- For other places with the same name, see South West (disambiguation).
The West Country is an unofficial, but popular, name for the South West of England. If you think you know southern England, but haven't ventured beyond the South East, the West Country will be a revelation. It is at once more rural and prettier than its crowded neighbour, offering extensive countryside of hills, forest and moorland, hemmed in on three sides by the sea. From the sandy beaches of Dorset, to the creeks and inlets of Devon, via Somerset's high cliffs and Cornwall's secluded coves, the South West Coast is as diverse as it is long. Large cities are few and far between, but for the cream of the crop, head to vibrant Bristol, beachy Bournemouth or charming Bath.
In addition to city, countryside and coast, the West Country hosts some of the UK's best-known attractions. While no trip to the region would be complete without a visit to Stonehenge, other landmarks include Cheddar Gorge in Somerset and the Eden Project in Cornwall. The region's fauna is impressive. A trip out to sea may permit sightings of whales, dolphins and basking sharks; inland you can seek out England's only wild beavers, plus river otters and kingfishers in Devon, rare butterflies and great bustards in Wiltshire's meadows and reintroduced wild boar in Gloucestershire.
The following counties are generally considered to form the West Country:
quintissential English countryside; from the honey-coloured villages of the Cotswolds to the ancient woodland of the Forest of Dean, where wild boar and deer roam
Britain at its oldest and most intriguing - mysterious circles abound, both of the stone and crop variety. Prepare to meet druids, rub shoulders with pagans and bear witness to strange symbols on the chalk hills
a diverse landscape of gorges, hills, fields and wetland; Somerset is a haven for bird-watchers, cheese-lovers and cider fans alike
from the Jurassic Coast to sandy Bournemouth, via Portland Bill, Chesil Beach and Poole Harbour, visit one of the UK's finest coastlines. Inland, discover Thomas Hardy's beloved "Wessex"
two dramatic national parks (Holmesian Dartmoor and misty Exmoor), Exeter's wonderful cathedral and a coastline they call the 'English Riviera' - what better place for a cream tea?
very much separate from the rest of England, Cornwall is the place to go for serious surfing, white-washed fishing villages, tales of pirates, UNESCO mining heritage and Celtic hospitality: Kernow bys vykenǃ
|Isles of Scilly |
beyond Land's End lies a jewel-like archipelago; warmed by the tropical Gulf Stream, these islands enjoy the warmest climate in Britain
Cities and townsEdit
- 1 Bath (Somerset) – From the Roman Empire to the Regency period, Bath was Britain's premier spa town. Now you can admire its awesome architecture and 2000-year history
- 2 Bournemouth (Dorset) – a sandy beach resort popular with all ages. Here, the UK's greatest concentration of retirement homes rub shoulders with the south west coast's best nightlife
- 3 Bristol – Once a bustling medieval port, the South West's biggest city is both fashionable and colourful, while enjoying interesting topography and a world-famous bridge
- 4 Exeter (Devon) – Devon's county town is blessed with a stunning cathedral and an enviable location between Dartmoor and the sea
- 5 Gloucester (Gloucestershire) – The UK's furthest inland port on its longest river; yet another cathedral city with Roman and Medieval credentials
- 6 Plymouth (Devon) – The "Spirit of Discovery" invites you to the place where the pilgrims of the Mayflower set sail for the New World
- 7 Salisbury (Wiltshire) – "New Sarum" boasts England's tallest cathedral spire, a magnificent structure that evokes the great churches of the Continent
- 8 Truro (Cornwall) – Cornwall's compact and pretty capital sits at the heart of the Duchy. Its narrow streets make it pedestrian-friendly and easily walkable
- 9 Wells (Somerset) – More of a large village than a city, Wells' gorgeousness packs a punch far greater than its size. This most English of settlements surrounds a justifiably famous cathedral
- 1 Stonehenge – The most famous prehistoric standing stones in the world and a joint World Heritage site with nearby Avebury.
- The 2 Forest of Dean – The "Queen of Forests", one of England's few remaining ancient forests.
- 3 Dartmoor and 4 Exmoor National Parks
- 5 Isles of Scilly – A glorious set of islands out in the Atlantic. One of Britain's best kept secrets.
- 6 Land's End - Where Cornwall tumbles into the Ocean.
- 7 Lundy - A rugged and very scenic island off the north Devon coast.
- The White Horses of Wiltshire - white horses created by removing the grass on hills to reveal the white chalk underneath. Most are a few hundred years old, although the 8 Uffington White Horse is at least 3,000 years old.
- The 9 Jurassic Coast in Dorset and East Devon is designated a World Heritage site.
The itinerary article Prehistoric Wessex Trail suggests a route through much of the region.
The exact boundary of the West Country is unclear and often a source of heated debate between the different counties, many of which have strong identities. What can be said is that it is an area that shares many interesting cultural similarities. Most noticeably the accents and dialects. Most of the West Country once formed part of the ancient kingdom of Wessex and Wessex remains to this day a cultural region which locals identify with. The people of Cornwall sometimes consider themselves separate from both the West Country and England, due to their ancient Celtic heritage.
West Country dialects can vary but share many similarities, most noticeably the strong rhotic pronunciation, often stereotyped as rural or pirate speech. These dialects can also be found in neighbouring counties, but are more uncommon due to the influence of large population shifts out of London.
West Country people are widely seen as warm, welcoming, forgiving and easy going folk and certainly this reputation has helped enhance the tourist industry. Other aspects of the culture include an almost religious obsession with rough farm produced scrumpy cider. Many folk songs about the juice of the apple are widely known and will be readily performed by local musicians, in a style jokingly referred to as "Scrumpy & Western".
West Country people are often portrayed in the British media as simple country folk, however be aware that people are not comfortable with this London centric view and might well find such comparisons extremely offensive.
The M5, M4, A303 and A31 provide motorway and trunk road access to South West England.
First Great Western operate most services into the region from London / the South East and Wales. South Western Railway (who mainly cover the east of the region) also connect the West Country to the South and South East. CrossCountry provide long distance services from the Midlands and North.
Bournemouth, Exeter and Newquay all have airports with services from elsewhere in the UK and abroad. Southampton Airport, in the neighbouring South East region, is very well placed for Dorset and Wiltshire.
Otherwise, the greatest number of international (and particularly long-haul) flights will be found at the various London airports, which are all within a day's drive of practically anywhere in the West Country. Heathrow Airport is about 2 hours' drive from Bristol.
Within the West Country itself are three seaports offering international ferry services: Plymouth (ferries from Roscoff and St Malo in France, and Santander in Spain), Weymouth (ferries from the Channel Islands) and Poole (ferries from Cherbourg and St Malo in France, Santander and Gijón in Spain, and the Channel Islands).
The South West with its long coastline is a haven for tourists and so many tourist attractions can be found here. Eastern Dorset has a number of popular seaside resorts, the biggest of which is Bournemouth. The 'Jurassic Coast' (so named for the abundant dinosaur and prehistoric fossils found along the beaches) runs through western Dorset and eastern Devon. The Cornish coast is famous for its mining heritage, fishing villages and surfing beaches. One of the most popular attractions is the Eden Project  in Cornwall
Local specialties include:
The region is most famous for production of farmhouse cider (nationally known as a "scrumpy"). This is generally assumed to be alcoholic (and frequently much stronger than supermarket cider!) and apple-based, although perry from pears and ciders from other fruits are also produced.
The rural West Country is generally an extremely safe area with low crime rates - the sort of place where locals may leave houses unlocked, although of course this is not advised; and as usual, towns and cities should be treated with more vigilance.
Perhaps the biggest potential danger for a visitor is on the country roads, which are frequently narrow, with very poor visibility as they wind between high hedges, and always the risk of a tractor, horse rider or cyclist around the next corner. Drive carefully!
In addition, the highlands of Dartmoor, Exmoor etc can be very exposed to bad weather, so although they are not particularly mountainous in sheer height or relief, they should be treated with similar respect. Similarly, all usual respect should be paid to coastline safety as the sea can be rough and many opportunities exist for getting cut off by the tide.