Kyoto Prefecture (京都府 Kyōto-fu) is in the Kansai region of Japan. It contains both a coastal region to the north, and broad, more densely populated basins in the south. The Tanba Mountains cross the center of the prefecture, dividing the areas and causing their different climates.
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The high-speed Tōkaidō Shinkansen between Tokyo and Osaka makes only one stop, at Kyoto Station, a hub for connections to local and regional trains. In the north, the San'in Main Line extends to Tottori. Keihan Electric Railway connects Kyoto with Osaka and Shiga Prefecture.
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Kyoto is unquestionably the single best place in the country for those interested in traditional Japanese culture; no other city can compare in terms of number or importance. As the former capital of the nation, many head temples, important shrines, and imperial palaces and villas were built in Kyoto. While many of the nation's cultural sites were destroyed by bombings in World War II, Kyoto was fortunate enough to have been spared so many of the buildings are quite old.
Outside the capital, Uji is a popular destination. It is most famous for Byodoin Temple, featured on the ten yen coin, and being the site of the final chapters of the Tale of Genji. It is much smaller than Kyoto and most sites are within walking distance of one another or one of the train stations.
Beyond these areas the prefecture is quite rural. Foreign visitors rarely venture outward but those that do will see that the capital is not all that Kyoto has to offer. From Amanohashidate in the north down to the stone Buddha trail in the south, there is a lot more to Kyoto Prefecture than just the capital.