The Great Plains of the United States of America consist primarily of wide open grasslands between the Rocky Mountains and the forests of the Midwest. While most of the land consists of farms and pastures, the Great Plains are also home to the Badlands and Black Hills, with the iconic Mount Rushmore. Once at the heart of the Old West, today the region has a relatively small population and is outside the average tourist's itinerary, but not justifiably so, as between the agricultural regions are picturesque canyons and mountain ranges.
|North Dakota |
For travelers interested in going off the beaten path, it offers outdoor activities, scenic nature, and Native American holy sites—as well as an oil boom from 2006 to 2015.
|South Dakota |
Known for the Badlands and Black Hills, including Mount Rushmore, and for its Native American sites.
Nebraska has a reputation of being a flat, monotonous region of farm and ranch land, but those who venture off the heavily traveled Interstate 80 corridor discover that Nebraska does have a subtle, wide-open beauty that is all its own.
Located in the geographic center of the country, Kansas is particularly appealing if you are interested in the history of the American West. Also famous for being the "no place like home" that Dorothy wants to return to in "The Wizard of Oz".
A rich Native American past and continuing pioneer spirit.
Paralleling the Rocky Mountains, this vast stretch of grasslands extends from a tiny pocket of northern Mexico, through Texas and all the way north to the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. (Northeastern New Mexico, the eastern half of Colorado and Wyoming, large parts of Montana, southwestern Minnesota, the northern half of Iowa and even extreme northwest Missouri are geographically part of the Great Plains, but they are covered in other region articles.)
- 1 Badlands National Park — a multitude of cliffs and canyons
- 2 Black Hills National Forest — one of the few mountainous areas on the Great Plains
- 3 Chimney Rock National Historic Site
- 4 Jewel Cave National Monument
- 5 Mount Rushmore National Memorial — four presidents' faces carved into a mountain
- 6 Minuteman Missile National Historic Site
- 7 Scotts Bluff National Monument
- 8 Standing Rock Indian Reservation
- 9 Theodore Roosevelt National Park
While some on either coast might label this part of the country "flyover country", it is not without charms, especially in terms of nature and wildlife. Mount Rushmore, the Native American heritage and the spirit of the Old West are part of the cultural charms of this region.
English is by far the most spoken and widely understood language. Historically indigenous American languages were spoken by many in this area, but nowadays those that speak them will usually also speak equal if not better English. Historically this was one of the areas with the most German heritage, but the use of German as a first language died out during the World Wars when it was seen as unpatriotic and arose (sometimes justified) suspicions of imperial or Nazi sympathies. Today few people speak anything above and beyond a few words of German.
- See also: air travel in the USA
Air-travel is fastest and probably the most practical way of entering the Great Plains region. Many smaller cities in this region are serviced by the Midwestern airport hubs of Chicago (ORD IATA and MDW IATA), Kansas City, MO, or Minneapolis, Western hub Denver, or Texan hubs Dallas and Houston. From those large airports, smaller commuter flights are available into many small city airports such as Fargo or Grand Forks, North Dakota; Rapid City or Sioux Falls, South Dakota; Omaha, Lincoln, Grand Island, Kearney, McCook, Scottsbluff and Alliance, Nebraska; Salina, Wichita or Topeka, Kansas; and Tulsa or Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
Amtrak serves part of this region. While trains are often not much faster than buses (if that) and usually not cheaper than flying for all but the shortest trips what they offer in views, legroom and sheer style of travel at least to some more than make up for those downsides and thus Amtrak has posted record riderships for most of the years since 2000.
Most of the region is connected to the interstate highway system. Some roads in rural areas are in a very bad state however.
Generally by automobile. On the whole, this is one of the worst regions for touring the United States without a car.
By train or busEdit
Greyhound bus has several routes through here as well. Service is relatively limited compared to other US regions, especially in South Dakota.
Although the Great Plains owe parts of their history to the railway, there is very limited passenger rail service. Most of the tracks which once were built by pioneers persist to this day, but are largely used by freight trains. Even larger cities like Tulsa or Wichita are not accessible by train anymore since the 1970s. Some large cities have railway connections like Oklahoma City with the south of Oklahoma and neighbouring northern Texas.
Each state (except for one) has one railway line for passengers where one can get also to rural areas as there are also stops in small towns like Dodge City, Kansas or McCook, Nebraska. Unfortunately, South Dakota with its famous Badlands is the Great Plains state not served by the railway at all.
Many larger cities have regular air-commuter service to larger hub airports. Smaller towns may have smaller commuter flights with more limited service.
The Great Plains is not packed with sights. In fact, it's not packed with much of anything—these are some of the lowest density states in the union, iconic for their wide, flat, open spaces. The largest cities of Kansas City, Oklahoma City, Tulsa, and Omaha all have a number of modest attractions, although a visitor to the United States probably wouldn't go out of their way to find them. The one big exception, however, are the Black Hills and Badlands of southwestern South Dakota, which is home to several of quite literally the country's biggest attractions: in particular, Mount Rushmore National Memorial and Crazy Horse Memorial, as well as an enormous range of rugged and mountainous terrain, filled with Wild West cowboy towns and big game animals.
- Great numbers of wildlife can be observed here including Whitetail deer, otters, badgers, pronghorn, prairie dogs, coyotes as well as Elk and Buffalo in wildlife refuges as well as other managed areas
- Theodore Roosevelt National Park in Western North Dakota
- Badlands National Park in Western South Dakota
- Black Hills National Forest in Western South Dakota
- Sandhills in North Central Nebraska
- Many National Grasslands dot this region
- Visit County/State Fairs generally occurring during the fall months, admission is usually charged
- Horseback riding
- Wildlife Viewing
- Storm chasing
- Fishing (licenses required, purchased at sports shops and larger stores such as Wal-Mart or grocery stores in the region)
- Hunting (licenses required, hunters safety requirements vary by state)
Like other regions in America, the drinking age is 21.
Severe Weather Sirens
Outdoor warning sirens are installed in most population centers to warn people who are outdoors of impending severe weather. An activated siren usually (but not always) indicates a tornado warning. If you hear a siren while you are outside you should seek shelter immediately.
Sirens are tested regularly during the tornado season. Testing is cancelled if severe weather is in the area. The testing schedule will be published by local media, or ask a local.
Sirens are not intended to be heard indoors. Severe weather radios should be used inside, and many hotels and businesses have a built-in tornado warning system.
The Great Plains are the location of "Tornado Alley", a multi-state region where tornadoes are more frequent on average during the spring and summer months. See Tornado safety for more information. While it is somewhat rare for tourists to experience tornadoes, severe thunderstorms containing frequent lightning, strong winds, hail and heavy rains are common during the spring and summer months as well. When weather conditions deteriorate listen to local radio stations for information ("Weather Radio Information" roadsigns are fairly common on interstates) The northern areas of this region are susceptible to blizzards and bitter cold temperatures during the winter; while southern regions sometimes face severe ice events. When driving cross-country in the winter, be prepared as Interstates often close during severe winter weather events.
The Great Plains experiences the most tornadoes in America and the world. Unfortunately these can be violent sometimes but thankfully rare. Most tornadoes on average are between EF0 and EF2 but EF3 and higher do occur too. If you do see strange weather patterns such as rotating clouds, a funnel cloud, or a loud roar, get yourself to safety. Severe thunderstorms are very frequent too. Some areas sound tornado sirens for severe storms too.
Due to the rural nature of most of the region, gun ownership is very common in the Great Plains, and hunting is a popular pastime for many residents. Gun owners are generally responsible with their weapons, but be sure to wear bright colors when hiking in the wilderness so you do not get mistaken for a wild animal. Be very careful not to take shortcuts across privately owned land, as incidents have happened where property owners shot trespassers. Also avoid talking about gun politics with locals, as it arouses very strong feelings in many people.
To the north lie the Prairies of Canada.