city in Halton Region, Ontario, Canada

Burlington is a city of 190,000 people (2021) in Ontario, Canada which lies across Burlington Bay from Hamilton. It's on the north shore of Lake Ontario, a 45-minute drive from Toronto and Niagara.

Royal Botanical Gardens in early August

The city's waterfront features dining, water play, skating and model boating. Downtown, next to the lake, are many homes owned by middle to upper-class families, and many expensive homes of millionaires living in Burlington. Enjoy unique shopping, exquisite dining, the world-renowned Royal Botanical Gardens, museums, art galleries, golf courses, scenic hiking and biking trails and lively festivals such as Sound of Music and Canada's Largest Ribfest.

Understand edit

History edit

Before pioneer settlement in the 19th century, the area was covered by the primeval forest that stretched between the provincial capital of (York now Toronto) and the town of Hamilton, and was home to various First Nations peoples. In 1792, John Graves Simcoe, the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada, named the western end of Lake Ontario "Burlington Bay" after the town of Bridlington in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. By the time land beside the bay was deeded to Captain Joseph Brant at the turn of the 19th century, the name "Burlington" was already in common use. With the completion of the local survey after the War of 1812, the land was opened for settlement. Early farmers prospered in the Burlington area because of the fertile soil and moderate temperatures. Produce from the farms was shipped out via the bustling docks of the lakeside villages of Port Nelson and Wellington Square, and to Brown's Wharf in the nearby village of Port Flamborough (which was to become Aldershot). Lumber taken from the surrounding forests also competed for space on the busy docks. However, in the latter half of the 19th century, increased wheat production from Western Canada convinced local farmers to switch to fruit and vegetable production.

In 1874, Wellington Square and Port Nelson were incorporated into the Village of Burlington. However, the arrival of large steamships on the Great Lakes made the small docks of the local ports obsolete, and the increased use of railway to ship goods marked the end of the commercial wharves.

As more settlers arrived and cleared the land, cash crops replaced subsistence farming. Gradually, mixed farming and market gardens became the dominant form of agriculture, and in the early 20th century the area was declared the Garden of Canada. The first peaches grown in Canada were cultivated in the Grindstone Creek watershed in the city's south-west part. Today over forty percent of the Grindstone Creek watershed is still devoted to farms, orchards and nurseries.

Following the Second World War, cheap electricity from nearby Niagara Falls and better transportation access due to the new (1939) Queen Elizabeth Way encouraged light industry and families to move to Burlington. The population skyrocketed as new homes were built.

Climate edit

The climate is moderated by its proximity to Lake Ontario. Monthly mean temperatures range from 22.3 °C (72.1 °F) in July to −4.2 °C (24.4 °F) in January. The average annual precipitation is 878 millimetres (34.6 in) of rain and 109 centimetres (43 in) of snow.

Although it shares the temperate climate found in Southern Ontario, its proximity to Lake Ontario moderates winter temperatures and it also benefits from a sheltering effect of the Niagara Escarpment, allowing the most northerly tracts of Carolinian forest to thrive on the Escarpment that runs through western sections of city.

Visitor Information edit

Get in edit

By plane edit

  • The Hamilton International Airport is the local airport which is just 30 minutes from Burlington. it is serviced by WestJet.
  • Mississauga's Toronto Pearson International Airport is located a short driving distance from Burlington, around 45 or more minutes.
  • Niagara Falls International Airport and Buffalo Niagara International Airport are each located about an hour's drive away, across the international border in, respectively, Niagara Falls and Cheektowaga (a Buffalo suburb). If you're coming from the U.S., flying into one of these airports usually presents considerable savings over arriving in Toronto (or even Hamilton).

By car edit

  • Burlington is easily accessible by highways 403, 407, and QEW.

By train edit

See also: Rail travel in Canada

Burlington has three railway stations:

  • 1 Aldershot GO Station (Aldershot station), 1199 Waterdown Rd. Served by Amtrak, GO Transit trains & buses, VIA Rail Canada trains.    
  • 2 Burlington GO Station, 2101 Fairview St. Burlington GO station, serving GO Transit trains, lies about 2KM north of downtown Burlington. Connecting GO Transit buses loop on the south side of the station, while connecting Burlington Transit buses loop on its north side.    
  • 3 Appleby GO Station, 5111 Fairview St. Served by GO Transit trains; more useful for residents than visitors.    

By bus edit

Get around edit

Map of Burlington (Ontario)

By public transportation edit

Burlington Transit, +1 905-639-0550. Burlington Transit is the transit authority for the City of Burlington. Most buses run on a 30-minute schedule, although some routes run more frequently during rush hour and/or less frequently on weekends or evenings. Fares: Cash $3.50; Presto card $2.75 for adults (20-64) and $1.90 for youths (13-19) (they can ride fare free on weekday evenings and all-day on weekends with a Presto Card); Seniors ages 65+ and children ages 0 to 12 ride fare free all-day everyday with a Presto Card. Riders may also pay by tapping a credit/debit card on the Presto reader in which case the cash fare will be charged.

Burlington Transit bus routes 1/1X run from Burlington GO Station stopping at the Royal Botanical Gardens and continuing onto downtown Hamilton (King and James streets). Route 1X also makes a stop at Aldershot GO Station; however, route 1X has no evening, weekend or holiday service. Bus routes 3 and 5 run from Burlington GO Station to Downtown Burlington.

If transferring from GO Transit (GO) to Burlington Transit (BT) to complete a trip, you BT fare will be free. For Presto and credit/debit card holders, just tap your card on both transit systems to get the free BT fare. With Presto or credit/debit cards the free fare is also available to transfer from BT to GO, with the BT fare being refunded to your card at the end of the trip. If transferring from GO to BT without a Presto card, the fare is free if you show your GO ticket to the BT bus driver.

A fare allows for 2 hours of travel on Burlington Transit including changing BT buses, or transferring to connecting Oakville Transit and/or Hamilton Street Railway (HSR) buses in Hamilton at certain stops. If paying by cash, ask for a "transfer" to use as a receipt. For Presto and credit/debit card users, transfer info is automatically stored on your card when you tap on. BT accepts HSR paper transfers only at the following stops:

  • King & James streets, Hamilton (BT Stop #679)
  • King & Bay streets, Hamilton (BT Stop #827)
  • Aldershot GO Station, Burlington
  • Downtown BT Terminal, 430 John St, Burlington
  • Plains Rd at Royal Botanical Garden, Burlington (BT Stop #698)

By car edit

The best way to get around Burlington is by car. Arterial roads are spaced about 2 km (1.25 miles) apart, and generally run on a 45 degree angle to the compass points. Main roads running northeast to southwest are (from southernmost to northernmost) Lakeshore Road (former Highway 2), New Street, Plains Road/Fairview Street, the Queen Elizabeth Way/Highway 403 (a controlled-access highway), Upper Middle Road, and Dundas Street (former Highway 5). Main roads running northwest to southeast are (from easternmost to westernmost) Burloak Drive, Appleby Line, Walkers Line, Guelph Line, Brant Street, King Road, and Waterdown Road.

By bike or on foot edit

Burlington is a pedestrian- and cycling-friendly city, although, as the city is somewhat sprawling, walking or cycling is sometimes impractical. There are several long-distance walking and cycling trails in Burlington, including the Waterfront Trail, a 23-km-long paved trail that offers beautiful views of Burlington's waterfront. In Burlington, you may ride your bicycle on sidewalks, except in the downtown core.

See edit

  • 1 Art Gallery of Burlington, 1333 Lakeshore Rd (at Nelson Ave). Canadian contemporary art, ceramics.
  • 2 Burlington Performing Arts Centre, 440 Locust St (at Elgin St). Performance and exhibit venue.
  • 3 Ireland House Museum, 2168 Guelph Line. Tu-F 10AM-4PM, Su 1-4PM. Heritage farmhouse of the Ireland family preserved as a museum.
  • 4 Joseph Brant Museum, 1240 North Shore Blvd E. A museum dedicated to Joseph Brant, a Mohawk military and political leader who sided with the British during the American Revolution.  

  • Royal Botanical Gardens, +1 905-527-1158, toll-free: +1-800-694-4769. Jan-Apr 10AM-5PM, May-Aug 10AM-8PM with some seasonal variations by park. Canada's largest botanical garden is comprised of four separate parks containing gardens and natural areas, spread out over 900 hectares. There is an RBG-run shuttle bus on summer weekends between the RBG parks. The four parks span a distance of over 3 km, and this excludes walking in each park. The admission price allows access to all four parks for the day. Here are the parks listed east to west. Adult $18, senior/student $15, child $10, family $40.  
    • 5 RBG Centre & Hendrie Park, 680 Plains Rd W, Burlington (Burlington Transit Bus 1/1X to "RBG" stop). The main park; cafe in the RBG centre and a teahouse in Hendrie Park.
    • 6 Laking Garden, 1260 Spring Gardens Rd, Burlington (1 km west of the RBG Centre).
    • 7 Rock Garden, 1185 York Blvd, Waterdown (1 km west of Laking Garden, Burlington Transit Bus 1/1X to "Valley Inn" or "Rock Garden" stop). Cafe on-site.
    • 8 Arboretum, 16 Old Guelph Rd, Waterdown (1 km west of Rock Garden, via Old Guelph Rd). The largest of the four parks with a Nature interpretation Centre.
  • 9 Freeman Station (Burlington Junction Railway Station), 3023 Fairview St (east side of Central Fire Station). Check website for dates open. The City of Burlington purchased this former railway station (built in 1906) for preservation, and had it moved from its original location.  

Parks edit

There are 115 parks and 325 ha of parkland within the city. A complete list of parks can be found here

  • 10 Spencer Smith Park (Waterfront at Downtown Burlington), 1400 Lakeshore Rd. This waterfront park features: Naval War Memorial, Brant Street Pier, Terry Fox Monument, Lady of the Lake Bronze Sculpture, Japanese Garden. It is also a venue for annual events.
  • 11 The Beachway, 1100 Lakeshore Rd. Sandy beach, playground, concession stands, trails.
  • 12 Central Park, 2299 New St. Park for community activities. Features: Bandshell, labyrinth, community garden, Rotary Memorial Forest, playgrounds.
  • 13 Kerncliff Park, 2198 Kerns Rd. A former quarry, Kerncliff Park is located on the Niagara escarpment and features a natural stone backdrop, wooden bridge over a marsh, nature trails and views of the city and Lake Ontario.
  • 14 LaSalle Park, 50 North Shore Blvd. The park features waterfront area, trails, open green space and a replica of a historic pavilion.

Waterdown edit

Adminstratively part of Hamilton, but closer to Burlington.

  • 15 Smokey Hollow Waterfall (Great Falls), 80 Mill St S, Waterdown (just south of the railway overpass). A picturesque 10 m (33 ft) waterfall in Waterdown with a viewing platform. Can be quite striking in winter after it has frozen. This is also the location of the former industrial community of Smokey Hollow, remnants of which can be found around the site.
  • 16 Historic architecture in Waterdown (at and near the intersection of Mill St & Dundas St). There are many beautiful old stone buildings in Waterdown. Mill Street is a good place to start.

Do edit

A great time to visit Burlington is in the summer, when numerous free festivals are held.

  • 1 Discovery Landing (Spencer's at the Waterfront). A 14,200 square foot landmark building that faces out to the lake and offers prime storm and weather watching views. Designed by Baird Sampson Nuert it has given residents and visitors a unique place to discover, celebrate, play, and relax by our lake. Discovery Landing is open all day, daily and features The Observatory, Spencer's on the Waterfront, the Bite Café, and an information area to provide information on the park. Discovery Landing overlooks the Rotary Centennial Pond, a 10,000 square-foot year-round water feature. In the spring, summer and fall it is a reflective pool ideal for model sail boating and in winter it will have free ice-skating on an artificial ice surface.
  • Hike the Bruce Trail. A portion of the Bruce Trail, the hiking trail that runs along the Niagara Escarpment from Niagara to Tobermory runs through Burlington. The Burlington portion of the trail starts near the intersection of Highway 6 and Mountain Brow Rd., skirts the escarpment before reaching Snake Rd., and then takes a winding path that isn't always easy to follow (if you find yourself in a cemetery near a convent, you've gone the wrong way), but leads to a few beautiful waterfalls just before entering Waterdown. East of Waterdown, the trail then runs through Kerncliff Park, crosses Dundas St., then runs for several miles through rural Burlington before entering Milton.
  • 2 Mount Nemo, 5317 Guelph Line (North of Dundas St). Several moderate loops for hiking provide scenic lookouts from the Niagara Escarpment, and connect to the Bruce Trail. Crevices and old growth cedar trees define the top of the cliff. Reservations are required. Adults $9.75, Children $6.76, Seniors $7.75.

Festivals edit

  • Canada's Largest Ribfest, Spencer Smith Park. Labour Day weekend. Music, crafts and some of the best rib makers in North America.
  • Sound of Music Festival, downtown, waterfront, +1 905-333-6364, . Proclaimed as Canada's largest free music festival. Five day free music festival on several stages. Jazz, folk, rock, pop, country, blues, latin, celtic. Parade, carnival, marketplace, family zone and downtown streetfest. Held on Father's Day weekend in early June.

Events edit

  • During December, you can walk through an extensive Christmas lights display downtown at Spencer Smith Park. Showing the Eiffel Tower and various large displays of lights, this is the time when you can enjoy the beauty of Christmas.
  • On July 1, you can celebrate Canada Day in Spencer Smith Park and gather with dozens of others to wave the Canadian flag with pride and music.

Buy edit

  • 1 Mapleview Shopping Centre, 900 Maple Ave. Shopping centre with more than 150 stores.
  • 2 Burlington Mall, 777 Guelph Line. Shopping centre.
  • 3 Burlington Downtown, Brant Street (between Baldwin St and Lakeshore Rd). Many small shops, restaurants, cafés, and boutiques in an old town setting.

Eat edit

There are many great dining establishments in Burlington. The restaurants below are just a few of over 200 establishments.

Budget edit

  • 1 Easterbrook's Hotdog Stand, 694 Spring Gardens Rd (near Royal Botanical Gardens), +1 905-527-9679. 10AM–10PM (summer), 10AM–8PM (winter). Well-known for its footlong hotdogs (note that a "regular" hotdog here is a footlong) its ice cream and milkshakes are also good. The restaurant has been located at this location since 1930 and features a retro atmosphere.
  • 2 The Sunshine Doughnut Co., 439 Brock Ave, +1 905-632-2300. Tu-Fr 8AM-4PM, Sa Su 9AM-5PM (while doughnuts last). Small batch doughnuts in a variety of flavours.

Mid-range edit

  • 3 West Plains Bistro, 133 Plains Rd, +1 905 333-9449.
  • 4 Son of a Peach Pizzeria, 2049 Pine St (Village Square), +1 905-632-4040. Tu-Th 11:30AM-9PM, F Sa 11:30AM-10PM, Su 11:30AM-8PM. Sourdough-style pizza crust with locally sourced ingredients for toppings, such as house-made sausage, pears or wild honey.

Splurge edit

Sleep edit

Budget edit

  • 1 Comfort Inn, 3290 South Service Rd, +1 905 639-1700. Business and fitness centres, breakfast included. From $125.
  • 2 Best Western, 2412 Queensway Dr, +1 905-639-2700. Beside the highways to Hamilton, Niagara, and Toronto. Hot breakfast included. Indoor pool. Double from $140.

Mid-range edit

Splurge edit

  • 7 The Waterfront Hotel Downtown, 2020 Lakeshore Rd, +1 905 681-5410. Breakfast included. Business and fitness facilities available, including pool. Pet friendly. Guest laundry. On-site restaurant with room service. Double queen from $179.

Go next edit

  • Guelph — north of Burlington, in Southwestern Ontario, known for its university, limestone architecture, and a walkable downtown with small shops, restaurants and lively bars.
  • Hamilton — south of Burlington, and historically a heavy manufacturing centre, Hamilton's skyline viewed from Burlington looks like a collection of smokestacks and highway bridges. At the west end of the bay, Hamilton's downtown and surrounding neighbourhoods are home to a growing art, music, and food scene. On the edge of downtown, the Niagara Escarpment provides a variety of parks, hiking trails, and waterfalls.
  • Niagara Peninsula — to the east of Hamilton, between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie. Some of Ontario's best farmland is found here, and the unique climate make the peninsula one of Canada's wine regions. The Welland Canal in Thorold is an impressive engineering feat that tells part of the story of great lakes shipping. Niagara-on-the-Lake is a well-preserved colonial-style town with many connections to the War of 1812. Of course, Niagara Falls at the end of the peninsula, is the Canadian side of the famous waterfall. The city hosts visitors and honeymooners seeking a glimpse of the gorge, but also offers dining, sights, events and entertainment around the clock, all year long.
Routes through Burlington
LondonBrantford  W   E  OakvilleToronto
Niagara FallsGrimsby  W   E  OakvilleToronto
Niagara FallsHamilton  W   E  OakvilleToronto
LondonHamilton  W   E  OakvilleBrampton
ENDS at     W   E  OakvilleMarkham
TorontoOakville  N   S  HamiltonNiagara Falls

This city travel guide to Burlington is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.