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place where water flows over a vertical drop
Travel topics > Natural attractions > Waterfalls

Waterfalls are some of the most spectacular sights that nature has to offer, and are the frequent goal of many travellers.

The Iguaçu Falls Waterfall

Notable WaterfallsEdit

Some of the most noteworthy waterfalls are:

  • Victoria Falls, on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe, forms the largest single face of falling water in the world, with a width of 1.7 kilometers and height of 108 meters.
  • Angel Falls in Venezuela is the world's highest waterfall with one uninterrupted drop of 807 m (2,647 ft), from a total height of 978 m (3,212 ft)
  • Iguaçu Falls on the border of Brazil and Argentina, are one of the largest and most impressive in the world.
  • Boyoma Falls (formerly, Stanley Falls) on the Congo River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are the falls that have the greatest volume of flow - 17 million litres per second over a drop of 60 m
  • Niagara Falls, the most-visited waterfall in the world, on the border between Canada and the United States of America



  • Boyoma Falls (formerly, Stanley Falls) on the Congo River are the falls with the greatest volume of flow - 17 million litres per second over a drop of 60 m

South AfricaEdit

  • Tugela Falls in the Drakensberg is the worlds second highest waterfall with a total drop of 947m in 5 leaps. The highest single drop is 411m.


  • Murchison Falls where the Nile River passes through a narrow cleft in the rocks and crashes over a 30 m precipice

Zambia and ZimbabweEdit



China's largest waterfall, the Huangguoshu Waterfall is one of few waterfalls that can be viewed from above, below, front, back, left and right in the world. It is near Anshun in Guizhou.


  • 1 Athirappilly Waterfall (Niagara of India), Athirappilly Panchayeth, Kerala. Athirappilly Falls are the largest waterfall in Kerala and located 28 km from Thrissur.
  • 2 Chitrakote Waterfall, Chhattisgarh. The widest waterfall in India.
  • 3 Dhuandhar Waterfall, Madhya Pradesh. Dhuandhar's meaning is derived from the words Dhuan (smoke) Dhar (flow). These falls are located on Narmada River in Bhedaghat. This river runs through the famous Marble Rocks before plunging down this waterfall.
  • 4 Dudhsagar Falls, Goa. Monsoon brings the Sea of Milk or the magnificent Dudhsagar Waterfall from the high peaks of the Western Ghats. Dudhsagar Falls is listed among the top 10 highest water falls in India and one of the most beautiful in the world.
  • 5 Hogenakal Falls (Hogenakkal Falls), Hogenakal (Village), Tamil Nadu. Sometimes this waterfall is referred to as "Niagara of India" as is Athirappilly Waterfall. This area is noted for medicinal baths and boat rides during dry seasons when the Kaveri River is low.
  • 6 Jog Falls ((Kannada: ಜೋಗ ಜಲಪಾತ)). It is a large waterfall 30 kilometres (19 mi) away from Sagara, created by the Sharavathi River falling from a height of 253 meters (829 ft), the highest plunge of an Indian waterfall. The segmented falls are a major attraction, also known as Gerusoppe falls, Gersoppa Falls and Jogada Gundi.
  • 7 Khandadhar Waterfall, Sundagarh, Orissa. One of two Waterfalls with the same name in the Kendujhar district in Orissa. These both apparently on opposite sides of the same hill.
  • 8 Nohsngithiang waterfall (Seven Sisters or Mawsmai Falls), Meghalaya. A seven-segmented waterfall (seven strands or cascades). Mawsmai Cave is located nearby.
  • 9 Talakona Waterfall, Talakona, Andhra Pradesh. Highest waterfall in Andhra Pradesh
  • 10 Thoseghar Waterfalls, Satara, Maharashtra. Series of waterfalls with viewing platform and picnic area.
  • 11 Tirathgarh Waterfalls (Milky Fall or Teerathgarh Falls), Chhattisgarh (38km from Jagdalpur). Located in Kanger Ghati National Park. Kutumsar Caves are nearby.


  • Shevi Waterfall is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Iran with a height of about 85 m.


  • Kegon Falls in Chuzenji Famed for its beauty and morbidity as an inspired suicide spot after a poet wrote a suicide note here before jumping off the falls.
  • Nachi Falls in Katsuura Arguably the nation's most famous waterfall, it is over 100 feet and serves as a gorgeous backdrop to Kumano Nachi Shrine. The shrine was built here because of the falls, which is believed to house a water spirit.


  • Jurong Falls is the tallest artificial waterfall in the world at 30m.


  • Krimml waterfalls in Krimml, Austria (Salzburg region), Europe`s highest waterfalls
  • Rhine Falls in Schaffhausen, Switzerland, Europe's largest falls by volume of water
  • Savica Waterfall in Slovenia has two strands and is 78 meters high. France Prešeren's epic poem “Baptism by the Savica” is one of the great works of Slovene literature.
  • Stora Sjöfallet in Laponia, Sweden, used to be one of Europe's most impressive waterfalls, but most water is now led away for hydroelectric power


North AmericaEdit

South AmericaEdit

  • Angel Falls in Venezuela, the highest single-drop falls in the world (nearly a kilometer)
  • Iguaçu Falls on the border of Brazil and Argentina, are one of the largest and most impressive in the world.
  • Kaieteur Falls in Guyana is said to be one of the most powerful waterfalls in the world with 663 cubic meters per second, it also carries the claim to be the highest single drop water fall in the world.

Stay safeEdit

A liter of water weighs a kilogram; a gallon weighs ten pounds. When large amounts of water fall long distances, the forces involved are enormous, easily enough to kill a person or sink a boat.

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