya ke _____? (buh-RAH-pah har-GAH-nyah kuh ____ )
Turn left.
Belok kiri. (BEH-lo' KEE-ree)
Turn right.
Belok kanan. (BEH-lo' KAH-nahn)
Turn around. (U-turn)
Putar balik. (POO-tar BAH-lee')
Watch for the _____.
Lihat _____. (LEE-hah(t) ____)
Stop here.
Berhenti di sini. (buhr-HUHN-tee dih SEE-nee)
Wait here.
Tunggu di sini. (TUNG-goo dih SEE-nee)

LodgingEdit

 
Evening view to the sea from a "splurge" hotel in Bali
Do you have any rooms available?
Apakah Anda punya kamar kosong? (AH-pah-kah AHN-dah POON-nyaa KAH-mar KOH-song?)
How much is a room for one person/two people?
Berapa harga kamar untuk satu/dua orang? (buh-RAH-pah HAR-gah KAHM-ahr OON-too' SAH-too/DOO-ahO-rahng?)
Does the room come with...
Apakah kamarnya ada... (AH-pah-kah KAH-mar-nyah AH-dah)
...bedsheets?
...seprei? (suh-PREH)
...a bathroom?
...kamar mandi? (KAH-mar MAHN-dee)
...a telephone?
...telepon? (TEH-luh-pon)
...a TV?
...Televisi/TV? (TEH-luh-VI-see/TEE-fee)
...a refrigerator
...kulkas? (KOOL-kahs)
May I see the room first?
Bolehkah saya lihat kamarnya dulu? (BOH-leh-kah SAH-yah LEE-ah(t) KAH-mar-nyah DOO-loo?)
Do you have anything quieter?
Apakah ada kamar yang lebih tenang? (AH-pah-kah AH-dah KA-mar yahng LUH-bee TUH-nahng)
...bigger?
...besar? (buh-SAR?)
...cleaner?
...bersih? (buhr-SIH?)
...cheaper?
...murah? (MOO-rah?)
OK, I'll take it.
Baik saya ambil. (bigh', SAH-yah AHM-bihl)
I will stay for _____ night(s).
Saya akan tinggal selama _____ malam. (SAH-yah AH-kahn TING-gahl suh-LAH-mah ____ MAH-lahm.)
Can you suggest another hotel?
Bisakah Anda menyarankan hotel lainnya? (BEE-sah-kah AHN-dah muh-NYA-rahn-kahn HO-tehl LIGH-nyah?)
Do you have a safe?
Apakah Anda punya brankas? (AH-pah-kah AHN-dah POO-nyah BRAHN-kahs?)
...lockers?
...lemari berkunci? (luh-MAH-ree buhr-KOON-chee)
Is breakfast/supper included?
Apakah sudah termasuk sarapan/makan malam? (AH-pah-kah SOO-dah tuhr-MAH-sook SAH-rah-pahn/MAH-kahn MAH-lahm)
What time is breakfast/supper?
Jam berapa mulai sarapan/makan malam? (jahm BUH-rah-pah muh-LIGH SAH-rah-pahn/MAH-kahn MAH-lahm?)
Please clean my room.
Tolong bersihkan kamar saya. (TOH-long BUHR-sih-kahn KAH-mahr SAH-yah)
Can you wake me at _____?
Bisakah saya dibangunkan jam _____? (BEE-sah-kah SAH-yah dih-BAHNG-oon-kahn jahm ____)
I want to check out.
Saya mau check out. (SAH-yah MAH-hoo chehck owt)

MoneyEdit

 
A full spread of newer Indonesian banknotes
Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars?
Apakah Anda menerima dollar Amerika/Australia/Kanada? (AH-pah-kah AHN-dah muh-nuh-REE-mah DO-lar ah-MEH-ree-kah/os-TRAH-lee-ah/KAH-nah-dah)
Do you accept British pounds?
Apakah Anda menerima poundsterling Inggris? (AH-pah-kah AHN-dah muh-nuh-REE-mah pon-stuhr-lihng IHNG-grihss)
Do you accept credit cards?
Apakah Anda menerima kartu kredit? (AH-pah-kah AHN-dah muh-nuh-REE-mah KAR-too KREH-di(t))
Can you change money for me?
Bisakah Anda tukar uang untuk saya? (BEE-sah-kah AHN-dah TOO-kar OO-ahng OON-tu' SAH-yah)
Where can I get money changed?
Di mana saya bisa tukar uang? (dih MAH-nah SAH-yah BEE-sah TOO-kar OO-ahng)
Can you change a traveler's check for me?
Bisakah Anda tukar cek perjalanan? (BEE-sah-kah AHN-dah TOO-kar chehk puhr-JAH-lah-nahn)
Where can I get a traveler's check changed?
Di mana saya bisa tukar cek perjalanan? (DIH MAH-nah SAH-yah BEE-sah TOO-kar chehck puhr-JAH-lah-nahn)
What is the exchange rate?
Berapa kursnya? (buh-RAH-pah KEURS-nyah)
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)?
Di mana ada ATM? (dih MAH-nah AH-dah AH-TEH-EHM)

EatingEdit

Edible adjectives


asin (AH-sihn)
Salty
asam (AH-sahm)
Sour
manis (MAH-nihss)
Sweet
pedas (puh-DAHS)
Hot (spicy)
pahit (PAH-hee(t))
Bitter
enak (EH-nah')
Delicious
tawar (TAH-wahr)
Tasteless
dingin (DIHNG-ihn)
Cold
sejuk (SUH-ju')
Cool
hangat (HAHNG-ah(t))
Warm
panas (PAH-nahss)
Hot (temperature)
 
Finding the tea too sweet? Try teh tawar instead
A table for one person/two people, please.
Tolong beri saya satu meja untuk satu/dua orang. (TOH-long BUH-ree SAH-yah SAH-too MEH-jah OON-too' SAH-too/DOO-ah O-rahng)
Can I look at the menu, please?
Bolehkah saya lihat menunya? (BOH-leh-kah SAH-yah LEE-ah(t) MEH-noo-nyah)
Is there a house specialty?
Adakah makanan istimewa? (AH-dah-kah MAH-kah-nahn IHS-tee-MEH-wah?)
Is there a local specialty?
Adakah makanan khas daerah ini? (AH-dah-kah MAH-kah-nahn khass dah-EH-rah IH-nee)
I'm a vegetarian.
Saya vegetarian. (SAH-yah VEH-geh-TAH-ree-ahn)
I don't eat pork.
Saya tidak makan babi. (SAH-yah TEE-dah' MAH-kahn BAH-bee)
I don't eat beef.
Saya tidak makan sapi. (SAH-yah TEE-dah' MAH-kahn SAH-pee)
I don't eat seafood.
Saya tidak makan hasil laut (SAH-yah TEE-dah' MAH-kahn HAH-sihl LAH-oo(t))
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard)
Bisakah dibuat dengan minyak sedikit saja? (BEE-sah-kah dee-BU-ah(t) DUHNG-ahn MIN-yah' suh-DEE-ki(t) SAH-jah?)
I want _____.
Saya mau pesan _____. (SAH-yah MAH-oo puh-SAHN)
breakfast
sarapan (pagi) (SAH-rah-pahn (PAH-gee))
lunch
makan siang (MAH-kahn SEE-ahng)
dinner/supper
makan malam (MAH-kahn MAH-lahm)
snack
camilan (CHAH-mee-lahn)
I want a dish containing _____.
Saya mau makanan yang mengandung _____. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MAH-kah-nahn yahng muhng-AHN-doong)
I'm allergic to ____
Saya alergi akan ____ (SAH-yah AH-luhr-gee AH-kahn ____)
chicken
ayam (AH-yahm)

How would you like it to be done?


raw
mentah (MUHN-tah)
fresh
segar (SUH-gar)
cooked
matang (MAH-tahng)
baked
panggang (PAHNG-gahng)
grilled
bakar (BAH-kar)
stir-fried
tumis (TOO-mihss); cah ("CAH") (in Chinese restaurants)
fried
goreng (GO-rehng)
boiled
rebus (RUH-booss)
steamed
kukus (KOO-kooss)
mixed
campur (CHAHM-poor)
beef
daging sapi (DAH-ging SAH-pee)
fish
ikan (EE-kahn)
pork
daging babi (DAH-ging BAH-bee)
lamb
daging kambing (DAH-ging KAHM-bing)
prawn
udang (OO-dahng)
crab
kepiting (KUH-pit-ing)
squid
cumi (CHOO-mee)
oyster
tiram (TEE-rahm)
sausage
sosis (SO-siss)
cheese
keju (KEH-joo)
eggs
telur (tuh-LOOR)
tofu
tahu (TAH-hoo)
tempeh
tempe (TEHM-peh)

 
Just some of the vegetable bounty of Padang Panjang in West Sumatra
(fresh) vegetables
sayuran (SAH-yoo-rahn)
cucumber
timun (TEE-mun)
carrot
wortel (WOR-tehl)
lettuce
selada (suh-LAH-dah)
cauliflower
kembang kol (KUHM-bahng kol)
tomato
tomat (TOH-mah(t))
corn
jagung (JAH-goong)
water spinach (a common leafy vegetable)
kangkung (KAHNG-koong)
amaranth/spinach
bayam (BAH-yahm)
squash
labu (LAH-boo)
bean
kacang (KAH-chahng)
potato
kentang (KUHN-tahng)
cassava
singkong (SING-kong)
purple yam
ubi (OO-bee)
sweet potato
ubi jalar (OO-bee JAH-lar)
onion
bawang bombay (BAH-wahng BOM-bay)
garlic
bawang putih (BAH-wahng POO-tee)
shallot
bawang merah (BAH-wahng MEH-rah)
mushroom
jamur (JAH-moor)

 
An array of tropical fruits sold in Bali
(fresh) fruit
buah (BOO-ah)
apple
apel (AH-pehl)
banana
pisang (PEE-sahng)
orange
jeruk (JUH-roo')
watermelon
semangka (suh-MAHNG-kah)
grape
anggur (AHNG-goor)
papaya
pepaya (puh-PAH-yah)
mango
mangga (MAHNG-gah)
guava
jambu (JAHM-boo)
pineapple
nanas (NAH-nahss)
persimmon
kesemek (kuh-SEH-me')
cantaloupe
blewah (BLEH-wah)
melon
melon (MEH-lon)
coconut
kelapa (kuh-LAH-pah)
starfruit
belimbing (buh-LIM-beeng)
jackfruit
nangka (NAHNG-kah)
breadfruit
sukun (SOO-kuhn)
rambutan
rambutan (RAHM-boo-tahn)
mangosteen
manggis (MAHNG-gihss)
soursop
sirsak (SEER-sah')
durian
durian/duren (DOO-ree-ahn/DOO-rehn)

 
Sundanese dishes at a food stall
Bread
Roti (ROH-tee)
Toast
Roti bakar (ROH-tee BAH-kar)
Noodles
Mie (mee)
Rice
Nasi (NAH-see)
Porridge
Bubur (BOO-boor)
Beans or nuts
Kacang (KAH-chahng)
Ice cream
Es krim (ess krim)
Cake
Kue (KOO-eh)
Soup
Sup/soto (soup/SOH-toh)
Spoon
Sendok (SUHN-do')
Fork
Garpu (GAR-poo)
Knife
Pisau (PEE-sow)
Chopsticks
Sumpit (SOOM-pi(t))
Excuse me, waiter! (getting attention of server)
Permisi! (PUHR-mih-see)
May I have a glass of _____?
Bolehkah saya minta satu gelas _____? (BOH-leh-kah SAH-yah MIN-tah SAH-too guh-LAHSS_____?)
May I have a cup of _____?
Bolehkah saya minta satu cangkir_____? (BOH-leh-kah SAH-yah MIN-tah SAH-too CHAHNG-keer _____?)
May I have a bottle of _____?
Bolehkah saya minta satu botol _____? (BOH-leh-kah SAH-yah MIN-tah SAH-too BOH-tol _____?)
Coffee
Kopi (KO-pee)
Tea
Teh (teh)
Juice
Jus (joos)
Sparkling water
Air soda (AH-eer SOH-dah)
Water
Air (AH-eer)
Beer
Bir (beer)
Red/white wine
Anggur merah/putih (AHNG-goor MEH-rah/POO-tee)
May I have some _____?
Bolehkah saya minta _____? (BOH-leh-kah SAH-yah MIN-tah)
Salt
Garam (GAH-ram)
Black pepper
Lada hitam (LAH-dah HEE-tahm)
Chili sauce
Saus sambal (SAH-ooss SAHM-bahl)
Tomato sauce
Saus tomat (SAH-ooss TOH-mah(t))
Butter
Mentega (muhn-TEH-gah)
I'm finished.
Saya sudah selesai (SAH-yah SOO-dah suh-luh-SIGH)
I'm full.
Saya kenyang (SAH-yah KUH-nyahng)
It was delicious.
Tadi enak rasanya. (TAH-dee EH-nah' RAH-sah-nyah)
Please clear the plates.
Tolong ambil piringnya. (TO-long AHM-bil PIH-ring-nyah)
Please clean the table.
Tolong bersihkan mejanya. (TOH-long BUHR-seeh-kahn MEH-jah-nyah)
The check/bill, please.
Minta bon. (MIN-tah bon)

BarsEdit

 
Mini bar in the town of Bira, Sulawesi. Bir is beer in Indonesian.
Do you serve alcohol?
Apakah menyajikan alkohol? (AH-pah-kah muh-NYAH-jee-kahn AHL-koh-hol?)
I want a beer/two beers.
Saya mau minta satu/dua bir. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MIN-tah SAH-too/DOO-ah beer)
I want a glass of red/white wine
Saya mau minta satu gelas anggur merah/putih. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MIN-tah SAH-too guh-LAHSS AHNG-goor MEH-rah/POO-tee)
I want a bottle
Saya mau minta satu botol. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MIN-tah SAH-too BO-tol)
_____ (liquor) and _____ (mixer), please.
Saya mau minta _____ dan _____. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MIN-tah ___ dahn ___)
Whisky
Whisky (WIS-kee)
Vodka
Vodka (VOD-kah)
Rum
Rum (rahm)
Local palm nectar spirit
Arak (AH-rah')
Water
Air putih (AH-eer POO-tee)
Sparkling water
Air soda (AH-eer SOH-dah)
Tonic water
Air tonik (AH-eer TO-ni')
(Orange) juice
Jus (jeruk) (juss JUH-roo')
Coca Cola
Coca Cola (KOH-kah KOH-lah)
Do you have any bar snacks?
Apakah ada makanan kecil? (AH-pah-kah AH-dah MAH-kah-nahn KUH-cheel)
One more, please.
Saya mau minta satu lagi. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MIN-tah SAH-too LAH-gee)
Another round, please.
Saya mau minta satu ronde lagi. (SAH-yah MAH-oo MIN-tah SAH-too RON-deh LAH-gee)
When is closing time?
Jam berapa tutup? (jahm buh-RAH-pah TOO-too(p)?)
Cheers!
Bersulang! (Buhr-SOOH-lang)

ShoppingEdit

Saying no to single-use plastic

Indonesia is drowning in single use plastic. Cheap, low-quality plastic bags are handed out freely in shops, and a cold drink is never served without a plastic straw. These clog up landfills, if they get there at all. They are either burned or dumped in rivers where they eventually get to the ocean. Indonesia is the world's 2nd biggest contributor of plastic trash in the oceans. Please do your bit by saying no to plastic bags and drinking straws, like this:

No thanks, I don't need a plastic bag
Terima kasih, saya tidak perlu kresek (tuh-REE-mah KAH-see, SAH-yah TEE-dah' PUHR-loo KREH-seh').
I don't want to use a straw
Saya tidak mau pakai sedotan (SAH-yah TEE-dah' MAH-oo PAH-kay suh-DOT-ahn).
Sell
Jual (JOO-ahl)
Buy
Beli (BUH-lee)
Bargaining
Tawar (TAH-wahr) (NOTE: the word can also mean to offer)
Do you have this in my size?
Apakah ini ada yang ukuran saya? (AH-pah-kah IH-nee AH-dah yahng OO-koo-rahn SAH-yah?)
How much is this?
Berapa harganya? (buh-RAH-pah HAR-gah-nyah?)
That's too expensive.
Terlalu mahal. (tuhr-LAH-loo MAH-hahl)
Would you take _____?
Kalau _____ bagaimana? (KAH-low ____ BAH-gigh-MAH-nah?)
Expensive
Mahal (mah-HAHL)
Cheap
Murah (MOO-rah)
I can't afford it.
Saya tidak mampu beli itu. (SAH-yah TEE-dah' MAHM-poo BUH-lee IH-too)
I don't want it.
Saya tidak mau (SAH-yah TEE-dah' MAH-oo)
You're cheating me.
Kau menipu saya (KAH-oo muh-NEE-poo SAH-yah)
I'm not interested.
Saya tidak tertarik. (SAH-yah TEE-dah' tuhr-TAH-ri')
The quality is bad/not good.
Kualitasnya jelek/tidak bagus. (kwah-lee-TAHS-nyah JUH-leh'/TEE-dah' BAH-gooss)
OK, I'll buy it.
Baiklah, saya beli. (BIGHK-lah, SAH-yah BUH-lee)
Do you ship (overseas)?
Bisakah dikirim (ke luar negeri)? (BEE-sah-kah dee-KIH-rim (kuh LOO-ahr nuh-GREE?))
 
Shoes in an Indonesian department store
I need...
Saya perlu... (SAH-yah PUHR-loo...)
...toothpaste.
...pasta gigi/odol. (PAHS-tah GEE-gee, O-dol)
...a toothbrush.
...sikat gigi. (SEE-kah(t) GIH-gee)
...condoms.
...kondom. (KON-dom)
...tampons.
...softek/pembalut. (puhm-BAH-loot)
...soap.
...sabun. (SAH-boon)
...shampoo.
...sampo. (SAHM-poh)
...pain relief.
...obat pereda sakit. (O-baht puh-REH-dah SAH-keet)
...cold medicine.
...obat pilek. (O-baht PIH-luh')
...upset stomach medicine.
...obat sakit perut. (O-baht SAH-kee(t) PUH-roo(t))
...a razor.
...cukuran. (CHUH-koor-ahn)
...an umbrella.
...payung. (PAH-yoong)
...a postcard.
...kartu pos. (KAR-too poss)
...postage stamps.
...perangko. (puh-RAHNG-koh)
...batteries.
...baterai. (BAH-tuh-ray)
...writing paper.
...kertas. (KUHR-tahss)
...a pen.
...pulpen. (POOL-pehn)
...English-language books.
...buku-buku bahasa Inggris. (BOO-koo boo-koo bah-HAH-sah ING-griss)
...English-language magazines.
...majalah bahasa Inggris. (mah-JAH-lah bah-HAH-sah ING-griss)
...an English-language newspaper.
...surat kabar/koran (bahasa Inggris). (SOO-rah(t) KAH-bar/KOR-ahn (bah-HAH-sah ING-gris))

NOTE: the Islamic holy book is referred to as al-Quran (ahl KOOR-ahn)

...an English-Indonesian dictionary.
...kamus Inggris-Indonesia. (KAH-mooss ING-griss in-doh-NEH-zhah)

FamilyEdit

 
Wedding procession in Lombok
Are you married?
Apakah Anda sudah menikah? (AH-pah-kah AHN-dah SOO-dah muh-NEE-kah?)
I am married.
Saya sudah menikah (SAH-yah SOO-dah muh-NEE-kah.)
I am not married yet.
Saya belum menikah (SAH-yah buh-LOOM muh-NEE-kah.)
Do you have brothers and sisters?
Apakah punya saudara? (AH-pah-kah POON-yah sow-DAH-rah?)
Do you have any children?
Sudah punya anak? (SOO-dah POON-yah AHN-ah'''?)
Father
Ayah (AH-yah)
Mother
Ibu (IH-boo)
Older brother
Kakak laki-laki (KAH-kah' LAH-kee LAH-kee)
Older sister
Kakak perempuan (KAH-kah' puh-RUHM-poo-WAHN)
Younger brother
Adik laki-laki (AH-di' LAH-kee LAH-kee)
Younger sister
Adik perempuan (AH-di' puh-RUHM-poo-WAN)
Grandfather
Kakek (KAH-keh')
Grandmother
Nenek (NEH-neh')
Uncle
Paman (PAH-mahn)/om (ohm)
Aunt
Bibi (BIH-bee)/tante (TAHN-tuh)
Husband
Suami (SWAH-mee)
Wife
Istri (ISS-tree)
Son
Putra (POO-trah)
Daughter
Putri (POO-tree)
Grandchild
Cucu (CHOO-choo)
Cousin
Sepupu (suh-POO-poo)
Nephew/niece
Keponakan (kuh-POH-nah-kahn)
Father/mother-in-law
Mertua (muhr-TOO-ah)
Son/daughter-in-law
Menantu (muh-NAHN-too)

DrivingEdit

 
Decorated toll plaza, Bali
I want to rent a car
Saya mau sewa mobil. (SAH-yah MAH-oo SAY-wah MO-beel)
Can I get insurance?
Bisakah saya minta asuransi? (BEE-sah-kah SAH-yah MIN-tah ah-soo-RAHN-see)
Traffic
Lalu lintass (LAH-loo LIN-tahss)
Traffic jam
Macet (MAH-cheh(t))
Stop!
Berhenti! (buhr-HUHN-tee)
Stop (on a street sign)
Stop
One way
Satu arah (SAH-too AH-rah)
No parking
Dilarang parkir (DEE-lah-rahng PAR-keer)
Dead end
Jalan buntu (JAH-lahn BOON-too)
Accident
Kecelakaan (kuh-chuh-LAH-kah-ahn)
Gas (petrol) station
Pom bensin (pom BEHN-zeen)
Petrol/gas
Bensin (BEHN-zeen)
Diesel
Solar (SOH-lar)

AuthorityEdit

 
Traffic police in Jakarta
What happened?
Apa yang terjadi? (AH-pah yahng tuhr-JAH-dee?)
What are you doing?
Apa yang sedang Anda lakukan (AH-pah yang SUH-dahng AHN-dah LAH-koo-kahn)
I haven't done anything wrong.
Saya tidak berbuat salah. (SAH-yah TEE-dah' buhr-BOO-ah(t) SAH-lah)
It was a misunderstanding.
Itu kesalahpahaman. (IH-too kuh-SAH-lah-PAH-hahm-ahn)
Where are you taking me?
Ke mana saya dibawa ? (kuh MAH-nah SAH-yah dee-BAH-wah?)
Am I under arrest?
Apakah saya ditahan? (AH-pah-kah SAH-yah dee-TAH-han?)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen.
Saya warga negara Amerika/Australia/Inggris/Kanada. (SAH-yah WAR-gah nuh-GAH-rah ah-MEH-ree-kah/oss-TRAH-lee-yah/ING-gris/KAH-nah-dah)
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate.
Saya ingin bicara dengan Kedutaan Besar/Konsulat Amerika/Australia/Inggris/Kanada. (SAH-yah ING-in bih-CHAH-rah DUHNG-ahn kuh-DOO-tah-ahn/kon-SOO-laht ah-MEH-ree-kah/oss-TRAH-lee-yah/ING-gris/KAH-nah-dah)
I want to talk to a lawyer.
Saya mau bicara dengan pengacara. (SAH-yah MAH-oo bee-CHAH-rah DUHNG-ahn puhng-ah-CHAH-rah)
Can I just pay a fine here now?
Bisakah saya bayar denda di tempat saja? (BEE-sah-kah SAH-yah BAH-yar DUHN-dah dih TUHM-pah(t) SAH-jah?)

NOTE: Be sure it is clear from context that you aren't offering a bribe. If they ask for a bribe, they may use the phrase uang damai (OO-ahng DAH-migh) (lit. peace money).

Country and territory namesEdit

In general, the names of countries either retain their official name or are loaned from English, with some spelling and pronunciation adaptations suitable for Indonesian speakers. Names ending with -land (i.e.: Poland, Finland, Ireland, or Iceland) usually take -landia (respectively Polandia, Finlandia, Irlandia, Islandia). Exceptions are listed below.

For indicating nationality, use the word for person orang (OH-rang) followed by the name of the country.

Algeria
Aljazair (AHL-jah-ZAH-yeer)
Belgium
Belgia (BÉl-gi-yah)
Cambodia
Kamboja (kahm-BOH-jah)
Cyprus
Siprus (SEE-proos)
The Czech Republic
Republik Ceko (reh-POOB-li' CHÉH-koh)
China
Cina (CHEE-nah), officially Tiongkok (tee-ONG-ko'); Chinese: Tionghoa (tee-ONG-hwah)
East Timor
Timor Leste (TEE-moor LÉST-téh)
Translating the namesake country literally to Timor Timur is frowned upon, as the name was historically used before its independence from Indonesia.
Egypt
Mesir (MEH-seer)
France
Perancis (puh-RAHN-chiss)
Germany
Jerman (JEHR-mahn)
Greece
Yunani (yoo-NAH-nee)
Hungary
Hungaria (hoong-GAH-ree-yah)
Italy
Italia (ih-TAH-lee-yah)
Japan
Jepang (JEH-pang)
Jordan
Yordania (yor-DAH-nee-ah)
The Maldives
Maladewa (mah-lah-DÉH-wah)
Morocco
Maroko (mah-RO-koh)
The Netherlands
Belanda (buh-LAN-dah)
New Zealand
Selandia Baru (seh-LAN-dee-ah BAH-roo)
North Korea
Korea Utara (koh-RÉ-yah oo-TAH-RAH)
Norway
Norwegia (nor-WÉH-gi-yah)
Palestine
Palestina (pal-les-TEE-nah)
The Philippines
Filipina (fih-lih-PI-nah)
Singapore
Singapura (sing-ah-POOR-ah)
South Africa
Afrika Selatan (AHF-ree-kah suh-LAH-tahn)
South Korea
Korea Selatan (koh-RÉ-yah suh-LAH-tahn)
Spain
Spanyol (SPAN-yol)
Sweden
Swedia (SWÉ-dee-yah)
Syria
Suriah (SOO-ree-yah)
Switzerland
Swiss (swiss)
UAE
Uni Emirat Arab (OO-nee ÉH-mee-raht AH-rab)
UK
officially Britania Raya (brih-TAH-nih-yah RAH-yah), but Indonesians usually use Inggris (ING-griss), the word for England. You can use the words Skotlandia, Wales (WAH-lehss) and Irlandia Utara (ihr-LAHND-ee-yah oo-TAH-rah) to explain how the country is really formulated.
USA
Amerika Serikat (ah-MÉH-ree-kah SUH-ree-kah(t))

Learning moreEdit

This Indonesian phrasebook has guide status. It covers all the major topics for traveling without resorting to English. Please contribute and help us make it a star!