The area known today as Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality, with Pretoria (City) at its centre, is believed to have been occupied by the Sotho people for many centuries. During the 15th century the Ndebele people also migrated into the area and settled along the banks of the Apies River. Tshwane [tsʰwane] is the Setswana name of the Apies River. Around 1820 the Matabele under the leadership of Mzilikaza also entered the region, leading to local conflicts between the Matabele newcomers and the already established Sotho and Ndebele tribes as well as the European "Voortrekkers" who were steadily moving northward through the country. These conflicts came to an end when the Matabele were defeated by the "Voortrekkers" in 1837 at Mosega.
By 1855 there was no known tribe in what is known as the Pretoria area today. Only nomadic groups passed through this area, with one of the Setswana people (so it is alleged) led them. Pretoria was founded in 1855. The first capital of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek (South African Republic) was Ohrigstad, but the capital was moved to Pretoria. After the Second Boer War, the ZAR become Transvaal province, and Pretoria its capital. The city was named after Andries Pretorius, the Boer leader at the Battle of Blood River where the Voortrekkers defeated the Zulus under King Dingaan. In 1856 the area today known as Arcadia was acquired in exchange for a pony and added to the town.
In 1899, during the Second Boer War, Winston Churchill was captured and held as a POW in Pretoria until his eventual escape to Mozambique. British forces captured Pretoria in 1900 and held control over the city until the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging in 1902.
When the Union of South Africa was established in 1910, Pretoria was elected the capital and is still the administrative capital of the Republic of South Africa today.
Pretoria is located in a summer rainfall area with hot days regularly followed by short and intense afternoon thunderstorms. The thunderstorms are often accompanied by lightning and occasionally result in hail. Summer temperatures range between 16°C at night to 30°C during the day, with occasionally higher temperatures (up to about 36°C). Winters are mild and dry with temperatures averaging between a minimum of 5°C and a maximum of 20°C. Winter nights and (occasionally winter days) can be surprisingly cold and buildings are generally not well insulated. Bring warm clothes if you're visiting during the winter months.
Five highways join in the Gauteng region, making it accessible from all cities in the country. This would include the N1, N3, N4, N12 and N14 national highways.
Most National Routes (N) are toll roads. Open road tolling (e-toll) is available on the freeways around Johannesburg and Pretoria.
The closest international airport is O.R. Tambo International Airport (JNB IATA) in Johannesburg. The Albertina Sisulu Highway or R21 leads from there to Pretoria. Airport shuttles are available on the airport or can be booked:
- JIATA Taxi Association, ☏ . Johannesburg-based company.
- Your Choice Tours, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org?Subject=shuttle (ref wiki). 24/7. Reliable shuttle service, tours and transport.
- Ants Events and Tours, ☏ , , ✉ email@example.com. Very reliable and friendly.
- Major bus companies like Apm, Citiliner, Greyhound, Translux, City to City, Intercape Mainliner offer connections to all big cities in South Africa.
- there are also lots of bus lines that have buses to Zimbabwe.
- Citiliner fare to Bulawayo is R410. The trip takes 15 hours.
- Apm bus lines have a bus from Pretoria to Capetown every day at 16:00 with a fare of R450.
- Intercape has a sleepliner bus from Peretoria to Knysna every day at 14:00 with a fare of R569.
- Citiliner has a bus going to Mbombela every day at 09:00 with a fare of R200. The trip takes 6 hours.
- Citiliner has a bus going to Kimberley every day at 09:45 with a fare of R275. The trip takes 8 hours.
- Apm has a bus going to Durban every day at 10:30 with a fare of R220. The trip takes 9 hours.
- The Baz Bus also stops in Pretoria.
A convenient high-speed rail link is available between OR Tambo International Airport and Pretoria. Travellers can access this direct link from the arrivals hall in the airport building. Safe, comfortable Gautrain busses serve local routes from the different stops in Pretoria. the fare from International airport to pretoria is R164. There are frequent commuter trains from Johannesburg which cost R16.50 one way. Metrorail also services other outlying towns and many suburbs of Pretoria.
Long-distance trains from other parts of South Africa generally arrive in Johannesburg.
- 1 Pretoria railway station (corner of Thabo Sehume St and Railway St, just south of city centre).
Although crime in South Africa is higher than in many other parts of the world, common sense precautions should prevent incidents. Be especially aware of your surroundings after dark and don't travel alone. Main shopping centres are reasonably safe.
Either use a metered taxi, rent a car or use the municipal bus service. There is also a very extensive network of informal, cheap minibus taxis, mostly used by local commuters. These taxis used to have a reputation for being unsafe, but this has greatly improved and most taxis are now relatively luxurious and not overcrowded, except during peak times. Accidents are rare. Ask locals waiting at taxi stops about routes and rates.
Walking is a good option during the day, but may be unsafe after dusk in certain areas, such as central Pretoria.
- Train service. Pretoria Main railway station.
- Tempest Car Hire, ☏ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Affordable car rental service available at all major locations in South Africa.
- HeinRich's Taxis, ✉ HeinRich@bellemodel.biz?Subject=taxi (ref wikivoyage). Safe and professional taxi service.
Hendrick Metered taxi and Shuttles 0826742075 www.hendrickcabs.co.za
- Rixi Taxi, ☏ . Safe and professional taxi service. Not the cheapest means of getting around.
- Tshwane Bus Routes. Graphical map of bus routes and timetables and some information on using Minibus Taxis. R8 within the central business district, and R16 for long-distance journeys. Not extensive coverage or very regular, but is fairly reliable. Main office at church square. Timetable available there. Bus stops have poor indication of bus direction. So ask or wait. Bus frequency is best during rush hours. Very old fashioned but good for nostalgists.
- 1 Botanical Gardens, 2 Cussonia Ave, Brummeria, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. daily 08:00 - 18:00. An urban oasis to explore. This 76-ha urban oasis is a pristine getaway situated in the eastern suburbs of South Africa's administrative capital, Pretoria. R30 entrance fee.
- 2 National Zoological Gardens (The Zoo), 232 Boom St, Pretoria (Near the city center), ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. daily 08:30 - 17:30, open 365 days. Aquarium, reptile park and all the larger mammals including koalas. One can also camp within the zoo on Friday and Saturday nights. Golf carts are available for rental at R80/hour. Children's pushcarts at R60/day. A cableway operates from 10:00 - 16:15 daily between the top and bottom of the zoo, price R20 one way, R30 return. R95 adults, R60 children, R20 per vehicle.
- 3 The Union Buildings, 2 Church St, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Gardens open 24/7. The location of the South African presidency. The building was designed by Sir Herbert Baker in 1908. Entrance to the building itself is prohibited for security reasons, since it is the site of the Presidential Offices. However, the beautiful terraced gardens, which boast a wide variety of indigenous plants, are open to the public and provide a truly amazing view over the city. Free.
- 4 The Wonderboom (Tree of Wonder or Miracle Tree), Wonderboom Nature Reserve (drive northwards on Paul Kruger Street (R101) and Mansefield Avenue for about 6-7 km from the city centre; immediately after the road goes through the gap in the Magaliesberg range turn right onto the M1 and cross the Apies River; the entrance is on the right about 300 m from the R101), ☏ , . 07:00 - 18:00. A fig tree over 1000 years old. The tree, now a national monument, is unusually large, standing some 25 metres high and having a 5.5-metre diameter main trunk. Its growth pattern is also unusual: as its branches grew longer, they drooped towards the ground and eventually took root and formed a circle of new trunks or daughter trees around the original tree. There are now a total of 13 trunks and the colossal tree covers an area with a diameter of 55 metres. Wonderboom Nature Reserve has a large number of dassies (rock hyrax) living in caves overlooking the Apies River. They provide a food source for a breeding pair of black eagles that nest on a rocky ledge nearby and that can often be seen circling above the reserve. At the top of the Wonderboom Hill are the ruins of the Wonderboom Fort, one of four forts built by the former South African Republic at the end of the 19th century to defend Pretoria against the British forces. It was never used. It was blown up, probably on the instruction of Prime Minister Jan Smuts, in the early days of the Second World War, lest it be used by anti-government dissidents as a springboard for an attack on the state. At the foot of the hill near the Wonderboom is an important Iron Age site and nearby is one of the best Stone Age sites in the area. The reserve has picnic facilities. R31 adults, R19 children, seniors R20.
- Streets with jacaranda trees, South of Union Buildings. In September, the jacarandas have purple flowers. Many streets are lined with these trees. A good place to view lines of them is the Union Buildings.
- 5 Church Square, Church Square, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. 24/7. Church Square is one of the few places in the Pretoria CBD where you can get a sense of how Pretoria must have looked a century ago, and, as a result, is often used as a set for local period movies and TV series. The square is surrounded by important civic buildings, including the Palace of Justice, the General Post Office, the Old Council Chamber and the Old Capitol Theatre and its importance was underlined by the erection of a statue commemorating President Paul Kruger. Free entrance.
Museums and galleriesEdit
- [dead link] Correctional Services Museum, ☏ . Tu-F 09:00-15:00. Historical articles show the development of the penal system in South Africa from the most barbaric methods to the modern penological system of today. The pursuit of hobbies by prisoners is portrayed by matchstick work, art objects, wood and stone carvings. Objects illegally made by prisoners and which are confiscated, are displayed, such as dagga pipes, forged keys and money, tattooing machines, and stabbing and cutting weapons.
- 6 Melrose House Museum, 275 Jacob Maré St, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Where the peace treaty that ended the Anglo-Boer War as signed in 1902.
- National Cultural History Museum, 149 Visagie St, ☏ . Daily 08:00 – 16:00. Learn about the people and the cultures of South Africa, from the Iron Age till today. (Wheelchair accessible). Exhibitions include rock paintings and engravings of the San people; 1000-year-old Iron Age figurines from Schroda in the Limpopo Province (described as “the best known artifacts indicating ritual behaviour in the Early Iron Age”); the Art Gallery presents an overview of South African culture through time, using cultural objects, crafts, sculpture and paintings and an exhibition on Marabastad is a true example of a cosmopolitan and fully integrated rainbow nation before apartheid. Adults R35, children R20, seniors R20.
- 7 Pioneer Museum (Pionier Museum), ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. daily 09:00-16:00. A pioneer house. The house was built of clay and local materials, with a thatched roof and earthen floors, and is furnished in the traditional 19th century rural style. It is surrounded by a traditional herb and vegetable garden, orchard, furnished wagon house and vineyard. Guides in period clothing. with guided tour R40, lower rates for SA nationals.
- Sammy Marks Museum, Zwartkoppies, ☏ .
- Ditsong National Museum of Natural History (Transvaal Museum), GaMohle Building, 70 WF Nkomo (Church) Street, ☏ . daily 09:00-20:00. Where you can meet Mrs. Pless when she is not on tour somewhere.
- 8 Voortrekker Monument and Fort Scanskop, Eeufees Road, Groenkloof (on Proclamation Hill, big cubic building, to the south west of the city, you can't miss it), ☏ . R40 per person.
- 9 Freedom Park, Salvokop of Potgieter St (on a hill across from the Voortrekker Monument), ☏ , fax: , ✉ email@example.com.
- Willem Prinsloo Agricultural Museum, R104 Old Bronkhorstspruit Road, Rayton, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. M-F 08:30 – 16:00, Sa Su and public holidays 09:00 – 16:00. The history of the development of agriculture in South Africa and a collection of old vehicles (donkey and horse carts, ox-wagons, coaches, carriages and spiders) are displayed in the main building. Visitors can explore the 1880 and 1913 house museums and outbuildings, and two Ndebele homesteads from different eras. Indigenous farm animals include the Nguni and Afrikaner cattle, Kolbroek pigs, Speckled Persian sheep and indigenous chickens like the Ovambo, Koekoek, Venda and Naked Necks.
- 10 Kruger House Museum, 60 Church Str, ☏ , fax: . Visit the home of Boer leader and president of the ZAR. Very well-kept and interesting, well worth an hour.
- 1 Friends of the Rail, alongside Miechaelson Street, Hermanstad, ☏ . Daily 09:00 - 12:00. Take a step back in time and circle Pretoria on a steam train or visit Cullinan, birth place of the world's largest diamond. The train runs two or three times per month, check timetable on website for exact dates. R250.
- 2 Klitsgras Drumming Circle, Tierpoort, Garsfontein Rd (take the Garsfontein Road (M30) in the eastern direction; 14 km after crossing Hans-Strijdom Drive, turn left onto Plot 62; it's next to the Excel service station), ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Daily 19:00 till late. Drumming circle out in the bush. Once you have a drum, food and drink you can sit down in the amphitheater around a cozy fire where the professionals and novices are drumming together and everyone joins in. Everyone takes lead from these people even if you do not know what you are doing, you just follow their drumming. So you are not only here to watch, but to be part of the entertainment! And then as a visual bonus the fire dancers move to the groves of the drumming. Didgeridoo players and percussionist frequent the venue. Held every second Friday night. R40 for drum rental.
- 3 State Theatre, corner Pretorius and Prinsloo Streets, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Opening times dependent on performances. The State Theatre in Pretoria, South Africa is the largest theatre complex in Africa. Tickets for performances can be booked via Computicket
- 4 Groenkloof Nature Reserve, Fountains Valley Resort (take exit 335 (M7 (M18) Eeufees Rd) off the N14 and follow the Fountains Resort sign), ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Daily 05:30 to 19:00 in summer and 08:00-20:00 in winter. Walk, mountainbike, go on a 4x4 drive or stay over in the second oldest nature reserve in the world. See giraffe, antelope and many other animals. 3½-, 4½- and 10½-km hiking trails. R38 entrance fee R22 for seniors 60 and over and children 7-17), R80 per person (with R650 refundable deposit) for an overnight hut (sleeps 12), R200 per day for mountainbike hire, R159 per person for 4-hr guided walks, R117 for access to the 4x4 trail (R480 if you get stuck and call for a recovery vehicle).
- 5 Austin Roberts Bird Sanctuary, cnr Boshoff and Roper, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Daily Sep-Apr: 06:00 - 18:00; May-Aug: 07:00 - 17:00. The sanctuary is located in the Walkerspruit Open Space System. Two streams, the Walker and the Argo, feed water into wetland basins of which nine are small perennial dams that attract a multitude of water birds. The sanctuary was fenced in June 1970. Species include unique birds such as the crowned crane and the blue crane. The veld type of the sanctuary is mixed bushveld. Nice and expansive restaurant. Guided walks: R55 per person up to 12 people per group. Free.
- Fountains. Barbque resort
- 1 University of Pretoria, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Also known as Tukkies, or Tuks locally.
- 2 University of South Africa (UNISA), Preller Street, Muckleneuk, ☏ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. This university offers distance learning courses.
- 3 Tshwane University of Technology, Staatsartillerie Rd, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com.
- 1 Menlyn Park. Located in the east. A very large mall, it includes a roof top drive-in theater.
- 2 Brooklyn Mall. Just east of the city centre with art galleries and movie theaters for mainstream and independent films.
- Kolonnade. In the north with an ice rink and other entertainment.
- Centurion Mall. South of Pretoria, in Centurion.
- Wonderpark. In the north just as you get onto Brits road off the Mabopani highway. Skatepark and hundreds of stores.
- The grove, Lynwood Cnr Simon Vermooten (head to Lynwood Rd East). Larger mall. No free parking. Also good for middle budget eating out.
- Hatfield Plaza Mall, Burnett Steet. 08:00-19:00. Has a Pick N Pay supermaket and many places to eat.
- German bakery and Alma German butchery. Tu-Su. East of Pretoria, Offramp Rossouw, then turn north, after 200 m. Serves coffee. You can also buy some imported products.
- Shoprite, U Save, Checkers, Supermarkets, Whittle Lane, 218 Scheiding Street, and Brooklyn mall. Daily 08:00-19:00. All three stores are part of Shoprite.
- Pick N Pay Supermarket, Hatfield Plaza mall. Daily 08:00-19:00.
- Game (part of Wal-mart USA), Brooklyn Mall. Daily 08:30-17:00.
- Spar, Burneet Street (next to Hatfield Plaza). Daily 08:00-19:00.
Banks & ATMsEdit
- First National Bank, Hatfield Plaza. ATM 24 hours. Has a Mastercard/Visa card ATM. no-fee at ATM for overseas cards.
|This page uses the following price ranges for a typical meal for one, including soft drink:|
|Mid-range||R60 to R120|
The renowned restaurants include Cynthia's, the Hillside Tavern and Pachas. There are also many franchised diners throughout the city.
- Centurion Mall Express Sandwich Baron (firstname.lastname@example.org), Shop 30A, Cnr Hendrik Verwoerd and Embankment, Centurion Mall, Centurion, ☏ . Sandwich Baron produces freshly made platters and sandwiches and holds no ready-made products in stock. Also has a catering service.
- Mimmos. Italian restaurant chain, incl. SA-Food. Good prices, take aways, wifi.
- Toni's Pizza Toni's is a great place to get the best pizza in town.
- Panarotti's Panarotti's is a national chain with several Pretoria branches.
- Spur. A national chain of Native American-themed steak-houses. Several branches in Pretoria.
- Kream Restaurant, 283 Dey Street, Nieuw Muckleneuk, ☏ . This new restaurant has a fresh upmarket urban feel and offers splendid food at very reasonable prices. Around R150 per person.
- La Pentola, 5 Riviera Galleries, Well Street, Riviera, ☏ , fax: . M-F 12:00-15:00 and 18:00-22:00, Sa 18:00-22:00. Excellent food. From around R150 per person.
- Pretoria's nightlife is concentrated in Hatfield (near the university), which boasts a number of bars and night clubs. Menlyn Square (just off the Menlyn shopping centre) is also a popular location which contains several venues but caters for the more upmarket crowd.
- Exclusive Books. EB is in many shopping centres and offers coffee while reading their books.
|This guide uses the following price ranges for a standard double room:|
|Mid-range||R300 to R1000|
Being the capital, there are many posh hotels (including the Sheraton) and guest houses and all the usual hotel chains have one or more hotels. With so many hotels owned by the same chains, in particularly Tsogo Sun. Make sure you note the address when booking so you go to the right hotel. When Parliament is in session and when there are other state events it can be almost impossible to find a mid-range or splurge room. Consider nearby Centurion as an alternative if you have to be in Pretoria at those times.
- 1322 Backpackers, 1322 Arcadia Street, Hatfield, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. very clean backpackers hostel with single/double rooms and dorm beds. Has a nice garden with a swimming pool, bar, TV room, free Wifi, breakfast and tea and coffee. Dorm R180 per person. double room R380..
- Khayalethu Backpackers, 1291 Arcadia Street, Hatfield, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Free breakfast. Dorm bed R240 per person..
- Pretoria Backpackers, 425 Farenden Street, Clydesdale, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Double rooms and free breakfast. From R250 per person.
- Pumbas Backpackers, 1232 Arcadia Street, ☏ . Great backpackers, managed by the friendly owners Frank and Corné. Free wifi and breakfast! Offers doubles, dorms and camping. Has two friendly dogs walking around and a nice central location in Hatfield. dorm R170 per person. camping R90 per person.
- Dark Chocolate Guest House Pretoria, 25 Catherine Street, Shere, ☏ . Standard rooms, all equipped with plasma TV, bathroom and shower. Facilities and services are swimming pool, restaurant and bar/lounge. From R1,040.
- Khayalethu GuestHouse, 1291 Arcadia Street, Hatfield, ☏ . Khayalethu GuestHouse has 10 en suite rooms, off-street parking and free internet access.
- City Lodge, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. From around R400 sharing.
- The Farm Inn, Lynnwood Rd, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Provides a unique South African experience. stuffed and alve animals around. Also excellent for day visitors. From R510pps.
- Ithiliens Grace Guest House, 47 Kamperfoelie Street, Amandasig (easily accessible from all major highways), ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. R280-900.
- The Village in Hatfield _, 1252 Arcadia Street, Cnr. Glyn & Arcadia Streets, Hatfield (N4 into PTA-Hatfield, near Duncan Street), ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Several family homes were converted into sleeping rooms. lots of space, quiet. Next to sports university. Functions possible. Free Wifi. From R500 single.
- The Waterhouse Guesthouse, 439 Stonewall Street, Faerie Glen (easily accessible from all major highways), ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. R670 single, R1400 double.
- Morning Star Express Hotel, 327 Visagie St, ☏ . A/C spacious rooms equipped with TV with cable channels, double bed and bathroom. Some of its facilities and services are restaurant, Wi-Fi internet, massage service, and 24-hour front desk. From R480.
- 1 Ellensgate Guest House, 849 Church St (Entrance at Eastwood Street), ☏ , fax: , ✉ email@example.com. From R860 per person with breakfast.
- Protea Hotels, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. From R500pps.
- 2 Sheraton Pretoria Hotel, 643 Stanza Bopape St, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Close to Union building. Good breakfast buffet. From R1750pp.
- Southern Sun, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Wide range of accommodation from budget to splurge. From R750pps.
- 3 Villa Sterne, 212 Johann Rissik Drive, Waterkloof Ridge, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. From R650pps.
Complete GSM coverage with GPRS, 3G, 4G, HSDPA and LTE is available almost everywhere.
Buy a local simcard (at airport, railway station, most major chain stores or mobile phone stores) for your overseas mobile phone. You will need your foreign ID or passport for registering your new sim card at the shop. Airtime and data bundles can be bought at most shops and fuel stations.
Always-On, +27 (0)11 575-2505, provides prepaid WiFi access in a number of locations in and around Johannesburg. Simply connect to the access point and you will be given the opportunity to pay for access by credit card. Pricing starts at around R15 for 10 minutes or R60 for 100 MB.
Coverage areas include:
- Cafe Dulce. Centurion Mall.
- City Lodge. Courtyard in Arcadia.
- Holiday Inn. Arcadia
- Mugg&Bean. Just about all of them.
- Villa Sterne Boutique Hotel and Health Spa. Waterkloof Ridge
- Wimpy. many wimpy branches now offer wi-fi
- Mimmos. Italian low-middle-budget restaurant with Wifi.
- Unitas Hospital, Clifton Avenue, Lyttelton, Centurion, ☏ . Caters for 24-hour accident and emergency treatment.
Pretoria is considered to be a relatively safe city by South African standards and violent crime against tourists is somewhat rare. That said, basic common sense should still be used. Ask locals before you do things. Life after sunset stops a bit and moves to the big shopping centers outside the city. Avoid walking around after dark, even in a group or at Union Buildings. The city centre becomes deserted after nightfall, so it would not be wise to hang around at these times. The shop owners will close their security blinds to protect their property so there is little to see. Hatfield Plaza and all other major shopping centers are busy with shoppers, students, tourists, police and car minders until approximately 22:00 there is very little chance of any real trouble happening, but it can be annoying and daunting for tourists as the beggars are quite insistent but occurs less in guarded shopping centers. That said, the Hatfield area is usually perfectly safe. Consider that you still have to move from the safe area to your hotel through an unsafe area. In case of trouble, here are important telephone numbers. Be especially vigilant at night by traffic lights and stop signs. Car-jacking and smash and grab thefts do occur.
From a fixed lineEdit
From a mobile phoneEdit
- 112 - Emergency
- 911 - Netcare911
Embassies and High CommissionsEdit
- Irene is a small town to the south of Pretoria with a day spa and a dairy farm.
- Mpumalanga Escarpment in a weekend
- Kruger National Park in a (very long!) weekend
- Soutpansberg, north, for lonely weekends in nature
- Cradle of Humankind, with caves to view ancient caves, digging sites and skulls
- Magaliesberg, a very old mountain range.
- Rietvlei Nature Reserve, a small and quiet nature reserve with a number of wildlife species and lots of bird watching opportunities.
- Visit Hartebeespoort Dam. There are hot air balloon rides over the savanna, a cable car, a golf course and watersport. Souvenir shops, shopping, and a snake farm are nearby.