The southwest part of the region has some unique spots that are not typical of a prairie landscape. Straddling the border between Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Cypress Hills Inter-Provincial Park rises 600 m above the surrounding prairie and is home to a sub-alpine lodgepole pine forest. South of Leader "The Great Sand Hills Ecological Reserve" is approximately 1,900 km² of ever-changing sand dunes. With 800 km of shoreline Lake Diefenbaker on the South Saskatchewan river is southern Saskatchewan's "Great Lake". The Big Muddy and Killdeer Badlands are very rugged hills and valleys carved by meltwater at the end of the last ice age.
Southwest Saskatchewan is the heart of Canada's own "Old Wild West".
The major industries are ranching and farming although the petroleum industry is growing in the western part of the region.
The Trans-Canada Highway (Highway #1) runs across the region (including Regina and Moose Jaw), connecting Southern Saskatchewan to Alberta and Manitoba. Saskatchewan Highway 11 connects Regina to Saskatoon in Central Saskatchewan.
If travelling by plane, most people will arrive at Regina International Airport in Regina, which is served by Air Canada and WestJet from various cities across Canada, plus Phoenix, Las Vegas and Orlando.
- 1 Wood Mountain Post Provincial Historic Park (8 km S of the village of Wood Mountain on Hwy 18.), toll-free: . Wood Mountain Post was established as a North West Mounted Police (NWMP) post in 1874 to patrol the Canada/United States border and police whiskey traders, horse thieves and cattle rustlers. The post rose to prominence in 1876, when Chief Sitting Bull and 5,000 members of the Sioux (Lakota) First Nation took refuge in Canada after the Battle of Little Bighorn. Wood Mountain Post Provincial Park features two reconstructed buildings that tell the story of Major James Walsh of the NWMP and his negotiations with Chief Sitting Bull. Interpretive staff are on hand from June to September and school programming is available. There are picnic facilities on site and camping is available at nearby Wood Mountain Regional Park.