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Engelsberg Iron works
A map of the area

Bergslagen is a vaguely defined area in Svealand in central Sweden. It is known as the historical heartland of Swedish mining, metallurgy and industry. During the 20th century most mines closed down making Malmfälten in Kiruna Municipality the de facto centre of Swedish mining. However, several industrial and mining heritages remains including the two WV-Unesco-icon-small.svg UNESCO World Heritage sites in Falun and Fagersta.

The area contains large parts of Västmanland, Dalarna (called Dalabergslagen) and Värmland (called Värmlands bergslag). More inclusive definitions also tend to include adjoined parts of Närke, Södermanland County, Östergötland, Uppsala County and Gävleborg county.

Traditional mining and industrial sitesEdit

UnderstandEdit

The oldest traces of mining in Bergslagen have been found in Röda jorden (the Red Earth) in Skinnskatteberg, Västmanland, and dates to the bronze age around the 8th century B.C. During the middle ages the area was increasingly populated in order to utilize the easily available ore. Bergslagen is first mentioned in written sources in the 14th century as royal mining charter's. Every charter was designated to a collective with their own jurisdiction called "Bergslag", hence the name for the area. During the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries the mining expanded and Bergslagen became the "iron basket" of Europe, supplying most of the ore for guns and cannons used in European warfare. Falu mine alone produced as much as two thirds of Europe's copper! While ore could be found in many places around Europe, the forested Bergslagen also had the timber needed for efficient ore processing. During this era many skilled laborers from Europe, most notably from Wallonia, migrated to work in Bergslagen.

During the 19th century industry was concentrated to the largest industries, leading to "Bruksdöden", the death of several smaller works. During the 20th century Bergslagen lost many of its competitive advantages. For example, Bergslagen's water power became less relevant as alternative sources of energy where adopted, and with reduced transportation costs Bergslagen's location in central Sweden became less of an advantage. With the international steel crisis in the 1970s most of the remaining mines where closed down, making Malmfälten in Kiruna Municipality the largest mining area in Sweden. Today Garpenberg mine, dating to the 14th century, is the only remaining mine operating in Bergslagen.

Get inEdit

By planeEdit

Stockholm Arlanda Airport ARN IATA, while located outside of Bergslagen, is by far the largest airport in Svealand. 1 Dala Airport (BLE IATA) (outside of Borlänge). and 2 Stockholm Västerås Airport (VST IATA) (just 4 miles/6km from the centre of Västerås).     are smaller but closer to the heartland of Bergslagen.

By carEdit

The European highway E18 connects Stockholm in the east with Oslo in the west and passes south of Bergslagen. To reach Bergslagen, turn north onto Route 70 in Enköping, Route 56 or Route 66 in Västerås, Route 50 in Örebro, Route 26 in Kristinehamn or Route 63 in Karlstad.

Highway E16 also connects Oslo with Gävle, and passes through the northern edge of Bergslagen.

Get aroundEdit

Tåg i Bergslagen is a public transport cooperation between most counties in Bergslagen. Tickets are bought from the national train operator SJ. The routes trafficked by Tåg i Bergslagen are:

SeeEdit

  • Ekomuseum Bergslagen, Nils Nils gata 7 Ludvika, +46 240 66 30 82, fax: +46 240 748 60, . A decentralized open-air museum about the history of iron industry in western Berslagen. Started in 1986, today it has some 60 sites, making it the largest ecomuseum in the world. Notable sites include:
  • 4 Falun Copper Mountain, Gruvplatsen 1, +46 23-78 20 30. A copper mine and   UNESCO World Heritage site, closed down December 8, 1992. It is however still open for visitors during guided tours and an adjoined "Mining museum". 220 kr for adults.
  • 5 Garpenbergs gruva (Garpenbergs mine). Dating to the 14th century, this is the only remaining mine still operating in Bergslagen.
  • 6 Sala Silvergruva, Drottning Christinas väg, +46 224-67 72 60. A silver mine closed in 1962. Today open for visitors during guided tours.

DoEdit

EatEdit

The food most commonly associated with Bergslagen is "Falu sausage" (Swedish:Falukorv), traditionally made from draft oxen operating the Falu mine. The land is also great for foraging (which can be done freely, due to the right to roam), fishing (which usually requires a license) and hunting (which is very restricted). Filipstad is home to the world's biggest baker of crisp bread, Wasabröd, and the snacks producer OLW. NoraGlass is a local manufacturer of ice cream in Nora. The area between Norberg and Köping in central Västmanland County is known as "Sweden's pizza belt", with about one pizzeria per thousand inhabitants!

Grythyttan, outside of Hällefors, is known for its culinary academy and restaurant Måltidens hus.

DrinkEdit

Stay safeEdit

Go nextEdit


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