The Jacupiranga Mosaic is in the Ribeira Valley and the south coast of the state of São Paulo, with 14 conservation units of various categories. It was created to reconcile the goals of conserving the Atlantic Forest and improving the living conditions of the traditional populations of the area. It originated with the Jacupiranga State Park, created on 8 August 1969, and includes the Rio Turvo and Caverna do Diabo state parks. It also includes four environmental protection areas, five sustainable development reserves and two extractive reserves.
It cover a large, mountainous region that included untouched Atlantic Forest and land occupied by traditional communities.
Flora and fauna edit
The area contains large tracts of Atlantic Forest. Vegetation includes dense rainforest, dense rainforest with limestone outcrops, restinga forest and sandy restinga.
Get in edit
By BR-116 (Rod. Régis Bitencourt) - Headquarters at Km 543.
It is 230 km away from the capital, São Paulo, and 35 km from Registro.
Fees and permits edit
Get around edit
The Caverna do Diabo State Park has an extensive cave system, the Devil's Cave being the main one. This cave is 6,000 m long, but only 600 m are open to visitors. It has a lighting system. The park is home to endangered species such as the black-faced lion tamarin and the jaguar.
The Rio Turvo State Park is important for the maintenance of marine ecosystems and habitat of the critically endangered black-faced lion tamarin and presents diverse flora, preserving the Turvo river basin, a tributary of the Ribeira do Iguape river.