Silesian Metropolis edit
- 1 Katowice — capital of the Silesian Voivodeship, a large coal and steel centre as well as a business and trade fair centre.
- 2 Będzin — with a 11th-century castle.
- 3 Bytom
- 4 Chorzów
- 5 Gliwice
- 6 Ruda Śląska
- 7 Pszczyna — famous for its palace in Polish Renaissance style.
- 8 Sosnowiec
- 9 Tarnowskie Góry — its historic silver mine is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- 10 Tychy
- 11 Zabrze
Cieszyn Silesia edit
- 12 Bielsko-Biała — at the Biała River with a beautiful market square and several protestant churches.
- 13 Cieszyn — medieval and Classicist town.
Częstochowa Region and Kraków-Częstochowa Upland edit
The northern part of the voivodeship centered around major pilgrim tourism in Częstochowa and historic castles in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland.
- 14 Częstochowa — this city is most famous for the Baroque National Shrine at Jasna Góra, one of the most important Roman Catholic pilgrim sites in the world. The city serves as a great base to visit the castle in nearby Olsztyn.
- 15 Ogrodzieniec — one of several local towns with a major castle
- 16 Pilica
Silesian Beskids edit
The southernmost part of the voivodeship. Popular destination due to is proximity to Beskid mountain range.
Other destinations edit
In the early Middle Ages Silesia was part of Poland since the 10th century. When in 1138 the Seniorat of Poland was formed, Silesia was one of the Polish duchies and several Silesian duchies were Seniors of Poland until the late 13th century. In the 12th and 13th centuries Silesia fall apart into several duchies of which Racibórz, Oświęcim, Siewierz and Cieszyn as well as Częstochowa are in Silesia. In the 14th century Siewierz and Oświęcim again became a part of Poland, Częstochowa was also Polish, while Cieszyn and Racibórz came under Czech rule. Bohemia was ruled at this time by the German Luxembourg, later the Polish Jagiellonians and finally by the Austrian Habsburg. In 1741 Prussia annexed most of Silesia, besides Cieszyn and Częstochowa. After the Third Partition of Poland in 1793 Częstochowa was also annexed by Prussia, but became independent as part of the Duchy of Warsaw between 1807-1815. After the Congress of Vienna, Częstochowa became part of the Kingdom of Poland, ruled by the Russian Tsar. In the 19th century coal mining developed in this region, while the Beskids in the south remained rural and unpolluted. After World War I and the Silesian Uprisings, Silesia became largely part of the Second Polish Republic but was occupied by Nazi-Germany between 1939 and 1944. After World War II it again became part of Poland. Nowadays it is situated in the south of the country, bordering Germany and the Czech Republic.
Polish is spoken by all. Depending on who you believe, the dialect or language of Silesian is spoken here too. There is also a notable German minority presence in the region with some bi-lingual signage in both languages. As in a large part of western and northern Poland, place names exist in both Polish and German due to the area's history. Many young people study English and German.
Get in edit
By plane edit
Alternatively, Kraków Airport is only one hour away from Katowice and Wrocław Airport (, WRO IATA) offers a number of connections and is within a 2-hour drive or a train ride (including a bus connection) from the Silesian Voivodeship.
Get around edit
- Silesian Culture and Recreation Park (Wojewódzki Park Kultury i Wypoczynku). The largest city park in Europe (the area of the park is 620 hectares) between Katowice and Chorzów. Among other things Silesian Stadium, Silesian Zoological Garden, Silesian Planetarium, Silesian Amusement Park, Upper Silesian Ethnographic Park and Katowice International Fair Grounds are located in the park.
Silesian cuisine is distinctive from other parts of Poland. specific meals include:
- Wodzionka or brołtzupa (ger. brot - bread, pol. zupa - soup) - soup with garlic and squares of dried rye bread.
- Żur - soup made of soured rye flour and meat.
- Kluski śląskie (Silesian dumplings) - round shaped dumplings served with gravy, made of mashed boiled potatoes, finely grated raw potatoes, an egg, grated onion, wheat flour and potato flour.
- Szałot (Silesian potato salad) - a salad made of squares of boiled potatoes, carrots, peas, ham, various sausages, pickled fish, boiled eggs, bonded with olive oil or mayonnaise.
- Krupniok - kind of blood sausage made of groats and animal blood.
- Żymlok - like krupniok but instead of groats there is bread roll (żymła).
- Knysza - pita bread with meat and lots of cabbage.
- Bejgli - many elaborate recipes possible; based on finely ground poppy seeds, with raisins, almonds, candied citrus peels, honey, sugar, pudding, and flavoured with rum. Decorated with fingers of crumbling.
- Makówki or moczka - traditional Christmas Eve dessert, its main ingredients are: poppy seeds, gingerbread extract, nuts and dried fruit, strawberry compote and almonds.
- Kopalnioki - hard candies made of sugar, anise oil, and the essences of St John's wort, honey and peppermint. Its black colour comes from charcoal food dye.
Stay safe edit
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- East is Małopolskie Province, with glorious Kraków, weird Wieliczka and sombre Auschwitz.
- Northeast is Świętokrzyskie or Holy Cross Province, with medieval Sandomierz.
- North is Łódźkie Province, its main city of Łódź being a re-invented textile town like Manchester.
- Northwest is Opolskie Province, with several medieval and Renaissance small towns.
- West is North Moravia and Silesia in the Czech Republic, with Ostrava and Olomouc its main towns.
- South is Central Slovakia, with the Tatras mountains along the frontier.