The city is established in 1954 as the new government center for Cavite, and is named after the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite, who are executed by the Spaniards during the Philippine Revolution. Trece Martires was created from Quintana, a barrio (or barangays) of the municipality Tanza. The capital has been transferred to Imus during the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos, but the government offices remain at Trece Martires.
The city lacks almost anything of tourist importance, but it is a major point for travellers to the inland of southern Cavite. There are plenty of restaurants and shopping around town, but hotels are rather scarce. Trece Martires is also noted for its lack of gambling establishments (the nearest is the relocated Santa Ana Racecourse at Naic).
Trece Martires lies at the crossroads of Governor's Drive (Governor Juanito Remulla, Sr. Drive, or Routes 65 and 403), Tanza-Trece Martires Road (Route 64), and Trece Martires-Indang Road (Route 404). Travellers will usually travel via Dasmariñas or Kawit and Tanza.
- Thirteen Martyrs Day (September 12) - Commemorates the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite, with reenactments of the executions.
- Feast of the Holy Cross (September 14)
- Feast of St. Jude Thaddeus (October 27-28)
- 1 Tower Mall. Locally founded shopping mall, opened in 2015.