autonomous republic of Azerbaijan
Europe > Caucasus > Azerbaijan > Nakhchivan (region)

Nakhchivan is an exclave of Azerbaijan, which borders Turkey to the northwest, Armenia to the north and east, and Iran to the south.

Cities edit

Map of Nakhchivan (region)

The grave monument of the prophet Noah, built in the 17th century
  • 2 Babek  , Babek Rayon (district)
  • 3 Julfa  , Julfa Rayon (district)
  • 4 Qıvraq  , Kangarli Rayon (district)
  • 5 Ordubad  , Ordubad Rayon (district)
  • 6 Heydarabad  , Sadarak Rayon (district)
  • 7 Şahbuz  , Shahbuz Rayon (district)
  • 8 Şərur  , Sharur Rayon (district)

Other destinations edit

Understand edit

Nakhchivan is separated from the rest of Azerbaijan by Armenia, with which Azerbaijan is still at war. The region is not a major tourist destination.

The Tourist information Centre, in the brown domed building (historically a madrasa) opposite the Tabriz Hotel, can offer advice on what to see and gives free guides and maps. The helpful staff can speak Azeri, Russian, and English.

Talk edit

The national language is Azeri; Turkish and Russian are also widely understood.

Get in edit

By plane edit

The best way to get to Nakhchivan is to fly to Nakhchivan International Airport NAJ IATA. Azal operates a shuttle service, heavily subsidized by the Azeri government.

Airfare prices are different for foreigners than for Azeris. You can book a flight on the AZAL (Azerbaijan Airlines) website in English,, by using your credit card. Flights book out day several days in advance, so it is worth planning ahead.

Foreign rates:

  • Nakchivan/Baku and vice versa = 70 manat (2019)
  • Nakchivan/Ganja = 39 manat (2011). As of October 2019, this route seems to be no longer operational.

There are buses and taxis to the city, which is 3 km away. Minibuses depart from the tiny bus station in front of the airport, just across the parking lot. City buses do have numbers written on them and stop relatively frequent. Fare is 0.30 manat for travel in town, almost all of them will stop at the long distance bus terminal (Avtovagzal) in the north of town, where one can catch also minibuses to other parts of the enclave. Check the signs in the windshield which show the major stops of the bus.

Alternative airport with connections to Ankara is at Erzurum (ERZ IATA), 250 km west of Nakhchivan.

By train edit

There is twice-weekly train service between Nakhchivan and the Iranian cities of Tabriz and Tehran. It's also possible to travel to the border crossing at Jolfa, which sees daily trains from Tabriz, and cross the border independently.

By car edit

Khanegah Tomb

Local cabs can be hired on arrival but will likely inflate prices. If you are headed to Nakchivan, having a local receive you will smooth over any unplanned border hassles. Taxi rates are linked to fuel costs. In Nakchivan it's about US$0.75/L.

By bus edit

The exclave has a short border with Turkey in Sədərək which allows an easy link to the city of Iğdır. There are several buses per day starting from or passing through Iğdır bus station (150 min driving time). The border is open 10 hours a day and that border guards are very corrupt – and even corruption aside, the extensive security, customs and immigration checks on both sides are likely to last two hours or more.

Buses ply the Baku — Nakhchivan route: 30 manat, 8 hr, 3 times a day (2021).

On foot edit

You can enter Nakhchivan on foot from the Iranian town of Jolfa, crossing the bridge across the Aras River. The border crossing is on the northern side of Ashura Square in the Iranian border town of Jolfa. Walk right to the end of the pedestrian street into the Iranian immigration building and present your passport. Following a baggage and passport check, cross the bridge on foot (around 3 minutes' walk) to the Azerbaijani side. Here you should present your passport and a print out of your eVisa to the officer in the small booth. He/she will direct you to the immigration building where you will have your visa and bags checked (make sure to have a prescription for medicines) and photo taken. The immigration officials on both sides are very friendly and helpful with some speaking English. The crossing should take around 45 minutes if there are no problems.

Taxi to Nakhchivan City outside the immigration building:

  • Private taxi: 15 manat (2017)
  • Shared taxi: 3 manat per person (2017)
  • Minibus to Nakhchivan City: 1 manat from the bus terminal in the center of town (2019) 10 minutes walk from the immigration building.

Get around edit

The best way to get around is by cab. There is a fixed price system when you travel within the city. It costs 3 manat to travel between any two points within the city. If you want to travel outside of the city, you have to bargain with the cab drivers. A half day taxi outside the city with multiple sights should cost around 60-70 manat. The highest price you will be charged (traveling from Sederek to Ordubad) is no more than US$50.

It is easy to catch minibuses to every village in Nakhchivan from the main bus station (Avtovagzal) in Nakhchican City. The fare is always 1 manat, no matter where you go. If you don't find the bus with your destination, you can ask around . Drivers as well as other passengers are extremely helpful and will go out of their way to help you find the right minibus for you, sometimes by calling an English speaking friend who will translate for you. For example if you want to visit Alinca Qalasi, it is best to take the bus to Qazanci, which will pass by the entrance to the castle and the tiny museum (both free). You can tell the driver where you are going so he knows where to stop.

There are hourly minibuses from Nakhchivan to Culfa which will also drop you near the border control post near the Iranian border. The Bus driver will ask the passengers when he drives into Culfa, where they want to be dropped off. The actual bus terminal is about 10 to 15 minutes walk from the immigration building.

See edit

South of Nakhchivan City edit

  • 1 Alinjagala (Əlincə Qalası). The number one highlight of Nakhchivan. An ancient citadel in the mountains with impressive views. To access the citadel you need to climb the stairs up from the road which takes around 30-45 minutes, but it is all worth it once you get to the top. At the top there is complete silence and most of the time you will have the place all to yourself. Free.    
  • Asebi keif. Sacrificial grounds, believed to be holy by locals, in a canyon. Also next to the site is a cave.
  • Sheikh Khorasan Tomb. An ancient tomb in the mountains. Nearby to Alinjagala.
  • Ilam Dag (Snake Mountain). The mountain that Christians believe Noah's Ark crashed into on the way to Mount Ararat. Clear views of the mountain can be seen on the way to Alinjagala and the Iranian border.

North of Nakhchivan city edit

  • Duzdag Cave. A salt mine from Soviet days that has been converted into a treatment centre and a hotel.
  • 2 Batabat Lake. A scenic lake surrounded by rolling grassy hills and mountains, around 40 minutes from Nakhchivan City on the Armenian border.    
  • 3 Garabaghlar Mausoleum. An ancient mausoleum tower in the town of Garabaghlar, 30km north of Nakhchivan City.    

Do edit

It is possible to see the highlights of Nakhchivan in one day by hiring a taxi for the morning to see the sights outside of the city (Alinjagala, Sheikh Khorasan Tomb, and Asebi Keif), and then exploring the sights of Nakhchivan city in the afternoon and evening.

Eat edit

Qutab, dolma (naxcivanski dolma), bozartma, xash and many more.

Drink edit

Wine growing in Nakhchivan is an ancient tradition, in the Araz valley and foothills. Very hot summers and long warm autumn make it possible to grow such highly saccharine grapes as bayan-shiraz, tebrizi, shirazi. Wines such as "Nakhchivan" "Shahbuz", "Abrakunis", "Aznaburk" are of reasonable quality and very popular.

Sleep edit

Stay safe edit

Being an important trade center, with manifold connections to Iran and Turkey, Nakhchivan city is after Baku the most cosmopolitan city in Azerbaijan, and this is reflected also in the availability of accommodation.

Beware of officials when taking photographs. Rumor has it, even taking pictures in the direction of the Armenian border could get your camera confiscated.

Go next edit

  • Iran – You can cross on foot to the Iranian border town of Jolfa and then on to other cities. You must have a visa as there is no visa on arrival at Jolfa.
  • Turkey
  • Baku or Ganja – To get to Azerbaijan proper you need to fly. There are usually 3 flights to Baku per day, but because this is the only way to get to other parts of the country, flights can be booked out days in advance (sometimes up to 5). Flights are operated by AZAL and can only be booked in person in the office near the theatre in Nakhchivan City, or online on Flights for foreigners to Baku cost 70 manat.
  • There are occasional international flights to Turkey and Russia.

This region travel guide to Nakhchivan is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!