Resolute (ᖃᐅᓱᐃᑦᑐᖅ Qausuittuqis, meaning "Seagull Nesting Place") is a small town in Nunavut, Canada. At almost 75°N, it is well to the north of most inhabited parts of Canada and of any part of Alaska.
Resolute Bay is at the south coast of Cornwallis Island in Canada's far north. It's named after the HMS Resolute, one of the ships searching for Franklin's lost expedition of 1845, that became stuck on ice, was rescued by American whalers, returned to Queen Victoria, and ultimately became the wood source for the famous "Resolute Desk" inside the White House's Oval Office. Cornwallis Island was one of the last known places circled by Franklin, before his expedition sailed southward and disappeared forever. Beechey Island, the Franklin Expedition's first wintering location, and the burial place for their first casualties, is about 100 km east.
This Inuit hamlet was established in 1953 in order to secure Canadian claims over its Arctic areas during the Cold War. The government made various promises to induce some Inuit to come, and has been accused of breaking most of them. The area is too cold and barren for even Inuit to survive without regular shipments of supplies from further south. In 2008 the Canadian government formally apologized for the relocation policy and the harm it did.
The weather in Resolute can be summed up in two words: freezing cold. Average temperature is −13.3°C (8.1°F); only briefly during the summer do temperatures climb above freezing. Like most other places in the Arctic, the climate is very dry. Most snowfall occurs during the summer.
Walking or snowmobiling. There are no taxis. Hotels offer shuttles to the airport.
- 1 Beechey Island, 100 km east. The expedition's first wintering location, and the burial place for their first casualties. The grave markers seen are replicas; the originals are on a Yellowknife museum. The site was not discovered until 1851, and in 1993, five archaeological sites on Beechey Island and nearby Devon Island (the Franklin wintering camp of 1845–46, Northumberland House, the Devon Island site at Cape Riley, two message cairns, and the HMS Breadalbane National Historic Site) were designated as the Beechey Island Sites National Historic Site of Canada.
Resolute outfitters offer Arctic adventures like a five-day igloo camping journey over the frozen ice to the community of Grise Fiord, and snowmobiling expeditions onto the frozen sea ice of the Northwest Passage. Dog team trips and polar ice cap tours are also available.
Resolute Bay is an excellent location for marine wildlife watching. Pods of beluga and narwhal can be seen from Resolute's beach as they head to their summer feeding grounds. Ellesmere National Park Reserve and Polar Bear Pass National Wildlife Area are both easily accessed from Resolute Bay.
Buy, eat and drinkEdit
There are no restaurants, so you'll be eating at your lodgings, or from the Co-op store.
- Arctic Co-op Store, ☏ .
Several lodges are also available for rent.
- 1 Narwhal Hotel, 1 Main Road.
- South Camp Inn, ☏ .
- 2 [dead link] Qausuittuq Inns North (pronounced "cow-sweet-took") (about 6 km from airport), ☏ , toll-free: . 10 rooms, each with private bath, in-room phones, coffee service, and Internet connections. Library, viewing deck and meeting room. The dining room specializes in Canadian and Northern cuisine. Free movies, books and complementary shuttle service to and from the airport. $250/night.
- Qausuittuq National Park -- one of Canada's newest and most remote national parks.