Oyo is an ancient city in Oyo State, South West Nigeria. It was founded as the capital of the remnant of the historic Oyo empire, and is known to its people as 'New Oyo' (or Ọ̀yọ́ Àtìbà) to distinguish it from the former capital to the north known as 'Old Oyo' (or Ọ̀yọ́-Ilé), which had been deserted as a result of the Yoruba Revolutionary Wars. Its inhabitants are mostly of the Yoruba people, and its ruler is the Alaafin of Oyo.
- The Ibarapas
- The Oyos
- The Oke-Oguns
- The Ogbomosos
Oyo is homogeneous state and it has a population of about 6million and is predominantly occupied by the Yoruba people. However, within the state, there are sub-ethnic groups with distinct dialect peculiarities. Oyo State covers approximately an area of 28,454 square kilometers and is ranked 14th by size. It is bordered in the South by Ogun State, in the North by Kwara State, in the West, it is partly bordered by Ogun State and partly by the Republic of Benin, while it is bordered in the East by Osun State. The landscape is a beautiful view of old hard rocks and dome shaped hills, which rise gently from about 500 metres in the southern part and reaches a height of about 1,219 metres above sea level in the northern part. Some principal rivers such as Ogun river, Oba, Oyan, Otin, Ofiki, Sasa, Oni, Erinle and Osun river owe their sources to this highland.
The origins of the Oyo Empire lie with Oranyan (also known as Oranmiyan), the last prince of the Yoruba Kingdom of Ile-Ife (Ife). Oranyan made an agreement with his brother to launch a punitive raid on their northern neighbors for insulting their father Oduduwa, the first Ooni of Ife. On the way to the battle, the brothers quarreled and the army split up. Oranyan's force was too small to make a successful attack, so he wandered the southern shore until reaching Bussa. There the local chief entertained him and provided a large snake with a magic charm attached to its throat.
The chief instructed Oranyan to follow the snake until it stopped somewhere for seven days and disappeared into the ground. Oranyan followed the advice and founded Oyo where the serpent stopped. Oranyan made Oyo his new kingdom and became the first "oba" (meaning 'king' or 'ruler') with the title of "Alaafin of Oyo" (Alaafin means 'owner of the palace' in Yoruba). He left all his treasures in Ife and allowed another king to rule there.
At one time, Oyo-ile was at war with the Bariba of Borgu, who wanted to subjugate the new city still under construction. Orangun Ajagunla of Ila, Oranmiyan's elder brother, stormed in with his men to assist and they eventually assumed victory.
The topography of the Oyo State is of gentle rolling low land in the South, rising to a plateau of about 40 metres. The State is well drained with rivers flowing from the upland in the North-South direction.
It has an equatorial climate with dry and wet seasons and relatively high humidity. The dry season starts from November and last till March while the rainy season starts from April and ends in October. Average daily temperature in Oyo ranges between 25 °C (77.0 °F) and 35 °C (95.0 °F), almost throughout the year. The vegetation pattern of Oyo State is that of rain forest in the South and guinea savannah in the north. Thick forest in the South gives way to grassland interspersed with trees in the north.
The climate in the State favours the cultivation of crops like maize, yam, cassava, millet, rice, plantains, cocoa trees, palm trees and cashews.
- 1 Iyake Natural Suspended Lake, Ago-Afin, Ado Awaiye, ☏ . 6AM-7PM. The Iyake suspended lake is the one in Africa that exists and is recognized it is the second of its type in the world.
Hidden in Oyo the hike is very long and tiring right to the top of the mountain and the view beneath is breath-taking .History of the lake has been passed down by the indigenes for centuries .It is indeed a beauty to behold. Nice place to picnic, swimming not allowed in the lake.
- 2 Old Oyo National Park, ☏ . M–F 8AM–6PM. A 970 sq mi (2,500 km2) park located in the historical site of the ancient capital of the famous old Oyo Empire National Park with old city walls and stone age caves plus elephants, baboons and buffalo.
Old Oyo National Park is one of the national parks of Nigeria, located across northern Oyo State and spills into Kwara State, Nigeria. The park is on over 2,000 km2 of land in northern Oyo state,. Its strategic location location makes it an intersection of land ,diverse wildlife and historical landmarks. The landscaping is extravagant, elaborate and organized with the space well managed .This makes it a tourist attraction well visited by the public. The park is easily accessible from southwestern and northwestern Nigeria.
- Agodi Botanical Garden
- Ado-Awaye Suspended lake
- Mapo Hall
- University of Ibadan Zoological Garden
- Ido Cenotaph, Trans-Wonderland Amusement Park
- Agbele Hill in Igbeti
- Bowers Tower
- Cultural Centre
- 3 Agodi Gardens (formerly Agodi Zoological and Botanical Gardens). An amusement park with a zoological park.It also has a swimming pool. ₦500 entry.
- 4 Mapo Hall (Old Quarter, Ibadan). It is one of the oldest buildings in Oyo and Nigeria built in colonial style was the town hall a place of interaction .It was built under Captain Ross of the British Army Mapo Hall was built by a Wellish Engineer named Robert Taffy Jone. A skillled engineer conversant will great design skills he also built Bowers Tower and Manor House in Iseyin Oyo State.
The hall was opened in 1929 by the British Governor and Commander in Chief of Nigeria Sir Creame Thompson.https://www.travelwaka.com/mapo-hall-one-of-the-oldest-historical-buildings-in-nigeria/.
- 5 University of Ibadan Zoological Garden. It has a serene environ ,the interplay between nature is enthralling plant life and animals the balance is beautiful .There you can observe nature and meditate . There are Lions, giraffes, tortoise, ostriches, lots of exotic birds, snakes, crocodile chimpanzees and monkeys who are often begging from tourists.. The zoo is gradually getting back to its feet after a drastic flooding in the city of Ibadan that killed a lot of animals ,they were sweep away by the flood.
The town has several daily and regular traditional markets, which are usually hosted every 3 - 5 days. Staple foods are the primary commodities of these markets, though they feature other kinds of products too.
- Akesan Market (Oja Oba).
- Ajegunle Market.
- Owode Market.
All major mobile phone service networks are available in Oyo but with varying degree of reliability and usability. Often times, it is customary to experience network outage for all or some of the mobile phone service providers. Such situation is particularly common in some remote areas of the city. And it is also common for different networks to be more stable and reliable in different locations of the city at different times.
It is preferable if you are planning a visit to this city to have multiple SIM cards that cut across all the mobile service providers as you can't tell which will be more stable and reliable at a time in your location during your visit. And if you will risk not having any of them, you might be better off not dropping the MTN network, because,from indications, they seem to perform well than the others, though their rates may be high and their offers and services might be stringent, but you might be more assured of seamless voice and data connection. The various broadband cellular network available include 2G, 3G, and 4G networks, but the coverage of the 4G network is not widespread
Glo (Globacom) boasts of fast network speed for internet browsing activities, but that might only be enjoyable in limited locations. Airtel is fairly satisfactory for all you might need to connect to the world, including rates and network stability. As for 9mobile, they also perform well in internet browsing speed but not without locational limitations.