urban area in Karlskrona Municipality, Sweden

Karlskrona, archaic spelling Carlskrona, is a city in Blekinge in southern Sweden. While the city has 35,000 inhabitants, around 60,000 live in the municipality, Karlskrona kommun.

Understand edit

The city was established as a naval base in 1680, during the reign of King Karl XI, after whom the town is named (Karlskrona: Karl's Crown). King Karl XI was tired of having his fleet constantly frozen up in Stockholm during the harsh winters and was therefore looking for a port further south. This was at the height of the Swedish Empire and there were grand plans to eventually develop Karlskrona into a new Swedish capital.

However, the city was built according to a plan by Erik Dahlbergh and the settlement did not begin in earnest until the late 1680s. The shipyard soon became Sweden's largest industry, employing 1,100 people in 1711. By the mid-17th century, more than 10,000 people lived in the town and about 2/3 of the workforce was employed by the Crown. At this time, Karlskrona was the third largest city in the kingdom. Karlskrona's strategic location gave it the right to engage in foreign trade. Gustaf III invested in an increase in the naval fleet, which boosted Karlskrona's good economic status. In 1790, the city burned and the boom turned into economic stagnation. The town plan did not change significantly. At the end of the 19th century there were major changes in the naval fleet with the gradual transition to more modern warships. The arrival of the railway (Carlskrona-Wexiö Railway, CWJ) and industrialisation contributed to the greatly increased prosperity. In addition to the increase in population and general economic prosperity, this was also reflected in the planting of trees along the main streets, creating avenues that are still partly in existence. Military dominance has now been replaced by increased civilian industrial influence, including in the telecommunications industry.

The Karlskrona Lighthouse

The town continues to host a naval base and is the largest city in the county of Blekinge. The town centre lies 5 km south from the mainland on the island Trossö. The old shipyard, the naval base's oldest constructions and the three churches located on Trossö are listed on the UNESCO World Heritage list.

Tourist office edit

Get in edit

By train edit

Direct trains runs at least every two hours from Copenhagen via Malmö and Kristianstad. From Kalmar, Gothenburg or Stockholm a change of trains in Alvesta, Emmaboda or Hässleholm is required. Ticket can be bought from SJ[dead link]. The station, 1 Karlskrona Centralstation is found at the northern end of the city centre.

By plane edit

Karlskrona-Ronneby Airport is approximately 30 km from Karlskrona centrum. Blekingetrafiken ( +46 455-569 00) operates an airport bus (Flygbussen) between Karlskrona and Ronneby airport, which is convenient and cost effective. It leaves Karlskrona 80 minutes before the take-off times of flights to Arlanda and Bromma. The bus stops at several places in central Karlskrona, at the Hospital/Bergåsa, at Nättraby E22, at Hjortahammar junction and at Listerby. The bus costs around 95 kr for adults and 45 kr for children.

By bus edit

Long-distance buses are available from Stockholm and Malmö.

By ferry edit

Stena Line runs ferries two times a day from Gdynia, Poland (day trip for a passenger with bike costs around 500 kr and takes 11 hours). The port, 2 Karlskrona Färjeterminal, commonly known as Polenterminalen, is on the nearby island of Verkö. Local bus #6 connects with the city centre.

Get around edit

By bus edit

There is a large local/regional bus network connecting Karlskrona Centrum with other regional locations. Bus fares are typically 20 kr for adults.

By ferry edit

There are also boats/ferries to many islands within the archipelago, and it is possible to cruise around the archipelago for between 1½ and 3 hours in the summer months. Adult fare is 20 kr, youth (<19 yr) is 15 kr.

By taxi edit

See edit

The front of the maritime museum
Sweden's first submarine
  • 1 Karlskrona Maritime Museum, Stumholmen. A very large maritime museum on the waterfront with spectacular vistas. Most of the exhibits are in Swedish, so be sure to pick up an audio guide. The exhibits consist principally of a very large and impressive collection of wooden ship models, and life-size interiors of ships that can be walked through. In addition to the museum itself, the complex houses a very popular smorgasbord that you'll find packed with Swedes from around 11:30 onwards, and a gift shop. Outside the museum you'll also find some disused ships/submarines that are worth a look, and Karlskrona's famous lighthouse. Price: 170/130 kr for adults in the summer; free in the winter.    
  • 2 Brändaholm/Dragsö, Dragsö. No visit to Sweden would be complete without getting up close and personal with some cute little red wood houses and Dragsö does not disappoint when it comes to providing one of the best examples. The island has a gorgeous little cluster of red wood summer homes at Brändaholm. In addition to this, Dragsö has some lovely beaches; great for swimming in the summer and for quiet, isolated walks in the winter. Dragsö also hosts a large camp site, which includes all the usual amenities and a fun little mini golf course. Dragsö is a fair way out of Trossö, so consider taking a bus, putting on some good walking shoes or hiring a bike.
The diving board at the 'beach' on Stumholmen
A view over Brändaholm from Saltö
Kronan, The road linking the centrum bus stop to the pedestrian mall
  • 3 Trefaldighetskyrkan. 08:00-19:00. Built on Karlskrona's main square by prisoners of war as a punishment, the Trefaldighetskyrkan is a cute yellow church with a spectacular interior dome - like a wooden version of Rome's pantheon. Free.
  • 4 Frederikskyrkan.
  • 5 Amiralitetskyrkan. A temporary church built in 1681, it remains as a striking red wooden building down a lane surrounded by the naval reserve. In front is a statue of Rosenbom, a vagrant who froze to death. Lift his hat and insert a coin to assuage yourself of guilt about ignoring homeless people.
  • 6 Clock Tower. In parkland south of the main square is this yellow clock tower. Several of the defunct railway tunnels can be viewed from nearby.
  • 7 Old Railway Tunnel. A railway was built through the hill containing the town square to link the main railway to the naval reserve. It's no longer used, but the tunnels can be viewed from several points. On the north side near the town park is best as you can walk up to the gates.
  • 8 Old Workers Cottages. On the west side of Trossö north of the naval yard are several streets that feature a lot of the cute little cottages that were used by workers at the naval yard.
  • 9 Stakholm. A large rock connected by bridge to Trossö, Stakholm has 360-degree views and is a popular sunset picnic spot.

Do edit

  • Go Swimming!. There are lots of great places around the archipelago to go swimming on a summer day. Try the 'beach' near the Maritime Museum on Stumholmen with its diving board or the more natural equivalents on Dragsö.
  • Hire a Bike. While not completely flat, Karlskona is replete with the usual Scandinavian complement of bike paths and riding makes a good, healthy way to get around town and really take in the expansive natural beauty of the islands. Try Sportkompaniet at 9 Hantverkareg (near the junction with Konstapelsgatan): 100 kr for 1 day; 170 kr for 2 days; sliding scale for longer hires.
  • Hire a boat. The Blekinge Museum offers traditional boats from the region for day hire.
  • 1 Boda Borg, Arenavägen 11, +46 455-61 54 75, . Jun-Aug: M-F 10:00-18:00, Sa 10:00-19:00, Su 12:00-17:00; Sep-May: Tu 11:00-18:00 (pre-booked only), W Th 11:00-18:00, F 11:00-21:00, Sa 10:00-19:00, Su 12:00-17:00. Fun and adventure in unique quests. This place is great for quirky, ultra-competitive groups. 2 hours: 150 kr. Full day: 200 kr.

Buy edit

  • Pedestrian Mall (Ronnebygatan and Rådhusg). While certainly no Stockholm or Copenhagen when it comes to shopping, little Karlskrona still punches above its weight when it comes to shopping. It has all the Scandinavian high street favourites, including an impressively large H&M, a Dressman and an Åhlens. In one of the malls off Rådhusg you'll also find an ICA (pronounced Ik-ka) supermarket, a range of smaller shops and the Systembolaget (the state owned, monopoly off-licence/bottle shop/liquor store), one of only two places in Karlskrona where you can buy beer and wine with alcohol content exceeding 3.5% and spirits for home consumption.

Eat edit

  • Pedestrian Mall (Ronnebygatan and Rådhusg). There are a range of places to eat centred around the main pedestrian mall and the square on the top of the hill in Trossö. Perhaps it's best to take the same approach as the Swedes and cruise the mall until you find something you like the look of. Watch out for smörgåsbord offerings, like at the restaurant above Åhlens (75 kr for the smörgåsbord, including an assortment of dishes, a light beer or sparkling water, bread, salad, tea and coffee). Other options include the multiplicity of kebab shops (with seating), the ubiquitous Wayne's Coffee, the fantastic Tokio Sushi, PM (a pub in the same mall as McDonald's), caffe 1344 (located opposite ICA; a popular place for afternoon fika (coffee and cake) in the winter) and the bustling smörgåsbord inside the Maritime Museum.

Drink edit

  • Pedestrian Mall (Ronnebygatan and Rådhusg) / Town Square. Start in the pedestrian mall and crawl your way along and up towards the main town square. Places come in and out of vogue regularly, but some that have consistent popularity include the Fox and Anchor (an English style pub; regrettably no relation of its cracking Gastropub namesake by Smithfield Market in London), and the rather lame PM.

Sleep edit

  • 1 First Hotel Ja, Borgmästaregatan 13, +46 455 555 60. Inexpensive 4-star hotel attached to the Wachtmeister shopping centre just off the central square. Rooms are smallish but efficiently designed, and decorated in a vaguely nautical style. Includes breakfast and wireless internet, and free hot drinks are available in the lobby. Just under 1 km from Central Station (if you have luggage, it's best to loop around the waterfront, as the direct route is hilly).
  • Pedestrian Mall (Ronnebygatan and Rådhusg) / Town Square. There are a range of places in the city centre, most of a reasonable standard, although in typical Scandinavian style, they don't come cheap. Consider using an online booking engine to find the cheapest prices.
  • Camping / Summer Cottages, +46 455 30 34 90. In the summer months, consider camping on Dragsö (can be quite expensive in busiest days, i.e. more than 350 kr for a tentsite) or renting a summer cottage. Contact the tourist office for more information.

If you leave early for Poland with a Stena Line ferry, you may consider spending last night in tent wild camping on Verkö island.

Go next edit

Day trip to Aspö edit

Take the large yellow Aspö ferry from Karlskrona Harbour (near the bridge to Stumholmen) to Aspö (30 min) and spend the day enjoying the rugged island beaches, tiny shops and old military fort.

The ring road around Aspö is about 6 km long and, in addition to the beaches and fort, Aspö also hosts a small yacht club and a number of summer cottages. Amenities are rather sparse even in the busiest summer months, when there are only a few basic places to eat and stay. In the winter months (i.e. outside the June to August period), the only place to buy things is the local ICA supermarket and most (if not all) other things will be closed.

The ferry is part of the Swedish road system and so is free for vehicles, bicycles and foot passengers in both directions.

The main road into Aspö

Ronneby edit

Ronneby is an old spa town with a spectacular park and forest 30 minutes by train from Karlskrona.

This city travel guide to Karlskrona is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.