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language of South Asia

Kashmiri (कॉशुर, کٲشُر Koshur) is a northwestern Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in the valley of Kashmir, a region situated mostly in the Jammu and Kashmir state of India. It has about 4,611,000 speakers: 4,391,000 of whom reside in India and 105,000 of whom reside in Pakistan. While Kashmiri belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European family of languages it is sometimes placed in a geographical sub-grouping called Dardic. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.

WritingEdit

Kashmiri has remained a spoken language up to the present times, though some manuscripts were written in the past in the Sharada script, and then in Perso-Arabic script. Currently, Kashmiri is written in either the Perso-Arabic script (with some modifications) or the Devanagari script. Among languages written in the Perso-Arabic script, Kashmiri is practically unique, in that it regularly indicates all vowel sounds

Literacy in Kashmiri is continuously neglected due to various political reasons and lack of formal education in it. It is now mostly relevant in its spoken form, and the speakers of this language are also decreasing in number. Note that the primary official language of the state of Jammu and Kashmir is not Kashmiri, but Urdu. Some Kashmiri speakers use English or Hindi as a second language. In the past few decades, Kashmiri was introduced as a subject at the university and the colleges of the valley. At present, attempts are on for inclusion of Kashmiri in school curriculum.

Pronunciation guideEdit

There are 17 vowels and 27 consonants in Kashmiri.

VowelsEdit

ė
As in Open
ë
Extended ė
å
Same as e in perturb
ä
Extended sound of a
a
same as u in up
ā
As u in up
i
as i in sit
ī
as ee in see
u
as u in put
ū
as oo in zoo
ê
as e in ten
e
as a in pay
ō
as o in oh!
ö
as wo in swot
o
as o in home
ņ
as n in sing
~
as i in sip spoken faintly

ConsonantsEdit

k
same as c in cat
kh
same as kh in khan
g
as g in got
c
as zz in pizza
çh
sounds like ts as in huts
c
same as ch in chin
ch
same as ch in church
j
same as j in jug
th
as in thatch
d
like th in then
n
as n in no
ţ
like t in teacher
ţh
as th in thug
đ
as d in did
p
as p in pen
ph
as f in fall
b
like b in boy
m
like m in man
y
like y in yes
r
like r in red
l
like l in leg
v
as v in van
sh
as sh in she
s
as s in so
z
as z in zoo
h
as h in how

Phrase listEdit

BasicsEdit

Hello 
Talking to a Muslim (Assalām ‘alaikum), Talking to a Hindu (Namaskār)
Hello (informal)
halo
How are you?
Toh chiv väri ?
Fine, thank you
Ähansa, Me-Hur-Ba-e-Ni
What is your name?
Çê kyāh chuy nāv ?
My name is ______
Be chus _____
Nice to meet you
Tö-hi Mel-Yiţh Gā-Yi Ma War-Yah Kush-Ti
Please
Ba-Lai La-Gai
Thank you
Me-Hur-Ba-e-Ni
Yes
Ên
No
Na
Goodbye
Talking to a Muslim (Assalām ‘alaikum), Talking to a Hindu (Namaskār)
I can't speak Kashmiri
Mê chunė käshur tagān
Do you speak English?
Çė chukhė aņgrīz bolān ?
I don't understand
Mê chunė phikrī tagān

ProblemsEdit

What is this ? 
Yi Kyāh chu ?
What do you want?
Çê Kyāh gaçhiy ?

NumbersEdit

Zero
Siphar
One
Akh
Two
Three
Trê
Four
Çor
Five
Pāņçh
Six
Shê
Seven
Sath
Eight
Äţh
Nine
Nav
Ten
Dāh


TimeEdit

What is the time?: Vakhėt kyāh āv? or Kāç bajeyi?

Clock timeEdit

The time is five o clock: Vakhėt chu pāņçi baji

DaysEdit

Sunday
Āthvār
Monday
Çāņdėrvār
Tuesday
Bomvār
Wednesday
Bödvār
Thursday
Brêsvār
Friday
Jumāh (Talking to a Muslim), Shakurvār (Talking to a Hindu)
Saturday
Baţėvār

ColorsEdit

Black
Krūhun
Blue
Ņyūl
Brown
Dālcīn
Colour
Raņg
Orange
Saņgtar
Red
Vözul
Yellow
Lyōdur
Dark
Shokh
Green
Sabėz
Grey
Sūr
Light
Halkė
Purple
Lājėvār
White
Saphed

Bus and trainEdit

Where from does the bus leave?: Bas kati pêţhė chi nerān?

DirectionsEdit

Left
Kho-vur
Right
Daçhyan
How many kilometres?
Kaç kilomitar dūr?
How far away is the city?
Shāhr kotāh dūr chu?

TaxiEdit

Where is the taxi?: Taxi kati chu?

LodgingEdit

Where is the hotel?: Hotel kati chu?

EatingEdit

Where is the restaurant?: Restaurant kati chu?

MoneyEdit

How much is it?: Yi kotāh chu ?

AuthorityEdit

Who is the boss (officer) here?: Yêti kus chu aphsar?

This Kashmiri phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!