Cold War

state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc

The Cold War has provided many opportunities for viewing historic sites, and while not all of these sites are remembered for good reasons, they are very interesting to travellers.


The Cold War began in 1945 at the conclusion of World War II (World War II in Europe and the Pacific War) and continued until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. It was a key period in modern history, because it occurred primarily due to rivalries between capitalist and communist societies, and was also a power struggle between the world's superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States. While there are still communist countries as of 2019, most of them are only communist in name but capitalist in practice, and generally, it is considered that capitalism won the war.

However, in many ways, the Cold War is a very present thing. North Korea remains a communist country, and China is politically quite similar. Who knows what places may become historic sites one day.

The use of the terms "first world" and "third world" to refer to developed and developing countries respectively had its origins in the Cold War. During the Cold War, the United States, its Western allies and Japan were called the "first world", the Soviet Union and its communist satellite states in Central and Eastern Europe were called the "second world", and all other countries, which were mostly poor and underdeveloped, were called the "third world".

The 21st century has brought about what is arguably a new cold war, albeit with China and the United States being the belligerents this time. Russia has also experienced a revival of sorts in the 21st century under Vladimir Putin, though its economic output still lags far behind those of the United States and China, as well as that of the height of the Soviet era.


Multiple topics cover the Cold War era:

Key rivalries in this time period include:

Destination articlesEdit

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