Mount Fuji (富士山 Fuji-san, 3776 meters) is Japan's highest mountain and the focal point of the sprawling Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. Visible from Tokyo on a clear day, the mountain is located to the west of Tokyo on the main island Honshu, straddling the border between Shizuoka and Yamanashi prefectures.
A nearly perfectly symmetrical volcanic cone, the mountain is a near-mythical national symbol immortalized in countless works of art, including Hokusai's 36 Views of Mt. Fuji.
The Japanese always refer to Mt. Fuji as Fuji-san, but the -san (山) here simply means "mountain", and has nothing to do with the honorific san (さん) for people's names. "Fujiyama" is a misreading of the name, and is never used by the Japanese themselves — except in the set phrase Fujiyama geisha, a lament at how Japan is misunderstood in the West.
Mount Fuji was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List as a sacred place and source of artistic inspiration in 2013.
When to goEdit
Climbing out of season
If you have the skills, climbing out of season can be an amazing experience — imagine being the only people on the mountain surrounded by snow looking out over an amazing landscape 3776 m up! And you don't have to go all the way, as in good weather, the slopes of Fuji draw numerous people doing various sports activities.
The official climbing season lasts for only a little over two months, from July to mid-September. The exact dates vary slightly from year to year and also per trail, see the official website for this year's dates. Even during these months, when Tokyo often swelters in 30 °C heat, temperatures at the top can be below freezing at night and climbers must dress adequately.
Climbing Mount Fuji is very popular, with around 250,000 climbers every year. Saturday nights and the Obon holiday period are particularly busy. To beat the crowds, visit on a weekday outside the Japanese school holiday period, usually July 20 to the end of August. The government publishes daily and aggregate climber counts for each trail during the climbing season every year to aid planning around popular dates.
Climbing outside the official season is extremely dangerous without alpine climbing experience and equipment. Nearly all facilities are closed in the off season. The weather, unpredictable any time of year, is downright vicious in the winter (temperatures below −40 °C have been reported up top) and there are cases of people being literally blown off the mountain by high winds. All roads to the 5th station are shut out of season so you will have a long walk up. But if you insist, you're strongly encouraged to at least file a climbing plan with the Yoshida police (Japanese only).
Fortunately, there are a few options for those who are not fit enough to climb or who would like to get "up close" to the mountain in the off-season. The trails at the bottom of the mountain are less steep, and suited more for an afternoon hike at any time of the year. The nearby Fuji Five Lakes (Fuji-goko) has many attractions close to the mountain, and Hakone also provides spectacular views. In a less nature focused branch of things to do, the city of Fujiyoshida, which contains much of the mountain, is also home to Fuji-Q Highland, a leading amusement park.
Mt. Fuji can be approached from all sides, but note that transport schedules are sharply cut outside the official climbing season in July and August. For up to date information, the city of Fujiyoshida maintains a Mt. Fuji access page listing current routes and schedules.
From Tokyo, the easiest and most popular option is to take a direct bus from Shinjuku to the trailhead at Kawaguchiko Fifth Station. The most economical approach is by Odakyu train from Shinjuku to Gotemba, although you will have to change trains and the price difference is rather minimal.
The easiest option for reaching the slopes of Mount Fuji is to take the Keio/Fujikyu Express Bus from the Shinjuku Expressway Bus Terminal in Tokyo. Buses run multiple times per day to Lake Kawaguchi (1 hour 45 minutes, ¥1750); from there, separate buses run to the start of the climb at the Kawaguchiko 5th station (55 minutes, ¥1540 one way, ¥2100 round trip; does not run if snow blocks the route). During the warm months, buses run from Shinjuku directly to the 5th station (2 1/2 hours, ¥2700). Buses to and from Shinjuku can be booked online in English.
There is no direct access to Mt. Fuji by train, but you can get pretty close and change to a bus for the rest of the way, and doing it this way allows you to use any of the ascent or descent routes. From Tokyo, the two main staging points are Fujiyoshida and Gotemba, while visitors from western Japan can opt for Fujinomiya (Shin-Fuji) instead.
Fujiyoshida can be reached by taking the JR Chuo line to Otsuki and changing to the Fujikyu line. There are also some Chuo line and Narita Express trains that head directly to Kawaguchiko, removing the need for transfer. The Fujikyu line passes through Fujiyoshida to Kawaguchiko, from where hourly buses (50 minutes, ¥1700) shuttle to the 5th Station. If you are planning to walk from the foot of the mountain, Fujiyoshida is, also, the starting point of the Yoshida route. You will be able to visit Fujiyoshida Sengenjinja (shrine) on the way to the summit.
JR Mount Fuji Round-Trip TicketEdit
JR East offers a discounted pass for foreign tourists interested in visiting and/or climbing Mount Fuji. The Mount Fuji Round-Trip Ticket, sold from July to October, costs ¥5500 and includes one round-trip on the JR between the Tokyo area and Otsuki station via the Chuo Line (including reserved seats on the Kaiji and Azusa limited express trains), and unlimited trips on the Fujikyu railway and the bus line that operates to the mountain's 5th station for two consecutive days.
If heading for the Gotemba route (御殿場), Subashiri route, or Suyama route, take the JR Chūō Line from Tōkyō station to Shinjuku and change to the Odakyū Line, where you can either take a train to Shin-Matsuda station and walk to Matsuda station on the Gotemba Line, or take the Asagiri limited express.
During official climbing season there are direct buses from Gotemba station to the Gotemba 5th station that take about 40 minutes and cost ¥1080/1500 one-way/return. Tickets to the Subashiri 5th station are ¥1500/2000 one-way/return. A bus for the Suyama route is ¥530 one-way. If you want to ascend and descend on different routes, you can purchase a 3-day round trip ticket for a little over ¥3000. Note that Gotemba buses run only during the official Fujisan mountain climbing season between July and August, but Subashiri route busses run till October and Suyama route busses run all year around.
There is also a bus to Kawaguchiko from the Gotemba station and a bus from Shin-Matsuda to the Kawaguchiko fifth station (¥3000 one-way).
Visitors coming from western Japan may wish to opt for the southern approach via Fujinomiya (富士宮) instead. The nearest Tokaido Shinkansen stop is Shin-Fuji station (新富士駅). From Shin-Fuji station, buses cost ¥3,100 round-trip. If arriving on the ordinary Tokaido line, change trains to the JR Minobu Line at Fuji station. The bus fare from Fujinomiya station to the 5th station of Mt. Fuji is ¥2,030 for one-way or ¥3,100 for a round trip.
Because it's a large mountain, there are many ways to get here. Which way is best will depend both on where you are coming from and what specific part of the mountain is your destination.
Route 139 travels from northeastern Yamanashi Prefecture around the opposite side of the mountain before terminating near the coast in Shizuoka. Route 138 branches off of Route 139 and travels around the eastern side of the mountain and onward to Kanagawa Prefecture.
If traveling from inner Tokyo, take the Chuo Expressway from Shinjuku. Tolls will set you back around ¥2500.
By guided tourEdit
There are also Mt. Fuji climbing tours offered by numerous travel companies throughout Japan. These tours may include round trip bus fare, climbing guide, hut, dinner, breakfast (packed rice box), and a visit to a hot spring after the descent. Prices tend to be expensive though: a one-day "superman" tour costs around ¥20,000 and a more leisurely two-day approach (including overnight stay) is over ¥30,000. Most of these tours are conducted in Japanese and stick firmly to the trodden path, but if you need an English-speaking guide to accompany you to the top or want to explore the less-well known "pilgrimage" routes, there are a lot of options easily found online.
Once on the mountain the only way of getting around is on foot. The sole exception is horseback riding, available on the Fujiguchiko trail between the 5th and 7th stations only for the steep price of ¥14,000.
For merely seeing Mt. Fuji, it's better to maintain some distance. The most popular places for sightseeing tours of Mt. Fuji and surroundings are Hakone, to the east of Mt. Fuji towards Tokyo, and the Fuji Five Lakes, located just north of the mountain. Note, however, that Mt. Fuji is notoriously shy and is wreathed in clouds most of the time: it's entirely possible to drive around the mountain and never see it. Visibility tends to be the worst in the hot, muggy summer and the best in the winter, when the air is dry and clear.
Other locations for a great view of Mt. Fuji:
- Gotemba. This location is near the bottom of Mt. Fuji on the southeastern side. Great for an unobstructed view of Mt. Fuji.
- Fujinomiya. Great if coming from Kyoto or Nagoya as it is easily accessible by train. This city is a short train ride from Shizuoka.
- Numazu and the western side of the Izu Peninsula. From the mountain ranges of the western side of the peninsula, you can view Mt. Fuji's with the sea.
The Mt. Fuji Welcome Card is a free card that can get you discounts for various attractions and tours in the vicinity.
- No spot in this world can be more horrible, more atrociously dismal, than the cindered tip of the Lotus as you stand upon it. — Lafcadio Hearn (1898)
The thing to do on Mt. Fuji is, of course, to climb it. As the Japanese say, a wise man climbs Fuji once, and a fool twice, but the true wisdom of this phrase is usually only learned the hard way. Athletes have completed the climb in under two hours and there's even a yearly race to the top [dead link], but for most people it takes 4 to 8 hours at walking speed (depending on your pace), and the descent another 2 to 4. An overnight climb in order to reach the top for the sunrise (go-raiko) is the most traditional thing, but you will probably be shuffling along in a slow-moving line for the latter stages of the ascent. Consider starting out in the late morning to reach the summit for the equally majestic sunset, with a tiny fraction of the crowds to accompany you. Afterward, you can try to sleep in a mountain hut (see below) and catch the sunrise if you like; two for the effort of one.
Even though Fuji is climbable by amateurs, you still need a few supplies. For starters, you need some appropriate clothing:
- rain-proof clothing
- long pants and long-sleeved shirt — although you might feel warm at the start of your climb, the remainder of it will be cold, windy, and dusty, as well as dangerously sunny during the day. Do not wear shorts.
- sturdy shoes (hiking boots if possible)
- hat or other head covering, for both the sun and the cold
- rain jacket or poncho — Beware: many of the cheap ponchos sold around Tokyo will tear under moderate use.
Gloves and warm, layered clothing are also strongly recommended.
Other supplies you will need are:
- headlamp (if climbing at night)
- sunglasses and sunscreen — at these altitudes, it's very easy to get a nasty second-degree sunburn. Even if you climb at night, you will need these during the descent.
- toilet paper
- ¥100 coins — toilets are pay-per-use and cost ¥100-300
- at least 1 liter of water per person, preferably 2 or 3
- high-energy snacks (Calorie Mate) as well as some more substantial fare (rice balls and such)
Additional supplies you might find helpful include:
- plastic bags to carry garbage and keep off the damp floor
- a rain shell for your backpack
- insect repellent
- a face mask, gaiters, and goggles can all be helpful to deal with the dust
- a can of compressed oxygen, in case you start feeling affected by the thin atmosphere
And of course, don't forget your camera for the spectacular views!
Kawaguchiko (Fujiyoshida) routeEdit
The most popular starting point is Kawaguchiko 5th Station (河口湖五合目 Kawaguchiko Go-gōme, 2305m), which offers you a last chance to stock on supplies (at a premium) before heading out. The initial stretch through flowery meadows is pleasant enough, but the bulk of the hike is a dreary and interminable slog: the volcanic landscape consists of jagged red rock in varying sizes from dust to boulder, with the trail zigzagging left and right endlessly, and the hike just gets steeper and steeper as you progress. Actual rock climbing is not required, but you will wish to use your hands at some points for support — bring gloves.
The trail is well marked (even at night) and in season you will find it difficult to get lost, as the trip is completed annually by 300,000 people and there may even be human traffic jams at some of the dicier spots. However, due to the danger of landslides do not venture beyond the trail; visibility may also be very rapidly reduced to near-zero if clouds roll in.
Once at the top, you will pass under a small torii gate and encounter a group of huts selling drinks and souvenirs; this being Japan, you will even find vending machines on the top of Mount Fuji. Yes, this is as anticlimactic as it sounds, but with any luck seeing the sunrise above the clouds will make up for it. You can also gaze into the long-dormant crater at the center of the mountain. Strictly speaking, this is not the highest point of the mountain; that honor goes to the meteorological station on the other side of the crater, an additional 30 minutes hike away. While some might consider it not really worth the trouble, a purist will tell you that if you do not stand at the highest point, you never really summitted, so the choice is yours. A full circuit of the crater takes around an hour.
There is a separate path for descending down the mountain back to Kawaguchiko; be sure you take the right one! Do not attempt to run down the mountain; rolling down isn't fun, it's a long way to the nearest hospital, and you don't want to find out how much a helicopter medevac costs in Japan.
This is the longest and toughest access route from the fifth station, with Gotemba 5th Station (御殿場五合目 Gotemba Go-gōme) located at 1440 meters, nearly 900 meters lower down than Kawaguchiko.
There are separate routes for ascent and descent, which will take 7 to 10 and 1.5 to 3 hours accordingly. The path is clearly marked with signs, so night climbing (with a flashlight) is possible. For your own safety, walking on the bulldozer path, which crosses the pedestrian path several times, is not allowed. The climb from the 5th to the 6th station is over an enormous ash field, which formed during a recent eruption in 1707. Mountain huts at the 6th, 7th and 8th stations operate during official climbing season and also provide warm food (curry rice, ramen, soba, drinks, etc.). Beware of rocks from 8th station and above. It is essential to bring enough water supplies or buy water at the fifth station, because there are limited places to resupply, although it may be possible to purify and drink the rainwater which is available for hand washing purposes at the mountain huts.
Advantages of this trail:
- Fewer people, so you can go on your own speed and have more space to sleep at the mountain huts
- Mountain top is visible
- Can run down the ashed covered path from the seventh station.
- No rock climbing
Disadvantages of this trail:
- Fewer mountain huts (one each at the 6th, 7th, and 8th station)
- During descent ash can make clothes and shoes very dirty, also shoes may fill with ash if gaiters or other covering are not worn.
- Transportation to the fifth station is limited- the last bus from JR Gotemba station to the 5th station leaves around 5 pm.
- No vending machines located on this trail after the fifth station.
Fujinomiya (富士宮, 2400 meters) is the shortest route, and the only route on the Shizuoka side of the mountain. With the capital in Kyoto for much of the nation's history, this has historically been the main path to the top and is occasionally still known as Omoteguchi (表口), or "Main Entrance". It remains the second most-developed trail up the mountain however, it is a far second. This is also the route used by the Sea to Summit Climb [dead link], an extreme version of the climb starting at sea level near Higashi-Tagonoura station (東田子の浦駅) on the JR Tokaido Main Line, 47 km (12–14 hours) away from the fifth station. This route is the steepest with lots of rocky sections, hence, while the starting point is the highest of all routes, this is one of the more difficult trails. Since there is no separate descent trail, it gets particularly congested near the peak.
Climbing guides often list this as the "sunset trail", because it's the best trail for seeing the sunset. Consequently, those using this route to see the sunrise will not be able to see it before the summit. This is also the closest trail to Kengamine, Mount Fuji's highest point at 3776 meters.
The trail to Mount Hoei (the mountain on the mountain created during Mt Fuji's last eruption in the 18th century) branches off from the Fujinomiya trail. This particular trail eventually joins the Gotemba trail around the 6th station. This relatively unknown trail starting from the Fujinomiya 5th station to the top of Mt Fuji forms the Prince trail (プリンスルート), named after Crown Prince Naruhito who took this route during his climb in 2008. Since this trail is the second longest and has a high starting elevation, it is considered to be one of the easier routes with the most difficult section being a rocky slope near Mount Hoei right before joining the Gotemba trail. However, with 5 branching points, it is easy to stray from this trail. The ascent on this trail takes around 5 hours. There is no official descent trail but it is possible for hikers to backtrack as there is a junction on the Gotemba descent.
Subashiri Trail (須走, 1980 meters) is on the east side of Mount Fuji, so you'll be able to see sunrise almost anywhere from the trail. The trail is the most gently sloped and forested up to around 2700m, making it rather more pleasant than the other routes, but it's consequently also longer in distance. The trail merges with the Kawaguchiko trail at the 8th station.
Beside climbing from the fifth station, there are three routes from Sengenjinja at the foot of the mountain. They are Yoshida route, Suyama route, and Murayama route. Murayama route is the oldest climbing route, followed by Suyama route. These routes offer a glimpse of the history of Mount Fuji climbing and are being restored. Be warned, however, not to expect to see too many people climbing from these routes.
- Mountain huts are dotted along all stations on the Kawaguchiko trail, as well as the summit itself, selling basic climbing gear (sticks, flashlights, raincoats, even oxygen canisters), drinks and candy (¥250 for a Snickers bar). If your climbing staff becomes a cherished companion, you can pay to have an official seal burned into it marking your arrival at every station, making a handsome souvenir (as long as you don't mind lugging it around with you).
- Postcards – At the summit, you can set your postcards apart from the rest with a postmark from the highest post office in Japan. It's located between the 10th stations of the Gotemba and Fujinomiya routes, and is open 6AM-2PM for 42 days from early July to late August. (The exact dates change every year; in 2008, it was July 10 to August 20.) Next to the post office is a small shrine and a stand where you can purchase fairly nice embossed certificates with an official stamp to mark your ascent. (Remember, though, as they say on Mount Everest, you've only climbed the mountain if you make it back down as well.)
If you have the energy to haul food and drink, buy it before coming to Mount Fuji. Once on the mountain, simple meals (curry rice and such), if available at all, will cost around ¥1000. As all materials have to be hauled up by tractors, food and drink prices are high and rise the closer you get to the summit. For example, a vending machine at the summit sells drinks and cans of corn soup for ¥400. However, as the summit has fewer people staying overnight and many more people resting, you can usually stop for a break without paying the resting fee (see Sleep), making the price of a cup of tea or a bowl of noodles enjoyed indoors somewhat more reasonable.
Kawaguchiko 5th Station is the last place to have a meal or stock up on supplies without breaking the bank, although there's a bit of inflation even here.
Huts from 7th station onward also offer primitive accommodation, and reservations are strongly recommended. Prices are pretty much standardized at ¥5250 a night for a very cramped space (one tatami mat or less) shared with the halitosis, funky boot juice and snoring of 150-500 strangers, plus an optional ¥1050/2100 for one/two meals.
Note that most huts will not allow visitors to stay within the (heated) huts without paying a resting fee, either ¥1000-2000 per hour or ¥5,000 for the entire night. The fee may be waived if you buy a meal.
The huts also have extremely basic toilets, but they get the job done (¥100/200). Instead of the usual noxious sweet deodorant, some of these toilets use a pepper scent to mask the smell of the waste.
- Hinode-kan, ☏ . Kawaguchiko 7th Station. Notable primarily for having the only bilingual website on Mt. Fuji (but no regular bilingual staff). A stay costs ¥5250 per person, and there is space for about 200.
- Fujisan Hotel, ☏ . Kawaguchiko 8th Station. The largest hut on the mountain, with space for about 500. In two separate but nearby huts, it's a far cry from a hotel, but unlike most others English is spoken here.
Mount Fuji is a real mountain and should be treated with respect. Near the top the air is noticeably thinner, which may cause altitude sickness and breathing difficulties. The hike to the top is taxing, but injuries typically occur during the descent phase when you're tired. Especially after heavy rains landslides are also a possibility.
It is very cold on top. During summer, when at the mountain foot the temperature is a sweltering 35 °C, at the top it will be 7 °C during the day and less during the night (bear in mind that windchill will make it feel even colder) — ice and frost are common throughout the year. Add in strong wind and/or lashings of rain, and hypothermia can easily strike while waiting for sunrise at the goal. If your extremities go numb or you can't control your shivering, go indoors and get warmed up.
Despite the cold, the risk of sunburn is also very high. There is much less atmosphere shielding you from the sun's UV rays, so even though it may be cold it's very easy to get a first- or even second-degree sunburn.
Do not climb out of season, even during months like April when it's warm down below, unless you are thoroughly prepared and know exactly what you're doing. Totally prepared means you have alpine climb gear and have climbed mountains like this before. If you choose to climb around the New Year, you could experience −30 °C on the mountain top.
These warnings are not a joke: on average, around 4 people die and over a dozen are injured every year on Fuji by hypothermia or falling rocks.
Finally, geologists tell us that Fuji is a dormant volcano, not a dead one. The mountain has a cycle of roughly 300 years and the last eruption was in 1707, so the next one is due right about now.
If you undertake the more traditional and crowded overnight climb, be aware that the returning buses in the morning can be incredibly busy, especially from Kawaguchiko 5th Station to the bus and train station at Kawaguchiko. It is very easy to miss your bus from Kawaguchiko onwards to Tokyo if you leave your descent too long and join the back of a huge queue of tired climbers. Hitchhiking from the parking lot may actually be a faster alternative!
If you climbed Mt. Fuji and survived despite (thanks to?) all the apocalyptic warnings here, treat yourself to a dip in the hot springs at Hakone.