municipality in Buskerud, Norway

Not to be confused with Kaliningrad, formerly known as Königsberg.

Kongsberg is a town in Buskerud. It is an old mining community that developed around the rich silver mines from the 1600s. Today the town is a high-tech centre in Norway and the mines are now only a great sight for visitors. Kongsberg is the gate to the great Numedal valley. There is also a nice winter sport resort in the hills of Kongsberg.

Numedalslågen River, Kongsberg.



Kongsberg was founded in 1624, after silver was discovered in the hills. The Danish-Norwegian king recruited German miners to the mines. As result, Kongsberg in the 17th century was a "German" town. It was the second largest in Norway only rivaled by Bergen. Mining ceased in 1957. The name "Kongsberg" means something like "King's mounta" or "King's mining hills".

Kongsberg today is a centre for high-tech industry. Kongsberg also hosts the Norwegian mint, and all Norwegian coins since 1686 are produced in Kongsberg. Kongsberg was from its foundation a key town in Norway, thanks to the rich silver sources in the hills. Today it's merely a small town, but its rich past is seen, for instance, in Konsberg church, still Norway's largest church by number of seats. Kongsberg and Røros Churches are the two monumental churches of the 1700s.

Silver mines

See also: Mining tourism

Unlike most other Norwegian towns, Kongsberg is not a port but resides in the valley next to the mines. The silver mines is a web of some 1000 km of tunnels, and 300 shafts, dug out during more than 300 years of production, and is a key historical monument. The mines cover an area of 30 square km, which also includes about 80 dams supplying water to the facilities. Unlike most mines, in the Kongsberg mines large chunks of pure silver were often found deep in the hard rock. More than 1 million kilograms of pure silver were extracted from these hills. The deepest shafts went 1000 meters underground. At its peak, the mines employed some 4000 people and were Norway's largest enterprise before the industrial era. A small train brings visitors a few kilometers into the mines (May 18 to August 31).

Røros and Kongsberg were the only towns in Norway that enjoyed the special bergstad (mining town) privileges.

Get in


By plane

Map of Kongsberg
For more information on facilities at and around Oslo Airport, Gardermoen, see the Oslo Airport, Gardermoen article.

By rail


Trains between Oslo and Kristiansand passes Kongsberg. There is 23 trains a day between Oslo and Kongsberg. 1 Kongsberg stasjon, the main railway station is located at Schwabes gate 2 just north of the city centre.

By bus


"Timekspressen" Bus between Oslo and Notodden passes Kongsberg, every hour, every day.

By car


Kongsberg is on the E134 highway. Driving distance from Oslo is about 1 hour and 15 minutes. E134 continues in westward to Notodden, and over the mountain towards Haugesund. Or Northern going road 40 towards Geilo and then after 5 kilometres to Rjukan westwards on road 37.

Get around


Kongsberg is a compact town. So it is possible to walk. Kongsberg also has many cycling paths.

  • Norgestaxi. Smart phone app offers address based routing and calculates price according to them.
Entrance to the Silver Mines.
Kongsberg church: Pulpit-altar with organ above
  • 1 Sølvgruvene (Kongsberg silver mines and museum), Saggrenda (8 km west of the town.), . The silver mines in the Kongsberg bedrock were in continuous operation from 1623 to 1958, and was Norway's most important business before industrialization. Output was up to 10,000 kg silver annually. The underground mines includes some 1,000 km tunnels and 300 shafts. The mines reach a depth of 1000 metres, well below the sea level. The town of Kongsberg, literally the "King's mines", as a key town in Norway. In 1770 more than 4000 were employed in the mines, Kongsberg was then Norway's second largest city behind Bergen. The large church in Kongsberg is a legacy of the town's heydays. Parts of the mines are open to the public and Norwegian mining museum is downtown Kongsberg. Adult 280 kr, student or senior 2200 kr, child 140 kr.
  • [dead link] Norsk Bergverksmuseum (Mining Museum), Hytte gate 3, +47 32723200, . 18 May-31 Aug: daily 10:00-17:00, 1 Sep-16 May: Tu-F 12:00-15:00, Sa Su 12:00-16:00. Adult 70 kr, student or senior 50 kr, child 20 kr.
  • Lågdalsmuseet. Has a collection of old houses, and old things. Showing how life was in the town in old times. Adult 40 kr, child 10 kr.
  • 2 Kongsberg Church (Kongsberg kirke), Kirketorget 1, +47 32 86 60 30. Kongsberg's large church, one of Norway's largest, is a legacy from Kongsberg's important past. It was designed for 2400 seats, now seating is limited to 1100. The somewhat strict exterior conceals a rich rococco interior, the interior also reflects the particular mining society at Kongsberg. German professionals at the mines had a key impact on the design. The interior has several unusual features, such as the integration of the pulpit with the altar, the organ towering above. The largest chandelier is about 3 meters tall. The King's chambre is also a dominant feature of the interior.
  • 1 Kongsberg ski resort (Kongsberg skisenter), Funkeliaveien 105, +47 32717070. Ski resort near downtown Kongsberg. Along with Norefjell this is one of the ski resorts closest to the major towns (Oslo, Drammen) in east Norway.
  • Kongsberg Jazzfestival. Early July.
  • Stortorvet. Shopping mall










  • Kongsberg Bibliotek (Kongsberg Public Library), Christian Augusts gate 1, +47 32866850, fax: +47 32731276, . Wireless internet for laptop and computers with internet access available.

Go next

  • Numedal valley towards Geilo.
  • Blefjell, great cross country skiing.
  • Bolkesjø, great for hikingtrips and fishing.
  • Rjukan, drive towards Geilo, and off to Road 37 to find historical town with many possible activities.

This city travel guide to Kongsberg is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.