region of Ireland
Europe > Britain and Ireland > Ireland > Shannon Region

Shannon or Mid-West Region is a region of Ireland comprising County Clare, County Limerick and County Tipperary. With a population of 473,269 in 2016, it's one of the eight regions of Ireland for statistical and planning purposes; it's not a unit of local government. Those statisticians and planners call it "Mid-West" or more romantically "IE051 - NUTS Level III" but tourist agencies somehow prefer to call it Shannon. Actually only the lower half of the River Shannon catchment is in this region, from Lough Derg down to the tidal estuary below Limerick.

This region is part of the historic province or petty kingdom of Munster, which is the southwest quarter of Ireland.


Map of Shannon Region
  County Clare
The east is lush lowlands, centred on Ennis, with many ruined abbeys and castles. The Atlantic coast is lined with cliffs, and to the north is the bleak plateau of The Burren.
  County Limerick
Less scenic, but with sights such as prehistoric Lough Gur, the Foynes Flying Boat museum, and a series of castles all called Castle Desmond.
  County Tipperary
Low-lying but ringed by hills, with major religious centres at Holycross and Cashel.


  • 1 Limerick, the only city in the region, is the transport hub and has the most amenities. It's a miniature Dublin with its Georgian street-grid, and has lots to see and do.
  • 2 Adare claims to be Ireland's prettiest village, but it lacks a bypass and is choked with traffic. It does have very upmarket accommodation and golf.
  • 3 Ennis, the county town of Clare, is ringed by ancient abbeys, castles, and a recreated prehistoric village.
  • 4 Doolin on the wild Atlantic coast is a good base for exploring The Burren.
  • 5 Kilkee: Loop Head is almost as impressive as the Cliffs of Moher, yet somehow not on the tourist circuit.
  • 6 Thurles has an ornate cathedral, but the big draw is Holy Cross Abbey.
  • 7 Tipperary is near scenic Glen Aherlow.
  • 8 Cashel has the Rock of Cashel, crowned with medieval sites.

Other destinationsEdit

  • 1 The Burren is a bleak limestone plateau, but its unsuitability for farming has preserved many prehistoric sites.
  • 2 Aran Islands are in County Galway, but geographically they're an extension of The Burren and all three can be reached from Doolin. They've many early religious sites.
  • 3 Cliffs of Moher stretch south of Doolin, 214 m at their highest point, and very touristy. Go further south towards Kilconnell to have them to yourself.


Get inEdit

By planeEdit

1 Shannon Airport (SNN IATA) near Limerick is a major portal of entry into Ireland. It has many flights from Europe, UK and the United States, with US border pre-clearance, and in summer from Toronto. The largest operators are Ryanair and Aer Lingus. There are several car rental agencies at the airport - you're likely to need a car to get around the region. The immediate surrounds of the airport are drab and industrial, but ten minutes drive gets you out of that. Bunratty has good accommodation and restaurants a few km east.

You might also fly in to Dublin Airport (DUB IATA) which has good flight connections, competitive fares, and excellent onward public transport: buses to this region start from the airport.

By trainEdit

Trains run every hour or two from Dublin Heuston via Thurles to Limerick Junction, which in spite of the name is near Tipperary town. They continue south to Cork, while connecting trains run from the junction to Limerick city. There are also regular trains along the line between Limerick, Ennis and Galway.

Two branch lines have a sparse service at best, and in 2020 no service at all: from Waterford via Clonmel and Cahir to Limerick Junction, and from Limerick city to Nenagh, Roscrea and Ballybrophy.

By busEdit

Bus X12 runs hourly from Dublin Airport, downtown Busáras and Heuston railway station via Portlaoise to Roscrea, Nenagh and Limerick.

Bus X8 runs every two hours from Dublin Airport, Busáras and Heuston to Cashel, Cahir and Cork.

Bus 51 runs hourly from Cork via Mallow to Limerick, Shannon Airport, Ennis and Galway. There's also a much quicker X51 between Limerick and Galway.

Bus 55 runs every 2-3 hours from Waterford to Clonmel, Cahir, Tipperary and Limerick.

By carEdit

The major routes are:

- N7 / M7 from Dublin (the first section to Naas is not yet upgraded to motorway) past Kildare and Portlaoise. Stay on M7 for Roscrea, Nenagh and Limerick.
- Fork south onto M8 for Thurles, Cashel (turnoff for Tipperary), Cahir (turnoff for Clonmel), Fermoy and Cork.
- N18 from Limerick to Shannon Airport, Ennis, Gort and Galway.
- N20 from Cork and Mallow to Adare and Limerick.
- N24 from Waterford to Clonmel, Cahir, Tipperary and Limerick.
- N21 from Tralee to Adare and Limerick.

Get aroundEdit

By car: you'll need one to explore the countryside. There are car rental offices at Shannon Airport and in Limerick city.

By bus: see Shannon for buses to the airport, and Limerick for routes within that city.

The inter-city routes mentioned in "Get in" connect several towns in the region and are fairly reliable. All your patience will be needed if you venture onto the back-country buses, such as Thurles - Fethard - Clonmel which only runs three times a day. Some other routes such as Nenagh - Thurles only run once a week.

By train it's the same story. Train is your best option between Thurles, Tipperary, Limerick and Ennis. The other lines are not officially axed, but no trains run, as of summer 2020.

By boat: The Shannon Ferry plies between Tarbert in County Kerry and Killimer in County Clare, both on Highway N67. It sails hourly Sept-May and every 30 min June-Aug. Fare is €20 for a standard car with all passengers, €5 for a foot-passenger, cyclist or motorbike. If you're touring the Atlantic coast, this saves a lengthy detour inland through Limerick. Watch for dolphins on the 20-min crossing.


  • Castles: lots and lots and lots, though many are nowadays private mansions. Choose from the imposing (like King John’s Castle in Limerick or Castle Desmond in Adare), the Victorian mock-medieval (like Knappogue), the picturesque (like Dunguaire), the tumbledown (like Newcastle West) and the frankly kitsch - yes, that'll be Bunratty.
  • Prehistoric sites: there's a remarkable collection clustered around Lough Gur in County Limerick, and another at Craggaunowen in County Clare.
  • Flying Boats in the 1930s and 40s were the mainstay of transatlantic commercial aviation, so it was at Foynes on the Shannon in County Limerick that the rich and famous stepped out to the pop of flash guns.
  • Natural sights: the Atlantic pounds against the Mizzen Head and the dramatic Cliffs of Moher.
  • Wildlife: there's a resident pod of dolphins in the Shannon estuary.


  • Play golf: lots of courses across the region. In 2026 the Ryder Cup will be hosted by Adare.
  • Go to the races at Limerick, Tipperary or Thurles.
  • Watch Munster Rugby at Thomond Park, 1.5 km west of Limerick city centre.
  • Explore the river and coastline by canoe or kayak.
  • Caves: explore the Ailwee and Doolin caves of County Clare, and Mitchelstown Cave near Cahir.

Eat & DrinkEdit

  • Limerick city has the widest selection, in all price ranges.
  • Adare and Bunratty have good upscale dining, though the "medieval banquets" are more about cabaret than cuisine.
  • The standout inland restaurant is Chez Hans in Cashel.
  • Lots of good pubs with food especially when there's live trad music: Milltown Malbay, Lahinch and Doolin are the trad centres.
  • In Fethard, McCarthy's Pub, Restaurant and Undertaker will sort you out one way or another.
  • Poitín (or Potcheen) is Ireland's traditional moonshine, but it's nowadays a legal product, and distilled at Bunratty.

Stay safeEdit

  • As usual the main hazards are man-made - traffic, traffic, traffic! And the occasional damnfool drunk, or theft from parked cars.
  • Water safety: the Atlantic has the reputation, but never underestimate the large freshwater Lough Derg. The waves can really get up, and they've had to place lifeboats for lough-users who get into difficulty.

Go nextEdit

This region travel guide to Shannon Region is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!