- For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation).
Portsmouth (pronounced "ports-muth" and nicknamed "Pompey") is a large city in the county of Hampshire, on the south coast of England. Portsmouth plays a major role in British history, especially naval history. Its rich heritage offers a variety of attractions, including the Historical Dockyard, which houses some of the most historical warships in the world – HMS Victory, Lord Nelson's flagship used at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, and the Mary Rose, a Tudor-era warship. Portsmouth has two cathedrals, including the Romanesque Portsmouth Cathedral, 12 museums, most of which are free, and two theatres. The city offers excellent shopping facilities in the Gunwharf Quays complex, home to a variety of designer stores including Ralph Lauren, Hugo Boss and Barbour, as well as the striking 557 ft (170 m) landmark Spinnaker Tower, which offers excellent views of the Solent and City.
Portsmouth is also known for its literary history, as the birthplace of Charles Dickens, the famous Victorian era novelist, and the pioneering engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Other famous figures to have lived here are HG Wells, Arthur Conan Doyle and Rudyard Kipling. The city is well served by three musical venues, The Wedgewood Rooms, Guildhall and Pyramids, which regularly host major musical and comedy acts.
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The majority of the city of Portsmouth lies on Portsea Island, though it is separated from the mainland only by a roughly 30-m wide stretch of sea water, so is perhaps more accurately thought of as a peninsula. Historically, Portsmouth has long been an important naval port and builds on its rich heritage with memorials, museums, trails and the fascinating Historic Dockyard. It has four miles of seafront, including pebbled beaches. It is a university city, home to the University of Portsmouth, and has a large multicultural student population.
Portsmouth has a population of 200,000 people and is the most densely populated city in the UK, outside of certain parts of London. The entire Portsmouth Urban Area is home to more than 442,000 people.
1 Portsmouth & Southsea station has National Rail trains run frequently from London Waterloo and take between 1 hr 30 min and 1 hr 40 min via Haslemere. Or about 2 hr 10 min via Winchester (you may arrive earlier by taking a later train via Haslemere than going via Winchester). A cheap day single is about £33. Other major services include Brighton (1 hr 40 min), Cardiff (3 hr 10 min) via Bath and Bristol; and Southampton (1 hour). There are also direct trains from Gatwick Airport (1 hr 20 min). Alight at Portsmouth & Southsea station for Portsmouth City Centre shopping, Portsmouth Guildhall and a short walk to the seafront.
4 Hilsea station is situated in the north east of the city - it's sited to serve the local industrial estates and most visitors would have no reason to alight here unless they are visiting Portsmouth Rugby Club. Some trains do not stop at this station.
When departing by train those unfamiliar with the stations can easily miss them even when only a few feet away. Portsmouth Harbour is behind the bus station at The Hard. Portsmouth & Southsea is easily found at the bottom of Commercial Road if you look out for the railway bridge just south of the building. Fratton can be found to the east of the road bridge at the bottom of Fratton Road and north of the roundabout between Victoria Road North and Goldsmith Avenue. The less frequented Hilsea Station is underneath the road bridge at Norway Road and Cosham station is on the Cosham High Street.
Portsmouth is easily accessible by car via the M275 via the M27 and A27. From London, take the A3 or M3 south. As Portsmouth is an island city, routes in and out are limited, and so congestion can be a problem, especially during rush hour. The large majority of residential roads have a 20 mph (~32 km/h) speed limit.
Parking is plentiful on street (about £1/hr) and in pay-and-display car parks. The city centre and Gunwharf Quays both have multi-storey car parks, and Southsea has on-street parking. Some roads have a time limit on parking for non-residents and these limits are enforceable 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Portsmouth has a Park & Ride scheme allowing parking for a reasonable cost and free bus travel to the city centre and The Hard. The buses run until the early or late evening depending on the day. There is no access for cars from the Park & Ride car parks into the city proper - only buses are permitted to leave the car parks in this direction - this is to avoid residential roads being used as rat runs by cars entering the city.
If you stroll a little away from the city centre and tourist hot spots (sometimes just around the corner in Southsea), parking can be found for free or in time-limited bays.
Motorcycles can park without a residents permit and within the marked bays. Gunwharf Quays also has a dedicated motorcycle bay in the underground car park.
If you're visiting the university, you can obtain day car passes from University House. However, the car parks are very busy during term-time.
Local bus routes stretch as far afield as Havant and Southampton. Day passes can be bought for £3.70 which allow unlimited travel in the Portsmouth City area or £4.80 for the whole of Hampshire.
National Express travels into the Hard (few hundred yards from harbour and historic dockyard) with links to many of the country's major cities.
- See also: Ferry routes to Great Britain
Since Portsmouth is the 'Waterfront City', there are numerous options for arriving by boat from near and far.
- Brittany Ferries, up to 3 a day, 5 hr 45 min
- Le Havre
- Brittany Ferries 1 a day, 8 hr 15min overnight
- Brittany Ferries, up to 2 a day, 9 hr overnight or in the daytime
- Brittany Ferries, 'cruise style' 2 a week (W: 24 hr, and Su: 32 hr), 'économie' 1 a week (Tu: 28 hr).
- Brittany Ferries, 3 a week (Tu F Su: 24 hr).
From the Channel IslandsEdit
There are services from the Channel Islands of Jersey and Guernsey.
From the Isle of WightEdit
The Isle of Wight is under 60 min by ferry or 10 min by hovercraft.
- Wightlink, ever 30 mins, journey time 35 mins
The Gosport Ferry runs every 7 min at peak times and every 15 min at other times until midnight for £3.30 return. The Gosport Ferry service docks at the transport hub by Portsmouth Harbour station.
From Hayling IslandEdit
The nearest airport is 5 Southampton Airport (SOU IATA), around 20 mi (32 km) from Portsmouth in Eastleigh. Over 47 European and domestic destinations are served from here. From the airport it is simple to get to Portsmouth by train, traveling from Southampton Airport Parkway and changing at either Southampton Central or Eastleigh.
A day travel ticket can be bought for £4.50 for FirstBus only. It is also possible to travel between the harbour and the city centre using the train. It is a compact, flat city however, and nowhere is a very long walk. There are two local minicab companies - City Wide Taxis (90+ vehicles) and Aquacars (700+ vehicles) that can be prebooked and many actual taxis that can be flagged down in the street or found and taxi ranks scattered around the city.Uber operates in the city.
At night, if you can find an elevated position you can navigate via the chain of blue lights along the sea-front, to the south.
Here are some of the local names for the areas which may be useful for people visiting
- The Hard is the area around Portsmouth Historic Dockyard, Gunwharf Quays and Portsmouth Harbour Train and Bus Stations.
- Old Portsmouth/Sallyport/Spice Island, the area around the Anglican Cathedral Square and Round Tower, Camber Dock and along the sea walls.
- Southsea, the area next to the sea at the southern end of the island and it stretches further north to include Southsea Town Centre (Palmerston, Elm, Marmion and Albert Roads).
- Commercial Road, the city centre, and the main shopping and market street, home of Cascades shopping mall.
- Fratton, the area north of Southsea and east of Commercial Road (really useful only if you are attending a football match at Fratton Park or changing trains at Fratton Station)
- 1 Portsmouth Historic Dockyard. Located in the naval base, the Historic Dockyard has a number of historic ships including the Mary Rose, HMS Victory and HMS Warrior. In the Historic Dockyard is also Royal Naval Museum and Action Stations - an interactive look at the navy of today. There is a great old pub outside of dockyard called the Ship Anson, worth a try. Portsmouth Visitor Information Centre can be found adjacent to the visitor entrance of the dockyard.
- 2 Spinnaker Tower, Gunwharf Quays, ☏ . Daily 10AM-6PM (until 10PM Sa and every day during Jul and Aug). This striking and highly-visible £21 million landmark tower rises some 170 m above the redeveloping harbour of Portsmouth, symbolising the wind filling a spinnaker sail. Visitors can use the tower to view from 3 levels: at 100 m, 105 m and 115 m. A high-speed internal lift takes you to the top. Adult £7, child £5.50, concessions £6.20.
- 3 Southsea Castle. Built in 1544, the castle was part of a series of fortifications constructed by Henry VIII around England's coasts to protect the country from invaders. Heavily modified due to being in use until the end of World War II. Contains a rather random selection of cannon that have ended up in the collection of Portsmouth city council over the years.
- Southsea Seafront. 4 miles of seafront promenade backed by gorgeous green spaces and gardens.
- 4 Southsea model village, Lumps Fort, Eastney Esplanade, PO4 9RU (seafront), ☏ . 10:30AM-5:00PM.
- 5 Southsea Rose garden. Inside the 19th-century Lumps Fort.
- 6 Ernest Smith Clock Tower, 43C Castle Rd, Southsea, PO5 3AY. A beautiful clock tower over a barbers.
- 7 Portsmouth Cathedral (The Cathedral Church of St Thomas of Canterbury), High St, PO1 2HH, ☏ . A Romanesque Anglican cathedral in the old town.
- 8 St John's Catholic Cathedral, Bishop Crispian Way, PO1 3HQ, ☏ . A Catholic cathedral in the city centre.
- 9 Royal Garrison Church (Domus Dei (Hospital of Saint Nicholas and Saint John the Baptist)), PO1 2NJ, ☏ . Tu-Sa 11AM-4PM. A partly roofless English Heritage property. Only occasionally open to the public.
- 10 Royal Marines Museum, Southsea, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org. Daily 10AM-5PM (except Dec 24-26). Covers the history of the Royal Marines. The museum is in what was one of the most stately Officers' Messes in England, built in the 1860s with beautiful ceilings, huge paintings and a grand staircase. Adult £9.
- 11 Eastney Beam Engine House, 201 Henderson Rd, Southsea PO4 9JF, ☏ . Daily 10AM-5PM. Pair of compound beam engines built 1887. What they pumped was sewage.
- 12 D-Day Museum. Daily (except 24-26 Dec) Apr-Oct 10AM-5:30PM; Nov-Mar 10AM-5PM.
- 13 Blue Reef Aquarium, Clarence Esplanade, Southsea, ☏ . Daily except 25 Dec 10AM-6PM (Nov-Mar until 5PM). Take an undersea safari at the aquarium on the seafront. Adult £9.75.
- 14 Charles Dickens Birthplace Museum, 393 Old Commercial Rd. Daily from mid Apr-Dec 10AM-5:30PM. The famous writer Charles Dickens was born in this modest house in 1812.
- 15 Cumberland House Natural History Museum, Eastern Parade, PO4 9RF, ☏ . Tu-Sa 10AM-5PM. A fairly limited collection. Free.
- 16 City Museum & Records Office, Museum Rd, PO1 2LJ. Home of the Arthur Conan Doyle and Sherlock Holmes exhibition "A Study in Sherlock".
- 17 Portchester Castle, Church Road, Portchester, PO16 9QW, ☏ . About 5 miles from Portsmouth is one of the best preserved Roman fortifications in Northern Europe. The castle's keep was built in Norman times (largely from recycled Roman brick) and extensive late Roman structures remain although ruinous. The castle is well sign posted, and served by regular buses, Portchester rail station is a 10-min walk north. adults £5.00, children £3.00, concessions £4.50.
- 18 Portsdown Hill. Offers amazing views across Portsmouth and the South Downs. Just to the rear (north) of Portsmouth, it is a world away with countryside walks and traditional pubs.
- 19 The Royal Armouries at Fort Nelson. Sits just on Portsdown Hill and is free of charge to visit. free (£3 for car parking).
- 1 Southsea Common, Southsea, PO5 3AE, ☏ . Relax on the common with a picnic or barbecue. See this guide [dead link] for where they are permitted.
- Follow the Renaissance Trail around the Millennium Promenade, a self-guided walk with information along the way -- look for the chain in the pavement.
- 2 Clarence Pier. A small fairground close to the Hoverport with rides and amusement arcades.
- 3 [dead link] The Bandstand, Southsea, PO5 3NT. Listen to live music here every Sunday in the summer.
- 4 Portsmouth FC, Fratton Park, Frogmore Rd, PO4 8RA. Portsmouth FC play soccer in League 1, the third tier of English football.
- 5 Portsmouth Rugby Football Club, Norway Road, PO3 5EP, ☏ .
- Victorious Music Festival, Southsea Seafront (2020 venue), email@example.com. 28-30 August 2020. This annual music festival has been running since 2012 with big name acts such as Ray Davies headlining and up to 80,000 people attending.
- 1 Portsmouth City Centre (Commercial Road & Cascades). Usual high street names, but has Miss Selfridge, Topshop, H&M, New Look and Primark next to one another.
- 2 Gunwharf Quays. Outlet centre, with shops like M&S, Cadburys, Claire's, GAP. Some of the prices are cheaper than the high streets, but likewise some are similar or more expensive so shopping around is a good idea.
- 3 Southsea Town Centre. A variety of small specialist shops, boutiques, art shops, delis, home furnishings. Also Knight & Lee.
- 4 Albert Road. A good bet for smaller (independent) shops, second-hand goods and antiques.
Portsmouth has hundreds of restaurants catering to all tastes. Towards Fareham, the marina Port Solent offers a variety of restaurants in a pleasant environment with a multiplex movie theatre nearby, and ample (free) onsite parking.
- 1 The American Bar, 58 White Hart Rd, ☏ . Old Portsmouth. Modern European cuisine. Also great but you can drop a lot of money in this place, which has great service!
- 2 Bangkok, 64 Albert Road, ☏ . A nice Thai place where you can take your own drink.
- 3 Mozzarella Joes, Clarence Esplanade, Southsea, ☏ . A relatively new restaurant right on the pebbles, with the most amazing views of the Solent. Great for a cold glass of wine, stonebaked pizza and pasta.
- 4 Regal House, 88 Albert Road, ☏ . Chinese takeaway.
- 5 [dead link] Rosie's Vineyard, 87 Elm Grove, Southsea, ☏ . French/modern European. Wonderful wine selection food and atmosphere.
- 6 Sur La Mer, 69 Palmerston Road, ☏ . French.
- 7 Strada, Gunwharf Quays, ☏ . Italian.
- 8 The Tenth Hole Tea Room (next to mini-golf course), ☏ . Great for light lunch but the highlight is the amazing home-made cakes.
Best places for curry: Portsmouth offers a variety of Indian restaurants thanks to its prominent Asian community. The best places are Albert road where the curries are cheap as there is a restaurant literally every couple of shops, and Palmerston road which is more expensive.
- 9 The Bombay Brasserrie, Albert Road, ☏ . Very popular curry house that offers very good value for money and that lets you bring your own drinks. Arrive early.
Best Indian takeaway:
- 10 The Indian Ocean Takeaway, 234 Fratton Road, ☏ . Probably the longest serving curry outlet in Portsmouth, established in the early 1980s by the current owner/chef. The quality of the food is of the highest quality and their curries are also priced very reasonably.
- Guildhall Walk and around the railway station has bars such as Walkabout, Yates and Wetherspoons, and clubs Route 66 and Babylon. The area is well-policed but keep your wits about you.
Albert Road is main drag, with student pubs, wine bars, cafe-bars and Indian restaurants.
- 1 Bold Forester, 177 Albert Rd, Southsea, PO4 0JW, ☏ . Green King
- 2 Brewhouse & Kitchen, 51 Southsea Terrace, Southsea, PO5 3AU, ☏ . 11AM-11PM.
- 3 The Deco, 128 Elm Grove, Southsea PO5 1LR. Friendly rock and alternative, sometimes metal bar.
- 4 Emporium Bar, 152-156 Elm Grove, Southsea, PO5 1LR, ☏ . 11AM-.
- 5 The Fat Fox, 11-13 Victoria Rd S, Southsea PO5 2SP, ☏ . Nice relaxed atmosphere, beer garden, traditional English pub menu.
- 6 Festing, 1A Festing Rd, Southsea, PO4 0NG, ☏ . noon-11PM. Green King
- 7 Hole in the Wall, 36 Great Southsea St, Southsea PO5 3BY. Small pub with a traditional feel and real ales.
- 8 The Honest Politician, 47 Elm Grove, Southsea PO5 1JF. A pub with pool tables and a relaxed atmosphere, and always a rocking soundtrack.
- 9 The Kings, 39 Albert Rd, Southsea, PO5 2SE, ☏ . 10AM-10PM.
- 10 The Phoenix, 13 Duncan Rd, Southsea, PO5 2QU, ☏ . 10AM-midnight.
- 11 The Wine Vaults, 41-47 Albert Rd, Southsea PO5 2SF, ☏ . noon-11PM. Good cask ales and great atmosphere, arrive early if you want a seat.
Palmerston Road also has several and is more up-market with the establishments tables in the road:
- 12 Meat and Barrel, 110-114 Palmerston Rd, PO5 3PT, ☏ . noon-10PM. Meat majors on burgers, wings and ribs.
- 13 Croxton's Kitchen & Tap House, 94-96 Palmerston Rd, PO5 3PT, ☏ . T-Th Noon-10PM, F Sa noon-11PM, S noon-9PM (M closed). Interesting range of summery beer. Food includes: Bavett of beef, mussels.
- 14 The Jolly Sailor, 54 Clarence Parade, Southsea, Portsmouth, Southsea PO5 2EU, ☏ .
- 15 The Lord Palmerston, 84-90 Palmerston Rd, Southsea, PO5 3PT, ☏ . 8AM-midnight. Wetherspoons
- 16 Shenanigans, 57 Osborne Rd, Southsea, PO5 3LS, ☏ . Irish pub doing breakfast and occasional music.
- 17 The Southsea Village, 81 Palmerston Rd, Southsea, PO5 3PP.
This area has over 20 bars and restaurants, many with waterfront views:
- 18 Ship Anson, 10 The Hard, Portsea, PO1 3DT. Green King overlooking the HMS Warrior
- 19 The Old Customs House, Vernon Buildings, PO1 3TY, ☏ . A traditional pub in a historic building, within a modern setting. Great ales and food.
- 20 The Ship & Castle, 1-2 The Hard, Portsea, PO1 3PU (next to Portsmouth’s Historic Dockyard), ☏ . In the ‘Devil’s Acre’ severing a carvery every day overlooking the HMS Warrior
- 21 Tiger Tiger, Gunwharf Rd, PO1 3TP, ☏ . A place for a big night out - with 8 different bars, a club and restaurant in the same building!
- 22 The Fleet Portsmouth, 1 King Henry I St, PO1 2PT, ☏ . 10AM-11PM.
- 23 Park Tavern, Spring St, PO1 1DH, ☏ .
- 24 The Bridge Tavern, 54 East St, Old Portsmouth, PO1 2JJ, ☏ . noon-11PM.
- 25 The Chambers, 27 Landport Terrace, PO1 2RG, ☏ . A plush pub with a roof terrace.
- 26 The Dolphin, 41 High St, PO1 2LU, ☏ . 10AM-11PM. Claims to be Portsmouth's oldest pub.
- 27 The Pembroke, 20 Pembroke Rd, PO1 2NR, ☏ .
- 28 The Sally Port Inn, 57-58 High St, Old Portsmouth, PO1 2LU, ☏ , firstname.lastname@example.org. 4-10PM (closed M T).
- 29 Spice Island Inn, 1 Bath Square, PO1 2JL, ☏ . Also has amazing views of the harbour in action and a good restaurant.
- 30 The Still & West, 2 Bath Square, PO1 2JL, ☏ . A pub with a good view of harbour entrance and restaurant upstairs.
- 31 The Wellington, 62 High St, Old Portsmouth, PO1 2LY, ☏ . 11AM-11PM (Closed M).
Accommodation in Portsmouth can be browsed online via the official VisitPortsmouth website and the Visitor Info Centre can make bookings/check availability on your behalf: +44 23 9282 6722.
- 1 Bed and Breakfast at No3, 3 Bellevue Terrace, ☏ . Within walking distance of local attractions.
- 2 Duke of Buckingham, 119 High St, PO1 2HW, ☏ .
- 3 Florence House Hotel and Somerset House Hotel, 2 Malvern Road, ☏ . The city's only boutique accommodation just back from the seafront, these upmarket hotels are in easy reach of everything.
- 4 Ibis Portsmouth Centre, Winston Churchill Avenue, ☏ . Also good, near the Portsmouth & Southsea train station.
- 5 Pembroke Park Hotel, 1 Bellevue Terrace, Southsea, ☏ . Minutes from the old town and the seafront. Portsmouth and Southsea are within easy walking distance.
- 6 Queen's Hotel, ☏ , email@example.com. A must for Mr. Bean fans - this was where the episode "Mr. Bean in Room 426" was set. (Whatever you do, don't eat tainted oysters or lock yourself out of your room!)
- 7 [dead link] Sandringham Hotel, ☏ , firstname.lastname@example.org. With views over the seafront common the excellent location offers great views at cheap rates. If you're on a budget and need a clean and comfortable room, look no further.
- 8 [dead link] Southsea Backpackers, 4 Florence Rd, ☏ , email@example.com. In Southsea. Not easy to get to but is cheap and friendly.
- 9 Spitbank Fort. The lighthouse has been refurbished and has accommodation.
- 10 Holiday Inn Express Portsmouth - Gunwharf Quays, The Plaza, Gunwharf Quays, ☏ .
- 11 Travelodge Portsmouth, Kingston Crescent, North End, ☏ (high cost). The Portsmouth hotel is within easy reach of the Continental ferry port and the Isle of Wight ferry. Conveniently located very close to the centre of this historic naval city, with the thriving shopping and leisure centre and Gunwharf Quays all nearby.
- 12 Travelodge Portsmouth Hilsea, Copnor Road, Hilsea, ☏ (high cost). The Portsmouth Hilsea hotel is a great base for fitness fanatics with Hillsea Lido, the rugby club and fitness centres within jogging distance. There's also a great running track along the water.
As with most other large English cities, there can be a problem with violence around the city centre at weekends, around pub and club closing times (around 11PM and 2AM), but with a little common sense, the risk is minor. The same applies to the big pub-laden street of Albert Road in Southsea, where drunk people abound and the pavements are relatively narrow.
The area along Southsea seafront can be very quiet and secluded at nights, as it's no longer the bustling nightlife area that it used to be. You should be cautious.
The main place to avoid is Somerstown, the high-rise council estate to the south of the city centre, especially after dark. Somerstown is one of the most deprived places in the country, and consequently it is one of the main, if not the main hotspot for crime in the city, and it is very much best avoided. Somewhat luckily, a tourist has precisely zero reasons to want or need to go there - so don't. If your walking route takes you through Somerstown, choose a different route. Buckland, situated to the north of the city centre, should also be avoided at night - similar caveats apply.
More generally, petty crime is an ongoing concern in the city. Nothing should be left on display in vehicles and it's sensible to park your car in a Park Marque scheme facility (ask at the Visitor Info Centre +44 23 9282 6722).
There is an intense, long-standing and exceptionally bitter football rivalry between Portsmouth FC and Southampton FC, tying into a bitter rivalry between the cities more generally. Most residents do not care particularly much about this rivalry, but those who do care really care, rather passionately. Wearing a Southampton football top may cause you some problems in the city; in fact, anything with red and white vertical stripes (Southampton's colours) is probably a bad idea. This goes quintuple on days on which Southampton and Portsmouth play each other; wearing Southampton kit in these circumstances is quite likely to get you assaulted if you walk into the wrong pub. Complimenting Southampton or denigrating Portsmouth in comparison to Southampton is also quite likely to cause your evening to take a turn for the worse depending on who you do it around.
As of May 2022, Portsmouth has 5G from all UK carriers.
- Gosport shares the harbour with Portsmouth and can be reached by a short ferry ride from by Portsmouth Harbour station. Home of Explosion: Museum of Naval Firepower and the Royal Naval Submarine Museum.
- Winchester, the former English capital, is a beautiful city worth a visit. Excellent restaurants, interesting shops and the famous cathedral.
- Chichester housing a lovely city centre and impressive cathedral
- Emsworth is a small fishing town, a nice retreat year round. The food festival is in the first week of September.
- New Forest, on the other side of Southampton, is one of the nicest rural getaways in England.
- Southampton is the largest city in Hampshire and Westquay is the South's premier shopping centre.
- Isle of Wight is a genteel place reached by ferry, usually from Southampton.
- Brighton - One direct train per hour takes 80 minutes to this buzzy resort.
- Jersey and Guernsey in the Channel Islands are reached by ferry from Portsmouth.
|Routes through Portsmouth|
|Gosport ←||W E||→ END|
|END ←||N S||→ Fishbourne (Isle of Wight)|
|END ←||N S||→ Saint Peter Port and Saint Helier|
|END ←||N S||→ Le Havre, Ouistreham, Cherbourg and Saint Malo|
|END ←||N S||→ Bilbao (summer only) and Santander|
|Southampton ← Fareham ←||W E||→ merges with → Havant → Brighton|
|London ← Petersfield ←||N S||→ merges with /|