province of central China with its capital at Taoyuan, the supposed original home of the prehistoric Huaxia

Shanxi (山西, Shānxī) is a province in Northern Central Region of China.

Cities edit

Map of Shanxi
  • 1 Taiyuan — the capital city of Shanxi Province.
  • 2 Changzhi
  • 3 Datong — home of the Yungang Grottoes (UNESCO World Heritage Site).
  • 4 Jincheng
  • 5 Jinzhong
  • 6 Linfen
  • 7 Luliang
  • 8 Pingyao — site of Pingyao Ancient City (UNESCO World Heritage Site). Nearby are Shuanglin Temple, Zhenguo Temple, and many Shanxi merchant family compounds.
  • 9 Xinzhou
  • 10 Yangquan
  • 11 Yuncheng — location of Yongle Palace and Guan Di Temple.

Other destinations edit

Understand edit

Shanxi Province, whose name means land west of Taihang Mountain, lies in the middle reaches of the Yellow River and on the eastern edge of the Loess Plateau. The Yellow, Haihe, and Fenhe Rivers flow through Shanxi, whose splendid landscape is graced by the celebrated Taihang and Liliang Ranges and Hengshan and Wutai Mountains. Most parts of the province are more than 1000 meters above sea level.

Shanxi's long history is traced back to the days when it was a major cradle of Chinese civilization. In remote antiquity, southern Shanxi was the domain of three legendary kings, Yao (capital: Pingyuan or present day Linfen), Shen (capital: Puban or present day Yongji) and Yu (capital: Anyi or present day Xiaxian County).

A rich cultural heritage mixes with natural wonders to form Shanxi's bustling tourist scene. Datong, Wutai Mountain, Taiyuan, Pingyao, Linfen, and Yuncheng are locations full of historic and cultural significance. Several sites in Shanxi are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Get in edit

Get around edit

The main sites in Shanxi are clustered around the main provincial highway, an impressive modern tollway which runs from Datong in the north to Yuncheng in the south. This highway passes through or near such major tourist centers as Taiyuan (the capital city), Pingyao, and Linfen. Thus the key tourist sights in Shanxi are easily visited by car. (The main exception being Wutai Shan, which can be reached by car but which is not so close to this main highway.) Unfortunately it is not that easy to rent a car and/or driver in Shanxi, particularly if one is not a Chinese speaker. This is best arranged through a travel agency.

Shanxi also has a major rail line which runs parallel to this highway and which stops at the key cities. It is a good way to get from city to city, although one does need to check the schedules carefully as some cities are served infrequently.

The main airports are in Taiyuan and in Datong.

There are many local and long-distance bus lines in Shanxi. In general the buses get to destinations more quickly than the train.

Taxis are freely available for local trips or for daily hire.

See edit

Landmarks and buildings edit

Portions of the Great Wall of China can be seen in the province, including The Outer Wall of Shanxi at Li'erkou to Deshengbu, Juqiangbu to Laoniuwan, and along the Yellow River, near Datong, as well as The Inner Wall of Shanxi at Yanmenguan, Guangwu Old City, Ningwu Pass and Niangziguan.

Grottoes of interest can be found at Yungang Grottoes in Datong and at Tianlongshan Grottoes near Taiyuan.

Pingyao Ancient City in Pingyao is an attraction in itself. Premier sights here are the two temples, Shuanglin Temple and Zhenguo Temple.

The province is dotted with other temples, including Jinci Temple on the outskirts of Taiyuan, Twin Pagodas Temple in Taiyuan, Guangsheng Temple (including Flying Rainbow Pagoda) near Linfen, Yao Temple near Linfen and Guan Di Temple in Xiezhou near Yuncheng.

Other historical sights of interest include Nine Dragon Screen in Datong, Hanging Monastery near Datong, Yingxian Wooden Pagoda near Datong and Yongle Palace in Ruicheng County near Yuncheng.

Parks and nature edit

Two nature areas should not be missed, Hengshan Mountain in Datong and Hukou Waterfall in Jixian County near Linfen.

Museums edit

For an overview of the history of the province, see Shanxi Museum in Taiyuan. Other museums of interest includes two Folklore Museum, one at Dingcun village in Xiangfen near Linfen, and the other at Qiaojiabao in Taiyuan.

Do edit

Eat edit

Shanxi pasta has a long history, dating back to two thousand years ago. Take noodles as an example. In the Eastern Han Dynasty, they were called "boiled cakes"; in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, they were called "soup cakes"; in the Southern and Northern Dynasties, they were called "Shui Yin"; and in the Tang Dynasty, they were called "Leng Tao"... The names of pasta are constantly changing, and they vary from time to time and place. As the saying goes, "Jiao'er" calls it "Jiao'er" because of its many names. The numerous names and names of pasta just show that Shanxi people attach great importance to and love it.

There are many kinds of pasta in Shanxi. Generally, housewives can make dozens of types from wheat flour, sorghum noodles, bean noodles, buckwheat noodles, and oatmeal noodles, such as shaved noodles, ramen noodles, Gepei noodles, push noodles, enema, etc. When it reaches the hands of the chef, it is made in a variety of ways, and it reaches the realm of a variety of dishes and a variety of flavors. According to research, pasta in Shanxi can be divided into three categories according to the production process: steamed pasta, boiled pasta, and boiled pasta. There are as many as 280 kinds. Among them, knife-shaped noodles are especially famous at home and abroad and are known as China's famous noodles. One of the top five pasta dishes. Others include large ramen, knife noodles, fish noodles, pick noodles, river fishing, cat ears, steaming, frying, roasting, stir-frying, braised, simmering, deep-fried, mashed, pasted, spread, mixed, dipped, roasted, etc. There are so many names that it’s dizzying.

Drink edit

Stay safe edit

Go next edit

Shanxi sits between Beijing and Xi'an, home of the famous Terracotta Warriors. For those who have time, it makes sense to travel from Beijing to northern Shanxi to southern Shanxi to Xi'an (in Shaanxi Province)--or from Xi'an to Beijing via Shanxi in the other direction.

This region travel guide to Shanxi is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!