city in and county seat of Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States, on the Mexican border

Nogales is a city divided by the US-México border, which runs through the middle of town on what was International Street. The city is one of the most important border crossings between Mexico and the USA by all measures.

Mexican-American border separating Nogales, Arizona from Nogales, Sonora

This portion of the city is in South Central Arizona; see Nogales (Sonora) for the portion in Sonora, Mexico.

Understand edit

Map of Nogales (Arizona)

The origin of the name Nogales is Spanish and derives from the word walnut, since walnut trees used to grow here. International Street, which separates Arizona and México, was once a wide main street much like any other. This changed on August 27, 1918 when American authorities opened fire on a Mexican civilian attempting to return to Sonora, igniting an international gun battle (the Battle of Ambos Nogales) which raged for days and ended with the construction of the first permanent border fence right down the centre of the village. The honorific "Heroica Nogales" was conferred on the Mexican portion of the community in recognition of this history.

Get in edit

Take Interstate 19 (I-19) south until the valley becomes narrow. Here you will find the narrowest point, where Nogales is located.

  • 1 Nogales International Airport (OLS  IATA). General aviation only. Not to be confused with the Mexican Nogales International Airport (NOG IATA). The nearest airport for commercial flights from the American side is in Tucson, 60 miles/100 km north.    

Get around edit

The historic core of downtown Nogales is most easily seen on foot, particularly if you want to cross the border. To go further afield, you'll need a car.

By rental car edit

See edit

Santa Cruz County Courthouse
Pimeria Alta Historical Museum
Historic shopfronts on Morley Avenue
  • 1 Pimeria Alta Historical Society and Museum, 136 N Grand Ave, +1 520-287-4621, . Tu-Su 11AM-4PM. This museum is housed in the former City Hall, built in 1914 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Rotating displays focus on the history of the region, and include artifacts as well as documents and photographs. Free, but donations appreciated.
  • 2 Santa Cruz County Courthouse, 21 E Court St (corner of Morley Ave). Sa 10AM-3PM. On the National Register of Historic Places, the courthouse was built in 1904 from stone quarried in Nogales itself. The building now houses the Nogales branch of Cochise College as well as the Arizona Ranger Museum, which displays artifacts from the Territorial Arizona Rangers and the modern Arizona Rangers. Free.
  • 3 Morley Avenue (a couple blocks north of the border). A historic row of shops in buildings dating from the early 1900s. Many stores, including Kory's Company, Cinderella, and Bracker's Department Store are still run by the descendents of the original merchants.
  • 4 Ruby ghost town (12 miles from Arivaca; part of the road is unpaved but in good condition), +1 520-744-4471. Th-Su dawn to dusk. One of the best preserved ghost towns in Arizona, with ongoing conservation efforts. The site is entirely on private land with a resident caretaker. Pima Community College also occasionally offers tours. $24 (adults).

Do edit

  • Charles Mingus Jazz Festival, +1 520-287-3685. April. Held annually in April in commemoration of Nogales-born Charles Mingus, the two-day festival features regional jazz, food, and entertainment.
  • Fiestas de Mayo. 5 May. This annual celebration includes live music, art, entertainment, and Mexican food.
  • Day of the Dead Tour. 2 November, 11AM-3PM. In observance of the Mexican holiday Día de Muertos, the Pimeria Alta Historical Society conducts tours of the historic Nogales Cemetery. Tickets are available in October at the Pimeria Alta Museum (see listing above), as well as at the start of the tour. $15.
  • 1 Festival Fiestas Patrias, 1905 N Apache Blvd (Nogales High School Auditorium), +1 520-287-2521. Mid-September. An annual event celebrating Mexican Independence Day, with an evening of traditional mariachi music and folklorico dancers. Free.

Buy edit

For souvenirs most visitors like to walk across the border and explore Nogales, Sonora.

Eat edit

  • 1 El Zarape, 964 N Grand Ave (across from Denny's), +1 520-287-3920. Breakfast and lunch. Homemade Mexican food. On Wednesdays they have a chicken mole special.
  • 2 Cocina La Ley, 226 W 3rd St (next to an automotive shop), +1 520-287-4555. Very popular with locals for Mexican seafood. Especially good are their shrimp tacos and seafood soup.
  • 3 Las Vigas Steak Ranch, 180 W Loma St, +1 520-287-6641, . Tu-Su lunch buffet 11AM-5PM, Su breakfast buffet 8AM-noon. Authentic Mexican food, with great machacas and carnitas.
  • 4 Nickel's Diner, 1060 Yavapai Dr #1, Rio Rico (Rio Rico Shopping Center), +1 520-281-1040, . M-F 6AM-2PM, Sa 7AM-2PM, Su 9AM-1PM. Very popular, with free wi-fi too.

Grocery stores edit

Drink edit

Finitos is a very famous local drink of the shaved ice type. It is not the same shaved ice that one typically finds at a ballgame; this one is extremely unique. It is definitely a city favorite and known by all who live in and around Nogales for its high quality. In addition, it comes in a large range of flavors to meet any personal preference. Don't hesitate to try this local treat.

Sleep edit

Connect edit

Cope edit

Consulates edit

News edit

Hospital edit

Stay safe edit

America's appetite for various contraband street drugs has ensured a steady stream of US dollars and US weapons southward to dangerous organised gangs on the Mexican side at all major crossings, in return for drugs which transit Mexico on their way north.

This has created dangers for travellers continuing westward into Mexico from the Nogales area; see the current travel warning issued by the US State Department. If you intend to cross at Nogales, it may be best to stay on the main toll road (México 15), travel by day and avoid display of jewels or valuables in order to keep a low profile.

Go next edit

Routes through Nogales
TucsonTubac  N   S    → becomes  Heroica Nogales
END  W   E  PatagoniaTombstone

This city travel guide to Nogales is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.