Khantia-Mansia (Russian: Ха́нты-Манси́йский автоно́мный о́круг KHAHN-tyh muhn-SEE-skee uhv-tah-NOHM-nee OH-krook), officially known as Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, and historically known as Yugra, is an autonomous okrug in Russia's Urals Region. The region borders Yamalia to the north, the Krasnoyarsk region to the east, Tomsk Oblast to the southeast, Tyumen Oblast and Sverdlovsk Oblast to the south, and Komi Republic to the west.
- 1 Beryozovo — a small town, a prominent exile destination for many famous Russians, including Prince Menshikov, Prince Ivan Dolgoruky, as well as many of the Decembrists; retains a cathedral
- 2 Khanty-Mansiysk — administrative center of the region, which looks like the "Mars face" from satellite imagery!
- 3 Nizhnevartovsk — one of the richest cities in Russia; locals make ice parks in the winter complete with sculptures and ice slides
- 4 Surgut — founded in 1594, Surgut is a major oil and gas production center and the largest city in the region
Believed to be the origin of the Magyars, ancestors of present day Hungarians, Khantia-Mansia is home to tiny but ancient cultures of the Khanti and Mansi peoples. The Khanty and Mansi languages are the closest extant relatives of modern Hungarian.
Khantia-Mansia is of exceptional importance to Russia, as it produces the majority of the country's oil.
Both Khanty and Mansi share official status with Russian, but are not very widely spoken. Everyone will understand Russian.
- Museum of Nature and Man. In Khanty-Mansiysk.
- Torum Maa (Торум Маа) - ethnographic open-air camp in the heart of the capital.
- Museum of geology, oil and gas.
- 7 April - Craven day. Craven is the symbol of the sun. Usually celebrated in Torum Maa.
- Spring, (after the ice breaks),(Berezovo region) - Water King Vitkhon Holiday.
- July, (Nizhnevartovsk region) - Oblas Holiday. Oblas is a canoe-type boat.
- 23 February, (Nizhnevartovsk and Berezovo regions) - Day of Reindeer breeder.
- March - Bear Day.