language spoken in Kyrgyzstan
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Phrasebooks > Kyrgyz phrasebook

Kyrgyz (кыргызча / قىرعىزچا‎) is a language spoken by 4 million people primarily in Kyrgyzstan and, to a lesser extent, in adjacent regions such as Kazakhstan, Xinjiang (China), Uzbekistan, & Tajikistan. In Kyrgyzstan, the language is co-official with Russian, which is the predominate language used in urban areas (especially Bishkek) while Kyrgyz is predominate in rural areas and small cities/towns. It is a Turkic language and has many similarities with languages such as Turkish, Tatar, Kazakh, Azeri, & Uzbek. As a result of close ties culturally and economically, Kyrgyz has become increasingly mutually intelligible with Kazakh in recent decades.

ScriptEdit

The alphabet used for Kyrgyz was originally an Arabic script followed by a 20th century conversion to Roman script, much like the Arabic-Roman switch in other Turkic languages. However, cyrillic script was forced on the language by the Soviet government (as they did with all other Turkic languages) and cyrillic remains the alphabet used today by the overwhelming percentage of Kyrgyz speakers except in China, where Arabic script is the official script imposed by Chinese authorities.

Cyrillic Arabic (initial) Latin
А а ا A a
Б б ب B b
В в ۋ V v
Г г گ G g
Д д د D d
Е е ه Ye ye
Ё ё يو Yo yo
Ж ж ج J j
З з ز Z z
И и ي İ i
Й й ي Y y
К к ك K k
Л л ل L l
М м م M m
Н н ن N n
Ң ң ڭ Ñ ñ
О о و O o
Ө ө ۅ Ö ö
П п پ P p
Р р ر R r
С с س S s
Т т ت T t
У у ۇ U u
Ү ү ۉ Ü ü
Ф ф ف F f
Х х ح X x
Ц ц تس C c
Ч ч چ Ç ç
Ш ш ش Ş ş
Щ щ -- Şç şç
Ъ ъ --
Ы ы ى I ı
Ь ь --
Э э ه E e
Ю ю يۋ Yu yu
Я я يا Ya ya

Pronunciation guideEdit

VowelsEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Common diphthongsEdit

Phrase listEdit

BasicsEdit

Common signs


OPEN
CLOSED
ENTRANCE
EXIT
PUSH
PULL
TOILET
MEN
WOMEN
FORBIDDEN
Hello.
Salamatsyzby. ( )
Hello. (informal)
Salam. ( )
How are you?
Kandaisiz? ( ?)
Fine, thank you.
Jakshuh, rakhmat. ( )
What is your name?
Atyngyz kim? ( ?)
My name is ______ .
Menim atem______. ( _____.)
Nice to meet you.
Siz menen tanyshkanyma kubanychtumun. ( )
Please.
Suranych/Otunuch. ( )
Thank you.
Rakhmat. ( )
You're welcome.
Echteke emes. ( )
Yes.
Ooba. ( )
No.
Jok. ( )
Excuse me. (getting attention)
Ozor dilerem. ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon)
Kecheraysis. ( )
I'm sorry.
Korushkoncho. ( )
Goodbye
Jakshuh Kalgula. ( )
Help!
Jardam Bergulay! ( !)
Good morning.
Kutmanduu tangyngyz menen. ( )
Good evening.
Kutmanduu kechingiz menen. ( )
I don't understand.
Men tushunbaym. ( )
Where is the toilet?
Tualet kaida? ( ?)

ProblemsEdit

NumbersEdit

one
бир (bir)
two
Eki
three
ooch
four
turt
five
Besh
six
Altuh
seven
жети (..jeti.)
eight
сегиз (segiz)
nine
toguz
ten
On
twenty
jyirma

Otuz Kyrk Eluu Altymish jetimysh Seksen tokson Júz Meen

TimeEdit

Clock timeEdit

DurationEdit

DaysEdit

Monday - Duishombu Tuesday - Sheishembi Wednesday - Sharshembi Thursday- Beishembi 'Friday - Juma Saturday - Ishembi Sunday - Jekshembi

MonthsEdit

Writing time and dateEdit

ColorsEdit

White - "Ak" Black - "Khara" Red - "Kyzyl"

TransportationEdit

Bus and trainEdit

DirectionsEdit

TaxiEdit

LodgingEdit

MoneyEdit

Money
Ackcha
Worth/Price
Baa
Pay
To'lo'

EatingEdit

BarsEdit

ShoppingEdit

DrivingEdit

AuthorityEdit

Learning moreEdit

A 325 page PDF document covering the Kyrgyz language, originally created for US Peace Corps volunteers in Kyrgyzstan, is available to view and download here.

This Kyrgyz phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!