Cities and townsEdit
- 1 Abastumani — a spa town durist the Czarist era, and home to a Soviet-built astrophysical observatory, the western gateway to the Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park
- 2 Akhaltsikhe — the capital and largest city with a nice weekend bazaar and a good base for exploring nearby Sapara Monastery and Vardzia
- 3 Akhalkalaki — a small Armenian city (the largest in the region) and the center of Javakheti
- 4 Atskuri — a small town with three castles and the central entrance to the Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park
- 5 Borjomi — famous for its Borjomi mineral water, national park, and summer palace of the Romanov Dynasty, the eastern entrance to the Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park
- 6 Bakuriani — a popular winter ski resort
- 7 Ninotsminda — a large Armenian town
- 1 Khertvisi Castle. A stone fortress dating back to the 2nd century BCE, although it has been rebuilt many times, is spectacularly situated on a rocky outcropping overlooking the Mtkvari gorge on the way to Vardzia from Akhaltsikhe. Amazingly, the site is completely abandoned and you may roam about the fortress at your own risk and delight.
- 2 Sapara Monastery. One of Georgia's truly magical monasteries, 11th-century Sapara is hidden in the forested mountains above Akhaltsikhe, at the end of a slow, bumpy dirt road, and as such has avoided the perils of invading armies throughout its entire history.
- 3 Vanis Kvabebi. Another cave monastery, less frequently visited, near Vardzia.
- 4 Vardzia. A 12th-century cave monastery and city carved out of a cliff overlooking a river gorge.
Samtskhe-Javakheti used to be known as Meskheti, for its Meskhi Georgian tribes. The region is especially dry and mountainous south of Borjomi (which is still as green and wet as anywhere in Imereti). Javakheti, the southeastern portion of the region around Akhalkalaki, sees a bit of political ferment, since the vast majority of its residents are ethnically Armenian and demand greater autonomy and language rights. Unlike in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, however, the political situation here does not translate into any danger for a visitor; it is rather just an extra reason why Javakheti is an interesting destination.
Visitors should make Vardzia their number one travel priority (and stop along the way at Khertvisi Castle). but those with some extra time to explore would be foolish not to haul themselves up the bumpy mountain road to see the treasure that is Sapara Monastery. Borjomi is another great destination, but is far easier to visit than the rest of the regional attractions, as it is located very close to the main highway going between Tbilisi and Kutaisi.
In the southeast of the region around Akhalkalaki, Armenian is widely spoken, even more so than Georgian. But in the rest of the region, Georgian language speakers predominate. Russian is also widely spoken, especially by older generations.
Marshrutkas are generally the best when travelling south of Akhaltsikhe, as they seem to handle the bumpy dirt roads better than the Soviet built taxis.
For connections in the southern part of the region, Akhaltsikhe, Akhalkalaki, Ninotsminda and even Gyumri (Armenia), checkout Akhaltsikhe#By marshrutka. Also, there are three marshrutkas from Didube Station in Tbilisi to Akhalkalaki: at 10:00, 12:00, and 18:00, but it's not clear which route they take (via Borjomi or direkt).
If you are looking to sample some Armenian cuisine, Akhalkalaki is home to some authentic-as-it-gets cheap Armenian cafes.
Samtskhe-Javakheti is a quite safe region of Georgia. Probably the biggest danger to a visitor is the risk of falling off various cultural monuments—there are no guard rails to speak of. But common sense and a natural fear of heights should keep you safe.
- Georgia's secondary road link with Turkey passes through Akhaltsikhe, and it is fairly easy to catch a marshrutka or hire a taxi going to the Vale-Posof border crossing from Akhaltsikhe's bus station.
- There is also a seldom-traveled road heading south from Akhalkalaki through Ninotsminda towards Gyumri, in Northern Armenia. Foreigners traveling this route will give the bored customs officials a big surprise.