Dijon is the largest city in the eastern French region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. Dijon is best known for its mustard (named after the town), which is no longer produced in its metropolitan area, but it is still one of the most beautiful cities in France, and its historic buildings and byways were not heavily damaged by bombing in World War II and are largely intact.
The surroundings is also an important wine production region, and Dijon has historically been the centre for regulatory bodies for wine production (some wine classification systems were invented here) and therefore the historical centre of Dijon forms part of the UNESCO World Heritage site "Climats, terroirs of Burgundy".
Dijon was for some time the capital of the Dukes of Burgundy. Burgundy was a great power during the 14th and 15th centuries, when the dukes controlled a large part of what is now northeastern France, western Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands.
The dukes were great patrons of the arts, so Dijon was a major centre of Gothic and early Renaissance music, painting, and sculpture, attracting some of the greatest and most famous artists and musicians from Flanders in particular. The music the great composers left behind can be performed anywhere, but it is particularly in the fields of sculpture and architecture that masters left a lasting mark on Dijon.
Today, Dijon is a cosmopolitan city, with universities in the centre and industrial plants on the outskirts. Traffic is restricted in the centre of the city, so many parts of central Dijon are quiet and relaxing.
There are three tourist offices  in the city:
- At the train station (on the right when getting out of the station):
- April to September: Monday to Saturday 09:30 - 18:30, Sundays and public holidays 02:00 - 18:00
- October to March: Monday to Saturday 09:30 - 13:00 and 14:00 - 18:00, Sundays and public holidays 10:00 - 16:00
- Behind the "Palais des Ducs de Bourgogne" (11 rue des Forges):
- April to September: Monday to Saturday: 09:30 - 18:30, Sundays and public holidays: 10:00 - 18:00
- October to March: Monday to Saturday 09:30 - 13:00 and 14:00 - 18:00, Sundays and public holidays: 10:00 - 16:00
- There is another one at the well of Moses.
They have free maps of the downtown area, including a map and guide for the self-guided walking tour of Dijon. The walking tour uses a small brass pavement marker with an owl design to note the path along the sidewalks of Dijon. Larger numbered owl markers correspond to different stops on the tour, and the guide pamphlet will have descriptions of the art, history and architecture of that stop.
There is two train stations in Dijon: Dijon-Ville and Dijon-Porte-Neuve. The main one by far is Dijon-Ville, the other being way smaller, without any personel and used only for some minor lines.
The train à grande vitesse (TGV) speeds travellers from Paris (only 100 min) and other major French cities to Dijon. There are also regular train services to a variety of destinations, including, but not restricted to, Italy (Milan, Turin, Florence and Rome among them), Switzerland, Luxembourg and Belgium.
From Paris (Gare de Lyon) by TGV: approx. 1 hr 40 min. Variable prices.
From Paris (Bercy) by TER: approx. 3 hr. Fixed prices: €36 per adult or €18 per passenger under 26 years old for one way.
From Lyon by TGV: approx. 1 hr 35 min. Variable prices.
From Lyon by TER: approx. 2 hr 5 min. Fixed prices, €31.60 per adult or €15.80 per passenger under 26 years old for one way.
- 2 Dijon-Burgundy Airport (Aéroport Dijon-Bourgogne), 717 rue de l'Aviation, 21600 Ouches, ☏ . This is a former military air base known as "Base Aérienne 102" whose military function was ended in 2016 after over a century of use. It does not see any commercial flights but is able to accommodate general aviation.
Its entrance is located on the commune of Ouges, mainly accessible by road. Dispite a bus stop for an Express Divia bus near the terminal leading to Dijon-Ville train station, the service only has 4 buses a day, from Monday to Friday only and mainly used by workers of the area. So if you can only rely on public transportation, the second nearest stop of a main Divia bus line is 1.1 km (~14 min) away by walk toward the north-west direction of the road.
There are a few TGV high-speed trains directly from the center of Dijon to Paris CDG airport. If your arrival is at Paris Gare de Lyon, which there are frequent TGV trains to Dijon, you can either :
- Use Air France buses linking CDG airport to Paris Gare de Lyon for €18
- If you are more on the budget, you can look for the RER B suburban train that have stops right into Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, for a total price of €10.30. The safest way to reach the RER B line form Paris Gare de Lyon is by using the automatic line 14 of Paris Métro, up to Châtelet–Les Halles station, where you take the change for the RER B.
Dijon is well connected to the freeway and highways networks, where you can drive cars. Traffic is restricted in the centre of the city and mostly reserved to pedestrians. So you will probably want to park your car for the duration of your visit in one of the P+R parkings close to the tramway or buses lines and resume with public transportations, except to access the Well of Moses, which is on the outskirts of the city.
For most purposes, walking is the best way to get around the center of the city. A comprehensive network of buses covers farther local destinations.
If you want to get a bit outside of the downtown (like to get to the well of Moses) it's often easier and faster to use a bicycle.
- DiviaVélodi (and DiviaVélo), ☏ . Similar to the Vélib service in Paris, DiviaVélodi is a bike loan and DiviaVélo is a bike rent service more suited for the inhabitants and long stays. There is bike stands throughout the city, allowing you to pick a bike and then leave it in another stand. You have to pay at a stand (with credit card, you must have at least €200 on your credit card account as that amount will be charged unless you return the bike in time)
- La Bécane à Jules, 17 rue de l'Île, ☏ . Simpler and cheaper is the bike rental offered by this non-profit association who is a self-repair bicycle workshop, but they also rent bikes to non-members. It's €6.50 for the day or €11 for a week-end. €6.50 per day.
Buses and trams in Dijon are operated by Divia. As of August 2021, a one-hour ticket costs €1.40 (plus 30 cents for a reloadable card or if you buy it to a bus driver), €14 for a "10+1" tickets recharge, €4.20 for a 24-hour ticket, €7.35 for a 48-hour ticket, and €9.45 for a 72-hour ticket. There is also city bus which is free of cost which will take you around the city.
The city offers the Diviacity, a free, frequent shuttle bus for visitors that connects many of the downtown destinations in a loop, along with several parking areas. The shuttle is a minibus that is often congested with locals.
If you arrive by train, the orientation maps can be a bit misleading: maps are oriented with west, rather than north, in the upward position.
There is a self-guided walk in the city, called Parcours de la chouette, shown by owl arrows and numbered owl plates in the ground. There are 22 stops of interest. The book with the description of stops is available at the tourist office for €2.50, there is also an app on the Google Play store for €2.99 or on the App Store for €1.99. But it's not mandatory.
- La Chouette (The Owl). The icon of Dijon, sculpted on the side of the Notre-Dame church in 15th century. Story says it can grant you a wish when you touch it with your left hand.
- There is a dragon hiding in the church window to the left of the owl, which supposedly eats your wish if you touch the owl passing from the wrong direction.
- Place François Rude (Place du Bareuzai). A central place with beautiful traditional houses, a fountain with a sculpture, with an old carousel, and a lot of cafés and bars. Popular among locals on summer days.
Buildings and structuresEdit
- 1 Ducal Palace (Palais des Ducs et des États de Bourgogne). A beautiful building, former main residency of the Dukes of Burgundy. Nowdays, the building is split between the roles for town hall on its western and central areas, while its eastern part is occupied by the "Musée des Beaux-Arts" (Museum of Fine Arts). It contains priceless treasures and wonderful art that was the property of the Dukes of Burgundy. If you visit nothing else in Dijon, visit this museum.
- The Philippe Le Bon tower in the Ducal Palace. You can climb its 316 steps to have a view over Dijon. It will cost you €2.30 and it is limited to 19 people, only at restricted hours for security reasons.
- Palais de Justice (rue du Palais) built in the 16th century.
- The Auditorium, also nickamed "Opéra de Dijon", is a moden concert hall located a bit ouside of the town centre area, to the north-east. It is recognisable by its design shaped after grand pianos.
- Les Halles is an indoor market, designed by Dijon native Gustave Eiffel of Eiffel Tower fame.
There are a lot of religious buildings in the city. François I said "c'est la ville aux cent clochers" ("it's the city of one hundred bell towers") when arriving in Dijon.
- 2 Saint Bénigne Cathedral (Cathédrale Saint-Bénigne). It was built in the 14th century and is a national monument.
- 3 Notre Dame. A church from the 13th century, famous for its automaton clock, stolen in Coutrai (Belgium) in 1383.
- 4 Well of Moses (Puits de Moïse). A splendid monument by Claus Sluter, is now on the grounds of a psychiatric hospital but can be visited nonetheless. You can go there using a walking/cycling trail called the "Coulée verte"; see the Do stuff to know more.
- St. Michel church, which is east of the Palais des Ducs. It was built from the 15th to the 17th century.
Most museums are free for everyone. English and French audio guide is available most of the time.
- 5 Musée des Beaux-Arts, 1 rue Rameau (entrances on rue Rameau and the square des Ducs), ☏ , email@example.com. Open every day except Tuesdays and holidays (1 January, 1 and 8 May, 14 July, 1 and 11 November, 25 December). Oct-May: 09:30 to 18:00; Jun-Sep: 10:00-18:30. This art museum is in the Palais Ducal and has a permanent exhibition of medieval art from Dijon's heyday as capital of the Dukes of Burgundy. On the upper floor, there are lots of paintings by local artists and Flemish painters. The museum sometimes hosts temporary exhibitions with works from local artists. The most famous part of the museum is the Guard Room with tombs. On the top floor, there is 19th- and 20th-century art like Picasso, Monet or Courbet. Free; Audioguides in French, English and German: €4; Guided tour €6, reduced price €3.
- Musée d'Histoire Naturelle (Natural History Museum), 14 Rue Jehan de Marville, ☏ . The natural history museum was set up in the gardens of Jardin de l'Arquebuse in 1860. It showcases the animal kingdom in both permanent and temporary exhibitions.
- Pavillon de Raines in the Arquebuse gardens hosts temporary exhibitions on scientific topics, animals, etc.
- The planetarium in the Arquebuse gardens has different showings on astronomy.
- Musee de la Vie Bourguignonne (Museum of Life in Burgundy), 17 rue Sainte-Anne, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org. May 1 - September 30: 09:00 to 12:30 and 13:30 to 18:00, October 1 - April 30 09:00 to 12:00 and 14:00 to 18:00. Closed every Tuesday, as well as January 1, May 8, July 14, November 1 and 11, and December 25.. The museum is housed in the cloister of the Bernadine Monastery and provides a collection of scenes depicting life in rural and urban Burgundy from the 18th century to the beginning of the 20th century. Free.
- Musee d'Art Sacré (Museum of Sacred Art), 17 rue Sainte-Anne, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com. 09:30 - 12:30 and 14:00 to 18:00. The museum is housed in the church of the Bernardine monastery, built in the early eighteenth century. Works of art, sculptures, paintings and silverware show the artistic history of the province from the 12th to the 20th centuries. Free.
- The Jardin Darcy (on the Darcy place) is a beautiful park near the station and it's a great place to have a rest and to see how French people enjoy themselves. (But before you sit down on a bench, you should make sure that there are no pigeons on a branch above you). You can see the famous white bear of François Pompon (although this one is a replica made by Henri Martinet; the original is at the Orsay museum in Paris).
- The Jardin de l'Arquebuse is a large garden, situated just below the train station, built in the 18th century on this place where Arquebuse knights met in 15th century. It contains the botanic gardens (Jardin Botanique), the museum d'histoire naturelle, the planetarium and the pavillon de Raines.
- The Parc de la Colombière is a 17th-century, 33-ha wooden park classified as "historical monument" in the south of the city and bordered by the Ouche river on its south-west side. Its current "jardin à la française" design comes from Antoine de Maerle, former student of André LeNôtre. Inside of its walls lies some vestiges of the Via Agrippa, a former road system constructed by the Roman Empire from the 1st century AD, and this particular section of the road used to connect the current cities of Langres and Châlons-sur-Saône. The park is directly linked to the town center via the Allées du Parc, also known as Cours du Parc, a 1.5-km-long (0.93-mi) promenade bordered by lime trees created the same time as the park. It used to be considered as the most beautiful avenue of the kingdom under the rule of Louis XIV.
- Promenade de l'Ouche (or Coulée verte) is a walking and cycling trail which starts near the Cité internationale de la gastronomie et du vin (International City of Gastronomy and Wine, rue du Faubourg Raines, 10 minutes walk south-west from city centre) and follows the Ouche river upstream to the Kir lake. On the way to the lake you can stop at the Well of Moses (30-min walk).
- Lac Kir (Kir lake) is an artificial lake just bit outside the city, created by Félix Kir and inaugurated in 1964 to create a site for nautical activities and as a tool to prevent most of the Ouche river floods. There you can walk or cycle around the lake. In the summer days there's plenty of people on the beach (you can swim in the lake, although the water is a bit dark).
- Rue de la Liberté, which extends east from Place Darcy to the Palais des Ducs (on Place de la Libération) is a main shopping street with all types of shopping for locals and visitors.
- Dijon mustard is no longer produced in Dijon. In fact, 80% of the mustard seeds used to produce mustard in France (including the Maille brand which is owned by Unilever) are imported from Canada. Edmond Fallot is a independent family business that has been producing authentic Burgundy mustard (i.e., they use mustard seeds from Burgundy, not imported from Canada) since 1840. They have a boutique on Rue de la Chouette where you can taste their many mustard varieties, but their factory in Beaune sells them for a few cents cheaper.
- Les Halles, an indoor marketplace, has many stalls for fresh produce, meat, and seafood.
- The Toison d'Or shopping mall, the biggest of the entire region and 20th largest in France, is farther north, about a 12-minute tram ride from the city centre on the T2 line.
Many of the dishes that Americans think of as traditionally French originated in Burgundy, for example 'coq au vin'. One great strategy is to order the fixed-price (prix fixe) menu, usually three courses including dessert. It provides a good sense of what the restaurant is like.
Jambon persillé (terrine/meatloaf of parsleyed ham) and pain d'epices (gingerbread) are local delicacies of the region.
There are 23 Michelin-starred restaurants in the area.
- La Guinguette, 1 Cour Bourberain (From rue Berbisey find a small courtyard), ☏ . Small restaurant at the end of a ruelle. Cozy and convivial, decorated with kitsch old French ep records like Claude François, you'll be able to order very big plates based on potato, salad and cheese around an apéro maison. Quite cheap but good luck to eat all your plate. But if you can't eat it all, they will give you a doggy bag. Be sure to call before coming, as the restaurant is small and sometimes crowded on Saturday evenings. €8-12.
Dijon is well known for cassis, a sweet black current liqueur that is a bright reddish-purple in colour. If you are of legal drinking age in France a traditional Dijonnaise cocktail is called a "Kir", a blend of cassis and a local white wine (traditionally "Aligoté") - you can also order it made with champagne for a tasty and festive "Kir Royale". Make sure that you try the wonderful local wines - Burgundy has the highest number of Appellations of any French region. Of course the reds are terrific, and Americans unfamiliar with wine history might be surprised to find that white burgundies compare favorably with California chardonnays - they are, after all, from the same grape.
- Chez Nous, ruelle Quentin (A small alley near the Halles market). M 14:00-01:00, Tu-Th 11:00-01:00, F Sa 10:00-02:00, Su 11:00-17:00. One the most well known cafés in Dijon. Most people go there for the ambiance of this small place where you can meet all the people involved locally in ecology, communism, free software, anarchism, art, free-thinking, and other pseudointellectual garbage. There you'll be able to play chess or go with strangers and meet a lot of interesting persons. You can also eat "brasserie" food (€3-7) or "plat du jour" (€8).
- Rézo Fet'Art, 3 rue Blairet (On the right at the end of the Faubourg Raines street). F Sa 18:00-22:00. Very nice in the summer with its open courtyard, couches and ping pong table. You can also take a look inside the painted buildings where painters and sculptors show their work. Some nights there is concerts, films or games. A bit outside of the city center (15 minutes walk), it's a good idea to get there after a walk using the Coulée Verte trail as it's on the way to the Kir Lake (see the Do section). Drinks are €1-3, and you can eat a simple sandwich for €3.50. You'll have to become a member of the association to order food and drinks (€5, includes the first drink).
- Hotel le Jacquemart, 32 Rue Verrerie, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org. 2-star hotel, no frills, but clean, quiet and very pleasant. The location cannot be beaten, in the centre of the antique pedestrian area. Excellent boulangerie across the street and a nice, little restaurant (serving only mussels and pommes frites) down the street — both great at what they do and good value. €33-85.
- Hotel Frantour des Ducs—3 star, €50-65 low season. Clean, centrally located at the end of the Rue de la Liberte.
- 1 Camping Lac Kir, 3 Boulevard Chanoine Kir (head towards Lac Kir and follow ths signs for "Camping Lac Kir"), ☏ . Located in the city just downstream from Lac Kir. On the Ouche River and close to the canal. Almost everything you might want to do in Dijon can be accessed on foot from the campground. There is also a large InterMarche food store within a 10-minute walk. All sites are separated by hedges, there are toilets, showers and a washing up area. Free WiFi is available in the area of the Registration office. €15 tent, 2 people and vehicle.
You can reserve vineyard tours through the Dijon Tourist Office to visit the Côte de Nuits and participate in wine tastings in some of the most famous wine-making villages of Burgundy. Wine and Voyages  has the longest running tours available and are wine experts. ☏
- Besançon, the capital of the region Frache-Comté before it was administratively merged to Burgundy in 2015 to form the "Bourgogne-Franche-Comté" region. Located at about 90 km east by road from Dijon, Besançon has beautiful old city, great art and architecture, with Vauban-designed citadel which is surrounded by beautiful green hills, and the atmosphere of a university city as well as one of history and commerce.
- Beaune at 40 km south of Dijon, is a beautiful town with many wineries and excellent examples of typical regional architecture. In particular, make sure you see the Hôtel-Dieu.