Recife, the capital of Pernambuco, is one of the largest and most important cities on the northeastern coast of Brazil. This lively capital, founded by Dutch colonizers, is brimming with a vibrant culture, an interesting old town (which includes the oldest synagogue in the Americas) and some nice beaches.
Recife (Portuguese: "The Reef") is on the Atlantic coast, at the estuary of the Capibaribe, Beberibe and Jordão Rivers, close to the easternmost point of the Americas. The climate is tropical, with two main seasons: dry (September–March) and rainy (April–August). Average annual temperature is 26°C (78.8°F), with limited variation. The city, which is only two meters above sea level (some parts are below), is distributed across rivers, canals and islands. Due to the prevalence of waterways in its geography, Recife is known as Veneza Brasileira (Brazilian Venice). Its 1.5 million inhabitants (3.5 million in the Grande Recife) are called recifenses. Services are the base of the economy. Despite the high incidence of poverty, the municipal Human Development Index (HDI) in 2000 (0.810) was above Brazil's national average (0.800). Recife is famous for its beaches, history, Carnaval, arts and cuisine.
The city can be roughly divided in four major areas:
- The Centro (Center) is composed of the neighborhoods of Recife Antigo (Old Recife), Santo Antônio, São José, Santo Amaro and Boa Vista, which are scattered through a couple of islands and part of the mainland. They are connected to each other by a series of bridges over the Capibaribe River. The Centro contains most of the historic and government buildings in the city. The port, which is in Recife Antigo, was once the most active in all of the Americas.
- Zona Sul (South Zone) is the most modern and touristic part of the city, as it was built around the beautiful natural reef beaches that gave the city its name. This area has a great many hotels, restaurants, bars, the airport, and the largest shopping mall. Its most important neighborhood is Boa Viagem, set along the beautiful Boa Viagem beach. Because of the beach and the skyline Boa Viagem is also called the Copacabana of the North East.
- Zona Oeste (West Zone) is by far the greenest part of the city. It contains remnants of the Atlantic Forest that once covered most of the Brazilian eastern coast. It contains two famous museums (Instituto Ricardo Brennand and Museu-Oficina Francisco Brennand), as well as the Federal University of Pernambuco, and the Recife Military school (2nd best school around all Brazil).
- Zona Norte (North Zone) is mostly a residential area. Throughout the centuries, the neighborhoods along the Capibaribe River were home to the local aristocracy. It contains the city's best schools and hospitals, and is also famous for its parks and bars.
The term Grande Recife is used to describe the Metropolitan Region of Recife, the fifth largest urban agglomeration in Brazil (after São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte and Porto Alegre) and the single largest in the Northeast. Grande Recife offers superb touristic attractions inside and outside the city limits. Do not miss Olinda or Porto de Galinhas. The first is famous for its natural setting, colonial architecture and carnaval, while the second has been consistently voted the best beach in Brazil. Cabo de Santo Agostinho, Itamaracá Island and Igarassu are known for their beautiful beaches and important historical monuments.
A collection of fishing shacks, inns and warehouses started on the delta between the Capibaribe and Beberibe rivers in the captaincy of Pernambuco, sometime between 1535 and 1537, at the long reef (actually a petrified sandbank) that runs parallel to the shoreline, enclosing its harbor. Here is found the city's 1 Marco Zero. Eventually it became a port for the capital Olinda, which is just across the Beberibe. In 1630 came the Dutch invaders, establishing the colony of New Holland. They laid siege to Olinda, pillaging it in 1631, and built a new city on the island of Antônio Vaz opposite the first settlement, naming it Mauritsstadt, after count Johan Maurits van Nassau-Siegen, governor from 1637 to 1644. His Vrijburg palace was built at the spot where Republic Square is today. Mauritsstadt's map shows two large forts, built of earth and wood, on either side of the walled city; the four-pointed northern one, Fort Ernest, was demolished to make way for the present Princesses' Field Palace. The five-pointed southern one, Fort Frederik Hendrik, has survived, rebuilt in stone, officially renamed Five-Pointed Fort, and has long been home to the Recife City Museum.
Nassau was a tolerant man, and allowed freedom of religion, but the Dutch West India Company bosses were hardline Calvinists, severe in architecture and taxation. This frustrated Nassau, who went home and left the company to impose its own rule, which drove the natives to rebellion. After the Dutch West India Company's larger, better equipped army's defeat (albeit a narrow one) to a Portuguese and Native force in the 1649 Guararapes battle at Recife's outskirts, opinion in Amsterdam considered that "Dutch Brazil by now no longer has a future worth fighting for". The last invaders were expelled in 1654, and a sizable resident Sephardic Jew community moved to New Amsterdam.
Recife became the capital of Pernambuco in 1827.
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Tourist information centersEdit
- Recife Antigo, Rua da Guia, ☏ . Daily 09:00-21:00.
- Mercado de San José, Rua da Guia. M-Sa 07:00-19:00.
- Praça de Boa Viagem, Rua da Guia, ☏ . Daily 08:00-20:00.
- Airport, ☏ . 24 hours a day.
- Rodoviária, ☏ . Daily 07:00-19:00.
- Patió de São Pedro, ☏ .
- 1 Guararapes-Gilberto Freyre International Airport (REC IATA). A modern, efficient, user-friendly and close to the city. There are direct scheduled flights to São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Brasília, Campinas, Caruaru, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Fernando de Noronha, Fortaleza, Maceió, Natal, João Pessoa, Aracaju, Petrolina, Campina Grande, Juazeiro do Norte, as well as to Buenos Aires, Frankfurt (Condor), Madrid (Iberia), Miami (American Airlines), Lisbon (TAP), Madrid, Oporto and Paris. There are also regular charter flights from other European cities, such as Milan, Helsinki and Amsterdam. Domestic airlines operating regular scheduled flights to Recife: Azul, GOL, Noar, LATAM, and TRIP.
From the airportEdit
- MetroRec Subway has an Aeroporto stop on its southern line which will take you directly downtown.
- Bus 033 (Aeroporto) goes every 20 minutes to Boa Viagem (15 min) and to the city center (Av. Dantas Barreto, 30 min). You can also take the Aeroporto opcional which is a little bit faster. Stop in front of the airport building.
- Bus 161 (Brigadeiro Ivo Borges) and Bus 163 (Cajueiro Seco) also go to the city center. Stop on the other side of the street opposite the airport building.
- Taxis from the airport to Boa Viagem cost about R$10, to the city center R$20 to 25 and to Olinda R$ 40 (2011), airport taxis are more expensive.
- BR-101, also known as the Translitoranean, connects to the north with Natal and João Pessoa, and to the south with Maceió, Aracaju, and Salvador, as well as Vitória and Rio de Janeiro further down the coast.
- BR-232 runs east-west across most of Pernambuco, connecting Recife with Gravatá, Caruaru and other destinations.
- BR-408 connects Recife with Tracunhaém and with Campina Grande, Paraíba.
- Terminal Integrado de Passageiros (TIP), Rod BR 232 - Coqueiral, ☏ . Recife's long-distance bus terminal is way out in the suburbs. TIP is connected to the city by the MetroRec subway at the Rodoviária station on the Centro 1 line, around 15 minutes from downtown. Bus companies have booths at the Central MetroRec station in town, so at least you do not have to trek out just to buy advance bus tickets.
Direct buses to all Northeast and many other capital cities:
- To Fortaleza by Guanabara, R$120-250, 12 hours.
- To Natal by Progresso, R$42-60, 4½ hours.
- Hourly to João Pessoa
You can arrive in cruise ships at the Port of Recife. Cruises may come from other Brazilian states, from other countries in South America and the Caribbean, or from Europe. Transatlantic cruise liners include Holland America Line ms Rotterdam, Holland America Line ms Prisendam, Oceania Cruises Insignia, SeaDream Yacht Club, Royal Caribbean International Splendour of the Sea, P&O Cruises Artemis, Cunard Line Queen Elizabeth II, among others. Cruises from Recife to the Fernando de Noronha archipelago are also available.
Taxi is the best bet. Look for registered taxi companies which charge standard rates. Ask for a car with air conditioning (especially in the summer).
- Coopetáxi, ☏ .
- Disk Táxi, ☏ .
- Ligue Táxi, ☏ .
- RádioTáxi Recife, ☏ .
- Recife Táxi, ☏ .
- TeleTáxi, ☏ .
Recife is covered by some e-hailing services, Uber being the largest of them. Notable e-hailing services in the city are:
Buses are the most useful form of mass transportation. The Sistema Estrutural Integrado (Integrated Structural System), known as SEI, has 119 bus lines which are integrated with the subway system at 13 points throughout the metropolitan area.
MetroRec, Recife's subway system, is the third largest in Brazil, although it still covers only limited areas of the city. 13 of the 28 stations have connections to the SEI metro bus system and, depending on your destination, it may be possible to purchase a single combination subway/bus ticket. MetroRec has three basic lines:
- Two Central lines run together from downtown to the west, where they split after Coqueiral station and go to Jaboatão dos Guararapes and Camaragibe respectively. It does provide a useful link between the city center and the TIP Bus Station in the outskirts, at the penultimate stop on the Camaragibe (Centro 1) line.
- A new South line provides direct access to the airport and Shopping Center Recife on its way to Cajueiro Seco.
Recife is known for its amazing beaches.
- Boa Viagem Beach - Probably one of the world's best urban beaches, with pristine white sands. With 8 km of hotels and restaurants, it is the longest urbanized stretch of beach in Brazil. If you want a tan, you came to the right place. The beach road has a wide walkway attached and this is dotted with huts selling food and drink. Try the traditional "água de coco" (coconut water). The beach itself is full of vendors selling food and drink. There are also vendors selling t-shirts, hats, suncream, sunglasses. These guys can get a bit insistent. Simply smile and one word will have them on their way: não (pronounced "now.") The beach is somewhat protected by a coral reef wall visible at low tide, making it good for a swim, but don't go out past the wall, as the waters are more dangerous, with sharks reported in the area.
- Brasilia Teimosa Beach - A smaller and less frequented beach near the port.
- Pina Beach - A well-developed and popular beach south of Boa Viagem Beach. It's a little more relaxed, with weak waves.
- 2 Convento Franciscano de Santo Antônio (Franciscan Convent of Saint Anthony), Rua Imperador Pedro II, Santo Antônio, (Centro). M-F 08:00-11:30, 14:00-17:00; Sa 08:00-11:30. One of the city's biggest attractions, a convent containing the ostentatious Capela Dourada (Golden Chapel), which certainly lives up to its name. Built in 1588, it is one of the most beautiful baroque churches in Brazil. Altar with gold-covered engravings, beautiful paintings on the ceiling and impressive amount of Portuguese-style tiled panels. This is one of the main sights in Recife. The interior of Jacaranda and ceder wood is completely covered with gold. You will find similar churches full of splendour only in Salvador da Bahia or Ouro Preto. The convent also houses the Museu Franciscano de Arte Sagrada (Franciscan Museum of Sacred Art). R$2.
- 3 Madre de Deus (Mother of God), Rua Madre de Deus, Recife Antigo (Centro) (next-door to the Paço Alfândega Shopping Mall), ☏ . Tu-F 08:00-12:00 and 14:00-17:00; Sa Su 09:00-12:00.
- 4 Nossa Senhora do Carmo (Our Lady of Carmel Basilica and Convent), Avenida Dantas Barreto - Santo Antônio (Centro). M-F 07:00-19:00, Sa 07:00-12:00, Su 08:00-12:00 and 18:00-21:00. Built between 1710-1767, where the Boa Vista Palace built by the Dutch governor of Northeastern Brazil once stood. A religious art collection can also be visited. Baroque in style; altar with gold engravings and crowns of gold and precious stones. One of the rooms is covered with Portuguese tiles.
- 5 Nossa Senhora da Conceição dos Militares (Our Lady of the Conception of the Military), Rua Nova, 309, Santo Antônio (Centro), ☏ . Built in 1726. The 1781 ceiling paintings depict the Guararapes Battle against the Dutch. Leaders from the Praieira Revolution and the Paraguay War are buried in the church. The church also houses the Museu de Arte Sacra Padre Roberto Barbalho (Father Roberto Barbalho Museum of Sacred Art).
- 6 Nossa Senhora do Pilar, Praça Monsenhor João Castilho Barbosa, (Centro), ☏ . Constructed in 1680.
- 7 Nossa Senhora do Rosário dos Homens Pretos (Our Lady of the Rosary of the Black Men), Rua Estreita do Rosário, Santo Antônio (Centro). M-F 09:00-13:30 and 14:30-18:00, Sa 08:00-12:00. Erected by African-Brazilian slaves in the 17th century. Main wooden altar engraved in gold; lateral altars display images from the 18th century.
- Santa Cruz (Holy Cross), Pátio de Santa Cruz, Boa Vista (Centro). Built between 1725 and 1732. Parts of the movie Lisbela e o Prisioneiro (2003) were shot in the square in front of the church.
- 8 Santíssimo Sacramento - Matriz de Santo Antônio (Holy Sacrament - Saint Anthony Mother Church), Praça da Independência - Santo Antônio (Centro). Daily 07:00-12:00 and 14:00-18:00. Built between 1753 and 1790, the church is in manueline/baroque style. Interior decorated with enormous crystal chandelier and images of Saint Anthony and Saint Sebastian.
- 9 São Pedro dos Clérigos (Saint Peter of Clerics Cathedral, Co-Cathedral of Recife), Pátio de São José - Centro. Built between 1728 and 1782, the cathedral is in the charming Saint Peter Square, surrounded by colorful colonial buildings. It is a replica of the Santa Maria Maggiore Sanctuary in Rome. Rosewood altar; pulpit engraved in gold; wooden ceiling sculpted with images of Saint Peter, the twelve apostles and the evangelists. Blend of baroque art, 16th century mannerism, as well as rococo and neoclassic elements.
Museums (historic interest)Edit
- 10 Abolition Museum (Museu da Abolição), Rua Benfica, 1150 - Madalena (Zona Norte), ☏ . Museum that covers the period of slavery and the abolitionist movement in 19th century Brazil. Former plantation house. Former residence of Counsellor Joao Alfredo, leader of Brazil's abolitionist movement in the 19th century.
- 11 Casa Manuel Bandeira/Espaço Pasárgada, Rua da União, 26 - Boa Vista (Centro) (next door to Joaquim Nabuco Palace and Pernambucan School), ☏ . M-F 08:00-18:00. House were the acclaimed poet Manuel Bandeira spent his childhood.
- 12 Casa-Museu Gilberto Freyre, Rua Jorge Tasso Neto - Apipucos (Zona Norte), ☏ . M-F 09:00-16:30. Beautiful house where once lived Brazil's greatest sociologist, Gilberto Freyre.
- 13 Military Museum Brum Fortress (Museu Militar Forte do Brum), Praça da Comunidade Luso-Brasileira - Recife Antigo (Centro), ☏ .
- 14 Museum of the Archeological, Historic and Geographic Insitute of Pernambuco (Museu do Instituto Arqueológico, Histórico e Geográfico de Pernambuco), Rua do Hospício, 130 - Boa Vista (Centro), ☏ . M-F 13:00-17:00, Sa 08:00-12:00.
- Museum of Archeology of the Catholic University of Pernambuco (Museu de Arqueologia da Universidade Católica de Pernambuco), Rua do Príncipe, 526, Bl G, 1° Andar - Boa vista (Centro), ☏ . Archeological museum focused on indigenous artifacts. Located at the Catholic University of Pernambuco.
- Museum of Natural History Louis Jacques Viget (Museu de História Natural Louis Jacques Brunet), Rua da Aurora - Boa Vista (Centro), ☏ . Created in 1861, it is one of the first natural history museums in Latin America. Located at Ginásio Pernambucano. Collection spans archeology, botany, geology and zoology.
- 15 Museum of the Northeastern Man (Museu do Homem do Nordeste), Avenida 17 de Agosto, 2187, Casa Forte (Zona Norte) (take the), ☏ . Tu-F 08:30-17:00; Sa Su 13:00-17:00; closed Jan 1, Carnaval, Mar 6, Good Friday, Jun24, Dec25. Part of the Fundação Joaquim Nabuco. This fantastic museum depicts the various folk arts, traditions, and history of Northeast Brazil. The displays are divided among three sections, focusing on sugar, folk arts, and anthropology. It's in the suburbs, but well worth the ride out.
- 16 Museum of the State of Pernambuco (Museu do Estado de Pernambuco), Avenida Rui Barbosa, 960 - Graças (Zona Norte). Tu-F 10:00-17:00, Sa Su 14:00-17:00.
- 17 Recife City Museum (Museu da Cidade do Recife), Forte das Cinco Pontas - São José (Centro), ☏ . M-F 09:00-18:00, Sa Su 13:00-17:00. Inside the 17th-century Five Pointed Fort, the former Fort Frederik Hendrik.
- 18 Ricardo Brennand Institute (Instituto Ricardo Brennand), Alameda Antônio Brennand - Várzea (Zona Oeste), ☏ . Tu-Su 13:00-17:00. Holds a very impressive collection of Brazilian and European historical artifacts from the 15th to 19th centuries. Special attention given to the period of Dutch occupation in Recife and Northeastern Brazil.
- 19 Train Museum (Museu do Trem), Praça Visconde de Mauá - São José (Centro) (in the central station, Estação Central), ☏ . M-Th 13:00-18:00, F 08:00-12:00. The Train Museum is in the old Central Train Station, which now also serves as the central station for MetroREC, Recife's subway system.
Museums (art & folklore)Edit
- 20 Aluísio Magalhães Modern Art Museum (Museu de Arte Moderna Aluísio Magalhães - MAMAM), Rua da Aurora, 265 - Boa Vista, ☏ . Tu-Su 12:00-18:00.
- , Pátio de São Pedro, 52 - São José (Centro), ☏ . M-F 09:00-17:30.
- MAMAM at the Courtyard (MAMAM no Pátio), Pátio de São Pedro, 17 - São José (Centro), ☏ . Unit of the Aloísio Magalhães Modern Art Museum (MAMAM) at the São Pedro Courtyard. Experimental space for visual arts and critical reflection concerning contemporary development in these arts. Short term exhibitions, performance art, workshops, debates.
- Museu de Arte Popular, Pátio de São Pedro, 11 - São José (Centro).
- Museu de Arte Sacra Padre Roberto Barbalho, Rua Nova, 309 - Santo Antônio (Centro), ☏ . Located at Nossa Senhora da Conceiçao dos Militares Church, the museum contains religious artifacts.
- 21 Museu Franciscano de Arte Sacra, Rua Imperador Pedro II - Santo Antônio (Centro) (at Santo Antônio de São Francisco Convent).
- 22 Museu Murillo La Greca, Rua Leonardo Bezerra Cavalcanti, 366 - Parnamirim (Zona Norte), ☏ . M-F 09:00-17:00. More than 1,400 drawings and 160 paintings by paintor Murillo La Greca.
- Museu-Oficina Francisco Brennand, Propriedade Santos Cosme e Damião - Cordeiro (Zona Oeste) (near Avenida Caxangá and Rua Gastão Vidigal). Great ceramic art in a bucolic area of the city surrounded by forest.
- Parque das Esculturas Francisco Brennand (take a canoe ride from Praça do Marco Zero, in Recife Antigo (Centro). Alternatively, drive through Brasília Teimosa (Zona Sul)). A sculpture park on the reefs of the port of Recife. Contains more than 90 sculptures by Francisco Brennand, including a 30-m-high tower.
- Pernambuco Image and Sound Museum (Museu da Imagem e do Som de Pernambuco - MISPE), Rua da Aurora - Boa Vista, ☏ . M-F 09:00-17:00, Sa Su 13:00-17:00. Holds more than 6,000 pieces, including movies, records, photographs, postcards and the like. Uses modern audivisual techniques to document Pernambuco's culture.
Other historic buildingsEdit
- Benfica Cultural Center (Centro Cultural Benfica), Rua Benfica, 157, Madalena (Zona Norte), ☏ . M-F 09:00-12:00 and 14:00-17:00. The center specializes in the "Armorial" Movement and also holds a significant portion of the pieces from the old Fine Arts School.
- Joaquim Nabuco House, Rua da Imperatriz, 147 - Santo Antônio (Centro). House where 19th-century politician, abolitionist and author Joaquim Nabuco was born.
- Joaquim Nabuco Palace (Assembléia Legislativa do Estado de Pernambuco), Rua da União, 439 - Boa Vista (Centro), ☏ . Seat of the Pernambuco State Legislature, built in 1874. A historical documents collection can be visited in the annex building.
- 23 Justice Palace (Palácio da Justiça), Praça da República - Santo Antônio (Centro), ☏ . Seat of the Pernambuco State Judiciary, built in 1930.
- 24 Kahal Zur Israel Synagogue (Sinagoga Kahal Zur Israel), Rua do Bom Jesus - Recife Antigo. Built in and used by some of the thousands of Sephardic Jews who immigrated here during the brief period Dutch domination between 1630 and 1657. The oldest synagogue in the Americas.
- 25 [dead link] Malakoff Tower Cultural Observatory (Torre Malakoff), Rua do Observatório, Recife Antigo (Centro), ☏ . Tu-F 10:00-20:00, Sa 14:00-20:00, Su 14:00-19:00. Built in 1853. Beautiful tower in the port front. Functions as an astronomic observatory and arts and science center.
- Parque Theater (Teatro do Parque), Rua do Hospício, 81 - Boa Vista (Centro), ☏ . Constructed in 1915, Parque Theater is one of the three oldest, historic theaters in Recife. Modern and traditional plays from Spanish and Portuguese playwrights of the 17th-21st centuries are performed at the theater. Next door is the Cineteatro do Parque, Recife's oldest cinemas. Because Recife's municipal government, tickets are subsidized and cost only pennies!
- 26 Pernambucan School (Ginásio Pernambucano), Rua da Aurora, 703, Boa Vista, (Centro) (next door to the State Assembly and Manuel Bandeira's House). Built in the second quarter of the 19th century, it is one of Brazil's oldest secondary schools. The school's Louis Jacques Brunet Natural History Museum was one of the first in Latin America. Father Carapuceiro, Barbosa Lima Sobrinho, Epitácio Pessoa and Ariano Suassuna were either teachers or students here. The school was visited by Emperor Dom Pedro II.
- 27 Portuguese Reading Room (Gabinete Português de Leitura), Rua do Imperador, 290 - Santo Antônio (Centro), ☏ . M-F 08:00-12:00 and 13:00-17:00. Built in 1850.
- 28 Princesses' Field Palace (Palácio do Campo das Princesas), Praça da República - Santo Antônio (Centro), ☏ . The state governor's Palace, built in 1841. The name of the building derives from the fact that the daughters of Emperor Dom Pedro II used to play in the palace's gardens.
- 29 Pernambucan Academy of Letters (Academia Pernambucana de Letras), Av. Rui Barbosa, 1586, Graças (Zona Norte). Constructed in 1870.
- 30 Santa Isabel Theater (Teatro Santa Isabel), Praça da República - Santo Antônio (Centro). One of Brazil's finest theaters. Built in 1850.
- Parque 13 de Maio (May 13th Park), Praça Dr.Adolfo Cirne - Boa Vista. The largest green area in central Recife, with playground equipment, a petting zoo, and illuminated fountains. 24-hour security. Free.
- 31 Parque Dois Irmãos (Two Brothers Park), Praça Farias Neves, no number - Dois Irmãos, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Tu-Su 08:00-16:00. A zoo and botanical garden park, with 387 hectares of Atlantic Forest and 14 hectares of botanical gardens. The zoo has around 800 types of animals. The grounds also hold the Natural Science Museum and a number of ecological trails. R$2.
- 32 Parque da Jaqueira (Jaqueira Park), Av. Rui Barbosa - Jaqueira. This park is popular for jogging. It also has bicycle trails, plus live music on Sundays. Free.
- Maracatu Rehearsals (ensaios de maracatu). Some of the most traditional maracatu groups include: Leão Coroado (since 1863), Estrela Brilhante do Recife (since 1909), Porto Rico (since 1916), Cambinda Estrela do Recife (since 1935), and Elefante, among others.
- Catamaran Rides in the Capibaribe River (Catamaran Tours, Cais das Cinco Pontas), Avenida Sul, São José (Centro), ☏ , . 16:00 and 20:00 daily. Tour lasts 1 hour and 15 minutes. R$30.
- Agenda de Eventos do Recife. Daily, 16:00 and 20:00. Tour last 1 hour and 15 minutes.
- Scuba diving. Recife is known as Brazil's shipwreck capital: more than 100 ships have sunk in the coast around the city, 15 of which are accessible to tourists. Together with the natural coral reefs, they make the coast of Recife a great spot for scuba diving.
- Volleyball and footvolley at Boa Viagem beach. The latter was first developed into a sport in the sands of Recife, Salvador and Rio de Janeiro in the 1970s.
- Panorama flight (NVO Táxi Aéreo, Aeroclube de Pernambuco), ☏ . R$150 to 300.
Recife is the third largest theater production center in Brazil, after São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. The most traditional theater is Teatro Santa Isabel, while the most modern is the one at Convention Center of the Federal University of Pernambuco.
- Santa Isabel Theater. Praça da República, Santo Antônio (Centro).
- Universidade Federal de Pernambuco Theater. UFPE Campus, Cidade Universitária (Zona Oeste).
- Valdemar de Oliveira Theater, ☏ . Praça Oswaldo Cruz, 412, Boa Vista (Centro).
- Teatro Barreto Júnior, Rua Estudante Jeremias Bastos, 121 (Zona Sul), ☏ . Pina,
- Teatro Apolo, Rua do Apolo, 121, ☏ . Recife Antigo (Centro), $12.
- Teatro SESC Casa Amarela (Teatro Capiba), ☏ . Rua Professor José dos Anjos, 1109, Casa Amarela (Zona Norte),
- Teatro SESC Santo Amaro, ☏ . Rua Marques do Pombal, Santo Amaro (Centro),
- Teatro Hermilo Borba Filho, Rua do Apolo, 121, ☏ . Recife Antigo (Centro),
- Teatro Armazém 14, ☏ . Rua Alfredo Lisboa, Cais do Porto, Recife Antigo (Centro),
- Teatro Clênio Vanderley, ☏ . Rua Floriano Peixoto São José (Centro), at Casa da Cultura,
- Teatro da Ribalta, Rua das Pernambucanas, 65, ☏ . Graças (Zona Norte),
- Teatro Joaquim Cardozo, Rua Benfica, 157, ☏ . Madalena (Centro),
- Teatro Maurício de Nassau, Rua Vigário Tenório, 135/143, ☏ . Recife Antigo (Centro)
- Multiplex Shopping Tacaruna, Shopping Center Tacaruna, Avenida Agamenon Magalhães, 153, Santo Amaro, Centro/Zona Norte, ☏ .
- Cine Rosa e Silva, Executive Trade Center, Avenida Rosa e Silva, 1460, Aflitos, Zona Norte, ☏ .
- Cineteatro José Carlos Cavalvante Borges (Cine FUNDAJ), Rua Henrique Dias, 609, ☏ . Derby (Zona Norte).
- Cinema São Luiz, Rua da Aurora, 175, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Boa Vista
Football (soccer) teams from Recife participate in the A-Series (First Division) Brazilian Championship, the Brazil Cup, Pernambucan Championship, and the Copa Libertadores da América.
The three most traditional teams are Clube Nautico Capibaribe  (home: Aflitos Stadium); Sport Clube do Recife  (home: Ilha do Retiro Stadium); and Santa Cruz Futebol Clube  (home: Arruda Stadium). Nautico and Sport are in the A-Series Brazilian Champsionship. Santa Cruz is in the C-Series.
Recife is home to internationally famous football players including Juninho Pernambucano, Rivaldo, Ricardo Rocha and Vavá.
The city of Recife is home to some of Brazil's top roller hockey teams: Clube Portugues do Recife, Clube Nautico Capibaribe , Sport Clube do Recife and Associacão Amigos do Minho do Recife. Both Clube Portugues and Sport have been national champions.
- Recife's Carnaval is one of the country's busiest. Very different from its carioca counterpart, in Recife street shows and parades play contagious rhythms like frevo and maracatu, attracting more than 1.6 million people to celebrate and dance on the streets every year. Apart from frevo and maracatu, two other cultural manifestations that are typical of Pernambucan Carnaval include bumba-meu-boi and caboclinho. Recife's Carnaval is known for being multicultural, as people from different cultures, ages and likes gather around to be part of one of the biggest carnavals of the world.
- [dead link] Abril Pro Rock. Every April. Two-day rock music festival.
- Festival de São João. June. Yearly celebration of nordestino culture, with loads of traditional music and food.
- Casa da Cultura, Rue Floriano Peixoto, Santo Antonio (opposite the old Central Train Station (now Train Museum)), ☏ . M-Sa 09:00-19:00, Su 09:00-14:00. Once the city prison, it is now a warren of small shops (one in each cell) selling regional arts and crafts.
- Domingo na Rua, Rua Bom Jesus. Su 14:00-22:00. Sunday market
- Mercado de São José (São José Market), 1871 project of architect J. Louis Liethier and engineer Louis Léger Vauthier. Iron structure was inspired in the Grenelle Market in Paris, France. Historically, the market played an important role as a meeting place for street magicians, musicians, acrobats and the like. You can still find traditional handicrafts, regional food, medicinal herbs and Cordel Literature.
- Paço Alfândega, Rua de Alfandega 35, Recife Antigo. M-Sa 10:00-22:00, Su 12:00-20:00. A visit to Paço Alfândega is highly recommended. Paço Alfândega (Customs' Palace in Portuguese) is a comfortable, modern shopping mall set in the renovated structure of a colonial customs house building from the early 1700s, during which Recife was the largest port in the Americas. There is a permanent historic exhibition on the history of Recife and the customs building. The mall also houses one of Recife's main nightclubs and some good restaurants. You can have a good view of the Capibaribe River and its bridges from the main terrace. Next door, you can visit the wonderful Livraria Cultura bookstore.
- Plaza Casa Forte, Rua Dr. João Santos Filho, 255 - Casa Forte, ☏ . M-Sa 10:00-22:00, Su 12:00-20:00. Western-style shopping mall.
- Shopping Boa Vista, Rua do Giriquiti, 48 - Boa Vista, ☏ . M-Sa 09:00-21:00, Su 11:00-19:00.
- Shopping Center Guararapes, Av. Barreto de Menezes, 800 - Piedade, ☏ . M-Sa 09:00-22:00, Su 12:00-20:00.
- Shopping Center Recife, R. Pe. Carapuceiro, 777 - Boa Viagem, ☏ . M-Sa 10:00-22:00, Su 12:00-21:00. Among the largest shopping malls in Brazil.
- Shopping Center Tacaruna, Av. Gov. Agamenon Magalhães 153 - Santo Amaro, ☏ . M-Sa 09:00-22:00, Su 12:00-20:00.
Pernambuco has a multicultural gastronomy with African and indigenous influences, among others. The national dish Feijoada (a stew of beans, pork and beef, served with rice and Farofa) is not very popular in Recife. On the other hand some ingredients which are widely used in Recife are hardly found in the South of Brazil, as manioc flour (which is the main ingredient of tapioca), cuscuz (corn flour), pumpkin, jerked beef, goat or lamb. Seafood is exotic and delicious. The regional food has some peculiarities like Carne de Sol and buchada, a dish prepared with the stomach of billy goat.
- Recife is the birthplace of two traditional and delicious cakes Bolo de Rolo and Bolo Sousa Leão.
- Do try the snacks on offer from beach vendors---little chicken and beef kebabs, oysters, prawns, and grilled cheese. Just be aware that some of the vendors may have been carrying them around for hours--if it doesn't look fresh, it probably isn't.
- A must try is Caldinho: a soup served all over the place (restaurants, dedicated carts and people with flasks selling it on the beach). Comes in a variety of flavors from black bean to shrimp. The person selling it will say "completa" when you order it. This simply means "complete", and if you say yes at this point you get a few added extras, such as a small boiled egg put into the cup of hot soup.
Recife is the gastronomic capital of the Northeast. There are more high-quality restaurants here than in any other city in Brazil north of Rio de Janeiro.
- Chica Pitanga, Rua Petrolina, 19 - Boa Viagem, ☏ . M-F 11:30-15:30 and 18:00-22:00, Sa 11:30-16:00 and 18:00-22:00, Su 11:30-16:00. Per-kilo restaurant with regional foods.
- Creperia Anjo Solto (Galeria Joana D'Arc, shop 14). W Th 19:00-04:00, F Sa 21:00-04:00, Su 19:00-01:00. Crepes both savory and sweet, plus drinks. Note the very late hours.
- Papaya Verde, Rua Padre Bernardino Pessoa, 287 - Boa Viagem, ☏ . Daily 11:30-15:00. Self-service Middle Eastern food.
- Bargaço, Avenida Boa Viagem, 670, Boa Viagem, ☏ . Su-Th 12:00-00:00, F Sa 12:00-01:00. Bargaço is considered the best fish and seafood restaurant in Recife. A typical speciality of the restaurant is the moqueca, pieces of fish or shrimp stewed with vegetables and coconut milk.
- Buraco da Otília, Rua da Aurora, 1231, ☏ . A traditional restaurant. Specialty is galinha a cabidela (chicken boiled in its own blood) which is a very common dish in Recife.
- Carne-de-Sol do Cunha, Rua Rigueira Costa, 80 - Rosarinho (Zona Norte), ☏ . A local favorite. It offers traditional Pernambucan food, such as buchada, as well as other regional dishes. Large portions for the price.
- Parraxaxá, Rua Baltazar Pereira, 32 - Boa Viagem, ☏ . This Northeast-themed restaurant offers all the traditional regional cuisine. The staff are dressed as either police or outlaws. With its festive decor, the restaurant is a fun way to enjoy a meal.Famous for its "Pernambuco Breakfast" (Café da manhã pernambucano). Some young people go there for breakfast after a night out.
- Pomodoro Café, Rua Capitão Rebelinho, 418 - Pina, ☏ . Italian cuisine.
- Quina do Futuro, Rua Xavier Marques, 134 - Aflitos (at the corner with Rua do Futuro), ☏ . Japanese cuisine.
- Recanto do Picuí, Praca do Derby, 253, ☏ . The specialty of Recanto do Picuí is jerked beef, Recife style.
- Tio Pepe, Rua Almirante Tamandaré 170 - Boa Viagem, ☏ . Tu-Sa 11:30-23:30, Su 11:30-16:00.
- Assucar, Rua da Alfândega, 35 - Recife Antigo (Paço Alfândega Shopping Mall, 4th floor), ☏ . Gorgeous views of the Capibaribe River. The menu is filled with classic and contemporary northeastern cuisine.
- 1 Leite, Praça Joaquim Nabuco, 147, Santo Antônio, ☏ . Su-F 11:30-16:00. Open since 1882, it is Recife's most traditional Portuguese restaurant. The restaurant was named after its founder, Armando Manoel Leite da França, a Portuguese immigrant, who established a small kiosk in 1882. Leite has a large menu ranging from decadent entrees to delicious deserts. The restaurant mainly serves Portuguese dishes. Try the giant shrimp grilled on butter or a regional dessert called carola, banana topped with cheese and baked with sugar and cinnamon.
- 2 Mingus, Rua Atlantico 102 - Boa Viagem. This modern restaurant offers patrons a variety of dishes and regional wines. Mingus delights its diners with fine cuisine along with relaxing jazz harmonies.
- 3 Ponte Nova, Rua Bruno Veloso, 528 - Boa Viagem, ☏ . Ponte Nova serves contemporary, French-influenced, regional cuisine. Adding to its reputation as one of the best restaurants in town, Chef Joca Pontes was voted 2007's best chef by Veja Magazine. This restaurant will surely impress those who dine here.
Fancy sitting around all day on the beach under a beach umbrella? Well, you can! The chairs and the guy that moves the umbrella are free. All they ask in return is that you buy your food and drink from them.
They all carry a menu and the food arrives quickly and freshly made on the beach. Try the seafood. The fish is usually caught locally and earlier that same day.
Apart from your own vendor, there will be a variety of vendors walking up and down the beach, selling a variety of things. Learning the language for these items is useful but unnecessary as the vendor will take the time to show you what he/she has on offer.
- Prawns (camarão) - Be careful of the prawns-- smell them before purchase. A free sample is available with the word provar. They might have been walked up and down the beach for hours in the hot sun. A quick sniff is enough to tell you if they are fresh or not. If you decide to eat them, here is a quick tip: hold the tail of the prawn, tear off and discard the head and leg sections, hold the very tip of the tail, pop the rest in your mouth and bite off the tip leaving it in your fingers. Yes, you can eat the shell; peel it if you wish, but you will not see the locals doing this.
- Oysters (Ostra) - Vendors will be carrying a bucket full of ice and live oysters. They are prepared for you one at a time. Served with a squeeze of lime, salt and cumin powder.
- Crab - They do not come prepared, so unless you know which bits to eat and which bits to discard, steer clear!
- Grilled cheese (Queijo de Coalho) - No warnings here--just go ahead and enjoy. It's a real treat.
- Kebabs (Espetinhos) - Grilled chicken or beef. Cooked fresh right in front of you.
- Ice-cream - The prices are a lot more expensive than just off the beach. But you don't have to get out of your chair. In that heat, you will appreciate that.
- Caldinho - you will notice guys walking up and down the beach with flasks. These are full of different flavors of a soup called caldinho. Try prawn one with hot pepper sauce.
- Ovos de codorna - Small boiled quail eggs ready to peel, salt and eat.
- Nuts - A variety of nuts is available, cashew being the most obvious, because it's grown right there in northeastern Brazil. Also, peanuts in 2 varieties: roasted or boiled.
There are many many bars in Recife, most, if not all, serving food as well as drinks. The prices are cheap, ranging from R$2.50 to R$4 for a 600 ml bottle of cerveja, a lager style beer.
At the less classy end of the market, there are some great bars. They don't have great signage to tell you that it's a bar. Basically, if you see some plastic garden furniture in the street, you are looking at a bar. These are usually the most fun places with the loudest people and the best vibe. Be careful of the ice in places like this as it might not be made from bottled water. It also helps to have a good constitution of you are going to eat in these bars.
- There are huts selling food, beer, and the like about every half kilometer in the center of Boa Viagem beach.
- Warning: It might not be safe to walk to and from all these nightspots. Ask around, and take a cab to escape muggings.
There are bars of varying quality up and down the streets of Recife. A few good picks include the following:
- 1 Bar Central, Rua Mamede Simões 144 - Boa Vista, ☏ . M-F 12:00-02:00, Sa 20:00-02:00, Su closed. A lively and fun place more upmarket than most. The bar attracts a diverse crowd, ranging from writers to musician. Bar Central is also queer-friendly and very famous with indie kids.
- 2 Biruta, Rua Bem-Te-Vi, 15 - Pina (Zona Sul), ☏ . A lovely bar on the north end of the beach that gets a great sea breeze all evening. Get there early to get a table with a view.
- 3 Downtown Pub, Rua Vigário Tenório, 105 - Recife Antigo, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. This British pub-inspired bar puts on live music shows and is self-entitled "House of Rock". If you like "Heavy Metal", watch out, there might be a concert over there.
- 4 Entre Amigos, Rua Marquês de Valença, 30 - Boa Viagem, ☏ . A bar restaurant with 2 names and 3 seating areas, one of which has air conditioning. Situated in downtown Boa Viagem and a 5 minute walk from the beach. A great place to watch the football or soak up the lively atmosphere of the very busy bar, it has a great buffet for lunch or you can eat à la carte.
- 5 Guaiamum Gigante, Rua Dr. José de Góes, Parnamirim, ☏ . This bar-restaurant seats up to 600 people. Although it may not be too pleasing to the eyes, Guaiamum Gigante serves great portions of delicious seafood for a relatively low price. This is a nice place to go on Sundays!
Many tourists stay along the beach in Boa Viagem, 10 km (7 mi) south of the center. The area of Boa Vista just across the Ponte Velha from the train station has a number of budget and mid-range hotels.
- Albergue Maracatus do Recife (Hosteling International), Rua Maria Carolina, 185 - Boa Viagem (200 meters from the beach), ☏ . Shared rooms for 4 to 10 people.
- Hostel Boa Viagem (Hosteling International), Rua Aviador Severiano Lins, 455 - Boa Viagem, ☏ . Prices vary according to the season.
- Piratas da Praia, Av. Conselheiro Aguiar, 2034 / 307 - Boa viagem, ☏ . Free wi-fi and 24 hour parking, if you choose to rent a car. They also have different holiday and Carnaval packages.
- Pousada Villa Boa Vista, Rua Miguel Couto, 81 - Boa Vista, ☏ .
- [dead link] Pousada da Praça, Rua Setubal, 196 - Boa Viagem, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. This small, 15-room hotel is affiliated with the Pousada bar and club. Guests of the hotel have free admission to the club. Under German/Australian management, the hotel offers yacht and sightseeing tours. Breakfast is included in the price, along with free airport transfers.
- Hotel Aconchego, Rua Félix de Brito e Melo, 382 - Boa Viagem, ☏ . 24-hour restaurant and room service
- [dead link] Imperial Suites, Rua Antonio Lumack do Monte, 203 - Boa Viagem.
- Best Western Manibu Recife, Av Conselheiro Aguiar, 919 - Boa Viagem. This well-known hotel provides its guests with two bars, a restaurant that seats 170 people, and a solarium.
- LG Inn Recife, Av. Engenheiro Domingos Ferreira, 3067 - Boa Viagem, ☏ . Complimentary breakfast buffets, along with a well-equipped fitness room. Staff speaks both English and Portuguese.
- Hotel Central, Av. Manoel Borba, 209 - Boa Vista, ☏ . The oldest hotel in Recife. Used to attract stars and the like in the early 20th century. Remains architecturally appealing.
- Hotel São Domingos, Praça Maciel Pinheiro, 66 - Boa Vista, ☏ . Mid-range hotel with good buffet breakfast.
- 1 [dead link] Hotel Atlante Plaza, Av. Boa Viagem, 5426 - Boa Viagem (on the beachfront), ☏ . Hotel Atlante Plaza is arguably the best hotel in Recife. It has two restaurants, a 24-hour babysitting service, 24-hour room service, and beauty salon. This is probably the only hotel that offers its guests a pillow menu; guests can choose from various scents and stuffings, such as lavender and camomile.
- Blue Tree Towers Recife, Rua Bernardo Vieira de Melo, 01 - Jaboatão dos Guararapes (on Piedade beach), ☏ . This 4-star hotel is comprised of 135 rooms, all with a view of the sea. The hotel also provides child care and room service.
- Internacional Palace Hotel, Av. Boa Viagem, 3722 - Boa Viagem, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Internacional Palace Hotel provides exceptional service with a great staff. Steps away from the beach, the hotel houses Arrecifes Restaurant, which serves a blend of international and regional cuisine. It also has a coffee shop and bar. Internacional Palace Hotel has weekend and honeymoon packages.
- Recife Palace Hotel, Av. Boa Viagem, 4070 - Boa Viagem, ☏ . A sister hotel to the Internacional Palace Hotel, Recife Palace Hotel has a total of 295 rooms, all with sea views, cable TV, and air conditioning. Housing a 5 star cuisine, the hotel has two restaurants, a bar, and coffee shop on the premises. Recife Palace Hotel is located close to the beach, 5 minutes away from the airport, and is walking distance to the city center.
- Marante Plaza Hotel, Av. Boa Viagem, 1070 - Boa Viagem, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. 121 suites with air conditioning, saunas, and an art gallery. Also has four convention rooms.
- Mar Hotel Recife, Rua Barão de Souza Leão, 451 - Boa Viagem. Close to the airport and the beach, Mar Hotel Recife offers a wide variety of services, such as 24-hour room service, fitness rooms, and spa services.
Recife's reputation for safety is not one of the best. Robberies on streets and buses are fairly common. Do not be alarmed — odds are you will have a fabulous time here — but be aware of your surroundings and take the usual big city precautions.
- While entering or leaving Olinda at dusk or dawn, you have an elevated risk of being ambushed. Taxis are recommended.
- Beware of the unlicensed guides. Make sure you have the travel itinerary planned out and a price (including meals, fuel, etc.) agreed upon before starting out.
- Watch out for shark warnings before entering the water at the Boa Viagem beach.
- If you are carrying notes of R$ 50 or 100, be sure to tell the taxi driver before you get in because he might not have change. Some taxi drivers might not know how to get to where you are going, so make sure that you have the address written down. If you are a woman traveling alone, sit in the back as some drivers may try to take advantage of the situation.
- Avoid Recife's downtown on Sundays. Streets are deserted all day long and are very unsafe. Consider taking a tour to a neighboring city or beach instead.
- Argentina, Av. Domingos Ferreira, 2238, Edificio Akka, 2° andar, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: , ✉ email@example.com.
- France, Av. Conselheiro Aguiar, 2333 - Ed. João Roma, 6° andar, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: .
- Germany, Rua Antônio Lumack do Monte, 128, CO, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: .
- Italy, Av. Engº Domingos Ferreira, 2222 - 2º andar, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: .
- Japan, Rua Padre Carapuceiro, 733, 14° andar, Edf., Empresarial Center I, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: .
- Portugal, Av. Eng. Domingos Ferreira, 4060, 6º andar, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: .
- United Kingdom, Av. Eng. Domingos Ferreira 4150,Boa Viagem, ☏ . 08:00-13:00.
- United States, Rua Gonçalves Maia, 163, Boa Vista, ☏ , fax: .
- Austria, Av. Agamenon Magalhaes, 2790, Santo Amaro, ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Belgium, Rua do Sossego, 203, Boa Vista, ☏ .
- Canada, Av. Engenheiro Antônio de Góes, 60, Edíficio JCPM, 7º andar, Pina, ☏ , fax: .
- Czech Republic, Av. Eng. Domingos Ferreira, 2391, Empresarial San Marino, 10° andar, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: .
- Cyprus, Av. Fernando Simoes Barbosa, 22, 2 andar, Sala 213, Boa Viagem, ☏ .
- Denmark, Rua Antônio Lumack do Monte, 96, conj. 303, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: .
- Ecuador, Av. Beira-mar, 1216, apto. 702, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: , ✉ email@example.com.
- Finland, Rua Líbia de Castro Assis, 59, Centro Empresarial Jardim, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: .
- Greece, Rua do Hospício, 194, Sala 801, Boa Vista, ☏ , fax: .
- Guatemala, Rua José Aderval Chaves, Edificio Empresarial Wecon IV, 78, sala 109, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: .
- Indonesia, R. Lemos Torres, 95, Casa Forte, ☏ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Mexico, Rua Aquidabã, 20, apt. 1401, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: .
- [formerly dead link] Panama, R. Mamanguape, 418, ap. 602, Boa Viagem, ☏ .
- Romania, Rua José Bonifácio, 851, ☏ , fax: .
- Slovakia, Av. Eng. Domingos Ferreira, 3181, 203, Boa Viagem, ☏ .
- Spain, Rua Sirinahem 105, 2nd floor, ☏ .
- Sweden, Rua Líbia de Castro Assis, 59, Centro Empresarial Jardim, Boa Viagem, ☏ , fax: .
- Switzerland, Av. Consuelho Aguiar 4880, Ioja 32, Boa viagem, ☏ .
- Uruguay, Rua Prudente de Morais, 281, Carmo, Olinda, ☏ , fax: .
- Hospital Santa Joana, R. Joaqum Nabuco 200, Gracas, ☏ .
- Real Hospital Portugues, Av. Cons. Aguiar 147, Boa Viagem, ☏ .
- Unicordis, Av. Cons. Aguiar 1980, Boa Viagem, ☏ . equipped for cardiac emergencies
- Unicordis, Av. Cons. Rosa de Silva 258, Aflitos, ☏ .
- Imperial Internet, Av. Conde de Boa Vista 250. 08:00-23:00. RS1-2 per hour.
- Olinda - This cute colonial town, just across the bridge from Recife, is a World Heritage Site.
- Porto de Galinhas, Maracaípe, Serrambi and Tamandaré are wonderful beaches. The best beach in the vicinity of Recife is Porto de Galinhas. On New Year's, this place is like a fantasy with amazing open-air parties, tourists from all over Brazil, and an amazing beach. Other awesome spots are: Maracaípe, Serrambi, Tamandaré, São José da Coroa Grande, Muro Alto, Cupe, Suape, Calhetas, Gaibu, Maria Farinha and Itamaracá Island.
- Itamaracá Island for its beaches, Coroa do Aviao islet, the 17th century Dutch Fort Orange, the colonial village of Vila Velha, and the IBAMA manatee nature center.
- Igarassu, home to Brazil's oldest church and Latin America's largest collection of baroque paintings.
- São Benedito do Sul waterfalls.
- Caruaru and Tracunhaém for their rich handicraft. Caruaru is also famous for its open-air market, the largest in Brazil.
- Nova Jerusalém, the world's largest theater-city, famous for its enactment of the Passion of Jesus Christ during Easter (holy week).
- Serrita, in the Sertão region, for its annual Missa do Vaqueiro, a religious-cultural event that honors northeastern cowboys.
|Routes through Recife|
|João Pessoa ← Olinda ←||N S||→ Maceió → Aracaju|