national park of Japan
Asia > East Asia > Japan > Kyushu > Kagoshima (prefecture) > Kirishima-Yaku National Park

Kirishima Kinkowan National Park (霧島錦江湾国立公園 Kirishima-Kinkowan kokuritsu kōen) is in Kagoshima and Miyazaki prefectures, Kyushu.

A portion of the Kirishima mountain range hiking trail

Understand edit

History edit

  • 1934: started as Kirishima National Park, as one of the first three national parks.
  • 1964:Yakushima and Kinkowan areas were added and became Kirishima-Yaku National Park.
  • 2012:Yakushima National Park was detached. Aira area added and became Kirishima-Kinkowan National Park.

Landscape edit

Trails stretch along the edge of several calderas.

Often likened to the surface of the moon, the Kirishima mountain range has 23 volcanic cones, of which 15 are intact and 10 are filled with water.

Flora and fauna edit

Climate edit

Maruo Onsen (hot springs)

Kirishima literally means "Misty Island", but it's not an island at all: instead, the name is a reference to how often the mountain is wrapped in misty fog, and it's thus not a surprise that it rains more or less all the time here.

Information Site edit

Ministry of Environment has an official bilingual webpage for the park.

Get in edit

Kirishima is quite spread out. For the hot springs, the nearest station is Kirishima Jingu (霧島神宮駅) on the JR Nippo Line between Kagoshima (45 min) and Miyazaki (1 hr 20 min), from where buses connect to the hot spring resort of Kirishima Onsen (霧島温泉) in 25 min.

Access to the trailheads at Ebino Kogen (えびの高原) is harder, and your own car will come in handy. For buses, check with the Kirishima Tourism Office (tel. +81 995-57-1588) and Miyazaki Kotsu.

Fees and permits edit

Get around edit

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Do edit

Kirishima Jingu

Thanks to heavy volcanic activity, there are countless hot springs in the area, some of which have a recognizable smell or billowing pillars of steam. Several ashiyu (足湯), or "foot baths," in the area are free of charge.

There is also a large and famous shrine in the area worth visiting called Kirishima Jingu (霧島神宮).

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Camping edit

Backcountry edit

Stay safe edit

Go next edit

Routes through Kirishima-Yaku National Park
OitaMiyazaki  N   S  Kagoshima

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