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Central and South American wildlife

one of the Earth's eight ecozones
(Redirected from South and Central American wildlife)
Travel topics > Natural attractions > Central and South American wildlife

The Neotropic realm consists of South America together with Central America, the Caribbean and southern Florida. The realm consists all different climate zones; tropical forests, the highlands of the Andes, and the South American plains, extending to Antarctica.


The Neotropical region

While the llama (Lama glama) is the domestic form of the guanaco, the alpaca (Vicugna pacos) is the domestic form of the Vicuña (Vicugna vicugna). These were the only major livestock animals in pre-Columbian America.

The jaguar (Panthera onca) is the largest big cat in the Americas and is the third largest in the world after the tiger and lion.

The cougar (Puma concolor), also known as the mountain lion, puma, panther, or catamount, is widespread across the Americas.

New World monkeys (Platyrrhini) are the monkeys of Central and South America; most of them living in the Amazonas. Some of them are very small; the Pygmy marmoset (Cebuella pygmaea) weighs only 100 grams as an adult.


The Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) is a national symbol of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru and plays an important role in the folklore and mythology of the Andean regions.

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