Terengganu (also Trengganu) is a state on the eastern coast of Peninsular Malaysia in Malaysia. The primary attractions of the state are the beautiful tropical Perhentian and Redang Islands.

Cities edit

  • 1 Kuala Terengganu , the capital and by far the largest city in Terengganu
  • 2 Dungun   , a medium-sized town and jumping-off point for Tenggol
  • 3 Kemaman , a city neighbouring Pahang
  • 4 Kerteh   , a fishing village where you can find nice beaches and a clear blue river
  • 5 Kuala Besut , the main port for ferries to the Perhentian Islands
  • 6 Marang , the port for ferries to Kapas Island
  • 7 Merang , the port for ferries to Redang
  • 8 Seberang Takir , a small fishing village with cottage industry
  • Setiu , a small region where you can find nice beaches and flour dipped food

Other destinations edit

A false clown anemonefish amidst the sea anemones near the Perhentian Islands
  • 1 Kapas Island, a small island with little accommodation and nice snorkeling.
  • 2 Lang Tengah
  • 3 Perhentian Islands, great diving.
  • 4 Redang, a more expensive version of paradise with creature comforts and more great diving.
  • Rantau Abang, a sea turtle nesting place.
  • 5 Kenyir Lake, a gorgeous artificial lake.
  • 6 Tenggol Island
  • Pantai Kemasik, a very gorgeous beach with a small rock island just a stone's throw from the beach. When the tide recedes, you can walk to the tiny island and play on its beach. It's just 2 km from Kerteh town. Also, lots of fishing villages are around this beach. The scenery is majestic, especially when the sun rises. It's an excellent places for avid photographers.

Understand edit

Terengganu Inscription Stone, Side A

Terengganu is probably the most Malay of all the Malaysian states, with Malays comprising approximately 95% of the population. It is also the Malaysian state where Islam first arrived, as documented by a 1303 C.E. stone inscription that was left at Kuala Berang, the capital of the district of Ulu (upriver) Terengganu; the Terengganu Inscription Stone is now displayed at the Terengganu State Museum in Kuala Terengganu. As a result of the state's history as the first recipient of Islam in Malaysia and the deep faith of most of the overwhelming Muslim majority in the state, its official nickname is Darul Iman — The Abode of Faith in Allah.

Terengganu's economy has benefited from the discovery and subsequent exploitation of offshore oil deposits, which are near the shore and supply some surprisingly beautiful petrochemical plants on land near the coast between Paka and Kerteh. The plants do not produce unpleasant odors and are particularly attractive at night, when they are lit up.

But in spite of all the development and a greatly increased population relative to decades past, most of Terengganu is still rural, a state of kampungs — Malay villages — with roadside stands, long stretches of coconut palm-studded sandy coastline (though see the "Stay safe" section before you decide to swim) and wonderful fresh local produce. So quite apart from the draw of the offshore islands including Perhentian Besar, Perhentian Kecil and Redang, many people from the big cities of the West Coast and Singapore find it relaxing to drive up the coast and spend some time feeling a slower rhythm of life than what they experience back home.

Talk edit

It will help you to know some Malay. Some people speak English, but do not expect everyone to be able to.

The Terengganu dialect varies significantly in pronunciation and somewhat in vocabulary from standard Malay and is closely related to Kelantanese Malay, though it is not as different from standard Malay pronunciation as Kelantanese is. However, unless you are planning on visiting some small villages inland, you are likely to meet only people who speak standard Malay with a fairly standard accent, even if they can also speak dialect among themselves. The northernmost district, Besut, traditionally speaks Kelantanese Malay.

The largest ethnic minority in the state is the Chinese, with a Chinatown in Kuala Terengganu. Most of the Chinese are fluent in both standard Malay and Terengganu Malay, but also speak Mandarin and various Chinese dialects.

Get in edit

Most visitors to the Perhentians bypass the bulk of Terengganu and instead transit via Kota Bharu, in the neighbouring state of Kelantan, which offers better connections by air and train and is only one hour away. However, Kuala Terengganu and other locations along the main north-south highway are accessible via long-distance bus from Kuala Lumpur, Penang and various other cities.

By plane edit

Kuala Terengganu's own Sultan Mahmud Airport (TGG IATA) has a number of flights daily from Kuala Lumpur and twice daily from Penang, as well as a thrice weekly international flight from Singapore by Firefly. It's a two-hour drive from here to Kuala Besut, the usual jumping-off point for the Perhentian Islands.

The closest airport to Besut is actually Sultan Ismail Petra Airport (KBR IATA) at Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Kuantan, Pahang's Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Airport (KUA IATA) is the closest to the southernmost reaches of the state.

By car edit

The fastest way to get into Terengganu by car from the neighbouring state of Pahang is via the Lebuhraya Pantai Timur (East Coast Expressway), a toll road which also connects with the Kuala Lumpur-Karak Expressway, enabling fairly speedy access from the West Coast. From Kelantan, it is necessary to take the older though still multi-lane East Coast Highway, which is free.

By bus edit

Various bus companies run long-distance buses from Kuala Lumpur and other Malaysian cities to Kuala Terengganu. Depending on the route, it may be possible for you to get off at any town or village along the way as long as you ask the bus driver in advance.

Get around edit

By car edit

There is a substantial network of paved roads in the state.

By bus edit

There are many intrastate bus routes. In addition, if you stand by the side of the main coastal highway in a village, you may be able to hail intercity buses if you want to go to Kuala Terengganu or other major cities in the state.

See edit

Kenyir Lake

Many tourists come to Terengganu to go to islands like the Perhentians to swim and scuba dive, but the coast itself is beautiful and pleasant and dotted with peaceful villages, and Kenyir Lake, a reservoir in Ulu (upriver) Terengganu, provides breathtaking panoramas.

Do edit

Buy edit

Terengganu is known for local fabrics like kain songket and kain batik. The Pasir Payang Market (Pasar Besar Kedai Payang) in Kuala Terengganu is the best place to pick up some.

Eat edit

A plate of keropok lekor with dipping sauce

Terengganu's most famous culinary product is keropok lekor, a thick, chewy, hot dog-like sausage entirely unlike the thin crackers called keropok elsewhere in Malaysia. Keropok lekor is made from fish paste and sago palm flour, served cut into finger-size lengths and deep fried, and should always be accompanied by a reddish-brown dipping sauce of tamarind, chili, sugar and vinegar. Sold at roadside stalls in and around the state (Kelantan claims it too), with a particularly impressive assemblage of lekor vendors at the Kelantan-Terengganu border on the way in from Kota Bharu.

Another traditional thing to eat in Terengganu is ulam, a salad of wild or cultivated leaves that is usually eaten with fiery sambal belacan (shrimp paste with hot pepper). When combined with rice, it is called nasi ulam in Terengganu (in Kelantan, it is called nasi kerabu, and probably more commonly eaten with budu [fish sauce] or tempoyak [fermented durian] than sambal belacan).

Much good inexpensive food is to be found in coffee houses (kedai kopi) along roadsides in villages, and of course in cities. And do not miss the chance to buy some of Terengganu's delicious fresh fruits in any of the pasar (bazaars) in the cities and larger towns.

Nobody seems to be quite sure if it's legal or not, but turtle eggs are widely sold in Terengganu. However, they're a threatened species, and besides, the eggs are slimy and quite salty, so think twice before you indulge.

Drink edit

Alcohol is generally looked down upon throughout Malay-dominated Terengganu and is served only in Chinese (non-Halal) restaurants. It is possible to buy Malaysian and imported beer by the can at large grocery stores.

Non-alcoholic drinks are widely available, including fresh juices, coconut water (air kelapa), corn drink (air jagung) and the array of packaged drinks sold elsewhere in Malaysia. The widest variety of branded products is available in Kuala Terengganu, but there are drink stalls on the side of any major road.

Stay safe edit

Terengganu is probably one of the safest states of Malaysia in terms of crime, but be careful where you swim. You should assume that all beaches on the coast of Terengganu without lifeguards that are not protected by capes or obviously promoted as places to swim are very dangerous. There is a powerful current that comes down from Thailand, creating a tremendous downward pull very close to the coast that could kill you if you choose to swim on these beaches. The effect of the current is even more powerful during and close to the monsoon season, which may start as early as October and continue until March, with non-stop torrential rains likeliest from late November or early December through late January or early February. However, outside of the monsoon season, there is no reason for you to have any second thoughts about swimming, snorkelling or scuba diving in parts of Terengganu that are popular with swimmers, snorkellers or divers and promoted as such.

Respect edit

Terengganu is a conservative Islamic state. You will have a better experience if you respect local mores when you are outside of resort areas where people are used to foreigners dressed in bikinis. It is not necessary or expected for non-Muslim women to wear a headscarf (though it would certainly meet with approval), but both men and women should wear clothing that covers all or at least most of their legs (no short shorts), and women should wear blouses or dresses which cover their torso. Long sleeves are preferable for women, and outfits which show the shoulders or midriff should be avoided: the key is modesty. Tourists dressed in shorts and skimpy tops are really out of place.

Go next edit

Culturally, Terengganu has a lot in common with its northern neighbour, Kelantan, but the cultural and historical differences between the two states make Kelantan interesting and well worth including in your trip to Terengganu. A bus ride from Kuala Terengganu to Kota Bharu lasts only about three hours.

To the south and southwest is Pahang, the largest state in Peninsular Malaysia, with more coastline, the larger city of Kuantan, and also the Genting and Cameron Highlands in the western part of the state.

This region travel guide to Terengganu is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!