language spoken in Mongolia
(Redirected from Mongolian)
Phrasebooks > Mongolian phrasebook

Mongolian (монгол хэл) is the official language of Mongolia and also an official language in the Inner Mongolia autonomous region of China as well as in some other autonomous prefectures.

Pronunciation guideEdit

VowelsEdit

а (a)
like the "a" in father
e (э)
like the "e" in met
i (и)
like the "ee" in seen or the "i" in machine
o (о)
like the "o" in pond
у (у)
like the "oo" in cartoon
u (ү)
like the "oo" in noodle

If a word is written with double vowel, for example: Ulaanbaatar, treat it like an accent in Spanish, and stress that syllable.

ConsonantsEdit

ch
the "ch" in chat
j
the "j" in jewel
kh/h
the "h" in hug
sh
the "sh" in shoe
ts
the "zz" in pizza
z

If an "n" is followed by a vowel, the vowel is silent and the "n" is pronounced like the English "n". For example: Baina is actually pronounced "Bain".

If an "n" is followed by a consanent or comes at the end of a word, then it is pronounced "ng". For example: Ulaanbaatar is pronounced "Ulangbatar".

Common diphthongsEdit

WritingEdit

Mongolian is written using the Cyrillic alphabet in Mongolia and written using the traditional Mongolian script in Inner Mongolia.

Cyrillic characters: the following presents the upper case and lower case Cyrillic character, followed by the English transliteration, example word and the English transliteration of the word. The Latin character transliteration used here is what is used locally in Mongolia. Linguists have a complete set of characters to transliterate Mongolian to English, but those characters are not useful for the traveler. The following are the most common transliterations.

А а

Б б - B b - Баянхонгор - Bayankhongor (a province in Southern Mongolia.)

В в - V v - Хөвсгөл - Khovsgol (a province in Northern Mongolia.)

Д д - D d - Дорнод - Dornod (a province in Eastern Mongolia.)

Г г - G g - Говь - Govi (The Gobi desert. see below for the "ь" below.)

Е е - Ye ye - Еэвэн - Yeeven (Means round cake with filling)

Ё ё - Yo yo - Ёотон - Yoton (Means lump sugar)

Ж ж - J j - Жаргалант - Jargalant (Common sum name. A Sum, similar to a US county.)

З з - Z z - Завхан - Zavkhan (a province in Northwest Mongolia).

И и - I i - Нийслэл - Niislel (Means Capital, in the sense Ulaanbaatar is the capital.)

й й - I i - Аймаг - Aimag (Means Province)

К к - K k - Кино - Kino (Means movie)

Л л - L l - Лам - Lam (Buddhist monk, Lama)

М м - M m - Мах - Mah (Means meat)

Н н - N n - Наадам - Naadam (Mid-Summer Holiday, festival, games. First part of July)

О о - O o - Орхон - Orkhon (a province in Northcentral Mongolia, also a River)

Ө ө - O o - Өмнөговь - Omnogovi (a province in Southern Mongolia)

П п - P p - Перс - Persia (The "П" is mostly used for loan words)

Р р - R r - Рашаан - Rashaan (Mineral Spring)

С с - S s - Сүхбаатар - Sukhbaatar (Mongolian Hero, Main Square in UB, Province, city)

Т т - T t - Төв - Tov (center, Province in Central Mongolia surrounding UB)

У у - U u - Улаан - Ulaan (red, Ulaanbaatar Red Hero)

Ү ү - U u - Түүх - Tuuh (Means history)

ф Ф

Х х - Kh kh - Хархорин - Kharkhorin (Sum which contains the ancient capital of the Mongolian Empire) Note 1.

Х х - H h - Хаан - Haan (Emperor) Note 2.

Ц ц - Ts ts - Цэцэрлэг - Tsetserleg (Capital of Arkhangai Province)

Ч ч - Ch ch - Чихэр - Chiher (Means candy)

Ш ш - Sh sh - Шивээс - Shivees (Means tattoo)

Щ щ

Э э - E e - Эрдэнэт - Erdenet (City in North Central Mongolia, Orkhon Province, Copper mine)

Ю ю - Yu yu - Оюутан - Oyutan (Student at a University).

Я я - Ya ya - Япон - Yapon (Japan)

ь ь - i i - Говь - Govi (Acts like a silent e, changes the sound of the preceding vowel) Note 3.

Note 1. These transliterations are from course material from the Language and Culture Department of the Mongolian National University. Dr. Б. Сарантуяа.

Note 2. These transliterations come from the Mongolian Government Website "www.pmis.gov.mn", this site is not consistent.

Note 3. There are two other signs not seen often in place names, "ы" and "ъ". "ъ" generally modifies verbs and "ы" is used to make possesives.

The place names are from "Монгол улс Авто замын Атлас" (Mongol national Auto Highway['s] Atlas)

Much of the difficulty comes from the two sets of vowels. Back : А, О, У, Я, Ё, ы Front : Э, Ө, Ү, Е, ю Neutral: И Generally words should have only back or front vowels plus the "И" but some words are combined from two words, such as Өмнөговь.

Phrase listEdit

BasicsEdit

Common signs


OPEN
НЭЭЛТТЭЙ
CLOSED
БОЛОМЖТОЙ
ENTRANCE
ОРОЛЦОО
EXIT
ГАРАХ
PUSH
ТҮЛХЭХ
PULL
ТАТАХ
TOILET
БИЕ ЗАСАХ ГАЗАР
MEN
ЭНЭ
WOMEN
ЭМЭГТЭЙ
FORBIDDEN
ХОРИГЛОЛТ
Hello.
Sain baina uu. (Сайн байна уу)
Hello.
Sain uu (informal) (Сайн уу)
How are you?
Yuu baina? (Юу байна?)
Fine, thank you.
Sain sain. (Сайн сайн)
What is your name?
Chinii/Tany* neriig hen gedeg ve? (Чиний/Таны нэрийг хэн гэдэг вэ?)
Who are you / Who is it?
Chi/ta* khen be?(Чи/Та хэн бэ?)
My name is ______ .
Mini neriig ______ gedeg. (Миний нэрийг _____ гэдэг.)
Nice to meet you.
Taniltsahad taatai baina. (Танилцахад таатай байна.)
Please.
Guij baina . (Гуйж байна.)
Thank you.
Bayarlalaa . (Баярлалаа.)
You're welcome.
Zuuger zugeer . (Зүгээр зүгээр.)
Yes.
Tiim . (Тийм.)
No.
Ugui . (Үгүй)
Sorry.
Uuchlaarai : . (Уучлаарай.)
Goodbye
Bayartai . (Баяртай.)
I can't speak Mongolian
Bi Mongoloor yarij chadahgui[ ]. (Би Монголоор ярьж чадахгүй[ ].)
Do you speak English?
Chi angliar yaridaguu? (Чи Англиар ярьдаг уу?)
Help!
Tuslaarai! (Туслаарай!)
Look out!
Eniig/teriig hardaa! (Энийг/Тэрийг хардаа!)
Good morning.
ugluunii mend . (Өглөөний Мэнд.)
Good afternoon.
udriin mend . (Өдрийн мэнд.)
Good evening.
oroin mend. (Оройн мэнд.)
Good night (to sleep)
saikhan amraarai . (Сайхан амраарай.)
I don't understand.
bi oilgokhgui baina . (Би ойлгохгүй байна.)
Where is the toilet?
Biy zasah gazar haana ve? (Бие засах газар хаана байдаг вэ?)
*Ta or Tany - it's like deference form.

ProblemsEdit

Don't touch me!
Nadad buu khur! (Надад бүү хүр!)
I'll call the police.
Bi tsagdaa duudlaa (Би цагдаа дуудна.)
Police!
Tsagdaa! (Цагдаа!)
Stop! Thief!
Zogsoogooroi! Khulgaich! (Зогсоогоорои! Кhулгаич!)
PLease help / I need your help.
Tuslaach/nadad ööriin chini tuslamj kheregtei baina (Туслаач/надад өөрийн чинь тусламж хэрэгтэй байнаz!)
I'm lost.
Bi toorchihloo. (Би төөрчихлөө.)
I lost my bag.
Bi tsunkhee geechihlee. (Би цүнхээ алдчихлаа.)
I lost my wallet.
Bi turuivchee geechihlee. (Би түрийвчээ алдчихлаа.)
I'm sick.
Bi uvchtei baina. (Би өвчтэй байна.)
I've been injured.
Bi gemtsen. (Би гэмтсэн.)
I need a doctor.
Nadad emch kheregtei. (Надад эмч хэрэгтэй.)
Can I use your phone?
Bi tanii utsiig hereglej boloh uu? (Би таны утсыг ашиглаж болох уу?)

NumbersEdit

0
teg
1
neg
2
hoyor
3
gurav
4
doruv
5
tav
6
zurgaa
7
doloo
8
naim
9
yus
10
arav
11
arvan neg
12
arvan hoyor
20
hori
21
horin neg
30
guch
31
guchin neg
40
duch
41
duchin neg
50
tavi
60
jar
70
dal
80
naya
90
yer
100
zuu
200
hoyor zuu
1000
myanga
3451
gurvan myanga dorvon zuun tavin neg
20000
horinmyanga
1,000,000
saya
number ____ (train, bus, etc.)
nomer/dugaar ____
half
tal
a lot
ih
a little
baga

TimeEdit

now
odoo
later
daraa
before
umnu
after
daraa
morning
ugluu
afternoon
udur
evening
oroi
night
shono


Clock timeEdit

one o'clock AM
shoniin neg tsag
noon
udriin arvan hoyor tsag
one o'clock PM
udriin neg tsag
midnight
shoniin arvan hoyor tsag

DurationEdit

___ minute(s)
___ minut
___ hour(s)
___ tsag
___ day(s)
___ udur
___ week(s)
___ doloo honog
___ month(s)
___ sar
___ year(s)
___ jil


DaysEdit

today
unuudur
tomorrow
margaash
yesterday
uchigdur
this week
ene doloo honog
last week
ungursun doloo honog
next week
daraagiin doloo honog
Monday
davaa
Tuesday
myagmar
Wednesday
lkhavga
Thursday
purev
Friday
baasan
Saturday
byamba
Sunday
nyam

MonthsEdit

January
neg dugaar sar
February
hoyor dugaar sar

(etc. The number of the month (1-12), followed by "dugaar sar")

Writing time and dateEdit

When writing the date with digits, 14/11/08. The 24 hour clock is used, rather than the 12 hour clock.

ColorsEdit

black
har
white
tsagaan
gray
saaral
red
ulaan
blue
tsenkher
yellow
shar
green
nogoon
orange
ulbar shar
purple
chirnelen yagaan
brown
bor
pink
yagaan

TransportationEdit

Bus and trainEdit

How much is a ticket to ___?
___ yavah biletnii une hed ve?
One ticket to ___, please.
___ yavah neg bilet avya.
Where does this train/bus go?
Ene galt tereg/avtobus haashaa yavah ve?
Where is the bus/train to ___?
___ yavah avtobus/galt teregnii zogsool haana baina ve?
Does this train/bus stop in ___?
Ene galt tereg/avtobus ___-d zosgoh uu?
When does the train/bus to ___ leave?
___ yavah galt tereg/avtobus hodloh ve?
When will the train/bus arrive in ___?
___-t galt tereg/avtobus hezee ochih ve?

DirectionsEdit

How do I get to ___?
Bi yaj ___-d ochih ve?
... the train station
galt teregnii buudal
... the bus station
avtobusnii buudal
... the airport
ongotsnii buudal
... downtown
hotiin tuv
... the hotel
zochid buudal
... the American/British/Canadian/Australian embassy
Amerik/Angli/Kanad/Avstir elchin saidiin yam
street
gudamj
Turn left
zuun tiishee erge
Turn right
baruun tiishee erge
straight ahead
chigeeree
towards the ___
___ tiishee
north
hoid
south
urd
east
zuun
west
baruun

TaxiEdit

Taxi!
Taxi!
Take me to ___, please.
namaig ___ ruu hurgej ogooch.
How much does it cost to get to ___?
___ ruu yavhad hed ve?

LodgingEdit

Do you have rooms available?
Uruu baina uu?
How much is a room for one person/two people?
Neg/hoyor hunii uruu hed ve?
Does the room come with ___?
Uruund ___ bii uu?
...bedsheets
ornii davuu
...a bathroom
bannii uruu
...a telephone
utas
...a TV
zuragt
May I see the room first?
Uruug ehleed uzej boloh uu?
Do you have anything quieter?
Chimee bagatai uruu bii uu?
...bigger
tomhon
...cleaner
tseverhen
...cheaper
hyamdhan
OK, I'll take it.
Za, avya.
I will stay for ___ nights.
Bi ___ udur honono.
Can you suggest another hotel?
Uur zochid buudal haana baidag ve?
Do you have a safe?
Safe baigaa uu?
Is breakfast included?
Ugluunii hool orson uu?
Please clean my room.
Minii uruug tseverlej ugnu uu.
Can you wake me at ___?
Ta namaig ___ tsagt sereej ugnu uu?
I want to check out.
Bi buudlaasaa garya.

MoneyEdit

Do you accept American/British/Canadian/Australian currency?
Ta Amerik/Angli/Kanad/Avstrali mungu avdag uu?
Do you accept credit cards?
Kredit kart avdag uu?
Can you change money for me?
Mungu solij ugnu uu?
Where can I get money changed?
Bi munguu haana soliulj boloh ve?
How much for one ___?
Neg ___ hed ve?

EatingEdit

A table for one/two, please.
Neg/hoyor hunii shiree.
Can I look at a menu, please?
Bi hoolnii zes harj boloh uu?
I'm a vegetarian.
Bi mah iddeggui.
I don't eat pork.
Bi gahain mah iddeggui.
I don't eat beef.
Bi uhriin mah iddeggui.
Breakfast
ugluunii hool
Lunch
udriin hool
Dinner
oroin hool
I want ___
___-g avya.
Chicken
tahianii mah
Beef
uhriin mah
Pork
gahain mah
Fish
zagasnii mah
Soda
undaa
Cheese
byaslag
Eggs
ondog
Salad
salat
Vegetable
nogoi
Fruit
jims
Bread
talh
Noodles
goimon
Rice
budaa
Corn
erdene shish
Apple
alim
Orange
mandrin
Lemon
limon
Banana
banan
May I have a glass of ___?
Bi neg ayga ___ avch boloh uu?
May I have a bottle of ___?
Bi neg lonh ___ avch boloh uu?
Coffee
coffee
Tea
tsai
Juice
shuus
Milk
suu
Water
us
Beer
pivo
Alcohol
arhi
Wine
vino
Salt
davs
Pepper
pierts
Butter
maslo
I'm finished (full.)
Bi tsadchihlaa.
It was delicious.
Goyo amttai baisan.
The check, please.
Bi munguu tolyo.

BarsEdit

Do you serve alcohol?
End arhi zardag uu?
A beer, please.
Neg shil pivo.
___ (liquor) and ___ (mixer), please.
___ arhiig ___-tai.
whiskey
viski
vodka
tsagaan arhi
orange juice
orangenii shuus
Coke (soda)
koka kola
One more, please.
Dahiad neg.
When is closing time?
Hezee haah ve?

ShoppingEdit

Do you have this in my size?
Minii razmer baigaa uu?
How much (is this)?
Hed ve?
That's too expensive.
Ih unetei baina.
Would you take _____?
_____ avdag uu?
expensive
Unetei
cheap
Hyamdhan
I can't afford it.
Bi uniig ni diilehgui um baina.
I don't want it.
Nadad taalagdahgui baina.
You're cheating me.
Chi namaig hulhidaj baina.
I'm not interested.
Bi sonirhohgui baina.
OK, I'll take it.
Za, bi avya.
Can I have a bag?
Bi uut avya.
Do you ship (overseas)?
Shuudangaar ilgeej chadah uu? (dalain chandad)
I need...
Nadad ____ heregtei baina.
...toothpaste.
...shudnii oo
...a toothbrush.
...shudnii soiz
...tampons.
...tampon / ariun tsevriin hereglel
...soap.
...savan
...shampoo.
...shampuuni
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen)
...uvchin namdaagch
...cold medicine.
...haniadnii em
...stomach medicine.
...gedesnii em
...a razor.
...sahliin tatuurga
...batteries.
...baterrei
...an umbrella. (rain)
...zoontik
...a postcard.
...otkirit
...postage stamps.
...mark
...writing paper.
...bichgiin tsaas
...a pen.
...uzeg
...English-language books.
...Angli nomnuud
...English-language magazines.
...Angli setguuluud
...an English-language newspaper.
...Angli sonin

DrivingEdit

Driving

I want to rent a car.
Bi mashin prokatlahiig husej baina.
Can I get insurance?
Bi avto daatgal avch boloh uu?
stop (on a street sign)
Zogs
one way
neg ursgal
yield
zam tavij og
no parking
mashin tavij bolohgui
speed limit
hurdnii limit
gas (petrol) station
binzen klonk
diesel
diesel

AuthorityEdit

I haven't done anything wrong.
Bi buruu um hiigeegui.
It was a misunderstanding.
Buruu oilgoltschih shig bolloo.
Where are you taking me?
Namaig haash ni avch yavj bainaa?
Am I under arrest?
Bi barivchlagdaj baigaa um uu?
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen.
Bi Amerik/Avstrali/Angli/Kanad-iin irgen.
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate.
Bi Amerik/Avstrali/Angli/Kanad-iin elchin saidiin yamtai/konsultai holboo barih heregtei.
I want to talk to a lawyer.
Bi huulichtaigaa yarihiig husej baina.
Can I just pay a fine now?
Bi odoo zovhon tulbur hiichihej boloh uu?

Learning moreEdit

This Mongolian phrasebook is a usable article. It explains pronunciation and the bare essentials of travel communication. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.