self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France
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North America > Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Saint Pierre and Miquelon in France.svg
Capital Saint-Pierre
Currency euro (EUR)
Population 6 thousand (2013)
Electricity 230 volt / 50 hertz and 400 volt / 50 hertz (Europlug, Type E)
Country code +508
Time zone UTC−03:00
Emergencies 112
Driving side right
Caution COVID-19 information: While Saint Pierre and Miquelon is not hit the hardest from COVID-19, it is subject to some laws and restrictions related to COVID-19 from France and from the Islands' government as well. You must present a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours or a negative antigen test taken within 48 hours of arriving into Saint Pierre and Miquelon. There are also additional travel restrictions when traveling to these Islands, especially if you are visiting via Canada. See the Get In section for details. For the most up to date information regarding to COVID-19 restrictions in Saint Pierre and Miquelon, please check with the French Government's website as well as from the Tourism Information Center website.
(Information last updated 10 Sep 2020)

Saint Pierre and Miquelon are a small group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland and Labrador. First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American empire, New France.

IslandsEdit

 
Map of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  • Saint-Pierre - the smaller island, the only significantly populated town (the capital), and the central area of activity.
  • Miquelon - the larger island (actually three of them, connected by drifted sand) and village, Basque and Acadian history, and a large amount of wildlife, small farming operations and summer homes.

UnderstandEdit

Saint-Pierre was a site for settlement by the French in the early 17th century, later abandoned under the Treaty of Utrecht, and returned to France in 1763 at the end of the Seven Years War. The islands became a place of refuge for Acadian deportees from Nova Scotia. Saint-Pierre figured frequently in North American British-French relations. It profited heavily from U.S. Prohibition, which did not apply in this area, as they were part of France. It was depopulated and repopulated frequently, and now remains the last vestige of Imperial France within North America.

Like its northern neighbour, Newfoundland, it is a key fishing centre close to the Grand Banks, some of the world's richest fishing grounds. However, as in Newfoundland, the decline in cod stocks has seriously affected the fishery. As a result, tourism is becoming increasingly important to the economy. As a travel destination, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is ideal for those interested in historical and cultural discovery, eco-tourism and the French language. Beyond its history, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is a wonderful destination because of its mild refreshing climate, its beautiful landscapes, the quality of the air and the warmth of its inhabitants.

As a part of France, the area has much in common with Europe, but also with its Canadian and American neighbours.

Tourist informationEdit

Get inEdit

  COVID-19 information: The Canadian Government has loosened its entry restrictions to fully vaccinated travelers. As of October 2021, any fully vaccinated foreign national may enter Canada provided an ArriveCAN declaration is prepared and if you have never been infected, a negative PCR test done within 72 hours of both your arrival in Canada and your arrival into Saint-Pierre and Miquelon. This means that domestic transfers within Canada as well as overland transit is now open once more. Note that testing requirements differ for entering Canada and for continuing to Saint-Pierre and Miquelon if you have previously had COVID and recovered; while Canada will accept a positive PCR test between 14 and 180 days old, Saint Pierre and Miquelon will not. Instead you must take an antigen test (which will return a negative result as soon as you are out of the most infectious stage) within 48 hours of departing for the islands.
(Information last updated 01 Oct 2021)
 
An Air Saint-Pierre plane at Montreal airport

Although Saint Pierre and Miquelon are territories of France, they are not part of the Schengen Zone, so immigration procedures are different from those of France. Canadian residents will need passports for a stay of over three months, otherwise some forms of photo ID are acceptable (bear in mind that while the wording of the law states that “holders of a Canadian identification document are exempted from carrying a passport or visa for stays of under 90 days per 180-day period”, meaning that even non-citizens with a Canadian driver's license, provincial ID, or permanent resident card can enter, additional documentation will be required when re-entering Canada or going to mainland France on the seasonal Paris flight). All others will need passports and, in some cases, visas. Check with your local French consulate or embassy. Most travellers are only given a cursory inspection when entering the island of Saint-Pierre.

By planeEdit

Air service to Saint-Pierre is available via Air Saint-Pierre through:

Air Saint Pierre operates non-stop flights to and from Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport in July and August only; these cost €550-580/person (one way) and run once a week. There are no other flights to Saint Pierre FSP IATA and Miquelon MQC IATA from anywhere but Canada.

As Canada does not allow sterile transit, travel to Saint Pierre and Miquelon requires a multiple-entry Canadian Visa or eTA, even for passengers who would otherwise enjoy visa free entry to Saint Pierre and Miquelon. U.S. Citizens as well as French Citizens living in Saint Pierre and Miquelon are exempt from the eTA and are not required to apply for one as part of their transit via Canada although U.S. permanent residents must apply for an eTA before transiting via Canada.

By carEdit

Travelling by car to Saint-Pierre requires driving through Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and taking the ferry.

  • From Argentia, take Route 100 northeast until the Trans Canada Highway (Route 1). Take Route 1 West to Route 210. On 210, head Southwest until Route 220. Take 220 to Fortune.
  • From Port aux Basques, take the Trans Canada Highway (Route 1). Take Route 1 East until Route 210. On 210, head Southwest until Route 220. Take 220 to Fortune.

As the island of Newfoundland is home to a moose population of over 100,000, do drive slowly and cautiously, especially when driving at night. Remember that hitting a moose is not like hitting a deer--a moose is a tall beast, and your car will hit its legs, knocking the brunt of its weight into the windshield and you. Depending on the size of your vehicle and speed, this could result in death or serious injury.

By busEdit

DRL Coachlines (+1 888 738 8091) and Newhook's Transportation (+1 709 726-4876) operate on the Trans-Canada Highway between St. John's and Port-aux-Basques. Disembark a short time after Clarenville to head southwest towards Fortune and the ferry to Saint-Pierre.

The distance from the Trans-Canada Highway to Fortune is about 200 km, and there's no public transport on that stretch. Hitchhiking or taking a taxi from Clarenville are the fastest options if you don't have your own car.

By boatEdit

 
Port of Saint-Pierre
  • SPM Ferries, +508 41-08-75. Ferries SUROÎT and NORDET cross from Fortune, Newfoundland to St. Pierre, Miquelon or Longlade. SP, one-way: €45/adult, €40/senior, €35/child + €10/bicycle.

Get aroundEdit

Given the compact size of Saint-Pierre, it is generally easy to get around on foot. Those intimidated by the town's notorious sloping streets may find that a rented scooter may be a more friendly option. There are also a number of taxi services that offer guided tours of Saint-Pierre. Avid renters, be warned that there is but a handful of rental cars on the island.

The nearby islands of île aux Marins, Langlade, and Miquelon may be accessed via ferry. Île aux Marins and Langlade are inhabited only during the summer months and lack amenities such as taxis, hospitals, or internet service. The town of Miquelon is considerably smaller than Saint-Pierre and therefore has fewer hotels, shops, and restaurants.

TalkEdit

The French spoken in Saint Pierre and Miquelon is very similar to that spoken in northwestern France (Normandy and Brittany). The islanders are quite proud of their linguistic heritage.

Due to its proximity to English-speaking Canada, Saint-Pierre has become a popular destination for Anglophone students wishing to become immersed in French language and culture.

The islands have a specialist language teaching facility named the FrancoForum, owned and operated by the local government in Saint-Pierre. Staffed by professional French instructors, the institute offers a variety of courses for both students and teachers wishing to improve their fluency.

The FrancoForum is best known for hosting Le Programme Frecker, a 3-month French immersion programme offered to students at Memorial University in Newfoundland, Canada. The programme, which began in 1975, was originally housed in a small building at the centre of town. In 2000, an agreement was reached with the Territorial Council in Saint-Pierre to relocate the programme to the newly built FrancoForum.

English is spoken as a second language by the majority of the population, due to the number of Canadian and American tourists who visit, as well as the close relationship between local fishermen and those from Newfoundland.

SeeEdit

 
Landscape at Miquelon

DoEdit

Soak up this little corner of France in North America

BuyEdit

MoneyEdit

Exchange rates for euros

As of 04 January 2021:

  • US$1 ≈ €0.816
  • UK£1 ≈ €1.12
  • AU$1 ≈ €0.63
  • CA$1 ≈ €0.642

Exchange rates fluctuate. Current rates for these and other currencies are available from XE.com

Like the rest of France, the official currency is the euro ("", ISO currency code: EUR). It is divided into 100 cents. In Saint-Pierre, it is also common for Canadian and U.S. dollars to be accepted by merchants. Chip-and-PIN credit cards are accepted everywhere except bakeries.

You will find that nearly everything is on the expensive side, with the notable exceptions of wine and cigarettes.

EatEdit

French cuisine is standard in Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

Those who love seafood should look into the Seafood Festival that is held every year in mid-August in the small town of Miquelon. However only 500 tickets are available and they can only be bought 3-4 days ahead of time in Miquelon.

DrinkEdit

SleepEdit

Both islands have a number of hotels, B&Bs, and rental apartments, though none are large — only a couple of establishments on Saint Pierre have more than a dozen rooms, so be sure to book in advance.

Stay safeEdit

There is little crime in Saint Pierre and Miquelon and this destination should be considered one of the safest possible in North America.

Unlike virtually everywhere else in North America, the power mains voltage is mostly 220 V. If you're from a 110-120 V country, note that a euro-plug adaptor doesn't reduce the voltage, and so will cause your appliance to burn out quickly. See the Electrical systems article for more information. Note that a few bed & breakfast inns have 110 V with North American outlets, though the frequency is still 50 Hz which can effect clocks and motors.

Stay healthyEdit

Saint Pierre and Miquelon pose few health threats. The weather is often chilly and a sweater comes in handy, even during the summer months. If a serious injury should occur, there is a small hospital located in the town of Saint-Pierre. Patients who require special treatment are usually sent to larger, better-equipped hospitals in Canada.

Go nextEdit

Heading back to Canada is the most sensible choice. Go to Halifax, Montreal or St. John's by plane. Alternatively, take a ferry to Fortune, Newfoundland. There are now also seasonal flights in July and August to Paris.

This region travel guide to Saint Pierre and Miquelon is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!