Mithila is an ancient cultural region of South Nepal and North India lying between the lower ranges of the Himalayas and the Ganges River. The Nepal border cuts across the top fringe of this region. The Gandak and Kosi Rivers are rough western and eastern boundaries of Mithila. The Ramayana records a dynastic marriage between Prince Rama of Ayodhya and Sita, the daughter of Raja Janak of Mithila.
Mithila region consists of the following districts: Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Darbhanga, East Champaran, Khagaria, Madhepura, Madhubani, Munger, Muzaffarpur, Saharsa, Samastipur, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Supaul, Vaishali and West Champaran.
The name of the district has been derived from its headquarter and principal town, which is said to have been founded by Darbhangi Khan. It is also said that the name Darbhanga was derived from Dwar-Banga or Dar-e-Bang meaning "the gateway to Bengal".
Darbhanga is one of the important districts of North Bihar in the very heart of Mithilanchal - the fertile, alluvial plains of North India. Under the British rule, Darbhanga was a part of Sarkar Tirhut up to 1875, when it was constituted into a separate district. The sub-divisions of the then district Darbhanga were created as earlier as Darbhanga Sadar in 1845, Madhubani in 1846 and Samastipur in 1867. Darbhanga was part of Patna Division till 1908, when the separate Tirhut Division was carved out. Darbhanga became the Divisional headquarters in 1972 when all its three sub-divisions got the status of separate districts. Thus the present Darbhanga district took shape.
The district of Madhubani was carved out of the old Darbhanga district in the year 1972 as a result of reorganisation of the districts in the State. This was formerly the northern subdivision of Darbhanga district. It consists of 21 Development Blocks. Bounded on the north by a hill region of Nepal and extending to the border of its parent district Darbhanga in the south, Sitamarhi in the west and Supaul in the east, Madhubani fairly represents the centre of the territory once known as Mithila and the district has maintained a distinct individuality of its own.
Madhubani is famous for its ancient rural art, Madhubani Paintings. This is the painting form crafted by women from Madhubani.
The name of Sitamarhi is on the name of Sita. She is the loving wife of Maryada Purushottam Rama. He is the king of Ayodhya. It is lovely religious place. It is the place of the temple. The most famous temple are Janki temple, Ram-Lakshman-Sita temple, Nageshwar temple etc.
Sitamadhi is 60 km from Darbhanga and 130 km. from Patna. Sitamadhi has a past that pre-dates history. When Sita was going to Ayodhya, she stay and rest here. The place Bodhayan Sar is in Sitamadhi, where lots of MahaKavya is written by Bodhayan.
- Ratupar, Madhubani district. Ratupar is a very remote village and home of the legendary teacher Shri Thakur Singh Das, a renowned freedom fighter and social worker. Still there is no continuous supply of electricity or piped water and the water is taken from the hand pumps or ponds. Farming is the major source of livelihood. Majority of the shops are located in araria chowk. Kharowa, Bistol and Nawani are the nearby villages to this chowk. Nawani is the ancestral village of Shri Shobha kant Das. Nawani also is the paternal village of Shri Prakash Kumar Das alias Lallan.
- Rajnagar, Rajnagar is the nearest small town to Madhubani. This place is famous for ruins of the Navlakha Palace (one of the famous palaces of Maharaja of Darbhanga), that was destroyed in earthquake in 1934. Simari Navtola is the closest village to Rajnagar.
Maachh, makhan and paan are part of the identity of Mithila. Fish is the most popular food in Mithila, used as a main dish on any occasion. Chuda, dahi and chini is also important cuisine. Paan is an important refreshment item on every occasion.