For other places with the same name, see Ravenna (disambiguation).

Ravenna is a city in the Romagna zone of Emilia-Romagna.

Understand edit

Ceiling mosaic in the Baptistry of Neon

Ravenna is the home of the Mosaic Basilica, with a delightful small town atmosphere plus other UNESCO World Heritage listed early Christian monuments.

  • 1 I.A.T. Ravenna (Tourist office), Piazza San Francesco, 7, +39 0544 35404. M-Sa 08:30-19:00, Su 09:30-17:30.

Get in edit

By plane edit

The nearest airport to Ravenna is in Forli (about 20 km), but as of 2016 there no commercial flight to there. The other relatively close airports are in Bologna (about 80 km) and Rimini.

In season there is a shuttle bus service – CRAB – operates between the Bologna airport and Ravenna (continuing to Cervia).

By boat edit

Ravenna is one of top twenty ports of Italy.

There is a ferry line to Catania. It takes 40h to reach destination.

Nearby, at the resort of Marina di Ravenna, there are 2 yacht marinas.

By train edit

By bus edit

  • 3 Autostazione, Piazzale Aldo Moro (behind the railway station, near the Candiano Canal). Buses to Forli, Cesena, Lidi Ferraresi. Long distance services to Rome (Fiumicino), Milan, Bergamo, Carpi, Modena.

By car edit

Ravenna is easy to get to from the A14. Follow the signs for A14D from the A14 East. The A14D ends some kilometres before Ravenna, but the roads to the town are clearly signposted. Once in the town, head for the centre (Centro). The town streets vary (as in all Italian towns and cities) with the main routes being large and navigable, the back streets being small and unsuited to large vehicles. As there are a number of ways in, make sure you have a town map before getting to the town, although this is good advice for any Italian town.

Parking is easily attained, some free away from the old town centre, and typically 3 euro for 2.5 hours on the main street near the entry to the old town within 200 metres of the Basilica.

Get around edit

Walk. The old town is a mainly pedestrian area with cafes and bars on every corner and some hidden away through small access alleys. Note that everything is a little more expensive near the Basilica.

Mi Muovo is an integrated public transport pass for the region. Short-stay visitors might use "Mi Muovo Multibus", a 12-trip bus ticket, see Emilia Romagna#Get around.

See edit

Mosaics of Ravenna edit

Apse mosaic - Basilica of San Vitale
Arian Baptistry ceiling mosaic

The early Christian monuments of Ravenna are included into UNESCO World Heritage list.

  • 1 Basilica di San Vitale, via Argentario, 22, +39 0544 541688. Apr-Sep 09:00-19:00; Mar, Oct 09:00-17:30; Nov-Feb 09:30-17:00. The huge church of San Vitale has mosaics everywhere. It was built in 547, it is considered a major monument in Western art history. €9.50 (includes Archiepiscopal Museum (Chapel of Sant’Andrea and the Ivory Throne), Neonian Baptistery, Basilica of Sant’Apollinare Nuovo, Basilica of San Vitale, Mausoleum of Galla Placidia).
  • 2 Mausoleo di Galla Placidia (Mausoleum of Galla Placidia), via Argentario, 22. Apr-Sep 09:00-19:00; Mar, Oct 09:00-17:30; Nov-Feb 09:30-17:00. Cross-shaped structure housing contains three sarcophagi. The largest one used to contain remains of Galla Placidia, sister of Honorius and Empress of Rome. Galla, who died in 450 AD, is one of history's most powerful women. €9.50 (see Basilica di San Vitale) plus extra supplement €2.
  • 3 Basilica di Sant' Apollinare Nuovo, via Di Roma, 52, +39 0544 541688, . Apr-Sep 09:00-19:00; Mar, Oct 09:30-17:30; Nov-Feb 10:00-17:00. 6th-century basilica with amazing mosaics. €9.50 (see Basilica di San Vitale).
  • 4 Battistero Neoniano (Orthodox Baptistry), Piazza Duomo, 1. Apr-Sep 09:00-19:00; Mar, Oct 09:30-17:30; Nov-Feb 10:00-17:00. Built c-ca 430 is the oldest building in Ravenna. €9.50 (see Basilica di San Vitale).
  • 5 Cappella di Sant'Andrea (Cappella Arcivescovile), Piazza Arcivescovado, 1. Apr-Sep 09:00-19:00; Mar, Oct 09:30-17:30; Nov-Feb 10:00-17:00. Built in the beginning of the 6th century, this is the only archiepiscopal chapel which retained its original look. The chapel is located in the building which hosts the Museo arcivescovile di Ravenna (Archiepiscopal Museum). €9.50 (see Basilica di San Vitale).
  • 6 Battistero degli Ariani (Arian Baptistery), Piazzetta degli Ariani Ravenna, +39 0544 543724, . Winter 08:30-16:30; Summer 08:30-19:30. Built by the Ostrogothic King Theodoric the Great between the end of the 5th century and the beginning of the 6th century. Free.
  • 7 Basilica di Sant'Apollinare in Classe, Via Romea Sud (approx. 5 km S of the city centre), +39 0544 543724. 08:30-19:30. Like many Ravenna churches, it is known for its exceptional mosaics. €5, for special exhibitions €6.50.

Other attractions edit

The Mausoleum of Theoderic
  • 8 Mausoleo di Teodorico (Mausoleum of Theoderic the Great), Via delle Industrie, 14 (approx. 1 km north east from the city center, on the other side of the railway), +39 0544 684020, . Winter 08:30-16:30; Summer 08:30-19:00. Built in the 6th century for the powerful king of Ostrogoths. The monument is also included in UNESCO World Heritage list. €4.
  • 9 Domus dei Tappeti di Pietra (Domus of the Stone Carpets), Via Gian Battista Barbiani, 16, +39 0544 32512. Mar-Sep: 10:00-18:30; Oct-Apr: M-F 10:00-17:00, Sa Su 10:00-18:00. Some remains of Roman and Byzantine buildings were excavated at the beginning of 1990s. The major one — Domus — is a 14-rooms building with 3 courtyards. The floors in these underground rooms are covered with splendid polychrome mosaics, hence the name was given to this place Tappeti di Pietra (Stone Carpets). The entrance to the archaeological site is from the 18th century chiesa di Sant'Eufemia. Adjacent 15th century Oratorio dei Cento Preti is also a part of the museum. €4.
  • 10 Chiesa di San Giovanni Evangelista. Built 5th century by the Roman imperial princess Galla Placidia. Initially it was also decorated by mosaics, but virtually none of them has been survived since then.
  • 11 Basilica di San Francesco. Built in between 10th–11th centuries. Adjacent to the church there is tomb of Dante Alighieri (on the left from the facade).
  • 12 Chiesa dello Spirito Santo. Built in the 6th century as an Arian cathedral, it has been quite drastically altered since then, featuring now a Baroque façade.
  • 13 Chiesa di Santa Maria Maggiore (across the Basilica di San Vitale). A Baroque church, originating from the 6th century.
  • 14 Chiesa di San Giovanni Battista. It is another notable Baroque style, with a Middle Ages campanile.    
  • 15 Basilika Santa Maria in Porto. A baroque church with 18th-century rich facade.
  • 16 Palazzo di Teodorico. These ruins were an entrance to Chiesa di San Salvatore ad Calchi. A mosaic floors from the excavations of the palace proper were installed there in 1923.
  • 17 Rocca Brancaleone (Brancaleone Fortress), Via Rocca Brancaleone. It was built by Venetians in 1457. A public garden is laid out inside the walls of the fortress.
  • 18 Museo Nazionale (National Museum), via San Vitale, 17. Tu-Su 08:30-19:30. It is located at the former Benedictine Monastery of San Vitale complex. The collection of the museum contains various archaeological and religious artefacts including 14th-century frescoes from the former chiesa delle Clarisse di Ravenna and mosaics from an archaeological site at Via d'Azeglio. €5 (in summer plus €7 for a seasonal exhibition).

Do edit

Take the time to walk around. The town is full of the most charming surprises, be it a cafe or the outstanding fashion shops.

Buy edit

As a city of mosaics in Ravenna you can buy ceramic souvenirs in mosaic style, stylish fashions from all over Italy are available in the small boutique style shops. You won't find big stores here as you would in Milan or Rome, but there is a small town charm to them.

If you want to do any shopping, be aware that the shops in Ravenna observe a siesta from about 12:30 to around 16:00 when the only things open are small bookshops and cafes.

Eat edit

You are in Italy; eat Italian food. There are many small pizzerias and trattorias in the town that serve excellent and inexpensive fare. A typical meal of pizza and a beer will cost €10-15. In the main square, the cafe serves excellent Cappuccino for about €2. The self-service cafe in the 1 central market (just north of the main square and the Hotel Byron) is excellent for lunches (€7.50-10).

Drink edit

"The Good Shepherd" mosaic, Mausoleum of Galla Placidia

Sleep edit

Go next edit

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