Kushimoto (串本町 Kushimoto-chō) is a small coastal town in Wakayama Prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. It is a useful base for exploring and enjoying the activities of the prefecture's extreme south. In relation, the town sits on the southernmost point of Japan's main island of Honshu, which serves as tourist attraction itself.
The town is served by Kushimoto Station (串本駅 Kushimoto Eki).
From Kyoto, Osaka, and Wakayama, the quickest way to reach Kushimoto is via limited express train, either on the Kuroshio (くろしお), Super Kuroshio (スーパーくろしお), or Ocean Arrow (オーシャンアロー) services. Cheaper but slower train service is also available and will require one or more transfers. Both express and local services go via the JR Hanwa Line (阪和線), directly connecting to the JR Kinokuni Line (きのくに線), which is also sometimes labeled as the JR Kisei Line (紀勢線). Total fare from Wakayama City via limited express is ¥4170 (about 2hr 10min) and via local is ¥2520 (about 3h40m).
Insider's Tip: on Kushimoto bound trains, ask for a seat on the right side (右側 migi-gawa) of the train to ensure unobstructed views of the coast. Moreover, a viewing car open to all passengers is available on all Ocean Arrow trains.
From Nagoya, the best way to reach Kushimoto via train is through the limited express Nanki (南紀) leading to Kii-Katsuura Station (紀伊勝浦駅), then transferring to a local train bound for Kushimoto or Kii-Tanabe Station (紀伊田辺駅). This costs ¥9470 and takes about 4hr 30min. Local train travel from Nagoya is not recommended.
Train services run roughly once per hour from the big cities. All lines are run by JR, and Japan Rail Pass holders are covered when riding them.
Driving is a viable (and highly recommended) option, and it will be very useful to have a car when exploring the area. From Wakayama City onward, take the tolled Hanwa Expressway (阪和自動車道) southbound for Shirahama (白浜). Exit at Nanki-Tanabe Interchange (南紀田辺IC), which is the last exit, and get on Route 42 bound for Shingu (新宮) following it all the way to Kushimoto. Driving time from the exit is about 2½ hours.
From Nagoya, follow the Higashi Meihan (東名阪自動車道) and Ise Expressways (伊勢自動車道) to get to the Kisei Expressway (紀勢自動車道). Exit at Omiya-Odai Interchange (大宮大台IC), which is the last exit, and get on Route 42 bound for Shingu (新宮) following it all the way to Kushimoto. Driving time from the exit is about 6 hours.
Once off the expressway, the route has many winds and turns and follows the coast very closely, and at some points it's quite a steep drop to the ocean, so use extreme caution when driving especially in bad weather. During the summer months, the expressways and Route 42 are heavily traveled by beach-goers coming from the Osaka area, particularly on weekends and holidays. this causes lengthy delays, as the roads are not meant for heavy traffic.
The nearest airport is Nanki-Shirahama Airport in the town of Shirahama (白浜) about 2 hours away. There are daily flights to/from Tokyo-Haneda Airport, but international routes are not served. Take a bus to Shirahama Station (白浜駅) take one of the limited express trains mentioned above to get into town.
The nearest international airport is Kansai International Airport. Take a train or limousine bus to Wakayama Station (和歌山駅) and transfer onto one of the limited express trains mentioned above to get into town.
Anything in Central Kushimoto is easily accessible by foot, however the more interesting attractions outside town will not. Taxis are available at Kushimoto Station.
- Toyota Rent-a-Car (トヨタレンタカー) (A couple minutes walk from the station located near the Okuwa Shopping Center.). Reservations are recommended as their selection is limited.
- Kumano Transport (熊野交通 Kumano Kōtsū). The local bus company. Many buses stop at Kushimoto Station.
Local road conditions in town vary widely; steep, narrow, windy, unpaved, or all of the above combined are common traits. Car-navigation is highly recommended, if not necessary. Major roads are:
- Route 38 - main road for Koza, follows the Koza River. Starts off of Route 42 and eventually connects to Route 371.
- Route 40 - branches off of Route 41, crosses the Kushimoto Big Bridge, eventually ending at the Turkish Memorial Museum and Kashino Lighthouse.
- Route 41 - starts/stops on Route 42, loops around Cape Shiono-Misaki.
- Route 42 - main business thoroughfare and the primary route for getting in and out of town. Stay on this and you won't get lost.
- Route 227 - parallels Route 38 opposite the Koza River
- Route 371 - mountain road for getting to the Koza River, Shichi-kawa Dam, and eventually to Tanabe City.
Though the local Kushimoto dialect (串本弁 Kushimoto-ben) shares many traits with the bigger, regional Kansai dialect (関西弁 Kansai-ben), it naturally has its own unique peculiarities. Locals claim that their dialect remains very close to the language spoken in Nara- and Heian-period Japan. If you have a decent command of Japanese, you might consider using some of the following phrases to score some laughs, brownie points, or maybe even a free beer with the locals:
- あがら (標準:わたしたち) we
- あたんする (標準:八つ当たりする) get angry suddenly
- いくで (標準:いくよ) I'm going... (で can be used with most verbs you would use よ with)
- かいだるい (標準:疲れた) tiring, tired
- がい (標準:ですよ) You know...!
- がいに (標準:強く) strongly
- くらんし (標準:ください) Please...
- まいせー (標準:やめておけ) Don't do that!
Other standard Kansai phrases should also get some smiles out of people.
- Hashigui Beach.
- 1 Hashigui-Iwa Rock Formations (橋杭岩) (On Route 42 toward Koza, a 20 minute walk from Kushimoto Station.). A legendary set of rock formations that stretch out sea for about 850 meters, and is pretty much ingrained into the town's identity to both locals and visitors. Free.
- 2 Turkish Memorial and Museum (トルコ記念館) (The museum is at the eastern tip of O-shima Island, south of Kushimoto.). As the signs outside Kushimoto JR Station proclaim, Kushimoto is the official "Town of Japanese-Turkish Friendship." This proud history began in 1890, when the Turkish frigate Ertugrul crashed on the rocks off O-shima Island during a typhoon, after visiting Yokohama to conduct talks between the rising Empire of Japan and the declining Ottoman Empire. The museum is small and its information is only in Turkish and Japanese, but there is a good collection of artifacts and photographs and from an outdoor terrace, you can see the rock which sent more than 500 Turkish sailors to a watery grave. Don't miss the nearby Turkish souvenir stand, which serves delicious Turkish ice cream and boasts (probably) the only Turkish person in Wakayama Prefecture!
- 3 Japan-US Friendship Hall (日米修交記念館 Nichibei Shūkō Kinenkan) (Off of Route 40 on Oshima Island.). 9AM-4PM. A museum commemorating the first actual arrival of an American ship in Japan—the USS Lady Washington in 1791—taking place decades before Commander Perry's more famed 19th-century landing. Also houses a small collection of memorabilia of the town's American Sister City (Hemet, California). Exhibits have English-language recordings and materials. ¥250.
- 4 Kashinozaki Lighthouse (樫野埼灯台 Kashinozaki Tōdai) (off of Route 40 on Oshima Island; accessible via Kumano Bus, 37 min). Japan's oldest stone lighthouse and is still in use. Also known for being the home of an Englishman who tended to the area, planting daffodils that continue to bloom to this day. Free.
- 5 Koza (古座町 Koza-chō) (On Route 42 toward Shingu.). This town was independent until 2005 and continues to maintain its own identity. The scenery along the waterway that bisects the town, the Koza River, is quite picturesque.
- 6 Kuroshima and Taijima.
- Kushimoto Big Bridge Park (串本大橋公園 Kushimoto Ōhashi Kōen) (On Route 40 just after crossing the bridge.). Small park with a wooden overlook structure allowing for views of Kushimoto Harbor and the channel between Cape Shiono-Misaki and Oshima. Free.
- 7 Kushimoto Marine Park (串本海中公園 Kushimoto Kaichū Kōen) (On Route 42 toward Tanabe.). 9AM-4:30PM daily. See the local sea life through its underwater exhibit built underwater and through a glass bottomed boat ride. ¥2400.
- Mt. Kasane (重畳山 Kasane-san) (Road entrance to summit located off Route 38 in Koza). A high peak. The park at the summit has a playground and has a breathtaking overlook of Kushimoto Harbor, the Kushimoto Big Bridge, Oshima Island and more. A popular destination for day-hikers and BBQ parties. Free.
- 8 Okyoro Art Museum (串本応挙芦雪館 Kushimoto Ōkyoro Setsukan) (In the Muryou-Ji Temple.). 9:30AM-4:30PM. This art museum prides itself as being Japan's smallest. Houses a fine collection of "India-ink" paintings. ¥1000, student discounts available.
- 9 Oshima Port (大島港 Ōshima-kō) (Off of Route 40.). The site of the annual Boat Race Festival is not much to look at itself, but it offers an amazing view of Kushimoto Harbor and the rest of the mainland, and the mountains that background everything else. The road to get here is semi-treacherous. Free..
- Shiono-Misaki Southernmost Point Park (本州最南端の地 Honshū Sainan Hashi no Chi) (On Route 41. accessible via Kumano Bus, 17 mins.). 8:30AM-4:30PM. A grassy area that denotes the southernmost point of Honshu and serves as the festival grounds for the annual Fire Festival. Nearby watchtower offers views of the area. Watchtower admission ¥300.
- 10 Shiono-Misaki Lighthouse (潮岬灯台 Shiono Misaki Tōdai) (On Route 41. accessible via Kumano Bus, 17 mins.). 9AM-4PM. Built in 1873 and at 19.55 meters, this Meiji-era lighthouse served as an important marker for ships entering Osaka Bay. ¥150.
- 11 Shichikawa Dam (七川ダム Shichikawa Damu) (40 minute drive from Central Koza on Route 38.). Recreational area popular during the cherry blossom viewing season with spectacular views.
- 12 Umikongo Rock Formations (海金剛 Umikongō) (Off of Route 40. Accessible via Kumano Bus, 35 mins.). Rock formations taking on strangely recognizable shapes, such as pyramids and lion masks. Declared in 1983 by Asahi Shimbun newspaper as one of Japan's 100 Most Important Natural Treasures for the 21st Century.
The Kushimoto Coral Communities, designated as a protected wetlands by the 2005 Ramsar Convention, encompasses 574 hectares (3.4 sq mi) and is home to numerous species of coral and waterfowl. Numerous dive shops along Route 42 offer dive tours and rentals.
- Akashachi. (赤鯱)
- Ai Shop.
- Aqua Meister Kushimoto (アクアマイスター串本).
- Club Do Diving Center (クラブドゥダイビングセンター).
- Coral Queen (コーラルクイーン).
- [dead link] Dive & Boat Porpoise (Dive & Boat ポーパス).
- Dive Resort Tako (ダイブリゾート田子).
- Dive Station, Kushimoto Branch (ダイブステーション串本店).
- [dead link] Divers Shinkai (ダイバーズシンカイ).
- [dead link] Diving Boat Nakiri.
- [dead link] Inana DBS Club (イナーナＤＢＳクラブ).
- [dead link] Kamiura Seaside Club (上浦シーサイドクラブ).
- Kushimoto Diving Park (串本ダイビングパーク).
- Kushimoto Marine Center (串本マリンセンター).
- Nanki Seamans Club (南紀シーマンズクラブ).
- Orange House (オレンジハウス).
- [dead link] Sea Friend Arita (シーフレンド有田).
- [dead link] Sea Mate. (シーメイト)
- [dead link] Seanon Diving Service (シーノンダイビングサービス).
- Suichu O-Sanpo Club (水中お散歩クラブ).
- Oheji Trail (大辺路街道 Ōheji Kaidō) (The trailhead starts in the community of Tanami, 田並, in the western part of town.). Oheji is a coastal branch of the bigger Kumano Kodo Road (熊野古道), a Heian-era pilgrimage road linking the 3 Grand Shrines of Kumano (熊野三山): Nachi Taisha (那智大社), Hongu Taisha (本宮大社), and Hayatama Taisha (速玉大社).
- Mt. Kasane Trail.
- Koza Sightseeing Association Canoe Rental (古座観光協会カヌーレンタル Koza Kankō Kyōkai Kanu Rentaru). Offers kayak + gear rentals for use on the Koza River. Be sure to plan ahead in the warmer months as reservations fill up quickly. Courses available: 5km/hr (¥1500), 8km/2hr (¥2000), 12km/3hr (¥3000), 16km/4hr (¥4000). Taxi fare to starting area not included. Seasonal. Reservations Tel. 0735-72-0645 (Japanese only). Reservation window located inside Koza Station, rental pickup located outside Koza Station.
- Fire Festival (Shiono-Misaki Southernmost Point Park). Yearly, last Saturday in January. Fire and fireworks show with music.
As with most small Japanese towns, many businesses (especially restaurants) do not take credit cards. Be on the safe side and secure enough cash before heading into town.
That said, people with cards issued in Japan may be able to use ATMs these local banks:
- Daisan Bank (第三銀行).
- Kinokuni Bank (きのくに銀行).
- Kiyo Bank (紀陽銀行).
Major international currencies may be exchanged at the Kushimoto Post Office (串本郵便局 Kushimoto Yūbin Kyoku), located just off of Route 42 near the Lawson Convenience Store in Central Kushimoto. They may not be able to exchange large sums of money (over ¥50,000).
As the case with the rest of Japan, most local post offices have ATMs that take major international cards and have English menus.
- A-Coop Supermarket (Aコープ) - Chain supermarket, good selection of bento boxes and fresh sushi to-go. On Route 41, across the street from Kushimoto Junior High School.
- Eiden - Electronics. On Route 42 just before Hashigui-Iwa.
- Matsuda Souvenir Shop (松田土産物店) - Convenient location and good selection of food and non-food gifts. Outside Kushimoto Station.
- Okuwa Shopping Center (オークワ) - 24-hour grocery store. Biggest selection of clothing, housewares, and 100-yen goods in town. On Route 42 just after Kushimoto Station
- Tsutaya - Books, music, and movies. On Route 42 across from the Okuwa Shopping Center.
- Wakamatsu-ya Bakery (若松屋) - local bakery with the good selection of pastries and desserts. On Route 42 just after Tsutaya
- Awabi (アワビ) - abalone
- Ise-ebi (伊勢海老・イセエビ) - Japanese spiny lobster, highly prized.
- Katsuo (鰹・カツオ) - bonito (aka skipjack tuna) caught through local "kenken" style fly fishing. One of Kushimoto's more important exports.
- Kinkan (キンカン) - kumquats, abundant in late winter.
- Mikan / Ponkan (ミカン・ポンカン) - relative of the mandarin orange and tangerine, found anywhere and everywhere during colder months.
- Maguro (鮪・マグロ) - tuna
- Sazae (サザエ) - sea snail
- Tobiuo (飛魚・トビウオ) - flying fish
- Zori-ebi (ゾウリエビ) - Japanese mitten lobster
- Daikichi (大吉) - Branch of the fairly well-known yakitori chain. Across the street from Kushimoto Station. ¥1500 per person up.
- Kuroshio Sushi (黒潮寿司) - Kaiten (conveyor belt) sushi restaurant, fairly cheap prices and good selection. Safe bet for tourists who don't speak Japanese. Down the street from the Okuwa Shopping Center toward Hashigui-Iwa. ¥130 per sushi plate up.
- Hikochan (彦ちゃん) - Local izakaya that takes advantage of the local seafood. Known for Ochazuke Rice & Tea Porridge (お茶漬け), Miso Yakisoba (味噌焼ソバ), Minced Bonito (鰹たたき Katsuo Tataki), and of course various kinds of sushi. Down the street from Kushimoto Station. ¥1500 per person up.
- Oak (レストランオーク) - Fairly drab and uninspired family restaurant chain serving typical Japanese and Western meals. Next to Tsutaya. Full meals ¥1000 up.
- Sun Doria (サンドリア) - Locally owned family restaurant. As the name states, they specialize in Japanese-style doria (casseroles), but also carry standard Japanese and Western fare. Down the street from the Kushimoto Cultural Center (串本文化センター Kushimoto Bunka Senta). Full meals ¥1000 up.
- Udon Hashigui (うどん橋杭) - Serves a full selection of udon. Shrimp Tempura Udon is probably the best in town. Across from Hashigui-Iwa. ¥600 up.
- Yakiniku Juju (焼肉樹樹) - Tabletop charcoal grills, serves kuroge wagyu beef (黒毛和牛). On Route 42, near the turnoff for A-Coop and Kushimoto High School. ¥1500 per person up.
- 1 [dead link] Kushimoto Royal Hotel (串本ロイヤルホテル) (Off of Route 42 near Kushimoto Station and Okuwa Shopping Center. Walking distance from Kushimoto Station but requires walking up a hill. Shuttle from station available.). Set atop a hill overlooking the harbor, this is the best bet in town in terms of size, amenities, location, and convenience. Rooms are modern and available in Western and Japanese styles. Be sure to get a room that faces the harbor. Pool, hot springs, arcade, karaoke box, banquet halls, and restaurants on hotel grounds. ¥7,000-20,000 per person per night.
- Kushimoto JR Station Hotel (Exit the station, turn right, then let the same nice JR lady who just took your train ticket walk over and check you into the hotel.). If you arrive at Kushimoto JR Station late or tired, this hotel can't be beaten for convenience or price, as it is actually located in the station. The rooms are clean and cheap, but don't expect luxurious surroundings and be aware that it can sometimes feel like passing trains are actually right there in the room. Train schedules are posted in the hallways of the hotel. ¥2500.
- Hotel Submarine, ☏ .
- 2 Hotel San Marin (ホテルサンマリン).
- 3 Urashima Harbor Hotel (浦島ハーバーホテル) (Off of Route 42 near Eiden and Kushimoto Hospital. A 15-minute walk from Kushimoto Station.). As the name implies, this hotel is right by the water. The exterior seems utilitarian and almost jail-like, but interior is a little more welcoming. Be sure to get a room that faces the harbor. Pool, hot springs, restaurants, and banquet halls on hotel grounds. ¥10,000 per person per night, including breakfast.
The following towns can be easily explored as day trips from Kushimoto:
- Tanabe - Small town with an important religious history and ancient hot springs. Home of Hongu Taisha Grand Shrine mentioned above.
- Kozagawa (古座川町 Kozagawa-chō) - As the name suggests, this town centers around the Koza River. Lots of beautiful scenery and home of Shichi-kawa Dam.
- Nachi-Katsuura - Home of Nachi Falls (one of the tallest waterfalls in Japan), Nachi Taisha Grand Shrine, the Urashima Hotel (pseudo hot springs "theme park"), and a big tuna market.
- Shingu - Though a "city" by political defitions, still maintains a small town charm. Biggest selection of movie theaters, restaurants, and shopping in the extreme south. Home of Hayatama Taisha Grand Shrine mentioned above.
- Susami (すさみ町 Susami-chō) - Quaint little town that has the world's only undersea mailbox.
- Taiji - a small town infamously known for dolphin hunting, featuring in Oscar winning documentary The Cove.
|Routes through Kushimoto|
|Wakayama ← Kii Tanabe ←||W E||→ Kii Katsuura → Shingu → Kumano|