Northwestern Iranian language
Phrasebooks > Kurdish phrasebook

Kurdish (Kurdî / کوردی) is the language of the Kurdish people who live in the region known as Kurdistan, which includes parts of four countries Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria.

Kurdish is an Indo-European language, part of an enormous language family that includes many languages of the Indian sub-continent and most of the languages of Europe. Its branch of that family includes the other modern languages Persian, Pushtu and Balochi, but none of those are mutually intelligible. Kurdish is completely unrelated to Turkish and Arabic, though it includes some loanwords from those languages.

This phrase book is for the Kurmanji dialect (Northern Kurdish) which covers most of the Bhadinan area of Iraqi Kurdistan and Kurdistan of southern Turkey. Sorani (Central Kurdish) is spoken in most of Iraqi Kurdistan and parts of Iranian Kurdistan, Pehlewani (Southern Kurdish) mostly in Iran. The dialects are not mutually intelligible.

The script of choice for written Kurdish differs according to the country — the Roman alphabet is in use in Turkey and Syria while the Kurds of Iraq and Iran use the Arabic script.

Pronunciation guideEdit

VowelsEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Common diphthongsEdit

Phrase listEdit

BasicsEdit

Hello.
Merheba.
Rojbaş.
(singular) Roja te bixêr.
(plural) Roja we bixêr.
(singular) Dema te xweş bit.
(plural) Dema we xweş bit.
How are you?
(singular) (Tu) çawa yî?
(plural) Hûn çawa ne?
Fine, thank you.
(singular) ((Ez) baş im,) (tu) sax bî.
(plural) ((Ez) baş im,) (hûn) sax bin.
What is your name?
Navê te çi ye?
My name is ______ .
Navê min ______ e/ye.
Nice to meet you.
Ez gelek kêfxweş bûm.
Please.
Zehmet nebe.
Thank you.
Spas. : Destxweş bî!
Thank you very much
Gelek spas!
You're welcome.
Spasxweş! : Ser çava!
Yes.
Erê.
No.
Na.
Excuse me. (getting attention)
Ca bala xwe bide min! : Ji min re binêre!
Excuse me. (begging pardon)
Li min bibore/bibihure!
I'm sorry.
Li min bibore/bibihure!
Goodbye!
(singular) Bi xatirê te! (from him who leaves)
(plural) Bi xatirê we! (from him who leaves)
Oxir bit! (to him who leaves)
Oxira xêrê bit! (to him who leaves)
(singular) Oxira te ya xêrê bit! (to him who leaves)
(plural) Oxira we ya xêrê bit! (to him who leaves)
(singular) (Tu) bi xêr biçî! (to him who leaves)
(plural) (Hûn) bi xêr biçin! (to him who leaves)
I don't speak Kurdish.
Ez (bi) kurdî nizanim.
Ez (bi) kirmancî nizanim.
Do you speak English?
(Ma) tu (bi) inglîzî dizanî?
Do you speak Kurdish?
(Ma) tu (bi) kurdî dizanî?
(Ma) tu (bi) kirmancî dizanî?
Who speaks English here? / Who here speaks English?
(Ma) li vê derê kî bi inglîzî dizanit?
(Ma) li vî cihî kî bi inglîzî dizanit?
(Ma) kî li vê derê bi inglîzî dizanit?
(Ma) kî li vî cihî bi inglîzî dizanit?
Help!
Hawar!
Look out!
Berê xwe bide!
Good morning.
Rojbaş! : Beyanîbaş!
Good evening.
Êvarbaş!
Good night.
Şevbaş! : Şevxweş!
Good night (to sleep)
Şevxweş!
I don't understand you.
Ez te fehm nakim.
Where is the toilet?
(Ma) tuwalet li kû ye?
(Ma) tuwalet li kî(j) derê ye?
(Ma) tuwalet li kî(j) cihî ye?
Right now.
Anihe.
I love you.
(Ez) hez ji te dikim. (pronounced: Es heş te tkim.)
(Ez) hez ji we dikim. (pronounced: Es hej we tkim.)
Do you have .... ?
-a/-ê/-ên/-êt te/we/hewe .... heye/hene/heyin? : Te/we/hewe ... heye/hene/heyin?
I am hungry.
Ez birçî me.
I am a foreigner.
Ez biyanî me. : Ez xerîb im. : Ez ne ji vir im.
Please notice
In kurdish language, pronouncation of "x" is not like in english. It sounds like "r" in german. Simply a thick "h" which comes from deep throat.

ProblemsEdit

NumbersEdit

½
nîv
0
sifir
-1
kêm yek
1
yek
2
(di)du
(di)du u nîv
3
(si)sê
4
çar
5
pênc
6
şeş
7
heft
8
heşt
9
neh
10
deh
11
yazde(h)
12
duwazde(h)
13
sêzde(h)
14
çarde(h)
15
panzde(h)
16
şazde(h)
17
hefde(h) (pronounced: hevde(h))
18
heşde(h) (pronounced: hejde(h))
19
nozde(h)
20
bîst
30
sih
40
çil
50
pênce(h)
60
şêst
70
heftê
80
heştê
90
nod
100
sed
200
dused
300
sêsed
400
çarsed
500
pênsed
600
şeşsed (pronounced: şessed)
700
heftsed
800
heştsed
900
nehsed
1000
hezar
2000
du hezar

TimeEdit

Clock timeEdit

DurationEdit

DaysEdit

Monday - Dushem

Tuesday - Seshem

Wednesday - Charsem

Thursday - Pencsem

Friday - Ini

Saturday - Semi

Sunday - Yeksem

MonthsEdit

Writing time and dateEdit

ColorsEdit

red
sor
yellow
zer
green
kesk
black
reş
white
spî
blue
hişîn

TransportationEdit

Bus and trainEdit

Bus : Pass Train : Kitar / Shamenafer

DirectionsEdit

right: rast Left: cep Turn:bsurewe Go Straight: rast bro Street: sheqam Lane:kolan neighborhood: gerek city: shar Market : bazar

TaxiEdit

LodgingEdit

MoneyEdit

Para or dinar

EatingEdit

Xwardan


BarsEdit

ShoppingEdit

DrivingEdit

AuthorityEdit

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