group of three languages
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Phrasebooks > Kurdish phrasebook

Kurdish (Kurdî / کوردی) is the language of the Kurdish people who live in the region known as Kurdistan, which includes parts of four countries Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria.

Kurdish is an Indo-European language, part of an enormous language family that includes many languages of the Indian sub-continent and most of the languages of Europe. Its branch of that family includes the other modern languages Persian, Pushtu and Balochi, but none of those are mutually intelligible. Kurdish is completely unrelated to Turkish and Arabic, though it includes some loanwords from those languages.

This phrase book is for the Kurmanji dialect (Northern Kurdish) which covers most of the Bhadinan area of Iraqi Kurdistan and Kurdistan of southern Turkey. Sorani (Central Kurdish) is spoken in most of Iraqi Kurdistan and parts of Iranian Kurdistan, Pehlewani (Southern Kurdish) mostly in Iran. The dialects are not mutually intelligible.

The script of choice for written Kurdish differs according to the country — the Roman alphabet is in use in Turkey and Syria while the Kurds of Iraq and Iran use the Arabic script.

Pronunciation guideEdit

VowelsEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Common diphthongsEdit

Phrase listEdit

BasicsEdit

Hello.
Rojbaş! (روژباش): Ev dema te xweş be! (اڤ دما ته خوش بت)
How are you?
Tu çawa yî? (singular) (تو چاوا یی؟): Hûn çawa ne? (plural) (هون چاوا نه؟)
Fine, thank you.
Spas, ez baş im! (سپاس، از باشم)
What is your name?
Navê te çi ye? (ناڤی ته چیه؟)
My name is ______ .
Navê min ______ e/ye. (ناڤی من ـه/یه)
Nice to meet you.
Ez gelek kêfxweş bûm. (از گلک کیفخوش بوم)
Please.
Zehmet nebe. (زحمت نه‌بت)
Thank you.
Spas. (سپاس): Destxweş bî! (دستخوش بی)
Thank you very much
Gelek spas! (گلک سپاس)
You're welcome.
Spasxweş! (سپاسخوش): Ser çava! (سر چاڤان/چهڤان)
Yes.
Erê. (اری)
No.
Na. (نا)
Excuse me. (getting attention)
Ca bala xwe bide min! (جا بالا خوه بده من): Ji min re binêre!
Excuse me. (begging pardon)
Li min bibore/bibihure! (لمن ببوره)
I'm sorry.
Li min bibore/bibihure! (لمن ببوره)
Goodbye
Bi xatirê te! (بخاطری ته): Emê hev bibînin! (ام دی هڤ ببینین)
I can't speak Kurdish.
Ez nikarim bi kurdî biaxivim.: Ez bi kurdî nizanim. (Literally "I don't know Kurdish.") (از بانگلیزی/بترکی/بعربی/بکردی نزانم)
Do you speak English?
()
Do you speak Kurdish?
Gelo (ma) tu bi kurdî dizanî? (Literally "Do you know Kurdish?") (گلو/ما تو بکردی دزانی؟)
Who speaks English here?
Li min bibore, li vir kî bi îngilîzî dizane? (Literally " Excuse me, who knows english here?") (لمن ببورن، لڤر کی بانگلیزی دزانت؟)
Help!
Hawar! (هوار)
Look out!
Berê xwe bide! (بری خوه بده)
Good morning.
Rojbaş! (روژباش): Beyanîbaş! (بیانیباش)
Good evening.
Êvarbaş! (ایڤارباش)
Good night.
Şevbaş! (شڤباش): Şevxweş! (شڤخوش)
Good night (to sleep)
Şevxweş! (شڤخوش)
I don't understand you.
Ez te fehm nakim. (از ته فهم ناکم)
Where is the toilet?
Hemam li kû ye? (حمام لکو یه؟)
Right now.
niha (نها)
I Love you
Ez ji te hez dikim. (از ژ ته حظ دکم)
Do you have .... ?
-a/-ê/-ên/-êt te/we/hewe .... heye/hene/heyin? (ـا/ـی/ـین/ـیت ته/وه/هوه هیه/هنه/هین؟): Te/we/hewe ... heye/hene/heyin? (ته/وه/هوه ـ هیه/هنه/هین؟)
I am hungry.
Ez birçî me. (از برسی/برچی مه)
I am a foreigner.
Ez biyanî me. (از بیانی مه): Ez xerîb im. (از غریبم): Ez ne ji vir im. (از نه ژ ڤرم)
Please notice
In kurdish language, pronouncation of "x" is not like in english. It sounds like "r" in german. Simply a thick "h" which comes from deep throat.

ProblemsEdit

NumbersEdit

½ - nims

0 - sifir

-1 - dibin sifirin de yek

1 - yek

2 - du

2½ - dula nims

3 - se

4 - char

5 - penc

6 - shesh

7 - haft

8 - hesht

9 - nuh

10 - deh

11 - yazdeh

12 - duazdeh

13 - sezdeh

14 - chardeh

15 - pencdeh

16 - shesdeh

17 - hafdeh

18 - hesdeh

19 - nuzdeh

20 - bisd

50 - pencih

60 - sheshdi

90 - noavad

100 - sad

200 - dusad

300 - sesad

400 - charsad

500 - pencsad

600 - sheshsad

700 - haftsad

800 - heshtsad

900 - nuhsad

1000 - hezar

2000 - du hezar

TimeEdit

Clock timeEdit

DurationEdit

DaysEdit

Monday - Dushem

Tuesday - Seshem

Wednesday - Charsem

Thursday - Pencsem

Friday - Ini

Saturday - Semi

Sunday - Yeksem

MonthsEdit

Writing time and dateEdit

ColorsEdit

Red:Sor

, Yellow:Zard

, Green:Saoz

, Black:Resh

, White:sepid

, Blue:kaow

TransportationEdit

Bus and trainEdit

Bus : Pass Train : Kitar / Shamenafer

DirectionsEdit

right: rast Left: cep Turn:bsurewe Go Straight: rast bro Street: sheqam Lane:kolan neighborhood: gerek city: shar Market : bazar

TaxiEdit

LodgingEdit

MoneyEdit

Para or dinar

EatingEdit

Xwardan


BarsEdit

ShoppingEdit

DrivingEdit

AuthorityEdit

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