Costa Rica's Central Valley is the most populated region of the country; the capital city, San José, is there and so is the Juan Santamaría airport.
- 1 San José.
- 2 Alajuela. Not to be missed for the volcano and national parks nearby. Also a convenient and better hub when arriving and leaving Costa Rica via San Jose.
- 3 Atenas. It had been ranked as the best weather worldwide. Atenas town in well known by the American community here. It is on the way to the central Pacific beaches becoming a mandatory stop on the way to Jaco or Manuel Antonio National Park.
- 4 Cartago.
- 5 Heredia.
- 6 San Ramon.
- 7 Turrialba. Food bowl of Costa Rica and adventure sports mecca.
Most of the factories and services industries companies are also in the area; therefore, a lot of sleeper towns and cities surround and permeate the Central Valley. Still, there are many historical sights and because of the small size of the country, this area is the starting point of the many adventures available in the rest of the country.
The Costa Rican railway network was never all that extensive and has suffered in the 20th century, but in the Central Valley government investment in the 21st century has helped build a small network mostly aimed at commuters.