Open main menu

Textiles

material produced by twining, weaving, felting, knotting, or otherwise processing natural or synthetic fibers
(Redirected from Silk)
Travel topics > Shopping > Textiles

A textile is a material of natural or artificial fiber. Textiles are used for clothing and furnishing, such as carpets.

Textile manufacturing has a tradition of millennia in many parts of the world. Craft textiles are a desirable item for shopping.

UnderstandEdit

Historically, many natural fibers have been used for textile purposes.

  • Cotton is textile from the cotton flower. The Industrial Revolution made cotton the most widespread fiber in the world. Inexpensive and easy to maintain.
  • Wool is a textile fiber from hairs of mammals such as sheep, goat, llama and camel. It is used for clothing, furnishing (especially carpets). It is also one of the fibers used in 'felt' making.
  • Silk is made by the thread of the silk moth's larva; in historical times the silk road was used to transport goods, including silk, between Asia and Europe.
  • Linen is fiber from the flax herb. With long, thin fibers which absorb plenty of water and survive laundry, linen is useful for summer clothing, handkerchiefs and towels. Not be confused with modern usage of the term linen to mean a high grade fabric vs the fiber.

Other natural fibers used historically have included jute, and hemp, which was used in the manufacture of all manner of durable canvas for domestic, agricultural and industrial usage. Ropes have also been made from substances like sisal, derived from an agave.

Modern synthetic textiles are just as varied, but Rayon and Nylon were amongst the first to be widely available. Sometimes natural and synthetic fibers are combined, creating a wider variety of textile materials for clothing and non clothing uses alike.

Fabrics, where textile fibers are combined to form a sheet of material are, are typically of two types, woven or knitted.

DestinationsEdit

  • Bursa, the earliest Ottoman capital, has been renowned for its silk, as it was one of the western termini of the Silk Road. A silk bazaar dating back to 1491 exists in the old town. In the outskirts, a textile museum converted from a 1930s wool factory has sections dedicated to wool and silk.
  • Harris, Scotland, famous for woolen products.
  • 1 Wales National Wool Museum, Llandysul, Dre-Fach Felindre, +44 29 2057-3070.    
  • 2 Australian National Wool Museum, 26 Moorabool St, Geelong (cnr Brougham St). Every day 9:30AM-5PM except Good Friday and Christmas Day. Allow 90 minutes. Includes a tourist information office. $7:30 adult, $5.90 concession, $3.65 child.    
  • Wool museum (Museo dell'Arte della Lana di Stia), Museo dell'Arte della Lana di Stia (follow river Arno upstream), +39 0575 582216, . Museum on wool in textiles in the old textile factory. It provides a historic bacground and displays many of the old machines. Also have workshops that produce textiles. €3.
  • 3 Angers castle (Château d'Angers), 2 Boulevard du Général de Gaulle. This impressive 9th-century castle hosts an extremely large medieval Tapestry of the Apocalypse, really a spectacular set of tapestries which is arguably one of the very greatest artworks that has come down to us from the Middle Ages.
  • 4 Bayeux Tapestry (Musée de la Tapisserie de Bayeux), Centre Guillaume le Conquérant, Rue de Nesmond,Bayeux, +33 2 31 51 25 50, fax: +33 2 31 51 25 59. open daily all year, except for the 2nd week in January, 24–26 December, 31 Dec-2 Jan, hours: (mid-March–October) 9:00-18:30 (summer an extra half hour) (November–February) 9:30-12:30 and 14:00-18:00. the historically unique Bayeux Tapestry is a 70 metre-long, 50 cm high embroidery made from wool on a linen canvas in the late 11th century to chronicle the conquest of England by William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, in 1066. Scenes include the Channel crossing, the Battle of Hastings (14 October 1066), the death of the Saxon English king Harold and the subsequent coronation of Duke William as King of England. Multi-language audioguides are available and strongly recommended, as there are few visual interpretation aids accompanying the Tapestry itself. Allow 1–2 hours to visit, including the adjacent exhibition. adults €9.50, concessions €7.50, students €5.    
  • 5 Cromford Mill, Mill Lane. Cromford. The first water-powered cotton spinning mill developed by Richard Arkwright in 1771. Buildings are being restored, an informative tour available but little machinery to see.    

See alsoEdit

This travel topic about Textiles is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!