Rauma (Finnish) or Raumo (Swedish) is a town in Satakunta. The wooden houses in the center of the old town are a UNESCO World Heritage site, as is the Bronze Age burial site Sammallahdenmäki about 20 km east of downtown. Rauma is the third oldest town in Finland, and has approximately 40,000 inhabitants. It is a historic seafaring town but in the 20th century paper milling became its main industry. The nuclear power plant in nearby Olkiluoto area is a major regional employer.
Rauma is one of the six medieval towns in Finland (with Naantali, Porvoo, Turku, Ulvila and Vyborg). Ithas a lot of seafaring history. It also developed a reputation for high quality lace. These traditions are actively being marketed by the tourism industry, though in day-to-day life they are no longer mainstream (except for the port operations, as Rauma is still a major port in Finland). Folk culture, tourism and older people try to preserve much of Rauma tradition, but as everywhere, Finland is gradually becoming homogenized due to the influence of mass media. Younger generations in Rauma these days hardly differ from those in most other Finnish cities.
The post-World War II years were mainly driven by pulp and paper milling, which cast its ugly (and sometimes smelly) shadow on the town. However, the wood industry also brought prosperity and compared to many other similarly sized towns, Rauma has done pretty well. Environmental impact (including the abovementioned smell) is now rather small due to modern technology. Most of the 'smoke' you see coming from the factory area (tucked into the outskirts of the town) is actually water vapour.
In its heyday, Rauma had two competing shipyards, which have been consolidated into one and are owned by STX (from S-Korea). Combined with the wood industry and other metal industry companies, Rauma really has a blue-collar history.
Because of the construction of the new nuclear power plant by a Franco-German company, there has been an influx of engineers and their families from Central Europe. This has contributed positively not only to the economy but also to the offerings of restaurants and cafés.
The neighboring county of Lappi was merged into Rauma in 2009.
The locals are mainly Finnish speaking. As in most of Finland, you'll find that teenagers and twentysomethings almost always know at least some English. Rauma has a dialect of its own which is often said to be a language of its own. Rauma giäl ("Rauman kieli", or the language of Rauma) is characterized by a slightly more guttural intonation than standard Finnish. Its most extreme form is, however, mostly reserved only for traditional folk events or touristic marketing. The day to day language of Rauma inhabitants is mostly standard Finnish mixed with some Rauma idioms, words and pronunciation. If you know Finnish, you'll understand practically everything; it's only the occasional word here or there that might leave you confused. However, you may have to ask your interlocutor to speak slower, because the way of speech is also quicker and more verbose than in many other Finnish dialects.
The nearest airport, Pori airport POR IATA is located in the neighboring city of Pori. Another option is Turku airport (TKU IATA),which may have slightly better connections abroad. If you fly in from abroad, it may be quicker to fly to Helsinki (HEL IATA) and continue by bus or train than to wait for a connecting flight to Turku. Turku also has some international flights, most of them operated by Wizz Air.
Rauma is well connected to other cities by coach and most tourists arrive this way. The bus station (Linja-autoasema) is in the city centre. Coaches arrive every 1–3 hours except during the night, from e.g. Helsinki (3½ hr), Turku (1½ hr), Tampere (2½ hr), Vaasa and Oulu.
Coming via Tallinn or Stockholm, there may be coach connections from the ports of Helsinki with arranged transfer, mostly via Kamppi. Coming via Turku harbour, there may be a direct service from the ferry terminal to Rauma.
Timetables can be found on the website of Matkahuolto.
There is no passenger rail traffic directly to Rauma. There are train stations in Harjavalta (48 km (30 mi)) Pori 50 km (31 mi)), Kokemäki 58 km (36 mi)), Turku 90 km (56 mi)) and Tampere 140 km (87 mi)), which, except perhaps Kokemäki and Harjavalta, have good coach connections to Rauma. Using the train may be faster than a direct coach service, depending on time of day and other factors.
There are easy road connections to Helsinki (south via Huittinen, 242 km (150 mi)), Tampere (east via Huittinen, 145 km), Turku (south, 94 km) and Pori (north, 49 km). There are no roads going west since that way lies the sea. If you drive from Helsinki, you can also use the old route, via roads 1, 110, 280, 52, 10, 213, 204 and 12 (247 km (153 mi)).
There is no commercial passenger traffic by sea but many tourists, especially Finns, arrive in Rauma with their private yachts. There are a few guest harbours around Rauma.
Since Rauma is a small town, walking around the city, and especially the old town, is easy. Bringing your own bicycle would be convenient.
The bus system is extremely limited and services only the handful of most important routes. You'll find the main bus stop near the old town, at Savila. This is not the same as the intercity bus terminal which services the buses that go in and out of Rauma; there are a couple of blocks between the two bus stations.
Easybike[dead link] offers city bikes for rent.
- See also: Finland#By motorised scooter
See Satakunta#By_taxi Taxis operate widely around the city and you can flag a cab when you see one or call +358 2 106-400.
- iTaksi, ☏ (extra charge), email@example.com. Also bookable by app or web. Fixed price based on calculated route and time if destination address given when booking by app or web. €4.00/6.00+€0.90/km+€0.85/min.
- Apps: Valopilkku, 02 Taksi, Taksinappi
Most of Rauma's sights are conveniently located within a walking distance of the centre.
1 Old Rauma (Vanha Rauma) is the largest uniform wooden town in the Nordic countries, and it was included on the UNESCO World Heritage Site on the eve of the 550th anniversary of the city. The oldest inhabited buildings date back even to the 17th century.
Archipelago of RaumaEdit
The archipelago is not very extensive, still hundreds of islands and islets, several of which have some service for visitors. The Bothnian Sea National Park stretches along the coast, mostly in the sea off the archipelago, but including some of the islands. Many islands are protected as nature reserves or otherwise. In summer, when the weather is fine, the islands offer nice day trips.
- 2 Kylmäpihlaja. An island with a lighthouse that operates as a hotel.
- 3 Kuuskajaskari. A former military area that still has old 152-millimetre coastal artillery cannons.
- 4 Reksaari. Island groves can be seen here.
In peak tourist season, there are regular boat connections to each of these islands. In most winters, it is also possible to walk, ski or skate over the frozen sea. Be sure to ask locals if the ice is thick enough, never embark alone, and avoid shipping routes with potentially thinner ice. There are few or no tourist services available on the islands during winter.
- 5 Church of the Holy Cross (Pyhän ristin kirkko). A former Franciscan monastery, now a Lutheran church, built in the 15th century. Medieval wall and ceiling paintings.
- 6 The Ruins of the Church of the Holy Trinity. Built in the 15th century as the parish church, it was destroyed in a fire in 1640. Now it is a peaceful setting amidst a park.
Museums & galleriesEdit
- 7 Marela, Kauppakatu 24, ☏ . A beautiful museum presenting the home of a ship-owner from the turn of the 20th century, at the culmination of Rauma seafaring skill.
- 8 Kirsti’s house, Pohjankatu 3, ☏ . A typical building in Old Rauma built in the 18th century. It presents the living conditions and life of the 19th and 20th century. Inhabitants have included sailors, bobbin lace makers, a blacksmith and a firefighter.
- 9 Rauma Maritime Museum, Kalliokatu 34, ☏ . Exhibitions about the history of seafaring.
- 10 Rauma Art Museum, Kuninkaankatu 37, ☏ . Exhibitions focusing on the Rauma region and the countries surrounding the Baltic Sea.
- 11 Former Town Hall & Lönnström Art Museum, Valtakatu 7, ☏ . In the center of Old Rauma, the Town Hall now hosts exhibitions of fine art, design, photography, architecture and environmental art.
- 12 The potter's workshop, Nummenkatu 12, ☏ . The workroom and home of a stove tile maker from the early 20th century.
- 13 Tammela, Eteläpitkäkatu 17. Shows how an old, culturally significant log house is renovated and maintained.
- 14 Alfred Kordelin’s Burial Chapel & the Old Cemetery. This beautiful chapel was built by Kordelin's family and donated to the parish. It is in a very peaceful setting in the middle of the Old Cemetery.
- 15 The Observation tower. Also functioning as the city's water tower, has a beautiful manufactured waterfall on its grounds, and the view from the observation level cafe up on the water tower is likewise beautiful. Rauma souvenirs are sold at the water tower (as well as in the town centre). There is a small entrance fee.
- 16 Kiikartorni. A wooden tower overlooking the Syväraumanlahti bay with a Tourist Information Centre offering info about island cruises.
- 17 Sammallahdenmäki (3.25 km north-west by road from the church of Lappi, in turn 18 km east-southeast from Rauma centre). A Bronze Age burial site in the village of Kivikylä, well signposted off Highway 12 between Rauma and Tampere. While a UNESCO World Heritage Site of great archaeological significance ("The largest, most varied and complete burial site from the Scandinavian Bronze Age, 1500–500 B.C."), it's not all that much to look at, being composed of just 36 burial cairns – piles of stone of varying shapes and sizes. Guided tours starting from the parking lot are available M–F in the summer peak season (June–August). Free, guiding €2/person.
- 18 Olkiluoto nuclear power plant, Olkiluodon Vierailukeskus, Olkiluoto, Eurajoki, ☏ , firstname.lastname@example.org. Daily 10:00-20:00. Olkiluoto nuclear power plant is near Rauma. The visitor centre of the power plant is open practically every day, and at times there is also free bus transport to and from Rauma to the visitor centre. Visitors must present a passport or an identity card for access. Entrance free.
The Culture and Leisure Centre operates an information service called Fyyr which helps to find things to do and see, and may be able to help with more information about any of these opportunities. Their service is available in Finnish and English, at Nortamonkatu 5, ☏ their website., and on
Rauma Regional Tourist Office will also be able to help especially with the more touristy services. Their office is at Valtakatu 2, ☏, .
- 1 Otanlahti Beach, Suvitie. This is fairly long stretch of sandy beach located a few kilometres out of town. Beach volleyball and swimming are popular.
- 2 Golf. There's an 18-hole golf course (Ala-Pomppustentie 20).
- 3 Movies, Savilankatu 4. On those rainy days you can catch a movie at Iso-Hannu Cinema.
- 4 Ice hockey, Nortamonkatu 23. Rauma's ice hockey team Lukko is in Finland's top league. Home games are played in winter at the Äijänsuo arena (Kivikylän tuhtitupa). Tickets from Lippupalvelu. The traditional arch-enemy is Ässät, a team from Pori.
- Ice skating. An indoor rink is available for ice skating about twice a week, except in the summer. In winter, there are also a dozen outdoor rinks of various quality levels. You need to bring your own skates. More information from the town website.
- 5 Swimming, Hankkarintie 8, ☏ . A visit to a swimming hall (25-metre lanes, sauna) will cost a few euros. In the summertime, open-air swimming pool at Otanlahti Sports Centre (Otanlahti Beach), Suvitie.
- Sauna. Free seaside public saunas a couple of times a week from June to August.
- 6 Skiing, Kodisjoentie 91. Cross-country skiing in winter at Lähdepelto. Cross-country skiing routes of up to 6 km in winter, lighted until 22. In summer, a nice place to go for a run in a forest.
- 7 Theater, Alfredinkatu 2, ☏ . Rauma City Theater is a Finnish-language theater. For program, see the home pages.
- 8 Omenapuumaa nature trail (11 km north from the centre by road, best reached by bike). Nature trail on the cape Omenapuunmaa: 6 or 2 km. Varying nature. A boat can be borrowed for rowing over the sound to Reksaari and continue by its trails. Boaters can arrive at 61°11.667′N 021°26.610′ E.
Despite its small size, Rauma hosts numerous festivals, mostly during summertime. For exact dates and program, check the City of Rauma website.
- Sieravuoren Juhannus: . Midsummer's festival in late June by Lake Pyhäjärvi, east of Rauma. (date needs fixing)
- RMJ Festival (Raumanmeren juhannus): . Modern music for the youth at the RMJ festival in Rauma each Midsummer (late June). (date needs fixing)
- Raumanmeren juhannus: . Midsummer's festival in late June. (date needs fixing)
- Rauma Lace Week (Pitsiviikko). Perhaps the best time to visit Rauma if you want to see something special. The usual time for Lace Week is at the end of July. You should check the dates from City of Rauma website. One of the nights is themed the Night of Black Lace (mustan pitsin yö), which starts as a cultural happening and usually degrades very quickly into a massive (on local scale) bar-crawling exercise.
- Rauma Blues. A small blues festival, often with some world-class artists, in July.
- Festivo. Classical music, in August.
- Klustermus. Finnish underground rock, free entrance, in June.
- Blue Sea Film Festival. An annual film festival, in August.
- Rauma Biennale Balticum. A biennial showcase of art around the Baltic Sea, in June-September, every even-numbered year.
In Old Rauma you can still find plenty of traditional lace on sale and at the main square you will find the seafarers' museum containing some impressive stuff.
There are a couple of local foods which are borne of the seafaring past: lapskoussi (mashed potatoes and salted meat) and topseilvellinki (raisin soup, usually served with pancakes).
Budget choices are largely limited to fast food. In addition to McDonald's and its Finnish imitator Hesburger, Rauma has a bunch of pizza and kebab places, where a meal typically costs around €4.5-8.
- 1 Antalya Kebab-Pizza, Valtakatu 4, ☏ .
- 2 Deniss Kebab & Pizza, Valtakatu 10, ☏ .
- 3 Snack House, Valtakatu 9-11, ☏ . Also servers steaks and pasta.
- 4 [dead link] Eti Kebab & Pizzeria, Nortamonkatu 16, ☏ .
- 5 Damla, Syväraumankatu 5A, ☏ . M-Sa 10:30-22:00, Su 10:30-22:00.
- 6 Kebab Kioski, Nortamonkatu 18, ☏ .
- 7 Jubu-Pizza, ☏ .
You can buy fresh and smoked fish and fruits and vegetables at the market, in the heart of Old Rauma. Also, Rauma has many supermarkets. The biggest (and cheapest) two are Citymarket (Karjalankatu 5) and Prisma (Porintie 4). They both are within a five minutes walk northwards from the Church of the Holy Cross. In addition, the large shop at ABC gas station (Unajantie 2) is open 24/7.
- 8 Kylmäpihlajan majakka, Kylmäpihlaja (Kylmäpihlaja lighthouse island), ☏ , . A seafood restaurant at the Kylmäpihlaja lighthouse off the coast of Rauma, open daily early June to mid-August. You need a boat to get there, see listings under the archipelago of Rauma.
- 9 Wanhan Rauman Kellari, Anundilankatu 8, ☏ .
- 10 Villa Tallbo, Petäjäksentie 178, ☏ .
- 11 Restaurant Buena Vista, Kanalinranta 5, ☏ .
- 12 Wähä Tallbo, Vanhakirkonkatu 3, ☏ .
- 13 [dead link] Mr. Jones, Valtakatu 5, ☏ .
- 14 Amarillo, Savilankatu 1, ☏ . Burgers, fajitas, burritos, steaks and other treats in Texas style.
- 15 Osteria Da Filippo, Kauppakatu 20, ☏ . Italian-type restaurant.
- 16 Pizzeria Riviera, Hallikatu 6, ☏ .
- 17 Chinese Restaurant, Kuninkaankatu 4, ☏ .
- 18 Restaurant Pursikasino, Suvitie 4, ☏ .
Many of the better hotels have restaurants of their own.
Rauma has its own drink, Puksprööt, made of juniper-rowan liqueur and white wine, served with a tar-infused rope. Some bars do not use juniper liqueur, in which case you might want to add some gin.
A common perception among young Raumans is that there is absolutely nothing to do in Rauma. This perception is shared to such a degree that if a Rauman teenager asks another if there's anything happening in Rauma, the other one starts outright laughing. As usual, teenagers have somewhat of an extremist view and also are not fully aware of all their options – still, there is some truth to their opinions. Rauma is not a happening party town. There are a couple of night club options and a number of seedy bars, and each usually has their own clientèle where everybody knows each other. It might be difficult to find a place that fits you in Rauma, and if you do, it might be difficult to get to know the people who already know each other.
Bars and clubs are concentrated in Old Rauma and west of Old Rauma. Main party days are Friday and Saturday, Wednesday coming as third.
There are a number of nice cafés (kahvila) in the Old Rauma, some in the inner yards of the old wooden houses, sometimes with live music or art galleries - obviously patios are usually only open in summertime. The best option is to walk around and pick the one you like.
Cafés are typically Finnish-style. American style tall lattes are hard to come by, and surprisingly many offer light-roasted drip coffee only (no espresso). This is, however, slowly changing.
Some established cafés include
- 1 Café Sali, Kuninkaankatu 22, ☏ . Old Rauma. Sleek interior. Probably your best bet if you want a decent espresso based drink.
- 2 Kontion konditoria, Kuninkaankatu 9 or Karjalankatu 3, ☏ . Old Rauma. Nice terrace in summer.
- 3 [dead link] Café Passion, Valtakatu 2 B, ☏ . Large terrace in summer.
- 4 Augustin Paviljonki, Poroholma, ☏ . A salon in Poroholma. Includes restaurant and café.
- 5 Ruormies, Poroholma, ☏ . Café with a terrace.
- 6 Merijakamo, Suvitie, ☏ . Café along with gas station for boats
- 7 Apollo Live Club, Valtakatu 5. At Best Western Hotel Raumanlinna. Probably the longest-running of clubs in Rauma, although has changed name and ownership several times during the years. It is run by the SK-ravintolat chain.
- 8 Studio Bar & Club, Valtakatu 15, ☏ .
Most of the accommodation available in Rauma is mid-range. The only real budget option is the camping ground.
- 1 Poroholma Camping, Poroholmantie, ☏ . Open in summer 15 May - 31 August. A nice camping ground by the seaside in Otanlahti. You can sleep in a hostel dormitory, cabin, your campervan or your tent. Also has a guest harbour if you're arriving by boat.
- 2 Summer Hotel Rauma, Satamakatu 20, ☏ , fax: . Open only in summer Jun-Aug. A nice hostel near the center.
- 3 Haus Anna Bed & Breakfast, Satamakatu 7, ☏ . A B&B near central Rauma. Offers a few rooms and breakfast. Clean facilities.
- 4 Hotel Vanha Rauma, Vanhankirkonkatu 26 (Kalatori 4), ☏ . A hotel in the heart of Old Rauma. Includes a restaurant. Earlier known as Hotel Kalatori and Kalatorin Majatalo.
- 5 Best Western Hotel Raumanlinna, Valtakatu 5, ☏ , fax: .
- 6 Best Western Hotel Kalliohovi, Kalliokatu 25, ☏ , fax: .
- 7 Hotel Cumulus, Aittakarinkatu 9, ☏ , fax: . content
There are no internet cafes in Rauma since most people have broadband access at home. However, you can access internet free of charge at public libraries, such as:
- Rauma City Library (Rauman Kaupunginkirjasto), Alfredinkatu 1.
Rauma can be used as a stepping stone for visiting neighbouring villages, such as Lappi (no relation to Lapland), near the Bronze Age burial cairns.
|Routes through Rauma|
|Vaasa ← Pori ←||N SE||→ Laitila → Turku|